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Grundeinkommen: Idee und Vorschläge zu seiner Realisierung

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Book Series: Schriften des Interfakultativen Instituts für Entrepreneurship an der Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Interfakultatives Institut für Entrepreneurship ISSN: 16149076 ISBN: 9783866444850 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: XVIII, 163 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000015984 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Die Mehrwertsteuer (Umsatzsteuer) ist die Steuer mit dem größten Steueraufkommen. Für sie gibt es noch keinen Steuerfreibetrag. Ein ""Mehrwertsteuerfreibetrag"" ließe sich auf dem Wege einer ""Negativen Mehrwertsteuer"" realisieren. Diese orientiert sich an dem Konzept der ""Negativen Einkommensteuer"", das Milton Friedman 1962 vorgestellt hat. Die Kosten für die Einführung einer solchen ""Negativsteuer"" belaufen sich auf zehn bis 20 Mrd. Euro p. a. Sie trägt zu einer Stabilisierung der Konjunktur bei.

Negative Einkommensteuer, Lohnsubventionen und Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631366899 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: 10.3726/b13710 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:35
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Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit und Langzeitsozialhilfebezug sind Kennzeichen struktureller Arbeitslosigkeit. Die leistungsfeindliche Ausgestaltung des Systems der Arbeitslosenunterstützung und der Sozialhilfe mit – ökonomisch betrachtet – exorbitant hohen «Spitzensteuersätzen» auf die eigenen Verdienste von Hilfeempfängern trägt zur Verlängerung des Hilfebezugs bei. In dieser Arbeit werden Alternativen zum Status quo vorgestellt und kritisch diskutiert. Ein eigener Reformvorschlag – das Einstiegsgeld für Langzeitarbeitslose – wird entwickelt. Das Einstiegsgeld wird seit 1999 in Modellversuchen in 16 Städten und Kreisen in Baden-Württemberg und Hessen in der Praxis getestet.

#identity: Hashtagging Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Nation

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ISBN: 9780472901098 9780472074150 9780472054152 Year: Pages: 377 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9697041 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-22 11:21:02
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"Since its launch in 2006, Twitter has served as a major platform for political performance, social justice activism, and large-scale public debates over race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and nationality. It has empowered minoritarian groups to organize protests, articulate often-underrepresented perspectives, and form community. It has also spread hashtags that have been used to bully and silence women, people of color, and LGBTQ people. #identity is among the first scholarly books to address the positive and negative effects of Twitter on our contemporary world. Hailing from diverse scholarly fields, all contributors are affiliated with The Color of New Media, a scholarly collective based at the University of California, Berkeley. The Color of New Media explores the intersections of new media studies, critical race theory, gender and women’s studies, and postcolonial studies. The essays in #identity consider topics such as the social justice movements organized through #BlackLivesMatter, #Ferguson, and #SayHerName; the controversies around #WhyIStayed and #CancelColbert; Twitter use in India and Africa; the integration of hashtags such as #nohomo and #onfleek that have become part of everyday online vernacular; and other ways in which Twitter has been used by, for, and against women, people of color, LGBTQ, and Global South communities. Collectively, the essays in this volume offer a critically interdisciplinary view of how and why social media has been at the heart of US and global political discourse for over a decade."

Informationsfusion für die kooperative Umfeldwahrnehmung vernetzter Fahrzeuge

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731501664 Year: Volume: 029 Pages: VIII, 115 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000038048 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Cooperative decisions of multiple vehicles need a collaborative perception. Therefore, fusion methods for ego and environmental information are developed and evaluated. Precondition for the registration of data in a common coordinates is the accurate localization. This is realized by a fusion approach with absolute data of GPS and relative data of a dead reckoning system. A decentral fusion procedure combines a recursive multi-target tracking of detections with a grid-based mapping. Thus, negative sensor evidences can be formulated and missing detections are recognized.

Teaching Under Pressure

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ISBN: 9780203974438 9780750705035 9780750705042 9781135717599 9781135717582 9781135717544 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203974438 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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This text is based on the author's research into primary school teacher's stress. The research has been linked with the author's belief in the need to understand ourselves, our personal and professional situations and how they relate. The resulting book is a practical text designed to address the reader in such a way that they can readily identify with what is being discussed. Futhermore, readers are encouraged to explore ways in which they can begin to tackle their own problems.

Keywords

unwin --- paperbacks --- national --- curriculum --- stress --- survival --- negative --- time --- bandits --- never

Tracking Extended Objects with Active Models and Negative Measurements

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series on Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems Laboratory ISSN: 18673813 ISBN: 9783731508779 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: XIX, 179 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000088267 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Extended object tracking deals with estimating the shape and pose of an object based on noisy point measurements. This task is not straightforward, as we may be faced with scarce low-quality measurements, little a priori information, or we may be unable to observe the entire target. This work aims to address these challenges by incorporating ideas from active contours and exploiting information from negative measurements, which tell us where the target cannot be.

Apophasis and Pseudonymity in Dionysius the Areopagite

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Book Series: THE OXFORD EARLY CHRISTIAN STUDIES ISBN: 9780199640423 Year: Pages: 245 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640423.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:48
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This book argues that the pseudonym, Dionysius the Areopagite, and the influence of Paul together constitute the best interpretive lens for understanding the Corpus Dionysiacum [CD]. This book demonstrates how Paul in fact animates the entire corpus, that the influence of Paul illuminates such central themes of the CD as hierarchy, theurgy, deification, Christology, affirmation (kataphasis) and negation (apophasis), dissimilar similarities, and unknowing. Most importantly, Paul serves as a fulcrum for the expression of a new theological anthropology, an “apophatic anthropology.” Dionysius figures Paul as the premier apostolic witness to this apophatic anthropology, as the ecstatic lover of the divine who confesses to the rupture of his self and the indwelling of the divine in Gal 2:20: “it is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me.” Building on this notion of apophatic anthropology, the book forwards an explanation for why this sixth‐century author chose to write under an apostolic pseudonym. It argues that the very practice of pseudonymous writing itself serves as an ecstatic devotional exercise whereby the writer becomes split in two and thereby open to the indwelling of the divine. Pseudonymity is on this interpretation integral and internal to the aims of the wider mystical enterprise. Thus this book aims to question the distinction between “theory” and “practice” by demonstrating that negative theology—often figured as a speculative and rarefied theory regarding the transcendence of God—is in fact best understood as a kind of asceticism, a devotional practice aiming for the total transformation of the Christian subject.

Trauma; Psychosis and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453603 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-360-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry --- Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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There is abundant evidence showing a strong association between trauma exposure, psychotic symptoms, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Early trauma exposure contributes to the formation of psychotic symptoms and the development of psychotic disorders or severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and treatment-refractory major depression. Furthermore, among persons with psychotic disorders, multiple traumatization over the lifetime is common, due to factors such as social stigma, the criminalization of severe mental illness, and increased vulnerability to interpersonal victimization. In addition to these factors is the traumatic nature of experiencing psychotic symptoms and coercive treatments such as involuntary hospitalization and being placed in seclusion or restraints. Not surprisingly, these high rates of trauma lead to high rates of PTSD in people with psychotic disorders, which are associated with more severe symptoms, worse functioning, and greater use of acute care services. In addition to the impact of trauma on the development of psychotic disorders and comorbid PTSD, traumatic experiences such as childhood sexual and physical abuse can shape the nature of prominent psychotic symptoms such as the content of auditory hallucinations and delusional beliefs. Additionally, traumatic experiences have been implicated in the role of ‘stress responsivity’ and increased risk for transition to psychosis in those identified as being at clinical high risk of developing psychosis. Finally, although the diagnostic criteria for PTSD primarily emphasize the effects of trauma on anxiety, avoidance, physiological over-arousal, and negative thoughts, it is well established that PTSD is frequently accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions that cannot be attributed to another DSM-V Axis I disorder such as psychotic depression or schizophrenia. Understanding the contribution of traumatic experiences to the etiology of psychosis and other symptoms can inform the provision of cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis, including the development of a shared formulation of the events leading up to the onset of the disorder, as well as other trauma-informed treatments that address distressing and disabling symptoms associated with trauma and psychosis. Until recently the trauma treatment needs of this population have been neglected, despite the high rates of trauma and PTSD in persons with psychotic disorders, and in spite of substantial gains made in the treatment of PTSD in the general population. Fortunately, progress in recent years has provided encouraging evidence that PTSD can be effectively treated in people with psychotic disorders using interventions adapted from PTSD treatments developed for the general population. In contrast to clinician fears about the untoward effects of trauma-focused treatments on persons with a psychotic disorder, research indicates that post-traumatic disorders can be safely treated, and that participants frequently experience symptom relief and improved functioning. There is a need to develop a better understanding of the interface between trauma, psychosis, and post-traumatic disorder. This Frontiers Research Topic is devoted to research addressing this interface.

Mehr Beschaeftigung durch eine Negative Einkommensteuer

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631496138 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: 10.3726/b13608 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:40
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Spätestens seit der Bundestagswahl 1994 befindet sich die Idee der Negativen Einkommensteuer, d.h. einer Integration von Steuer- und Transfersystem, in der politischen und wissenschaftlichen Diskussion. Während in früheren Phasen sozialpolitische Ziele verfolgt wurden, rücken vermehrt die Auswirkungen auf den Arbeitsmarkt in den Vordergrund. Diese Entwicklung wurde sehr schnell und von verschiedenen Seiten kritisiert, ohne daß bisher Analysen zu den möglichen Beschäftigungswirkungen und den Kosten einer Negativen Einkommensteuer im Vergleich zur klassischen Arbeitsmarktpolitik vorliegen. Genau dies ist Ziel und Inhalt dieses Bandes: die Analyse von Effektivität und Effizienz einer Negativen Einkommensteuer in beschäftigungspolitischer Zielsetzung. Vor dem Hintergrund einer Vielzahl mehr oder weniger gescheiterter Konzepte zum Abbau der Arbeitslosigkeit spricht vieles für eine Neuordnung des sozialen Sicherungssystems innerhalb einer funktionierenden Marktwirtschaft.

Einkommenstransfers als Instrumente der Beschaeftigungspolitik

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Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631309339 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.3726/b13589 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:41
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Im Laufe der letzten Jahre werden vor dem Hintergrund der anhaltenden und weiterhin ansteigenden hohen Arbeitslosigkeit arbeitsmarkt- und beschäftigungspolitische Instrumente diskutiert, die nicht - wie meist üblich - an der Arbeitsmenge, sondern am Preis für Arbeit ansetzen. Zu diesen Instrumenten gehören die negative Einkommensteuer und Lohnsubventionen. Ziel und Inhalt des Bandes ist die Effizienzanalyse der beiden Instrumente im Rahmen der modernen Arbeitsmarkttheorien und der Neuen Institutionenökonomik. Innerhalb dieser theoretischen Konzepte erweisen sich beide Instrumente als effizienzsteigernde, d.h. beschäftigungsfördernde Maßnahmen, wobei der negativen Einkommensteuer eine höhere Wirksamkeit als den Lohnsubventionen zugebilligt werden kann.

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