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Social Media in Southeast Turkey

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781910634547 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781910634547 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-03 11:01:21
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This book presents an ethnographic study of social media in Mardin, a medium-sized town located in the Kurdish region of Turkey. The town is inhabited mainly by Sunni Muslim Arabs and Kurds, and has been transformed in recent years by urbanisation, neoliberalism and political events. Elisabetta Costa uses her 15 months of ethnographic research to explain why public-facing social media is more conservative than offline life. Yet, at the same time, social media has opened up unprecedented possibilities for private communications between genders and in relationships among young people – Costa reveals new worlds of intimacy, love and romance. She also discovers that, when viewed from the perspective of people’s everyday lives, political participation on social media looks very different to how it is portrayed in studies of political postings separated from their original complex, and highly socialised, context.

Keywords

turkey --- social media --- politics --- kinship

Focality and Extension in Kinship

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ISBN: 9781760461812 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.22459/FEK.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:58
License: ANU Press

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When we think of kinship, we usually think of ties between people based upon blood or marriage. But we also have other ways—nowadays called ‘performative’—of establishing kinship, or hinting at kinship: many Christians have, in addition to parents, godparents; members of a trade union may refer to each other as ‘brother’ or ‘sister’. Similar performative ties are even more common among the so-called ‘tribal’ peoples that anthropologists have studied and, especially in recent years, they have received considerable attention from scholars in this field. However, these scholars tend to argue that performative kinship in the Tribal World is semantically on a par with kinship established through procreation and marriage. Harold Scheffler, long-time Professor of Anthropology at Yale University, has argued, by contrast, that procreative ties are everywhere semantically central, i.e. focal, that they provide bases from which other kinship ties are extended. Most of the essays in this volume illustrate the validity of Scheffler’s position, though two contest it, and one exemplifies the soundness of a similarly universalistic stance in gender behaviour. This book will be of interest to everyone concerned with current controversy in kinship and gender studies, as well as those who would know what anthropologists have to say about human nature.

CHAPTER 2 First Contacts, Slavery and Kinship in North-Eastern Amazonia (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781785330841 9781785330834 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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The first book to address the classic anthropological theme of property through the ethnography of Amazonia, Ownership and Nurture sets new and challenging terms for anthropological debates about the region and about property in general. Property and ownership have special significance and carry specific meanings in Amazonia, which has been portrayed as the antithesis of Western, property-based, civilization. Through carefully constructed studies of land ownership, slavery, shamanism, spirit mastery, aesthetics, and intellectual property, this volume demonstrates that property relations are of central importance in Amazonia, and that the ownership of persons plays an especially significant role in native cosmology.

Die Kinder des Schweigens

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205777724 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437209 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3950
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:43
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The original edition "Ta paidia tis siopis" was published by Ekdoseis Parousia Publishing House (ISBN 960-7601-64-5). The author owns the copyright and transferred it to the editor of the German translation for free. The author is one of the most prominent ethnologists of Greece. He investigates the family and kinship structures as well as the marriage practices, the transfer of marriage goods, and the dowry stystem of in the Arvanite villages in Southeastern Attica (Southern Greece) on the basis of fieldwork and archival research. The Arvanites represent the predecessors of the present Albanian population a branch of which migrated to its present settlements in the second half of the 14th century. The main title of the book is related to the fact that due to the adaption processes of th 19th and 20th centuries this ethnic group does not any longer practice its original language in everyday life. The author states that also the original social structure shifted towards the Greek environment, e.g. in form of ambilineal descent calculation instead of the original patrilineal descent calculation. Alexakis work enters scientific newland insofar as the author is the first Greek scholar who treats this topic from a modern historical-anthropological perspective. He, therefore, sheds ligtht on a topic that had been ignored by official Greece until a few years ago. The book is structured into three chapters: 1) Marriage Payments 2) Familiy and Property Transfer 3)Ambilineal Descent Group and Marriage Strategies.

Keywords

Greece --- Arvanites --- Family --- Kinship --- Marriage --- Attica

Skin, Kin and Clan

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760461638 Year: Pages: 504 DOI: 10.22459/SKC.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-05 11:01:51
License: ANU Press

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Australia is unique in the world for its diverse and interlocking systems of Indigenous social organisation. On no other continent do we see such an array of complex and contrasting social arrangements, coordinated through a principle of ‘universal kinship’ whereby two strangers meeting for the first time can recognise one another as kin. For some time, Australian kinship studies suffered from poor theorisation and insufficient aggregation of data. The large-scale AustKin project sought to redress these problems through the careful compilation of kinship information. Arising from the project, this book presents recent original research by a range of authors in the field on the kinship and social category systems in Australia. A number of the contributions focus on reconstructing how these systems originated and developed over time. Others are concerned with the relationship between kinship and land, the semantics of kin terms and the dynamics of kin interactions.

Vorausberechnung von Verwandtschaft

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Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847402879 9783847401827 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3224/84740183 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
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Close relatives such as parents and children play an important role in the daily lives of many people. In view of demographic change - increasing life expectancy and declining birth rates - the question arises as to how the presence of relatives will change in the future. This question is explored in the present book and the possible effects of future changes on the common lifetime of generations and on the field of care are examined.

Keywords

Demography --- care --- kinship --- Demographie --- Pflege --- Verwandtschaft

Filhos de Adão, filhas de Eva : A visão do mundo camponesa no Alto Minho

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ISBN: 9791036516276 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.1709 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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O rio Lima corre em direcção ao poente, da província espanhola de Orense para a costa Atlântica, que encontra na cidade de Viana do Castelo, capital do distrito ao qual ambas as margens do rio pertencem. Na margem sul, estão situadas duas pequenas vilas, Ponte de Lima e Ponte da Barca, nomes que referem as pontes que atravessam o rio nos locais de encontro entre a estrada que o bordeja e as principais vias antigas que, no sentido sul-norte, ligam Braga (capital eclesiástica e económica do Minho) com o rio Minho, na fronteira mais setentrional do país. Paço de S. Miguel e Couto de S. Fins, cujos residentes são os protagonistas deste estudo, são duas freguesias ribeirinhas do pequeno concelho de Ponte da Barca, que se situa a cerca de quarenta quilómetros do mar.

Keywords

kinship --- property --- wedding --- sex roles --- inheritance --- Portugal

Australian Aboriginal Kinship : An introductory handbook with particular emphasis on the Western Desert

Author:
ISBN: 9782956398110 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.556 Language: English
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Since the very early years of anthropology, Australian Aboriginal kinship has fascinated researchers in the field as well as theorists. Its complexity is considerable and, as some have remarked, its mechanical and logical beauty is astonishing. This complexity has however discouraged many scholars, students and people working in Aboriginal communities from actively and intellectually engaging with indigenous ways of conceiving and producing relationships based on kinship, despite the fact that it is a domain deeply embedded in everyday life and interaction. This handbook attempts to bring the principles of kinship in general, and Australian Aboriginal kinship in particular, closer to the reader in an understandable and pedagogic way. Aimed at Aboriginal people themselves, students in the social sciences and humanities or, in fact, any other person eager to learn more about Aboriginal Australia, while also discussing some issues of interest to even accomplished anthropologists, the book is divided into four general parts each tackling specific questions. Part 1 deals with the historical and ethnographic background against which the discussions on kinship are framed in later sections. Important concepts in anthropology such as 'culture' or 'hunter-gatherer societies' are looked at. Part 2 develops the basic tools and concepts needed to understand kinship. It discusses its main domains, such as terminology, marriage, descent and filiation. Part 3 applies the material considered up to this point to actual ethnographic examples from the Australian Western Desert and elaborates on other important concepts such as 'family', 'household' and 'domestic group'. Part 4 explains social organisation and, in particular, generational moieties, patri- and matrimoieties, sections and subsections, all of which are central to Aboriginal peoples' ways of interacting. Finally, the concluding chapter discusses in a more critical fashion the concept of kinship itself ad elaborates on the idea of relatedness as a meaningful expansion of formal kinship studies.

The Owners of Kinship

Author:
Book Series: Malinowski Monographs ISBN: 9780997367591 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101688
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-20 11:02:36
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The Owners of Kinship investigates how kinship in Indigenous Amazonia is derived from the asymmetrical relation between an “owner” and his or her dependents. Through a comprehensive ethnography of the Kanamari, Luiz Costa shows how this relationship is centered around the bond created between the feeder and the fed. Building on anthropological studies of the acquisition, distribution, and consumption of food and its role in establishing relations of asymmetrical mutuality and kinship, this book breaks theoretical ground for studies in Amazonia and beyond. By investigating how the feeding relation traverses Kanamari society—from the relation between women and the pets they raise, shaman and familiar spirit, mother and child, chiefs and followers, to those between the Brazilian state and the Kanamari—The Owners of Kinship reveals how the mutuality of kinship is determined by the asymmetry of ownership.

Homens que partem, mulheres que esperam : Consequências da emigração numa freguesia minhota

Author:
ISBN: 9791036516269 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.1910 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Durante a última ou as duas últimas décadas, tem havido tentativas significativas da parte da comunidade de estudiosos de ultrapassar as fronteiras entre as várias disciplinas, de partilhar metodologias e conhecimentos teóricos e de, ao mesmo tempo, pôr novas questões e criar vias de investigação inteiramente novas. Um dos intercâmbios mais frutuosos verificados deu-se entre as disciplinas de História e Antropologia (Kertzer 1984a). A um nível, o intercâmbio foi simultaneamente essencial e específico. Como Stone (1982) refere, os antropólogos têm feito perguntas acerca de estruturas de parentesco, regras de residência, perguntas que são de interesse vital para uma nova geração de historiadores da família e da sociedade. A formulação de certos princípios gerais acerca da «natureza do homem» ou da «natureza da vida social» com base num estudo intensivo da dinâmica da vida numa comunidade local tem uma tradição igualmente longa em antropologia. Em meios ligados à história, é um fenómeno mais recente. Aquilo a que Stone chama «história total» não é senão o que os antropólogos há muito designaram por «holismo».

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