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Karl Kraus et son temps

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ISBN: 9782878547795 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Né en 1874, Karl Kraus a été mêlé de loin ou de près, comme acteur, témoin ou juge, à tous les mouvements artistiques, intellectuels ou politiques qui agitèrent Vienne au début de notre siècle. Pendant plus de trente ans, de 1899 à sa mort en 1936, il fit paraître sa revue Die Fackel, qu'il finit par rédiger tout seul et dans laquelle il a publié la majeure partie de son oeuvre. Pessimiste et lucide il combattit les travers de son temps et ses armes préférées furent la citation et la glose. Les spécialistes français, autri­chiens, allemands, américains et hongrois dont les contributions sont réunies ici ont étudié tour à tour les rapports ambigus et apparemment changeants de Kraus avec la politique et les partis, ses prises de positions sur le sionisme, le nationalisme, la guerre et la paix, son attitude à l'égard de quelques grandes questions de son temps comme le féminisme, l'éducation, la théorie des masses ou le déclin de l'Occident, et ils ont analysé la stratégie et les armes du satiriste.

Keywords

Karl Kraus --- Autriche --- satire --- presse

Schriften zur Universitätsidee

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Book Series: Karl Jaspers Gesamtausgabe. Werke ISBN: 9783796535338 Year: Pages: 585 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3533-8 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:03
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For the first time, this volume gathers all of Jasper’s texts concerning university that had been published by himself. The annotations of the edition provide valuable insights into the meaning of specific passages, the historical and intellectual context of Jasper's ideas, and the genesis of his manuscripts.

Briefwechsel 1907-1925

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ISBN: 9783851326314 Year: Pages: 472 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437143 Language: German
Publisher: Turia und Kant Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4043
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:42
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The letters between Sigmund Freud and Karl Abraham constitute one of the most important correspondences of Freud. Karl Abraham was an important and influential early member of Freud's inner circle of trusted colleagues. As such he played a significant part in the establishment of psychoanalysis as a discipline. Regarded by Freud biographer Ernest Jones as one of the best clinical analysts among his contemporaries, he also contributed important elaborations and developments of Freud's theories. In 1965, there appeared a first, censored and incomplete edition of this correspondence. In 2002, a completed edition came out in English translation. The present publication will be the first complete edition of this major correspondence in the original German, All letters, postcards, telegrams, notes, and enclosures that have been preserved and could be found are reprinted without omissions or pseudonyms. Added are both editorial and text-critical footnotes, plus an introduction and an appendix with pertinent additional material. It is now possible to explore first-hand the complex relationship that existed between Freud and his master pupil, and to follow their exchange on theoretical and clinical matters, but also on family members, their various travels, political and historical events, etc., and on their combined and individual relationships with other colleagues, such as C. G. Jung or the members of the so-called Secret Committee around Freud. This substantial and absorbing collection of letters enables the reader to gain valuable insights into these two pioneers of psychoanalysis, into the history of the psychoanalytic movement, and into the development of both Freud's and Abraham's theories. Due to the length of this correspondence (appr. 900 pages in print), this edition will appear in two volumes.

J.-K. Huysmans

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ISBN: 9782753509795 9782753546950 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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A principio erat verbum. La position spirituelle et la situation littéraire d’un écrivain engoncé entre une fin de siècle matérialiste et un avant-siècle se prosternant devant l’idéologie du Progrès le condamne parfois à errer en une sorte d’interrègne, qui masque la modernité de son interrogation religieuse. Chez Huysmans, ce réseau de signes apparemment contraires désigne le lieu d’une interrogation essentielle. Celle-ci ne trouvera sa réponse qu’à partir du cycle de Durtal, tandis que son ...

Karl Popper, Science and Enightenment

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ISBN: 9781787350397 Year: Pages: 390 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:01:14
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Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward. But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down. By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.

The Funambulist Pamphlets 1: Spinoza

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ISBN: 9780615823157 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0033.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:44
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The blog The Funambulist: Architectural Narratives, a daily architectural platform written and edited by Léopold Lambert, finds its name in the consideration for architecture’s representative medium, the line, and its philosophical and political power when it materializes and subjectivizes bodies. If the white page represents a given milieu — a desert for example — and one comes to trace a line on it, (s)he will virtually split this same milieu into two distinct impermeable parts through its embodiment, the wall. The Funambulist, also known as a tightrope walker, is the character who, somehow, subverts this power by walking on the line. The Funambulist Pamphlets is a series of small books archiving articles published on The Funambulist, collected according to specific themes. These volumes propose a different articulation of texts than the usual chronological one. The eleven volumes are respectively dedicated to Spinoza, Foucault, Deleuze, Legal Theory, Occupy Wall Street, Palestine, Cruel Designs, Arakawa + Madeline Gins, Science Fiction, Literature, and Cinema.

Ferdinand I. als Kaiser

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ISBN: 9783402051658 Year: Pages: 783 DOI: 10.17438/978-3-402-21806-8 Language: deutsch
Publisher: Aschendorff Verlag
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-26 12:32:35
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Mit diesem Buch wird ein bedeutender Akteur auf der politischen Bühne des 16. Jahrhunderts erstmals eingehend gewürdigt. Ferdinand I., der Nachfolger Kaiser Karls V., hat in der Historiographie seit Ranke im Schatten seines älteren Bruders gestanden, dessen loyaler Helfer er jahrzehntelang gewesen ist. Die leitende Frage ist, wie Ferdinand I., der bis 1564 regiert hat, seine Aufgabe als Kaiser begriffen hat, seine Möglichkeiten einschätzte und seine Politik einrichtete. Die Arbeit wertet in größerem Ausmaß bislang ungedrucktes archivalisches Material aus. Es wird nachgewiesen, dass Ferdinands Politik als Kaiser sich deutlich von der Karls V. abhebt, obwohl er an einer wesentlichen Zielsetzung des Bruders festgehalten hat, denn er bemühte sich wie jener aus vorreformatorischem Selbstverständnis als weltliches Haupt der Christenheit bis zu seinem Tod um die Wiederherstellung der zerbrochenen Einheit der Christianitas catholica. Die Untersuchung beginnt beim Augsburger Reichstag von 1555, um die grundlegende Bedeutung der dort unter maßgeblicher Beeinflussung durch Ferdinand erzielten Ergebnisse für seine künftige Haltung und Politik als Kaiser darzutun. Sie behandelt in den folgenden Kapiteln neben seiner Reichspolitik und seiner "Außenpolitik", die auf Bewahrung des Friedens angelegt waren, seine Konzilspolitik, die in seinen Initiativen zur Einberufung und seiner kritischen Begleitung der dritten Periode des Trienter Konzils fassbar ist, und seine Auffassung vom Kaisertum. Sie bestätigt, worin schon Ferdinands Zeitgenossen sein Hauptverdienst gesehen haben: dem Reich eine Epoche relativ sicheren Friedens beschert zu haben.

Karl Kraus und Peter Altenberg

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ISBN: 9783862530595 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574830 Language: German
Publisher: Konstanz University Press Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 230
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:52
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The book explores the modern attitudes that are articulated in the texts "Third Walpurgis Night" (1933) by Karl Kraus and "Prodromos" (1905) by Peter Altenberg. Following Foucault's discourse analytical approach and his concept of self practice, it asks with what types of subject and truth the two literary works break open the structures of enunciation in which they are historically embedded. The result is not a biographical or philological comparison, but a report on the experience of a performative reading that makes an archaeological section of the writings and reconstructs their genealogical line.

La "reconnaissance" comme principe de la Théorie critique

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ISBN: 9782847887259 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.5124 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La théorie de la reconnaissance constitue aujourd’hui un paradigme essentiel pour les sciences humaines et fait l’objet de multiples métamorphoses et controverses dans la pensée contemporaine, par exemple dans les domaines du droit, de la politique, de l’économie, de la morale, de l’éducation, de l’épistémologie. Le présent ouvrage de Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch offre l’exemple d’une réinterprétation active de la théorie envisagée aussi bien en rapport à l’exégèse de la tradition philosophique dont elle procède qu’au renouvellement du débat critique contemporain sur l’état de la société et du capitalisme. Le travail de Schmidt am Busch est représentatif de la façon dont une nouvelle génération de philosophes se confronte à la théorie de la reconnaissance en se rapportant à la fois aux textes fondateurs de Hegel et de Marx comme aux interprétations récentes d’Axel Honneth et Ludwig Siep, qui tous deux ont placé la philosophie hégélienne en général et la question de la reconnaissance en particulier au centre de leur investigation philosophique.

Nationalsozialistische Schulverwaltung in Hamburg. Vier Führungspersonen

Authors: ---
Book Series: Hamburger Historische Forschungen ISBN: 9783937816494 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HHF.2.24 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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After the change of power in Hamburg on March 8, 1933, the school administration was put under command of Karl Witt, a German nationalist and later Nazi. Converted to the National Socialist leadership principle, it was increasingly instrumentalized for the implementation of National Socialist educational concepts. These were mainly enforced by the persons who led the authority or dominated by informal power. The position of the four school-related officials in the power and governance system of National Socialism in Hamburg is therefore explained in this publication. Besides Karl Witt, three men were the protegés of the so-calld "Gauleiter" and "Reichsstatthalter" Karl Kaufmann: namely Wilhelm Schulz, Albert Henze, and Ernst Schrewe. Their proximity to the centre of power around Kaufmann led to very different formal and informal anchors in the mechanisms of the polycratic National Socialist system. The political pressure exerted by the head of the school administration on the schools intensified since the beginning of the war, culminating in the power and ruthless exercise of power by the National Socialist "Senatsdirektor" and "Gauschulungsleiter" Albert Henze.

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