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Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

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ISBN: 9789535108924 9789535142577 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.5772/3436 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Human genetics is the medical field with the most rapid progress. This book aims to provide an overview on some of the latest developments in several genetic diseases. It contains 14 chapters focused on various genetic disorders addressing epidemiology, etiology, molecular basis and novel treatment options for these diseases. The chapters were written by 41 collaborators, from 8 different countries in Europe, Asia, and America, with great expertise in their field. Chapters are heterogeneous, offering a welcomed personalized view on each particular subject. The book does not offer a systematic overview of human genetic disorders. However, they are a valuable resource for medical practitioners, researchers, biologists and students in various medical sciences.

Textiles for Advanced Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535135005 9789535135012 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.5772/66015 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book presents a global view of the development and applications of technical textiles with the description of materials, structures, properties, characterizations, functions and relevant production technologies, case studies, challenges, and opportunities. Technical textile is a transformative research area, dealing with the creation and studies of new generations of textiles that hoist many new scientific and technological challenges that have never been encountered before. The book emphasizes more on the principles of textile science and technology to provide solutions to several engineering problems. All chapter topics are exclusive and selectively chosen and designed, and they are extensively explored by different authors having specific knowledge in each area.

Lamination - Theory and Application

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ISBN: 9789535139256 9789535139263 9789535139737 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.5772/65194 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The field of lamination has developed significantly over the past 5000 years. Nowadays, we have a humongous array of structures and technological systems where composite laminates are applied. From the viewpoint of structural mechanics, an interface slip motion between two laminated structures, such as beam plate and plate in the presence of dry friction, can be utilized for slip damping systems. By scientific definition, slip damping is a mechanism exploited for dissipating noise and vibration energy in machine structures and systems. Researchers have developed several mathematical models for noise dissipation, minimization and complete vibration isolation laminated mechanisms. The purpose of this book is to describe new concepts of producing laminated structures and possible modern engineering applications.

Residual Stress Analysis on Welded Joints by Means of Numerical Simulation and Experiments

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789231069 9781789231076 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69093 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The ability to quantify residual stresses induced by welding processes through experimentation or numerical simulation has become, today more than ever, of strategic importance in the context of their application to advanced design. This is an ongoing challenge that commenced many years ago. Recent design criteria endeavour to quantify the effect of residual stresses on fatigue strength of welded joints to allow a more efficient use of materials and a greater reliability of welded structures. The aim of the present book is contributing to these aspects of design through a collection of case-studies that illustrate both standard and advanced experimental and numerical methodologies used to assess the residual stress field in welded joints. The work is intended to be of assistance to designers, industrial engineers and academics who want to deepen their knowledge of this challenging topic.

Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys - Modeling and Optimization

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ISBN: 9781789233889 9781789233896 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69421 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Freedoms in material choice based on combinatorial design, different directions of process optimization, and computational tools are a significant advantage of additive manufacturing technology. The combination of additive and information technologies enables rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing models on the design stage, thereby significantly accelerating the design cycle in mechanical engineering. Modern and high-demand powder bed fusion and directed energy deposition methods allow obtaining functional complex shapes and functionally graded structures. Until now, the experimental parametric analysis remains as the main method during AM optimization. Therefore, an additional goal of this book is to introduce readers to new modeling and material's optimization approaches in the rapidly changing world of additive manufacturing of high-performance metals and alloys.

Pulp and Paper Processing

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ISBN: 9781789238471 9781789238488 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68843 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book gives emphasis to wood fiber raw materials, alternative sources of fibers for paper production, environmental issues, paper quality improvement and cost of paper production. Varieties of non-wood raw materials, including kenaf, rice straw, empty fruit bunches of palm trees, bamboo, bagasse, etc., are considered in this book. The process of fiber treatment also varied to meet paper quality improvement. Different organosolv processes of fiber treatment are discussed. Considering contemporary issues, one particular chapter analyzes the environmentally friendly way of processing non-wood fibers for paper production. The book also contains a chapter on the by-product raw materials of paper production and their profitable applications.

Abrasive Technology - Characteristics and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789841930 9781789841947 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72364 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The subject matter of this book is the information on the abrasive technology methods, the characteristics of the methods (for example, the technological parameters, tools, and machines), innovative methods, characteristics of surface structure and surface properties after this type of mechanical process, and application in various industrial branches and other technical and technological domains. Abrasive technology is very important, for example, in precision component manufacturing and nano-technology devices. The aim of this book is to present information on the characteristics and applications of abrasive technology, abrasive tools, tests, and also the innovative methods of this technology. This information enables scientists, engineers, and designers to ensure the soundness and integrity of the fabricated components and to develop new techniques effectively.

Applications of Design for Manufacturing and Assembly

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ISBN: 9781789849356 9781789849363 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75475 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The book entitled Application of Design for Manufacturing and Assembly aims to present applicable research in the field of design, manufacturing, and assembly realized by researchers affiliated to well-known institutes. The book has a profound interdisciplinary character and is addressed to researchers, engineers, PhD students, graduate and undergraduate students, teachers, and other readers interested in assembly applications. I am confident that readers will find interesting information and challenging topics of high academic and scientific level within this book. The book presents case studies focused on new design for special parts using the principles of Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DFMA), strategies that minimize the defects in design and manufacturing applications, special devices produced to replace human activity, multiple criteria analysis to evaluate engineering solutions, and the advantages of using the additive manufacturing technology to design the next generation of complex parts, in different engineering fields.

Extrusion of Metals, Polymers and Food Products

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ISBN: 9789535138372 9789535138389 9789535139836 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.5772/65577 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Extrusion is a very popular manufacturing process, especially because of its versatility in terms of materials and shapes. Representing the vast and multifaceted field of extrusion, this book contains write-ups on latest developments from experts in the field. Part (A) on Metal Extrusion contains chapters on spur gear manufacturing, stiff vacuum extrusion, and indirect extrusion for subsurface tubular expansion. Part (B) on Food and Polymer Extrusion includes chapters on extrusion cooking of functional foods, changes in nutritional properties in extrusion of cereals, physicochemical changes of starch in extrusion of corn flour, extruded aquaculture feed, optimal design of polymer extrusion dies, and extrusion cooking technology for food products.

Civil Engineering and Symmetry

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210022 9783039210039 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-003-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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A topic of utmost importance in civil engineering is finding optimal solutions throughout the life cycle of buildings and infrastructural objects, including their design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance. Operational research, management science, and optimization methods provide a consistent and applicable groundwork for engineering decision-making. These topics have received the interest of researchers and, after a rigorous peer-review process, eight papers have been published in this Special Issue. The articles in this Printed Edition demonstrate how solutions in civil engineering, which bring economic, social, and environmental benefits, are obtained through a variety of methodologies and tools. Usually, decision-makers need to take into account not just a single criterion, but several different criteria and, therefore, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches have been suggested for application in five of the published papers; the rest of the papers apply other research methods. Most approaches suggested decision models under uncertainty, proposing hybrid MCDM methods in combination with fuzzy or rough set theory, as well as D-numbers. The application areas of the proposed MCDM techniques mainly cover production/manufacturing engineering, logistics and transportation, and construction engineering and management. We hope that a summary of the Special Issue as provided here will encourage a detailed analysis of the papers included in the Printed Edition.

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