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Eine Methode zur Unterstützung der disziplinübergreifenden Zusammenarbeit in der Produktentwicklung auf Grundlage einer integrierten Visualisierung konzeptioneller Modelle

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ISBN: 9783731505976 Year: Pages: XV, 204 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000060573 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Industrial product development requires close collaboration between experts of several disciplines. Misunderstandings and discussions are inevitable. An integrated visualization of discipline specific conceptual models can foster agreement between experts. This work introduces a three dimensional visualization for integrated conceptual models. Models are arranged in a common 3-D information space. Dependencies are visible and provide a means for interdisciplinary problem solving.

Functional elements and engineering template-based product development process. Application for the support of stamping tool design

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Book Series: Reihe Informationsmanagement im Engineering Karlsruhe / Hrsg.: Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Institut für Informationsmanagement im Ingenieurwesen (IMI) ISSN: 18605990 ISBN: 3866440332 Year: Volume: 2006,1 Pages: XV, 201 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000004821 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This thesis proposes a product design solution based on functional elements and particularly on one of its sub-categories called engineering templates. The approach supports the development process to reach the common goals of time reduction and quality enhancement by shortening the product development times, enabling continuous information flows and capitalizing on engineering knowledge. An example based on the template of a stamping tool illustrates the influence of templates on process chain shaping and evidences their utility for the concurrent engineering concept.

Entscheidungsunterstützte Methodik zur Produktkonzeptauswahl : Grundlagen, Systematik und exemplarische Anwendung

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ISBN: 9783731503972 Year: Pages: XVII, 198 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000047578 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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The present monograph addresses the decision problem of product concept selection. It is constructed as a multi-criteria decision model spanning the dimensions benefits, costs, opportunities and risks, while each dimension represents a decision network. To focus economic aspects target costing and activity based costing have been incorporated into the methodology. The evaluation logic is based on the analytic network process, amended and modified by the fuzzy set theory.

Morphology and Internal Mixing of Atmospheric Particles

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ISBN: 9783038971337 9783038971344 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-134-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 09:39:26
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The properties of atmospheric particles - often also termed aerosol - have been the subject of scientific studies for several decades because of their effects on air quality, health, visibility, propagation of electromagnetic radiation in the atmosphere, and climate. However, despite intense research efforts, several knowledge gaps remain to be filled; the reason being related also to the complexity of the physical and chemical characteristics of these particles and of their dynamic interactions with the surrounding environment. One of the frontier topics in this scientific endeavor is the subject of this special issue: the morphology and mixing of atmospheric aerosol at the single particle level.

DevOps for Digital Leaders: Reignite Business with a Modern DevOps-Enabled Software Factory

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ISBN: 9781484218419 9781484218426 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-1842-6 Language: English
Publisher: Apress Grant: CA Technologies
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 17:59:08
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Learn to design, implement, measure, and improve DevOps programs that are tailored to your organization. This concise guide assists leaders who are accountable for the rapid development of high-quality software applications.In DevOps for Digital Leaders, deep collective experience on both sides of the dev–ops divide informs the global thought leadership and penetrating insights of the authors, all three of whom are cross-portfolio DevOps leaders at CA Technologies. Aruna Ravichandran, Kieran Taylor, and Peter Waterhouse analyze the organizational benefits, costs, freedoms, and constraints of DevOps. They chart the coordinated strategy of organizational change, metrics, lean thinking, and investment that an enterprise must undertake to realize the full potential of DevOps and reach the sweet spot where accelerating code deployments drive increasing customer satisfaction, revenue, and profitability. Digital leaders are charged to bridge the dev–ops disconnect if their organizations are to survive and flourish in a business world increasingly differentiated by the degree to which dynamic application software development harmonizes with operational resilience and reliability. This short book applies the DevOps perspective to the competitive challenge, faced by every high-performance IT organization today, of integrating and automating open source, cloud, and enterprise tools, processes, and techniques across the software development life cycle from requirements to release.What You Will Learn:Remove dependencies and constraints so that parallel practices can accelerate the development of defect-free softwareAutomate continuous delivery across the software life cycle to eliminate release bottlenecks, manual labor waste, and technical debt accumulationGenerate virtualized production-style testing of applications through real-time behavioral analyticsAdopt agile practices so operations teams can support developer productivity with automated feedback, streamline infrastructure monitoring, spot and resolve operations issues before they impact production, and improve customer experienceIdentify the DevOps metrics appropriate to your organization and integrate DevOps with your existing best practices and investmentWho This Book Is For:IT leaders in large companies and government agencies who have any level of responsibility for the rapid development of high-quality software applications. The secondary readership is members of development and operations teams, security professionals, and service managers.

Framework for the Integration of Mobile Device Features in PLM

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Book Series: Reihe Informationsmanagement im Engineering Karlsruhe / Hrsg.: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Informationsmanagement im Ingenieurwesen (IMI) ISSN: 18605990 ISBN: 9783731504986 Year: Volume: 2016,2 Pages: XXVII, 403 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000053093 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Currently, companies have covered their business processes with stationary workstations while mobile business applications have limited relevance. Companies can cover their overall business processes more time-efficiently and cost-effectively when they integrate mobile users in workflows using mobile device features. The objective is a framework that can be used to model and control business applications for PLM processes using mobile device features to allow a totally new user experience.

Geplante Obsoleszenz

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Book Series: Forschung aus der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung ISBN: 9783839450048 9783837650044 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.14361/9783839450048 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-01 11:21:02
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Time and again one reads that manufacturers deliberately design their products in such a way that they break prematurely. The victims: the customers. Many manufacturers, however, want to delay the wear. How do you go about planning for obsolescence? The book presents for the first time the view and experiences of those who develop, design and manufacture products. The contributions deal with reparability as a business model, product lifecycle management, obsolescence as a management topic, the role of state influence and the social drivers of the short-lived consumer goods.

Emerging Advances in Petrophysics. Porous Media Characterization and Modeling of Multiphase Flow

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038977940 9783038977957 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-795-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Due to the influence of pore-throat size distribution, pore connectivity, and microscale fractures, the transport, distribution, and residual saturation of fluids in porous media are difficult to characterize. Petrophysical methods in natural porous media have attracted great attention in a variety of fields, especially in the oil and gas industry. A wide range of research studies have been conducted on the characterization of porous media covers and multiphase flow therein. Reliable approaches for characterizing microstructure and multiphase flow in porous media are crucial in many fields, including the characterization of residual water or oil in hydrocarbon reservoirs and the long-term storage of supercritical CO2 in geological formations. This book gathers together 15 recent works to emphasize fundamental innovations in the field and novel applications of petrophysics in unconventional reservoirs, including experimental studies, numerical modeling (fractal approach), and multiphase flow modeling/simulations. The relevant stakeholders of this book are authorities and service companies working in the petroleum, subsurface water resources, air and water pollution, environmental, and biomaterial sectors.

Keywords

Wilkins equation --- non-laminar flow --- turbulence modelling --- porous media --- oil tanker --- temperature drop --- oscillating motion --- numerical simulation --- soil-water characteristic curve --- initial void ratio --- air-entry value --- fractal dimension --- fractal model --- oil properties --- diffusion coefficient --- supercritical CO2 --- Peng-Robinson equation of state (PR EOS) --- CT --- digital rock --- microfractures --- Lattice Boltzmann method --- pore-scale simulations --- tight sandstone --- pore structure --- multifractal --- classification --- Ordos Basin --- loose media --- coal --- porosity --- true density --- bulk density --- overburden pressure --- particle size --- tight conglomerate --- fracture characterization and prediction --- fractal method --- salt rock --- creep --- damage --- fractional derivative --- acoustic emission --- marine gas hydrate --- submarine landslide --- greenhouse gas emission --- lifecycle management --- hazard prevention --- multilayer reservoir --- interlayer interference --- producing degree --- seepage resistance --- wellbore multiphase flow --- inclined angle --- liquid rate --- gas rate --- pressure drawdown model with new coefficients --- base-level cycle --- pore structure --- mouth bar sand body --- Huanghua Depression --- isotopic composition --- methane --- gas hydrate --- South China Sea --- Bakken Formation --- pore structure --- controlling factors --- low-temperature nitrogen adsorption --- petrophysics --- fractal porous media --- unconventional reservoirs --- multiphase flow

The Challenges of Water Management and Governance in Cities

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211500 / 9783039211517 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-151-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Global population growth is urban growth and, therefore, most of the water-related challenges and solutions reside in cities. Unless water management and water governance processes are significantly improved within the next decade or so, cities are likely to face serious and prolonged water insecurity, urban floods, and/or heat stress, which may result in social instability and, ultimately, massive migration. Aging water infrastructure, one of the most expensive infrastructures in cities, is a relevant challenge in order to address Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6: clean water and sanitation, SDG 11: sustainable cities and communities, and SDG 13: climate action. The choice of good governance arrangements has important consequences for economic performance, for the well-being of citizens, and for the quality of life in urban areas. The better governance arrangements work in coordinating policies across jurisdictions and policy fields, the better the outcomes. Rapidly-changing global conditions will make future water governance more complex than ever before in human history, and expectations are that water governance and water management will change more during the next 20 years compared to the past 100 years. In this Special Issue of Water, the focus will be on practical concepts and tools for water management and water governance, with a focus on cities.

Keywords

Integrated Water Resources Management --- water management sustainability --- urban resilience --- urban water cycle --- water governance --- water-reuse --- governance capacity --- water management --- water scarcity --- Sponge City --- water ecology --- storm water management --- flood control --- resilience --- rainfall-runoff --- storm water control measure --- SuDS --- urban drainage --- urban landscape --- urban planning --- flood risk management --- flood resilience --- governance strategies --- climate change --- assessment framework --- sustainability assessment --- baseline assessment --- co-design --- stakeholder involvement --- wastewater management --- Cape Town --- City Blueprint Approach --- water governance --- water scarcity --- water sensitive cities --- climate change adaptation --- stormwater reservoir --- Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) --- design rainfall event --- Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) --- coordination --- water supply --- social network analysis --- climate change --- IHP --- intergovernmental --- science and technology --- sustainability --- UNESCO --- water management --- water security --- Urban Water Management Programme --- water governance --- infrastructure --- urban water management --- indicators --- SDGs --- stakeholder participation --- water policy --- rainwater harvesting --- footprint --- lifecycle analysis --- total cost of ownership --- sustainability --- urban water management --- drinking water --- city networks --- climate change --- ICLEI --- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) --- urban water management --- use-attainment --- social network analysis --- urban planning --- governance --- social infrastructure --- cost of inaction --- urban pluvial flooding --- flood damage assessment --- flood risk --- greenhouse gas emissions --- decentralized water reclamation with resource recovery --- Water-Energy-Food Nexus --- climate change mitigation --- water governance --- urban water management --- resilience --- sustainable development goals

Urban Overheating - Progress on Mitigation Science and Engineering Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976363 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-637-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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The combination of global warming and urban sprawl is the origin of the most hazardous climate change effect detected at urban level: Urban Heat Island, representing the urban overheating respect to the countryside surrounding the city. This book includes 18 papers representing the state of the art of detection, assessment mitigation and adaption to urban overheating. Advanced methods, strategies and technologies are here analyzed including relevant issues as: the role of urban materials and fabrics on urban climate and their potential mitigation, the impact of greenery and vegetation to reduce urban temperatures and improve the thermal comfort, the role the urban geometry in the air temperature rise, the use of satellite and ground data to assess and quantify the urban overheating and develop mitigation solutions, calculation methods and application to predict and assess mitigation scenarios. The outcomes of the book are thus relevant for a wide multidisciplinary audience, including: environmental scientists and engineers, architect and urban planners, policy makers and students.

Keywords

heat health --- meteorological modeling --- urban climate --- urban-climate archipelago --- urban heat island --- urban heat island index --- Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) --- green area --- built-up area --- air temperature --- measurement --- calculation --- urbanization --- air and surface temperature measurements --- outdoor thermal comfort --- urban heat island --- surface cool island effect --- urban overheating --- urban microclimate --- mitigation strategies --- urban development --- park cool island --- urban cooling --- urban morphology --- micro-climate simulations --- ageing --- emissivity --- measurement --- solar reflectance --- solar reflectance index --- thermal emittance --- urban heat island --- land surface temperature --- “hot spots” --- “cold spots” --- MODIS downscaling --- overheating --- summer heat stress --- urban open space --- shading --- thermal comfort --- Physiologically Equivalent Temperature --- mitigation strategies --- cooling technologies --- cool materials --- WRF-Chem --- urban climate --- air quality --- urban heat island --- surface albedo --- climatic perception --- urban areas --- thermal comfort --- subtropical climate --- cool pavements --- road lighting --- urban heat island --- road surface --- material characterization --- luminance coefficient --- energy savings --- Euramet --- EMPIR 16NRM02 --- building energy performance --- energy simulation --- building retrofit --- multi-objective optimization --- genetic algorithm --- urban overheating --- cost-optimal analysis --- lifecycle analysis --- office buildings --- sustainability --- air temperature --- spectral analysis --- multifractal analysis --- structure functions analysis --- cool roofs --- fine-resolution meteorological modeling --- mobile temperature observations --- urban climate archipelago --- urban heat island --- urban vegetation --- urbanized WRF --- Weather Research and Forecasting model --- multiple linear regression --- urban heat island --- urban climatology --- urban energy balance --- air temperature --- land cover fraction --- urban morphology --- land surface temperature --- heat stress --- urban heat mitigation --- albedo --- cool facades --- spectral reflectance --- urban remote sensing --- empirical line method --- building scale --- local climate zone --- urban climate --- sky view factor --- morphological indicator --- open science --- GIS --- urban heat island --- urban overheating --- non-constructible parcels --- cool surfaces --- urban vegetation --- ENVI-met --- mitigation measures --- Beirut

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