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Competition and Profitability in European Financial Services

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Money and Banking ISBN: 9780203086698 9780415384940 9780415494007 9781134173785 9781134173778 9781134173730 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203086698 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:28
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Financial services firms play a key role in the European economy. The efficiency and profitability of these firms and the competition among them have an impact on allocation of savings, financing of investment, economic growth, the stability of the financial system and the transmission of monetary policy. This collection of research contributions includes evaluations of trends in the European financial service industry and examinations of the driving forces of efficiency, competition and profitability of financial firms and institutions in Europe. The papers have been written by leading academics and researchers in the field, who specialize in strategic, systematic and policy issues related to the European financial services industry. This edited collection will be will be essential reading for students and academics but will also be of interest to financial practitioners and government officials interested in acquiring a deeper understanding of this complex issue.

Keywords

central --- bank --- banking --- basel --- efficiency --- net --- interest --- margin --- international --- settlements

M&eacute;tiers, effort and catches of a Mediterranean small-scale coastal fishery: the case of the gulf of Lion Marine Natural Parc (Book chapter)

Book title: Eighth International Symposium “Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Areas. Problems and Measurement Techniques”

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Proceedings e report ISSN: 27045846 ISBN: 9788855181471 Year: Volume: 126 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-147-1.57
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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In the context of current fisheries crisis, this study aimed describing the characteristics of the artisanal fisheries in the Gulf of Lion Marine Natural Park located north-western Mediterranean. Catch Per Unit Effort and fishing effort were described on a spatio-temporal scale. Data were collected through questionnaires to fishers at landing sites for a one-year between 2019 and 2020. The most frequently used m&eacute;tiers were the hake gillnet and the sparids trammel net and gillnet, targeting two predominant species: hake (Merluccius merluccius) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata).

The Politics of Micro-Decisions: Edward Snowden, Net Neutrality, and the Architectures of the Internet

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Book Series: Digital Cultures ISBN: 9783957960405 9783957960412 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.14619/005 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-15 14:40:54
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Be it in the case of opening a website, sending an email, or high-frequency trading, bits and bytes of information have to cross numerous nodes at which micro-decisions are made. These decisions concern the most efficient path through the network, the processing speed, or the priority of incoming data packets. Despite their multifaceted nature, micro-decisions are a dimension of control and surveillance in the twenty-first century that has received little critical attention. They represent the smallest unit and the technical precondition of a contemporary network politics – and of our potential opposition to it. The current debates regarding net neutrality and Edward Snowden’s revelation of NSA surveillance are only the tip of the iceberg. What is at stake is nothing less than the future of the Internet as we know it.

Ecosystemic Evolution Feeded by Smart Systems

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ISBN: 9783038428299 9783038428305 Year: Pages: VI, 170 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 13:08:42
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Information Society is advancing along a route of ecosystemic evolution. ICT and Internet advancements, together with the progression of the systemic approach for enhancement and application of Smart Systems, are grounding such an evolution. The needed approach is therefore expected to evolve by increasingly fitting into the basic requirements of a significant general enhancement of human and social well-being, within all spheres of life (public, private, professional). This implies enhancing and exploiting the net-living virtual space, to make it a virtuous beneficial integration of the real-life space. Meanwhile, contextual evolution of smart cities is aiming at strongly empowering that ecosystemic approach by enhancing and diffusing net-living benefits over our own lived territory, while also incisively targeting a new stable socio-economic local development, according to social, ecological, and economic sustainability requirements. This territorial focus matches with a new glocal vision, which enables a more effective diffusion of benefits in terms of well-being, thus moderating the current global vision primarily fed by a global-scale market development view.Basic technological advancements have thus to be pursued at the system-level. They include system architecting for virtualization of functions, data integration and sharing, flexible basic service composition, and end-service personalization viability, for the operation and interoperation of smart systems, supporting effective net-living advancements in all application fields. Increasing and basically mandatory importance must also be increasingly reserved for human–technical and social–technical factors, as well as to the associated need of empowering the cross-disciplinary approach for related research and innovation. The prospected eco-systemic impact also implies a social pro-active participation, as well as coping with possible negative effects of net-living in terms of social exclusion and isolation, which require incisive actions for a conformal socio-cultural development. In this concern, speed, continuity, and expected long-term duration of innovation processes, pushed by basic technological advancements, make ecosystemic requirements stricter. This evolution requires also a new approach, targeting development of the needed basic and vocational education for net-living, which is to be considered as an engine for the development of the related ‘new living know-how’, as well as of the conformal ‘new making know-how’.

Uncertainty Quantification Techniques in Statistics

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ISBN: 9783039285464 / 9783039285471 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-547-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Uncertainty quantification (UQ) is a mainstream research topic in applied mathematics and statistics. To identify UQ problems, diverse modern techniques for large and complex data analyses have been developed in applied mathematics, computer science, and statistics. This Special Issue of Mathematics (ISSN 2227-7390) includes diverse modern data analysis methods such as skew-reflected-Gompertz information quantifiers with application to sea surface temperature records, the performance of variable selection and classification via a rank-based classifier, two-stage classification with SIS using a new filter ranking method in high throughput data, an estimation of sensitive attribute applying geometric distribution under probability proportional to size sampling, combination of ensembles of regularized regression models with resampling-based lasso feature selection in high dimensional data, robust linear trend test for low-coverage next-generation sequence data controlling for covariates, and comparing groups of decision-making units in efficiency based on semiparametric regression.

Pragmatic Philanthropy: Asian Charity Explained

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789811071188 9789811071195 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-7119-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: The Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:39:03
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This cutting edge text considers how Asian philanthropists and charitable organizations break with Western philanthropic traditions and examines the key traits and trends that make social investment in Asia unique. Based on 30 case studies of excellent social delivery organizations (SDOs) and social enterprises as well as interviews with ultra-high net-worth individuals throughout Asia, this book examines which characteristics and strategies lead to successful philanthropy and social delivery organizations. Providing evidence based findings on philanthropy, social investment and social delivery organizations in Asia, this book provides invaluable resources for those wishing to deepen their understanding of the sector and what this means for political and economic development in the region.

Agricultural Irrigation

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ISBN: 9783039219223 9783039219230 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-923-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Agriculture is certainly the most important food supplier while it globally accounts for more than 70% of water used and contributes significantly to water pollution. Irrigated agriculture is facing rising competition worldwide for access to reliable, low cost, and high-quality water resources. However, irrigation as the major tool and determinant of affecting agricultural productivity and environmental resources plays a critical role in food security and environment sustainability. Innovative irrigation technologies and practices may enhance agricultural water efficiency and production, in the meantime decrease the water demand and quality issues. I am very pleased to invite you to submit manuscripts in agricultural irrigation which assess current challenges and offer improvement approaches and opportunities for future irrigation.

Rainfall Erosivity in Soil Erosion Processes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039288045 / 9783039288052 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-805-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This book gathers recent international research on the association between aggressive rainfall and soil loss and landscape degradation. Different contributions explore these complex relationships and highlight the importance of the spatial patterns of precipitation intensity on land flow under erosive storms, with the support of observational and modelling data. This is a large and multifaceted area of research of growing importance that outlines the challenge of protecting land from natural hazards. The increase in the number of high temporal resolution rainfall records together with the development of new modelling capabilities has opened up new opportunities for the use of large-scale planning and risk prevention methods. These new perspectives should no longer be considered as an independent research topic, but should, above all, support comprehensive land use planning, which is at the core of environmental decision-making and operations. Textbooks such as this one demonstrate the significance of how hydrological science can enable tangible progress in understanding the complexity of water management and its current and future challenges.

Structure and Mechanical Properties of Transition Group Metals, Alloys, and Intermetallic Compounds

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ISBN: 9783039211463 9783039211470 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-147-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The aim of this Special Issue is to present the latest theoretical and experimental achievements concerning the mechanisms of microstructural change in metallic materials subject to different processing methods, and their effect on mechanical properties. It is my pleasure to present a series of compelling scientific papers written by scientists from the community of transition group metals, alloys, and intermetallic compounds.

Keywords

metal matrix composites --- laser metal deposition --- Inconel 625 --- additive manufacturing --- laser processing --- metal matrix composites --- Z-pin reinforcement --- delamination --- carbon fiber --- strengthening mechanisms --- severe plastic deformation (SPD) --- cross-channel extrusion (CCE) --- back pressure (BP) --- numerical simulation (FEM) --- physical modeling technique (PMT) --- metal–matrix composites (MMCs) --- carbon fiber --- mechanical properties --- z-pin reinforcement --- laminate --- titanium alloys --- high pressure torsion --- microhardness --- Cu–Ag alloy --- high-pressure torsion --- ultrafine microstructure --- phase dissolution --- microhardness --- friction stir welding --- heat treatment --- AA2519 --- microstructure --- fatigue --- fractography --- AZ91 --- magnesium alloys --- creep --- high pressure die casting --- additive manufacturing --- Ti-6Al-4V --- LENS --- mechanical characterization --- twin roll casting --- magnesium alloy --- calcium --- Mg-Zn-Al-Ca alloy --- texture --- flow curve --- processing map --- honeycomb structure --- additive manufacturing --- laser engineered net shaping --- LENS --- Ti6Al4V alloy --- energy absorption --- dynamic tests --- solidification thermal parameters --- Cu-Al-Ni-Fe bronze alloys --- hardness --- microhardness --- specific intermetallics --- MAX phase --- Ti3SiC2 --- composite --- high energy ball milling --- spark plasma sintering --- structure --- mechanical properties --- deformation behavior --- tribaloy-type alloy --- CoCrMoSi alloy coatings --- T-800 alloy --- Laves phase --- Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENSTM) --- electron microscopy (in situ SEM) --- delamination --- metal matrix composites (MMCs) --- z-pinning

Remote Sensing based Building Extraction

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039283828 9783039283835 Year: Pages: 442 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-383-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Building extraction from remote sensing data plays an important role in urban planning, disaster management, navigation, updating geographic databases, and several other geospatial applications. Even though significant research has been carried out for more than two decades, the success of automatic building extraction and modeling is still largely impeded by scene complexity, incomplete cue extraction, and sensor dependency of data. Most recently, deep neural networks (DNN) have been widely applied for high classification accuracy in various areas including land-cover and land-use classification. Therefore, intelligent and innovative algorithms are needed for the success of automatic building extraction and modeling. This Special Issue focuses on newly developed methods for classification and feature extraction from remote sensing data for automatic building extraction and 3D

Keywords

roof segmentation --- outline extraction --- convolutional neural network --- boundary regulated network --- very high resolution imagery --- building boundary extraction --- convolutional neural network --- active contour model --- high resolution optical images --- LiDAR --- richer convolution features --- building edges detection --- high spatial resolution remote sensing imagery --- building --- modelling --- reconstruction --- change detection --- LiDAR --- point cloud --- 3-D --- building extraction --- deep learning --- attention mechanism --- very high resolution --- imagery --- building detection --- aerial images --- feature-level-fusion --- straight-line segment matching --- occlusion --- building regularization technique --- point clouds --- boundary extraction --- regularization --- building reconstruction --- digital building height --- 3D urban expansion --- land-use --- DTM extraction --- open data --- developing city --- accuracy analysis --- building detection --- building index --- feature extraction --- mathematical morphology --- morphological attribute filter --- morphological profile --- building extraction --- deep learning --- semantic segmentation --- data fusion --- high-resolution satellite images --- GIS data --- high-resolution aerial images --- deep learning --- generative adversarial network --- semantic segmentation --- Inria aerial image labeling dataset --- Massachusetts buildings dataset --- building extraction --- simple linear iterative clustering (SLIC) --- multiscale Siamese convolutional networks (MSCNs) --- binary decision network --- unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) --- image fusion --- high spatial resolution remotely sensed imagery --- object recognition --- deep learning --- method comparison --- LiDAR point cloud --- building extraction --- elevation map --- Gabor filter --- feature fusion --- semantic segmentation --- urban building extraction --- deep convolutional neural network --- VHR remote sensing imagery --- U-Net --- remote sensing --- deep learning --- building extraction --- web-net --- ultra-hierarchical sampling --- 3D reconstruction --- indoor modelling --- mobile laser scanning --- point clouds --- 5G signal simulation --- building extraction --- high-resolution aerial imagery --- fully convolutional network --- semantic segmentation --- n/a

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