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Biografie – Lebenslauf – Generation

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Sektion Erwachsenenbildung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Erziehungswissenschaft (DGfE) ISBN: 9783847411789 9783847421061 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.3224/84742106 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:05
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People interpret their biographies in order to give them a subjective meaning. In institutionalized biographies, biographies also become normatively charged patterns of progress. They reflect the tension between life courses and culturally and socially shaped generalized patterns of life-style. The volume collects selected peer-reviewed contributions on this topic.

Lifelong Learning Policies for Young Adults in Europe

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ISBN: 9781447350668 9781447350361 9781447350675 Year: Pages: 224 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:05
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"Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. This comprehensive collection discusses topical issues essential to both scholarship and policy making in the realm of lifelong learning (LLL) policies and how far they succeed in supporting young people across their life courses, rather than one-sidedly fostering human capital for the economy. Examining specific yet diverse regional and local contexts across Europe, this book uses original research to evaluate differences in scope, approach, orientation, and objectives. It examines the embedding of LLL policies into the regional economy, the labour market, education and training systems and the individual life projects of young people, with a focus on those in situations of near social exclusion. "

Retirement Timing and Social Stratification. A Comparative Study of Labor Market Exit and Age Norms in Western Europe

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ISBN: 9788376560410 9783110399240 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560410 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:28:39
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The monograph disseminates the very topical issue of retirement and its timing as the key to one of the greatest challenges facing ageing societies. Postponing retirement is now almost universally regarded as indispensable in order to relieve European welfare states from the demography-related financial pressures. This seminal study, derived from a statistical analysis of a large-scale survey data, provides a thorough understanding of the micro- and macro-level determinants of retirement timing in contemporary Western Europe. The book is the first monograph to combine the analysis of the retirement attitudes with the analysis of the retirement behaviour within one research. It tackles the question as to whether early retirement can be explained by “early exit culture”, triangulating life course theory with a social stratification approach. The author used a novel and innovative approach to obtain the results. The methodology includes: tobit models of proscriptive age norms; simulations of the impact of class structure on a country’s average retirement age; competing risks models of different work-exit modalities; duration selection models of retirement timing.

Metabolically Healthy Obesity

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ISBN: 9783038426868 9783038426875 Year: Pages: 206
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-24 14:06:23
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Accumulating evidence suggests that not all obese subjects are at increased cardiometabolic risk and that the “metabolically healthy obese” phenotype may exist in the absence of metabolic abnormalities. Limited data regards the determinants of metabolically healthy obesity exist, particularly in relation to genetics, dietary and lifestyle behaviours. In light of the current obesity epidemic, it is clear that current “one size fits all” approaches to tackle obesity are largely unsuccessful. Whether dietary, lifestyle and/or therapeutic interventions, based on stratification of obese individuals according to their metabolic health phenotype, are more effective remains to be seen, with limited and conflicting data available. This book includes original research articles and reviews of the scientific literature that contribute to our understanding of the role of clinical, biological, genetic, and environmental factors in metabolically healthy and unhealthy obesity.

The Impact of Losing Your Job

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ISBN: 9789089648051 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089648051 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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Losing a job has always been understood as one of the most important causes of downward social mobility in modern societies. And it's only gotten worse in recent years, as the weakening position of workers has made re-entering the labour market even tougher. The Impact of Losing Your Job builds on findings from life course sociology to show clearly just what effects job loss has on income, family life, and future prospects. Key to Ehlert's analysis is a comparative look at the United States and Germany that enables him to show how different approaches to welfare state policies can ameliorate the effects of job loss-but can at the same time make labour insecurity more common.

Tracing the consequences of child poverty

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ISBN: 9781447348368 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Using life course analysis from the Young Lives study of 12,000 children growing up in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam over the past 15 years, this book draws on evidence on two cohorts of children, aged from 1 to 15 and from 8 to 22. It examines how poverty affects children’s development in low and middle income countries, and how policy has been used to improve their lives, then goes on to show when key developmental differences occur. It uses new evidence to develop a framework of what matters most and when and outlines effective policy approaches to inform the no-one left behind Sustainable Development Goal agenda.

Care Home Stories

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Book Series: Aging Studies ISBN: 9783837638059 9783839438053 Year: Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101223
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Institutional care for seniors offers a cultural repository for fears and hopes about an aging population. Although enormous changes have occurred in how institutional care is structured, the legacies of the poor house still persist, creating panicked views of the nursing home as a dreaded fate. The paradoxical nature of a space meant to be both hospital and home offers up critical tensions for examination by age studies scholars. The essays in this book challenge stereotypes of institutional care for older adults, illustrate the changes that have occurred over time, and illuminate the continuities in the stories we tell about nursing homes.

Parental Life Courses after Separation and Divorce in Europe

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Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISBN: 9783030445751 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44575-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Economics --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:02
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This open access book assembles landmark studies on divorce and separation in European countries, and how this affects the life of parents and children. It focuses on four major areas of post-separation lives, namely (1) economic conditions, (2) parent-child relationships, (3) parent and child well-being, and (4) health. Through studies from several European countries, the book showcases how legal regulations and social policies influence parental and child well-being after divorce and separation. It also illustrates how social policies are interwoven with the normative fabric of a country. For example, it is shown that father-child contact after separation is more intense in those countries which have adopted policies that encourage shared parenting. Correspondingly, countries that have adopted these regulations are at the forefront of more egalitarian gender role attitudes. Apart from a strong emphasis on the legal and social policy context, the studies in this volume adopt a longitudinal perspective and situate post-separation behaviour and well-being in the life course. The longitudinal perspective opens up new avenues for research to understand how behaviour and conditions prior or at divorce and separation affect later behaviour and well-being. As such this book is of special appeal to scholars of family research as well as to anyone interested in the role of divorce and separation in Europe in the 21st century.

How Generations Remember

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ISBN: 9781137450623 9781137450630 Year: Pages: 268 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 395
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-14 11:01:23
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This book provides a profound insight into post-war Mostar, and the memories of three generations of this Bosnian-Herzegovinian city. Drawing on several years of ethnographic fieldwork, it offers a vivid account of how personal and collective memories are utterly intertwined, and how memories across the generations are reimagined and ‘rewritten’ following great socio-political change. Focusing on both Bosniak-dominated East Mostar and Croat-dominated West Mostar, it demonstrates that, even in this ethno-nationally divided city with its two divergent national historiographies, generation-specific experiences are crucial in how people ascribe meaning to past events.

Early Life Nutrition and Future Health

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ISBN: 9783039282500 9783039282517 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-251-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Inequity starts before birth and is programmed in part by nutritional exposures. If these exposures occur around the time of conception, during pregnancy, and/or in infancy or childhood (all critical periods of development) they may alter a child’s health trajectory and impact risk for impaired cognition and learning, and cardiometabolic, immune, and neuropsychiatric diseases and disorders. This Special Issue on “Early Life Nutrition and Future Health” has the following aims: 1) understand the origins of offspring health inequities from an early nutritional perspective; 2) uncover new insights into the environmental, biological, and social mechanisms that underpin these health outcomes in offspring; and 3) present novel targets and approaches to optimise health trajectories and prevent chronic diseases and disorders in later life and across generations. The research projects included herein highlight novel mechanistic, epidemiologic, and intervention studies that target key windows where nutrition has the greatest influence on future health (preconception, prenatal, and postnatal periods) and that explore vulnerable populations and animal models of early life nutritional programming.

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