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Neuroimaging and Neuropsychology of Meditation States

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451784 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-178-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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Neurophysiological and psychological modifications induced by meditation practice have been consistently addressed by neuroscience. Training meditation practice induced plasticity (Barinaga, 2003; Knight, 2004), and as a consequence several benefit for mental and physical health (Davidson & McEwen, 2012), and cognitive performance. One goal of meditation is to achieve the light of consciousness observing with equanimity (the right distance) clouds of the mind wandering. This Frontiers Research Topic brings together studies from groups of authors whose research focus on neuropsychological systems involved in meditation demonstrating how meditation activates and can modify brain areas, cognitive mechanisms and well-being.

Evidence-based Positron Emission Tomography

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ISBN: 9783030477011 Year: Pages: 143 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47701-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:54
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This open access book summarizes the findings of recent evidence-based articles (meta-analyses) on the use of positron emission tomography (PET) for various clinical indications. It is divided into five main sections, starting with an introduction to PET and meta-analysis. In turn, the second part addresses evidence-based PET in oncology, providing a broad overview of its use for different types of tumours. The remaining sections are focused on the use of PET in cardiology, in infectious and inflammatory diseases, and in neurology, respectively. Given its scope and the wealth of information it provides, the book will be an invaluable tool for clinicians with various specialties, as well as international scientific societies interested to the recent evidence-based data about PET.

Mobile Learning

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ISBN: 9783038976608 Year: Pages: 86 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-661-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Mobile learning has become one of the more influential aspects of the field of educational technology, given the ubiquity of modern mobile devices and proliferation of educational applications or ‘apps’. Within this volume, there are a range of studies and reviews which cover a breadth of current topics in the field, namely user motivations for using mobile learning, issues in evaluation, as well as domain-specific considerations (e.g., use within language learning or audio-based applications). Together, these studies represent the synthesis of a range of methods, approaches, and applications that highlight benefits and areas of future growth of mobile technologies and how they can be useful and most effective in education.

Vitamin D and Human Health

ISBN: 9783038420569 9783038420576 Year: Pages: 476 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 08:50:54
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Vitamin D research has expanded greatly over the last 10 years, with a more than two-fold increase in annual publications listed in Pubmed with the key word ‘vitamin D’ from 1675 in 2005 to 3953 in 2014. Part of this increase is due to research showing that vitamin D deficiency is associated with a wide range of diseases and health outcomes. Until the 1980s, the primary focus of vitamin D research (in combination with calcium supplementation) was on bone diseases. Since then, observational studies have linked vitamin D deficiency with increased risk of many diseases: both acute and chronic. This book contains publications on several of these disease groups linked to vitamin D deficiency.

Coffee and Caffeine Consumption for Human Health

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ISBN: 9783039286287 / 9783039286294 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-629-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The year 2019 has been prolific in terms of new evidence regarding the effects of coffee and caffeine consumption on diverse aspects of human functioning. This book collects 20 high-quality manuscripts published in Nutrients that include original investigation or systematic review studies of the effects of caffeine intake on human performance and health. The diversity of the articles published in this Special Issue highlights the extent of the effects of coffee and caffeine on human functioning, while underpinning the positive nature of most of these effects. This book will help with understanding why the natural sources of caffeine are so widely present in the nutrition behaviors of modern society.

Keywords

pharmacokinetics --- energy drink --- exercise --- elite athlete --- performance --- football --- RPE --- DOMS --- sport performance --- supplementation --- ergogenic aids --- consumer --- behavior --- perception --- coffee --- health --- consumption motives --- coffee/caffeine --- systematic review and meta-analysis --- prospective studies --- epidemiology --- cancer prevention --- colorectal cancer --- individual responses --- responders --- exercise performance --- ergogenic aids --- caffeine --- coffee --- tea --- energy drinks --- pregnancy --- newborn --- caffeine --- ergogenic aid --- resistance training --- isokinetic testing --- adrenal gland --- caffeine --- corticosterone --- puberty --- rat --- sex-difference --- caffeine --- energy drinks --- fatigue --- mood state --- exercise --- supplement --- resistance exercise --- speed --- repetition --- n/a --- metabolome --- skeletal muscle --- exercise --- muscle contraction --- ergogenic effect --- bench press --- upper limb --- resistance exercise --- ergogenic substances --- time under tension --- 1RM test --- caffeine --- metabolites --- phenotyping --- CYP450 --- NAT --- xanthine oxidase --- actigraphy --- athletic --- coffee --- ergogenic aid --- supplement --- anaerobic --- caffeine --- CMJ --- ergogenic aids --- exercise --- nutrition --- sport supplement --- Wingate --- electromyography --- efficiency --- sport --- exercise --- expectancy --- belief --- perceptions --- placebo effect --- recovery --- strength --- power --- sprint performance --- menstrual cycle --- fatigue --- placebo --- ergogenic --- EEG–EMG coherence --- n/a --- women --- resistance exercise --- exercise training --- velocity --- ergogenic aid --- muscle function --- n/a

Nutrients Intake and Hypertension

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ISBN: 9783039286621 / 9783039286638 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-663-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Hypertension is a major health problem worldwide, increasing cardiovascular (CV) risk and mortality. Together with pharmacological treatments, non-pharmacological approaches, such as nutrient intake modifications, play an important role in optimizing treatment. A link has been demonstrated between hypertension and body weight as well as dietary habits. The aim of this Special Issue is to improve the understanding of the relationships between some nutrients and hypertension, and of the effects of different dietary approaches on hypertension regulation from different points of view.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

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ISBN: 9783039214532 9783039214549 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-454-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change, urban air quality, and dependency on crude oil are important societal challenges. In the transportation sector especially, clean and energy efficient technologies must be developed. Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have gained a growing interest in the vehicle industry. Nowadays, the commercialization of EVs and PHEVs has been possible in different applications (i.e., light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty vehicles) thanks to the advances in energy storage systems, power electronics converters (including DC/DC converters, DC/AC inverters, and battery charging systems), electric machines, and energy efficient power flow control strategies. This book is based on the Special Issue of the journal Applied Sciences on “Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)”. This collection of research articles includes topics such as novel propulsion systems, emerging power electronics and their control algorithms, emerging electric machines and control techniques, energy storage systems, including BMS, and efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion, vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-to-home (V2H), grid-to-vehicle (G2V) technologies, and wireless power transfer (WPT) systems.

Keywords

battery power --- convex optimization --- dynamic programming --- engine-on power --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicle --- simulated annealing --- electric vehicle --- open-end winding --- dual inverter --- voltage vector distribution --- power sharing --- energy management --- range-extender --- CO2 --- air quality --- mobility needs --- LCA --- Paris Agreement --- hybrid energy storage system --- lithium-ion battery --- lithium-ion capacitor --- lifetime model --- power distribution --- state of health estimation --- adaptive neuron-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- group method of data handling (GMDH) --- artificial neural network (ANN) --- electric vehicles (EVs) --- capacity degradation --- lithium-ion battery --- time-delay input --- interleaved multiport converte --- multi-objective genetic algorithm --- hybrid electric vehicles --- losses model --- wide bandgap (WBG) technologies --- Energy Storage systems --- LCA --- Well-to-Wheel --- electric vehicle --- plug-in hybrid --- electricity mix --- consequential --- attributional --- marginal --- system modelling --- energy system --- meta-analysis --- parallel hybrid electric vehicle --- regenerative braking --- fuel consumption characteristics --- energy efficiency --- state of charge --- lithium polymer battery --- electric vehicle --- Plugin Hybrid electric vehicle --- Li-ion battery --- modelling --- measurements --- state of charge --- strong track filter --- modified one-state hysteresis model --- Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 battery --- energy management strategy --- Markov decision process (MDP) --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) --- Q-learning (QL) --- reinforcement learning (RL) --- novel propulsion systems --- emerging power electronics --- including wide bandgap (WBG) technology --- emerging electric machines --- efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion systems --- energy storage systems --- life-cycle assessment (LCA)

Pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and Paraganglioma (PGL)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039216543 9783039216550 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-655-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book outlines some new advances in genetics, clinical evaluation, localization, therapy (newly including immunotherapy) of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma including their metastatic counterparts. Well-known and experienced clinicians and scientists contributed to this book to include some novel approaches to these tumors. This book will serve to various health care professionals from different subspecialties, but mainly oncologists, endocrinologists, endocrine surgeons, pediatricians, and radiologists. This book shows that the field of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma is evolving and a significant progress has been made in last 5 years requiring that health care professionals and scientists will learns new information and implement it in their clinical practice or scientific work, respectively. This book should not be missed by anybody who is focusing on neuroendocrine tumors, their newest evaluation and treatment.

Keywords

pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- adrenocortical carcinoma --- adrenal tumor --- pan-cancer analysis --- neural crest --- neuroendocrine --- paraganglioma --- head and neck --- radiotherapy --- 18F-FDOPA --- PET --- GTV --- SDHB --- SDHD --- mortality --- paraganglioma --- pheochromocytoma --- radiofrequency ablation --- cryoablation --- percutaneous ethanol injection --- neuroendocrine tumor --- minimally invasive procedure --- percutaneous ablation --- PASS --- GAPP --- histology --- meta-analysis --- paraganglioma --- pheochromocytoma --- carotid body --- angiogenesis --- mitochondria --- neural crest --- neurogenesis --- paraganglioma --- stem-like tumor cells --- vasculogenesis --- xenograft --- pheochromocytoma --- catecholamine --- global longitudinal strain --- speckle-tracking echocardiography --- subclinical systolic dysfunction --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- neuroendocrine tumor --- targeted therapy --- therapy resistance --- FGF21 --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- diabetes mellitus --- obesity --- energy metabolism --- calorimetry --- chromogranin A --- metanephrines --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- hypoxia --- pseudohypoxia --- spheroids --- HIF --- EPAS1 --- catecholamine --- pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma --- phosphorylation tyrosine hydroxylase --- dog --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- SDHB --- SDHD --- mutation --- chromosomal alteration --- comparative genomics --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- metastatic --- immunotherapy --- innate immunity --- adaptive immunity --- toll-like receptor --- pathogen-associated molecular patterns --- neutrophil --- T cell --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- hypertension --- blood pressure variability --- average real variability --- weighted standard deviation --- paraganglioma --- somatostatinoma --- polycythemia --- EPAS1 --- transgenic mice --- erythropoietin --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- TCA cycle --- germline mutation --- metastatic OR malignant pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- ectopic secretion --- lL-6 --- normetanephrines --- VHL --- NF1 --- EPAS1 --- hypoxia-inducible factor --- inflammation --- radiosensitization --- succinate dehydrogenase --- mouse pheochromocytoma cells --- immunohistochemistry --- fluorescence imaging --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- next-generation sequencing --- sporadic --- hereditary --- CNV detection --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- PET-CT --- 11C-hydroxy-ephedrine --- adrenal incidentaloma --- pheochromocytoma --- paraganglioma --- 177Lu-DOTATATE --- peptide receptor radiotherapy --- PRRT --- neuroendocrine tumor --- NET --- PCC --- PGL --- postoperative --- pheochromocytoma --- hypertension --- hypotension --- arrhythmia --- PPGL --- catecholamines --- adrenomedullary function --- n/a

The Role of Pregnancy Nutrition in Maternal and Offspring Health

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ISBN: 9783039219964 9783039219971 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-997-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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In pregnancy, maternal nutrition sustains and nourishes the developing child. Imbalances in either the direction of nutritional excess or deficiency can have adverse consequences for child health. In addition, more research now suggests that good pregnancy nutrition influences child health beyond pregnancy and delivery. This includes modifying the risk of child health outcomes as they enter childhood and adulthood through influences on placental development, hormonal pathways, and organ structure and function. Poor pregnancy nutrition may also compromise maternal health during pregnancy, which may have long-term consequences for women’s health. Understanding the biological and social mechanisms operating during pregnancy can help in the design of better clinical and public health interventions. This Special Issue on “The Role of Pregnancy Nutrition in Maternal and Offspring Health” includes etiological and mechanistic studies of pregnancy nutrition with short- and long-term maternal and child health outcomes, including original research, narrative reviews, and systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Together, this body of work provides important insights into the influence of dietary patterns, food groups, and nutrients on pregnancy outcomes, and long-term neurodevelopmental, respiratory, and metabolic health in the children. It also highlights nutritional consequences for specific groups of women, including those with pregnancy complications and eating disorders.

Keywords

Obesity --- chronic kidney disease --- foetal programming --- sirtuin --- choline --- Dlx3 --- placenta --- placental insufficiency --- inflammation --- angiogenesis --- apoptosis --- Iodine --- pregnancy --- birth weight --- Insufficiency --- SGA --- preterm Birth --- nutrition --- diet --- vitamin D --- birthweight --- birth length --- head circumference --- gestational age --- pregnancy outcomes --- vegetarian diets --- vegan diets --- plant-based diets --- nutrition --- pregnancy --- breastfeeding --- human milk --- micronutrients --- fetal development --- fatty fish --- essential fatty acids --- omega-3 --- pregnancy --- birth weight --- foetal growth --- preterm birth --- anorexia nervosa --- bulimia nervosa --- binge eating disorder --- diet --- eating behavior --- eating disorders --- nutrition --- pregnancy --- purging --- asthma --- fortification --- vitamin D --- social experiment --- pregnancy --- lactation --- weaning --- food-related IgG --- food clusters --- non-IgE-mediated food reactions --- maternal nutrition --- Mediterranean diet --- offspring health --- DHA --- gestational diabetes --- preeclampsia --- placental transport --- choline --- pregnancy --- infant nutrition --- brain health --- docosahexaenoic acid --- DHA --- eye function --- ghrelin --- hypothalamic inflammation --- microglia --- nutritional programing --- pregnancy nutrition --- neurodevelopmental disorders --- autism spectrum disorder --- attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity --- developmental origins of health and disease --- systematic review --- meta-analysis --- preterm birth --- preterm labor --- etiology --- nutrition --- DHA --- probiotics --- dietary habits --- maternal nutrition --- gestational diabetes --- food frequency questionnaire --- dietary screening --- lifestyle intervention --- pregnancy --- dietary behaviour --- neonatal outcomes --- birth weight --- large for gestational age (LGA) --- small for gestational age (SGA) --- obesity prevention --- immunomodulators --- maternal nutrition --- pregnancy --- Rhodiola --- Echinacea --- Panax --- Camellia

Application of Bioinformatics in Cancers

Author:
ISBN: 9783039217885 9783039217892 Year: Pages: 418 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-789-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This collection of 25 research papers comprised of 22 original articles and 3 reviews is brought together from international leaders in bioinformatics and biostatistics. The collection highlights recent computational advances that improve the ability to analyze highly complex data sets to identify factors critical to cancer biology. Novel deep learning algorithms represent an emerging and highly valuable approach for collecting, characterizing and predicting clinical outcomes data. The collection highlights several of these approaches that are likely to become the foundation of research and clinical practice in the future. In fact, many of these technologies reveal new insights about basic cancer mechanisms by integrating data sets and structures that were previously immiscible.

Keywords

comorbidity score --- mortality --- locoregionally advanced --- HNSCC --- curative surgery --- traditional Chinese medicine --- health strengthening herb --- cancer treatment --- network pharmacology --- network target --- high-throughput analysis --- brain metastases --- colorectal cancer --- KRAS mutation --- PD-L1 --- tumor infiltrating lymphocytes --- drug resistance --- gefitinib --- erlotinib --- biostatistics --- bioinformatics --- Bufadienolide-like chemicals --- molecular mechanism --- anti-cancer --- bioinformatics --- cancer --- brain --- pathophysiology --- imaging --- machine learning --- extreme learning --- deep learning --- neurological disorders --- pancreatic cancer --- TCGA --- curation --- DNA --- RNA --- protein --- single-biomarkers --- multiple-biomarkers --- cancer-related pathways --- colorectal cancer --- DNA sequence profile --- Monte Carlo --- mixture of normal distributions --- somatic mutation --- tumor --- mutable motif --- activation induced deaminase --- AID/APOBEC --- transcriptional signatures --- copy number variation --- copy number aberration --- TCGA mining --- cancer CRISPR --- firehose --- gene signature extraction --- gene loss biomarkers --- gene inactivation biomarkers --- biomarker discovery --- chemotherapy --- microarray --- ovarian cancer --- predictive model --- machine learning --- overall survival --- observed survival interval --- skin cutaneous melanoma --- The Cancer Genome Atlas --- omics --- breast cancer prognosis --- artificial intelligence --- machine learning --- decision support systems --- cancer prognosis --- independent prognostic power --- omics profiles --- histopathological imaging features --- cancer --- intratumor heterogeneity --- genomic instability --- epigenetics --- mitochondrial metabolism --- miRNAs --- cancer biomarkers --- breast cancer detection --- machine learning --- feature selection --- classification --- denoising autoencoders --- breast cancer --- feature extraction and interpretation --- concatenated deep feature --- cancer modeling --- interaction --- histopathological imaging --- clinical/environmental factors --- oral cancer --- miRNA --- bioinformatics --- datasets --- biomarkers --- TCGA --- GEO DataSets --- hormone sensitive cancers --- breast cancer --- StAR --- estrogen --- steroidogenic enzymes --- hTERT --- telomerase --- telomeres --- alternative splicing --- network analysis --- hierarchical clustering analysis --- differential gene expression analysis --- cancer biomarker --- diseases genes --- variable selection --- false discovery rate --- knockoffs --- bioinformatics --- copy number variation --- cell-free DNA --- methylation --- mutation --- next generation sequencing --- self-organizing map --- head and neck cancer --- treatment de-escalation --- HP --- molecular subtypes --- tumor microenvironment --- Bioinformatics tool --- R package --- machine learning --- meta-analysis --- biomarker signature --- gene expression analysis --- survival analysis --- functional analysis --- bioinformatics --- machine learning --- artificial intelligence --- Network Analysis --- single-cell sequencing --- circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) --- Neoantigen Prediction --- precision medicine --- Computational Immunology

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