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Hardwood Reforestation and Restoration

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ISBN: 9783038977308 9783038977315 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-731-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:28
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Abstract

Hardwood-dominated temperate forests (mostly in Eastern North America, Europe, North East Asia) provide valuable renewable timber and numerous ecosystem services. Many of these forests have been subjected to harvesting or conversion to agriculture, sometimes over centuries, that have greatly reduced their former extent and diversity. Natural regeneration following harvesting or during post-agricultural succession has often failed to restore these forests adequately. Past harvesting practices and the valuable timber of some species have led to a reduction in their abundance. The loss of apex predators has caused herbivore populations to increase and exert intense browsing pressure on hardwood regeneration, often preventing it. Particularly important are fruit, nut and acorn bearing species, because of their vital role in forest food webs and biodiversity. Restoring hardwood species to natural forests in which they were formerly more abundant will require a number of forest management actions (e.g., resistant hybrids, deer exclosures/protectors, enrichment planting, underplanting, etc.). Similarly, reforesting areas that were once natural forests will also require new silvicultural knowledge. Global warming trends will intensify the need for interventions to maintain the diversity and function of temperate hardwood forests, as well as for increase hardwood reforestation.

Synthesis and Modification of Nanostructured Thin Films

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ISBN: 9783039284542 9783039284559 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-455-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The Special Issue “Synthesis and Modification of Nanostructured Thin Films” highlights the recent progress in thin film synthesis/modification and characterization. New methods are reviewed for the synthesis and/or modification of thin films based on laser, magnetron, chemical, and other techniques. The obtained thin nanostructures are characterized by complex and complementary techniques. We think that most of proposed methods can be directly applied in production, but some others still need further elaboration for long-term prospective applications in lasers, optics, materials, electronics, informatics, telecommunications, biology, medicine, and probably many other domains. The Guest Editor and the MDPI staff are therefore pleased to offer this Special Issue to interested readers, including graduate and PhD students as well as postdoctoral researchers, but also to the entire community interested in the field of nanomaterials. We share the conviction that this can serve as a useful tool for updating the literature, but also to aid in the conception of new production and/or research programs. There is plenty of room for further dedicated R&D advances based on new instruments and materials under development.

Keywords

AlGaN --- nanopatterned sapphire substrate --- hydride vapor phase epitaxy --- stress --- transmission electron microscopy --- copper nanowires --- CuNWs --- degradation --- encapsulation --- PDMS --- PMMA --- solution-based --- transparent electrode --- photonic crystal fiber --- demultiplexer --- dense wavelength division multiplexing --- lithium niobate --- waveguide --- photonic integrated circuit --- propagation loss --- optical lithography --- chemo-mechanical polishing --- gold thin film --- nonlinear absorption --- nonlinear refraction --- transient absorption --- nanoparticles --- high-order harmonics --- electroluminescence --- nanolaminate --- Al2O3 --- Tm2O3 --- atomic layer deposition --- germanium --- DLC --- doped biomaterials --- pulsed laser deposition --- reactive oxygen species --- apoptosis --- cytotoxicity --- titanium film --- interlayer --- cohesion --- residual stress --- nano-indenter --- nanocrystal --- CdTe --- Cu-doped --- ZnTe --- solar cells --- solution processed --- pulsed laser deposition --- chalcogenide thin films --- Raman spectroscopy --- spectroscopic ellipsometry --- noble metal nanoparticles --- pulsed laser ablation --- surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy --- antiepileptic drugs --- Zn2+ substituted Coll-CaPs biomimetic layers --- MAPLE --- spin coating --- dye-sensitized solar cells --- photovoltaic conversion efficiency --- TiO2 thin films --- pulsed laser deposition --- DLC bio-functionality --- silicon doping --- diffusion barrier --- biocompatibility --- proliferation improvement --- endothelial cells --- ZnO nanofilms --- SHG --- Ga doping --- polarization angle --- Cu2MgxZn1?xSnS4 --- thin films --- photoelectric performance --- sol–gel --- sulfuration treatment --- solar cell --- nanomaterial --- zinc oxide --- barium titanate --- composite --- ethylene vinyl acetate --- elastic modulus --- toughness --- flexural rigidity --- radiopacity --- piezoelectricity --- laser surface texturing --- laser-induced periodic surface structures --- LIPSS --- silicon --- PTFE --- friction --- n/a

Integral Transforms and Operational Calculus

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ISBN: 9783039216185 9783039216192 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-619-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Researches and investigations involving the theory and applications of integral transforms and operational calculus are remarkably wide-spread in many diverse areas of the mathematical, physical, chemical, engineering and statistical sciences.

Keywords

highly oscillatory --- convolution quadrature rule --- volterra integral equation --- Bessel kernel --- convergence --- higher order Schwarzian derivatives --- Janowski star-like function --- Janowski convex function --- bound on derivatives --- tangent numbers --- tangent polynomials --- Carlitz-type q-tangent numbers --- Carlitz-type q-tangent polynomials --- (p,q)-analogue of tangent numbers and polynomials --- (p,q)-analogue of tangent zeta function --- symmetric identities --- zeros --- Lommel functions --- univalent functions --- starlike functions --- convex functions --- inclusion relationships --- analytic function --- Hankel determinant --- exponential function --- upper bound --- nonlinear boundary value problems --- fractional-order differential equations --- Riemann-Stieltjes functional integral --- Liouville-Caputo fractional derivative --- infinite-point boundary conditions --- advanced and deviated arguments --- existence of at least one solution --- Fredholm integral equation --- Schauder fixed point theorem --- Hölder condition --- generalized Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation --- modified Kudryashov method --- exact solutions --- Maple graphs --- analytic function --- Hadamard product (convolution) --- partial sum --- Srivastava–Tomovski generalization of Mittag–Leffler function --- subordination --- differential equation --- differential inclusion --- Liouville–Caputo-type fractional derivative --- fractional integral --- existence --- fixed point --- Bernoulli spiral --- Grandi curves --- Chebyshev polynomials --- pseudo-Chebyshev polynomials --- orthogonality property --- symmetric --- encryption --- password --- hash --- cryptography --- PBKDF --- q–Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators --- (p,q)-integers --- (p,q)-Bernstein operators --- (p,q)-Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators --- modulus of continuity --- rate of approximation --- K-functional --- Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function --- generalized functions --- analytic number theory --- ?-generalized Hurwitz-Lerch zeta functions --- derivative properties --- series representation --- basic hypergeometric functions --- generating functions --- q-polynomials --- analytic functions --- Mittag–Leffler functions --- starlike functions --- convex functions --- Hardy space --- vibrating string equation --- initial conditions --- spectral decomposition --- regular solution --- the uniqueness of the solution --- the existence of a solution --- analytic --- ?-convex function --- starlike function --- strongly-starlike function --- subordination --- q -Sheffer–Appell polynomials --- generating relations --- determinant definition --- recurrence relation --- q -Hermite–Bernoulli polynomials --- q -Hermite–Euler polynomials --- q -Hermite–Genocchi polynomials --- Volterra integral equations --- highly oscillatory Bessel kernel --- Hermite interpolation --- direct Hermite collocation method --- piecewise Hermite collocation method --- differential operator --- q-hypergeometric functions --- meromorphic function --- Mittag–Leffler function --- Hadamard product --- differential subordination --- starlike functions --- Bell numbers --- radius estimate --- (p, q)-integers --- Dunkl analogue --- generating functions --- generalization of exponential function --- Szász operator --- modulus of continuity --- function spaces and their duals --- distributions --- tempered distributions --- Schwartz testing function space --- generalized functions --- distribution space --- wavelet transform of generalized functions --- Fourier transform --- analytic function --- subordination --- Dziok–Srivastava operator --- nonlinear boundary value problem --- nonlocal --- multi-point --- multi-strip --- existence --- Ulam stability --- functions of bounded boundary and bounded radius rotations --- subordination --- functions with positive real part --- uniformly starlike and convex functions --- analytic functions --- univalent functions --- starlike and q-starlike functions --- q-derivative (or q-difference) operator --- sufficient conditions --- distortion theorems --- Janowski functions --- analytic number theory --- ?-generalized Hurwitz–Lerch zeta functions --- derivative properties --- recurrence relations --- integral representations --- Mellin transform --- natural transform --- Adomian decomposition method --- Caputo fractional derivative --- generalized mittag-leffler function --- analytic functions --- Hadamard product --- starlike functions --- q-derivative (or q-difference) operator --- Hankel determinant --- q-starlike functions --- fuzzy volterra integro-differential equations --- fuzzy general linear method --- fuzzy differential equations --- generalized Hukuhara differentiability --- spectrum symmetry --- DCT --- MFCC --- audio features --- anuran calls --- analytic functions --- convex functions --- starlike functions --- strongly convex functions --- strongly starlike functions --- uniformly convex functions --- Struve functions --- truncated-exponential polynomials --- monomiality principle --- generating functions --- Apostol-type polynomials and Apostol-type numbers --- Bernoulli, Euler and Genocchi polynomials --- Bernoulli, Euler, and Genocchi numbers --- operational methods --- summation formulas --- symmetric identities --- Euler numbers and polynomials --- q-Euler numbers and polynomials --- Hurwitz-Euler eta function --- multiple Hurwitz-Euler eta function --- higher order q-Euler numbers and polynomials --- (p, q)-Euler numbers and polynomials of higher order --- symmetric identities --- symmetry of the zero

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