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Atlas of Jordan

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ISBN: 9782351593783 9782351594384 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-06 16:29:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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L’ambition de cet atlas est d’offrir au lecteur des clés d’analyse spatiale des dynamiques sociales, économiques et politiques qui animent la Jordanie, pays exemplaire de la complexité du Moyen-Orient. Produit de sept années de coopération scientifique entre l’Ifpo, le Centre Royal Jordanien de Géographie et l’Université de Jordanie, l’atlas réunit les contributions de 48 chercheurs européens, jordaniens et internationaux. La formation des territoires jordaniens sur le temps long est éclairée...

Knowledge-Based Decision Support for Integrated Water Resources Management with an application for Wadi Shueib, Jordan

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ISBN: 9783731500117 Year: DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000034325 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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This book takes a two-staged approach to contribute to the contemporary Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) research. First it investigates sub-basin-scale IWRM modelling and scenario planning. The Jordanian Wadi Shueib is used as exemplary case study. Then, it develops a framework to collaboratively manage planning and decision making knowledge on the basis of semantic web technologies. Future IWRM initiatives can benefit from the valuable insights achieved in the presented study.

Amman : Ville et société

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ISBN: 9782351594650 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.8218 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Nous avons été amenés à formuler l’hypothèse selon laquelle l’histoire de Amman est celle d’une ville rebelle à elle-même. À l’extrême, certains pourront même dire que Amman n’existe pas, que Amman n’est pas ou pas réellement une ville. Et de fait, Amman nous dérange car ce que nous en savons ne ressemble pas à l’image que nous nous faisons d’une ville comme on le dirait de Beyrouth, Damas, Bagdad ou Le Caire, pour ne parler que de capitales voisines. À suivre ce questionnement, nous convenons de reprendre à notre compte une approche de la ville qui veut qu’elle constitue une totalité signifiante douée d’expressions spécifiques en même temps que de caractéristiques communes à toute autre ville. De ce dernier point de vue, personne ne doutera de l’existence de Amman. Infrastructures, densités, activités, échanges, communications, etc., en font même une grande ville. C’est, par contre, dans l’ordre de la représentation que Amman pose problème. Soit que son modèle de citadinité n’est pas encore identifiable à celui d’autres villes connues. Et l’on verra, effectivement, que le mélange des influences qui ont façonné Amman peut en faire un cas à part. Soit, et c’est une piste de recherche que je voudrais privilégier, le silence de Amman sur son histoire est une partie même de cette histoire dont il s’agirait alors de déceler les clés d’accès au-delà de l’idéologie véhiculée par son texte modèle.

Tell Abu al-Kharaz in the Jordan Valley

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ISBN: 9783700173328 Year: Pages: 572 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_465030 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 75
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:27:26
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Tell city of Abu al-Kharaz is situated in the central Transjordanian Jordan Valley and excavated by the author from 1989 to 2012. The town flourished in the Early Bronze Age, and after an occupational lacuna of more than thousand years the site was re-occupied in the second half of the Middle Bronze Age and remained permanently occupied until the end of the Iron Age. The new volume is No. III in a series of three (The Early Bronze Age Vol. I, published by the Austrian Academy of Sciences Press in 2008, and the Middle and Late Bronze Ages Vol. II, in 2006).

Quantum Information and Foundations

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ISBN: 9783039283804 9783039283811 Year: Pages: 508 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-381-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Quantum information has dramatically changed information science and technology, looking at the quantum nature of the information carrier as a resource for building new information protocols, designing radically new communication and computation algorithms, and ultra-sensitive measurements in metrology, with a wealth of applications. From a fundamental perspective, this new discipline has led us to regard quantum theory itself as a special theory of information, and has opened routes for exploring solutions to the tension with general relativity, based, for example, on the holographic principle, on non-causal variations of the theory, or else on the powerful algorithm of the quantum cellular automaton, which has revealed new routes for exploring quantum fields theory, both as a new microscopic mechanism on the fundamental side, and as a tool for efficient physical quantum simulations for practical purposes. In this golden age of foundations, an astonishing number of new ideas, frameworks, and results, spawned by the quantum information theory experience, have revolutionized the way we think about the subject, with a new research community emerging worldwide, including scientists from computer science and mathematics.

Keywords

reconstruction of quantum theory --- entanglement --- monogamy --- quantum non-locality --- conserved informational charges --- limited information --- complementarity --- characterization of unitary group and state spaces --- algebraic quantum theory --- C*-algebra --- gelfand duality --- classical context --- bohrification --- process theory --- classical limit --- purity --- higher-order interference --- generalised probabilistic theories --- Euclidean Jordan algebras --- Pauli exclusion principle --- quantum foundations --- X-ray spectroscopy --- underground experiment --- silicon drift detector --- measurement uncertainty relations --- relative entropy --- position --- momentum --- quantum mechanics --- the measurement problem --- collapse models --- X-rays --- quantum gravity --- discrete spacetime --- causal sets --- path summation --- entropic gravity --- physical computing models --- complexity classes --- causality --- blind source separation (BSS) --- qubit pair --- exchange coupling --- entangled pure state --- unentanglement criterion --- probabilities in quantum measurements --- independence of random quantum sources --- iterant --- Clifford algebra --- matrix algebra --- braid group --- Fermion --- Dirac equation --- quantum information --- quantum computation --- semiclassical physics --- quantum control --- quantum genetic algorithm --- sampling-based learning control (SLC) --- quantum foundations --- relativity --- quantum gravity --- cluster states --- multipartite entanglement --- percolation --- Shannon information --- quantum information --- quantum measurements --- consistent histories --- incompatible frameworks --- single framework rule --- probability theory --- entropy --- quantum relative entropy --- quantum information --- quantum mechanics --- inference --- quantum measurement --- quantum estimation --- macroscopic quantum measurement --- quantum annealing --- adiabatic quantum computing --- hard problems --- Hadamard matrix --- binary optimization --- reconstruction of quantum mechanics --- conjugate systems --- Jordan algebras --- quantum correlations --- Gaussian states --- Gaussian unitary operations --- continuous-variable systems --- Wigner-friend experiment --- no-go theorem --- quantum foundations --- interpretations of quantum mechanics --- subsystem --- agent --- conservation of information --- purification --- group representations --- commuting subalgebras --- quantum walks --- Hubbard model --- Thirring model --- quantum information --- quantum foundations --- quantum theory and gravity

Joseph Fourier 250th Birthday. Modern Fourier Analysis and Fourier Heat Equation in Information Sciences for the XXIst century

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ISBN: 9783038977469 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-747-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:17:10
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For the 250th birthday of Joseph Fourier, born in 1768 in Auxerre, France, this MDPI Special Issue will explore modern topics related to Fourier Analysis and Heat Equation. Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences. The name of Joseph Fourier is also inseparable from the study of the mathematics of heat. Modern research on heat equations explores the extension of the classical diffusion equation on Riemannian, sub-Riemannian manifolds, and Lie groups. In parallel, in geometric mechanics, Jean-Marie Souriau interpreted the temperature vector of Planck as a space-time vector, obtaining, in this way, a phenomenological model of continuous media, which presents some interesting properties. One last comment concerns the fundamental contributions of Fourier analysis to quantum physics: Quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The content of this Special Issue will highlight papers exploring non-commutative Fourier harmonic analysis, spectral properties of aperiodic order, the hypoelliptic heat equation, and the relativistic heat equation in the context of Information Theory and Geometric Science of Information.

Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources

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ISBN: 9783039288755 / 9783039288762 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-876-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This multidisciplinary book covers a wide range of topics addressing critical challenges for advancing the understanding and management of shale oil and shale gas resources. Both fundamental and practical issues are considered. By covering a variety of technical topics, we aim to contribute to building a more integrated perspective to meet major challenges faced by shale resources. Combining complementary techniques and examining multiple sources of data serve to advance our current knowledge about these unconventional reservoirs. The book is a result of interdisciplinary and collaborative work. The content includes contributions authored by active scientists with ample expertise in their fields. Each article was carefully peer-reviewed by researchers, and the editorial process was performed by an experienced team of Senior Editors, Guest Editors, Topic Editors, and Editorial Board Members. The first part is devoted to fundamental topics, mostly investigated on the laboratory scale. The second part elaborates on larger scales (at near-wellbore and field scales). Finally, two related technologies, which could be relevant for shale plays applications, are presented. With this Special Issue, we provide a channel for sharing information and lessons learned collected from different plays and from different disciplines.

Arid Land Systems: Sciences and Societies

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ISBN: 9783039213474 9783039213481 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-348-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Understanding deserts and drylands is essential, as arid landscapes cover >40% of the Earth and are home to two billion people. Today's problematic environment–human interaction needs contemporary knowledge to address dryland complexity. Physical dimensions in arid zones—land systems, climate and hazards, ecology—are linked with social processes that directly impact drylands, such as land management, livelihoods, and development. The challenges require integrated research that identifies systemic drivers across global arid regions. Measurement and monitoring, field investigation, remote sensing, and data analysis are effective tools to investigate natural dynamics. Equally, inquiry into how policy and practice affect landscape sustainability is key to mitigating detrimental activity in deserts. Relations between socio-economic forces and degradation, agro-pastoral rangeland use, drought and disaster and resource extraction reflect land interactions. Contemporary themes of food security, conflict, and conservation are interlinked in arid environments. This book unifies desert science, arid environments, and dryland development. The chapters identify land dynamics, address system risks and delineate human functions through original research in arid zones. Mixed methodologies highlight the vital links between social and environmental science in global deserts. The book engages with today's topical themes and presents novel analyses of arid land systems and societies.

Keywords

Central Asia --- landscape --- One Belt --- One Road --- Kazakhstan --- Kyrgyzstan --- infrastructure --- environment --- New Silk Road --- drylands --- wind erosion modelling --- drag partition --- aerodynamic roughness --- remote sensing --- computational fluid dynamics --- cellular automata --- remote sensing --- modelling --- coverage --- grass height --- Cuchillas de la Zarca --- Chobe --- forest resources --- ecosystem services --- non-linear change --- protected areas --- disturbance --- drought --- sustainable livelihoods --- ecotone --- dryland --- KAZA --- Southern Africa --- nomadic pastoralism --- spatial migration model --- Afar --- livestock --- fodder demand --- fodder supply --- Asian dust --- human health --- Mongolia --- Japan --- subarctic agriculture --- Greenland --- soil quality index --- farming at its limits --- air temperature increase --- increase of growing season --- dry lake beds --- dust storm emission --- remote sensing --- Gobi Desert region --- communal rangelands --- property rights --- environmental impacts --- policy implementation --- drylands --- arid region --- LUCC --- driving forces --- snow index --- SPOT VGT --- Kashgar Region --- degrading --- tamarind age --- regeneration --- invasive vine --- vegetation survey --- erosion --- rotational grazing --- continuous grazing --- grassland degradation --- case study of nomadic and settlement grazing system --- remote sensing --- Mongolian grassland --- arid area --- land use change --- soil carbon storage --- global carbon balance --- the Shiyang River Basin --- riparian ecosystems --- Sonoran desert --- remote sensing --- land cover/land use --- drip irrigation --- groundwater --- common-pool resource --- water rights --- local farming --- desert reclamation --- desertification --- river basin development --- political ecology --- water --- vegetation response to precipitation --- dust storm outbreak --- cross correlation analysis --- the Hovmoller diagram --- environmental regime shift --- Gobi desert of Mongolia --- climate hazard --- Asia --- drylands --- risk --- drought --- desert --- Central Asia --- Kyrgyzstan --- infrastructure --- environment --- mining --- social movements --- protest --- environmental justice --- subversive clientelism --- China --- Tibetan Plateau --- Sanjiangyuan region --- social–ecological systems --- pastoralism --- partnerships --- co-management --- national parks --- Belt and Road Initiative --- mountains of Central Asia --- pastoralism --- Ethiopia --- South Omo --- Nyangatom --- Jordan River Basin --- water productivity --- Jordan --- Israel --- Palestine --- agriculture --- agricultural water intensity --- decoupling --- water security --- institutional change --- ecosystem services --- economic valuation --- drylands --- absence --- afforestation --- charisma --- China --- conservation --- desertification --- Gobi --- Mongolia

Central Places and Un-Central Landscapes. Political Economies and Natural Resources in the Longue Durée

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ISBN: 9783038976783 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-679-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences.

Keywords

Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- site location --- resource procurement --- metals trade --- political economy --- connectivity --- central places --- central flow theory --- nodal points --- central place --- social networks --- landscape archaeology --- settlement location --- interaction --- hunting --- eschatia --- bird hunting --- landscape archaeology --- Populonia --- settlement organization --- supply basin --- central place --- hilltop fortresses --- liminal landscape --- connectivity --- viewshed analysis --- sacred areas --- South-Eastern Provence --- Marseille --- Arles --- centrality --- gateways --- ancient port cities --- trading mechanisms --- political economy --- Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- water --- materiality --- new materialisms --- entanglements --- assemblages --- networks --- central place theory --- Byzantine bath-houses --- medieval Crete --- Byzantine settlements of eastern Crete --- urban culture of Byzantium --- church architecture --- Secular Byzantine architecture --- Byzantine Mochlos --- Timacum Minus --- Moesia Superior --- central place theory --- centrality --- Roman urbanism --- settlement status --- Roman mining --- Cypriot archaeology --- Mediterranean archaeology --- landscape archaeology --- central places --- sacred space --- political power --- economy --- religion --- ideology --- ancient sanctuaries --- byzantine and medieval Peloponnese --- byzantine and medieval port towns --- central place theory --- networks --- economy --- trade links --- Cyprus --- Roman archaeology --- Roman imperialism --- island and coastal archaeology --- identity --- urbanism --- central place theory --- connectivity --- maritime cultural landscapes --- Cyprus --- landscape archaeology --- surface survey --- river valley --- settlement organisation --- aridity --- marginality --- landscape archaeology --- Marmarica (NW-Egypt) --- Hauran (Syria/Jordan) --- Graeco-Roman period --- spatial scales in networks --- network relationship qualities --- interaction --- resource management

Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations for Archaeological and Heritage Research

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ISBN: 9783039211937 9783039211944 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-194-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book collects 15 papers written by renowned scholars from across the globe that showcase the forefront research in Earth observation (EO), remote sensing (RS), and geoscientific ground investigations to study archaeological records and cultural heritage.Archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, remote sensing, and archaeometry experts share their methodologies relying on a wealth of techniques and data including, but not limited to: very high resolution satellite images from optical and radar space-borne sensors, air-borne surveys, geographic information systems (GIS), archaeological fieldwork, and historical maps.A couple of the contributions highlight the value of noninvasive and nondestructive laboratory analyses (e.g., neutron diffraction) to reconstruct ancient manufacturing technologies, and of geological ground investigations to corroborate hypotheses of historical events that shaped cultural landscapes.Case studies encompass famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites (e.g., the Nasca Lines in Peru), remote and yet-to-discover archaeological areas in tropical forests in central America, European countries, south Asian changing landscapes, and environments which are arid nowadays but were probably full of woody vegetation in the past.Finally, the reader can learn about the state-of-the-art of education initiatives to train site managers in the use of space technologies in support of their activities, and can understand the legal aspects involved in the application of EO and RS to address current challenges of African heritage preservation.

Keywords

analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- archaeology --- predictive model --- tumuli --- remote sensing --- multi-criteria --- Saharan Morocco --- airborne laser scanning --- orthophotographs --- archaeological survey --- field reconnaissance --- Arran --- national archaeological mapping programme --- synthetic aperture radar --- subsurface imaging --- microwave penetration --- archaeology --- arid environments --- remote sensing --- Oman --- e-learning --- Earth observation --- education --- capacity development --- cultural and natural heritage --- UNESCO --- photogrammetry --- RPAS --- UAV --- Peru --- geoglyph Pista --- mapping --- drones --- remote sensing --- free satellite imagery --- GoogleEarth --- Bing Maps --- archaeological fieldwork --- arid environments --- basalt desert --- landscape accessibility --- Harra --- Jordan --- archaeological landscapes --- settlements --- historical maps --- Survey of India --- Archaeological Survey of India --- heritage --- colonial studies --- remote sensing --- historical landscapes --- landscape archaeology --- settlements --- colonial studies --- river morphology --- Indus --- floods --- remote sensing --- satellite --- Sentinel-2 --- surface survey --- Roman archaeology --- Sumerian pottery --- neutron techniques --- neutron diffraction --- chemometric analysis --- Mega El Niño --- pampa of Nazca --- Cuenca Pisco --- Rio Grande de Nazca --- grain-size --- volcaniclastic layer --- stratigraphy --- petrography --- Lidar --- GIS --- Mesoamerica --- Archaeology --- Caves --- Landscape --- Ritual --- Visualization --- Maya --- Belize --- Sacred --- automated detection --- OBIA --- LiDAR --- Difference Map --- field monument --- Burial Mound --- Motte-and-Bailey castle --- Ridge and Furrow --- space law --- disaster and conservation management --- Geographic Information System (GIS) --- international boundaries --- Africa --- Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission --- satellite imagery --- Boundary Demarcation --- international law --- relict boundaries --- Earth Observation --- remote sensing --- optical --- SAR --- drone --- airborne LiDAR --- GIS --- OBIA --- neutron diffraction --- archaeological prospection --- pattern recognition --- archaeometry --- geological mapping

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