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What is the 'Global South' and where is it?The term 'Global South' marks a new attempt at providing order and meaning in the current global political constellation, replacing the term 'Third World'. But the term 'Global South' is fraught with many ambiguities. This book explores the possible meanings of this new distinction and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of adopting it for understanding the contemporary world. It casts a wide exploratory net, looking at how the way that we interpret the world has changed over time.
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Covering the authors' own stateoftheart research results, this book presents a rigorous, modern account of the mathematical methods and tools required for the semantic analysis of logic programs. It significantly extends the tools and methods from traditional order theory to include nonconventional methods from mathematical analysis that depend on topology, domain theory, generalized distance functions, and associated fixedpoint theory. The authors closely examine the interrelationships between various semantics as well as the integration of logic programming and connectionist systems/neural networks.
Computer Science (General)  Intelligent Systems  Machine Learning  SCITECH  COMPUTERSCIENCE  ITECH  INFORMATIONSCIENCE  STM  complete  fixed  ground  level  mappings  order  partial  point  predicate  symbol
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Graph theory is an important area of applied mathematics with a broad spectrum of applications in many fields. This book results from aSpecialIssue in the journal Mathematics entitled “GraphTheoretic Problems and Their New Applications”. It contains 20 articles covering a broad spectrum of graphtheoretic works that were selected from 151 submitted papers after a thorough refereeing process. Among others, it includes a deep survey on mixed graphs and their use for solutions ti scheduling problems. Other subjects include topological indices, domination numbers of graphs, domination games, contraction mappings, and neutrosophic graphs. Several applications of graph theory are discussed, e.g., the use of graph theory in the context of molecular processes.
graph coloring  Kempe chain  Kempelocking  Birkhoff diamond  hypergraph  generalized hypertree  bound  component  adjacent matrix  signless Laplacian  spectral radius  connectivity  intervalvalued fuzzy graph  intuitionistic fuzzy graph  intervalvalued intuitionistic fuzzy graph  singlevalued neutrosophic graph  intervalvalued neutrosophic graph  complement  krainbow dominating function  krainbow domination number  grids  domination number  Cartesian product  directed cycle  DD index  Wiener index  Edge Wiener  degree of a vertex  distance between two vertices  normalized Laplacian  resistance distance  degreeKirchhoff index  spanning tree  extremal values  PI index  ktrees  distance  Zagreb indices  reformulated Zagreb indices  degree of vertex  degree of edge  embedding  edge congestion  wirelength  enhanced hypercube  subtree  generating function  fan graph  wheel graph  “partitions” of wheel graph  neutrosophic graph  complete neutrosophic graph  bipartite neutrosophic graph  complement neutrosophic graph  road transport network  wireless multihop network and social network  perfect matching  kextendable  induced matching extendable  bipartite matching extendable graph  evolution theory  evolution algebra  mitotic cell cycle  totalcolored graph  inverse degree index  generalized first Zagreb index  sum lordeg index  corona product  join of graphs  line graph  Mycielskian graph  polynomials in graphs  bmetric space  bmetriclike space  general contractive mappings  graphic contraction mappings  approximation methods  chromatic number  combinatorial optimization  complexity analysis  evolutionary approach  genetic algorithm  graph coloring  NPhard  stochastic convergence  domination game  competitionindependence game  mixed graph  vertex coloring  chromatic number  edge coloring  chromatic index  chromatic polynomial  unittime scheduling  makespan criterion  n/a
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Solving nonlinear equations in Banach spaces (real or complex nonlinear equations, nonlinear systems, and nonlinear matrix equations, among others), is a nontrivial task that involves many areas of science and technology. Usually the solution is not directly affordable and require an approach using iterative algorithms. This Special Issue focuses mainly on the design, analysis of convergence, and stability of new schemes for solving nonlinear problems and their application to practical problems. Included papers study the following topics: Methods for finding simple or multiple roots either with or without derivatives, iterative methods for approximating different generalized inverses, real or complex dynamics associated to the rational functions resulting from the application of an iterative method on a polynomial. Additionally, the analysis of the convergence has been carried out by means of different sufficient conditions assuring the local, semilocal, or global convergence. This Special issue has allowed us to present the latest research results in the area of iterative processes for solving nonlinear equations as well as systems and matrix equations. In addition to the theoretical papers, several manuscripts on signal processing, nonlinear integral equations, or partial differential equations, reveal the connection between iterative methods and other branches of science and engineering.
point projection  intersection  parametric curve  ndimensional Euclidean space  Newton’s second order method  fixed point theorem  nonlinear equations  multiple zeros  optimal iterative methods  higher order of convergence  nonlinear operator equation  Fréchet derivative  ?continuity condition  Newtonlike method  Frédholm integral equation  nonlinear equations  Padé approximation  iterative method  order of convergence  numerical experiment  fourth order iterative methods  local convergence  banach space  radius of convergence  nonlinear equation  iterative process  nondifferentiable operator  Lipschitz condition  high order  sixteenth order convergence method  local convergence  dynamics  Banach space  Newton’s method  semilocal convergence  Kantorovich hypothesis  iterative methods  Steffensen’s method  Rorder  with memory  computational efficiency  nonlinear equation  basins of attraction  optimal order  higher order method  computational order of convergence  nonlinear equations  multiple roots  Chebyshev–Halleytype  optimal iterative methods  efficiency index  Banach space  semilocal convergence  ?continuity condition  Jarratt method  error bound  Fredholm integral equation  Newton’s method  global convergence  variational inequality problem  split variational inclusion problem  multivalued quasinonexpasive mappings  Hilbert space  sixteenthorder optimal convergence  multipleroot finder  asymptotic error constant  weight function  purely imaginary extraneous fixed point  attractor basin  drazin inverse  generalized inverse  iterative methods  higher order  efficiency index  integral equation  efficiency index  nonlinear models  iterative methods  higher order  nonlinear equations  optimal iterative methods  multiple roots  efficiency index  iterative methods  nonlinear equations  Newtontype methods  smooth and nonsmooth operators  heston model  Hull–White  option pricing  PDE  finite difference (FD)  iteration scheme  Moore–Penrose  rectangular matrices  rate of convergence  efficiency index  nonlinear equations  conjugate gradient method  projection method  convex constraints  signal and image processing  nonlinear monotone equations  conjugate gradient method  projection method  signal processing  nonlinear systems  multipoint iterative methods  divided difference operator  order of convergence  Newton’s method  computational efficiency index  system of nonlinear equations  Newton method  NewtonHSS method  nonlinear HSSlike method  PicardHSS method  convexity  least square problem  accretive operators  signal processing  point projection  intersection  planar algebraic curve  Newton’s iterative method  the improved curvature circle algorithm  systems of nonlinear equations  King’s family  order of convergence  multipoint iterative methods  nonlinear equations  Potra–Pták method  optimal methods  weight function  basin of attraction  engineering applications  Kung–Traub conjecture  multipoint iterations  nonlinear equation  optimal order  basins of attraction
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