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The Dutch Polder Model in science and research

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ISBN: 9789462988163 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462988163 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-12 11:01:49
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Scientific research in the Netherlands is doing remarkably well. Dutch researchers, universities and institutes reside at or near the top of international rankings. In this essay, José van Dijck and Wim van Saarloos, the president and vice-president of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), explore how such a small country could become a global player in science and research. They highlight interconnectedness, collaboration, trust, and interwoven research and education among the quintessentially Dutch factors that paved the way to the success.&#xD;They also show, however, that the country's efforts to reach the top sometimes chip away at these trusted foundations. Investments in its research base are lagging, and some typically Dutch strengths have recently come under pressure.&#xD;They close off with some suggestions on how the country may turn the tide, prolong its great achievements, and ensure a leading role for Dutch research in the nation's future.

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general issues --- science

Environmental Aspects of Zoonotic Diseases

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781843390855 9781780400761 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102461
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 08:17:52
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Environmental Aspects of Zoonotic Diseases provides a definitive description, commentary and research needs of environmental aspects related to zoonotic diseases. There are many interrelated connections between the environment and zoonotic diseases such as: water, soil, air and agriculture. The book presents investigations of these connections, with specific reference to environmental processes such as: deforestation, floods, draughts, irrigation practices, soil transfer and their impact on bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitological spread. Environmental aspects such as climate (tropical, sub-tropical, temperate, arid and semi-arid), developed and undeveloped countries, animal traffic animal border crossing, commercial animal trade, transportation, as well geography and weather on zoonosis, are also discussed and relevant scientific data is condensed and organized in order to give a better picture of interrelationship between the environment and current spread of zoonotic diseases.

Unerfüllte Kinderwünsche und Reproduktionsmedizin

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Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847410621 9783847420804 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.3224/84742080 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-13 11:21:03
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Wer sind die Paare, die sich an die Reproduktionsmedizin wenden? Wie ist die Kinderwunschbehandlung in die Lebensverläufe der Paare eingebettet? Wie gestaltet sich der Entscheidungsprozess für die Nutzung der Reproduktionsmedizin auf Paarebene? Diesen Fragen widmet sich die Autorin. Es wird ein theoretisches Erklärungsmodell vorgestellt, anhand dessen sich partnerschaftliches generatives Handeln bei vorliegender Infertilität aus dezidiert sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive analysieren lässt. Dieses bildet die Grundlage für die empirische Untersuchung. Als Basis für die Analysen werden die Daten einer eigens durchgeführten Befragung von Paaren in Kinderwunschbehandlung verwendet.

The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138819634 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090207
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-22 11:01:16
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Whenever the legitimacy of a new or ethically contentious medical intervention is considered, a range of influences will determine whether the treatment becomes accepted as lawful medical treatment. The development and introduction of abortion, organ donation, gender reassignment, and non-therapeutic cosmetic surgery have, for example, all raised ethical, legal, and clinical issues. This book examines the various factors that legitimatise a medical procedure. Bringing together a range of internationally and nationally recognised academics from law, philosophy, medicine, health, economics, and sociology, the book explores the notion of a treatment, practice, or procedure being proper medical treatment, and considers the range of diverse factors which might influence the acceptance of a particular procedure as appropriate in the medical context. Contributors address such issues as clinical judgement and professional autonomy, the role of public interest, and the influence of resource allocation in decision-making. In doing so, the book explores how the law, the medical profession, and the public interact in determining whether a new or ethically contentious procedure should be regarded as legitimate.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest and use to researchers and students of bioethics, medical law, criminal law, and the sociology of medicine.

Family perspectives on a proper medical treatment for people in prolonged vegetative and minimally conscious states (Book chapter)

Book title: The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138819634 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090207
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:03
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Whenever the legitimacy of a new or ethically contentious medical intervention is considered, a range of influences will determine whether the treatment becomes accepted as lawful medical treatment. The development and introduction of abortion, organ donation, gender reassignment, and non-therapeutic cosmetic surgery have, for example, all raised ethical, legal, and clinical issues. This book examines the various factors that legitimatise a medical procedure. Bringing together a range of internationally and nationally recognised academics from law, philosophy, medicine, health, economics, and sociology, the book explores the notion of a treatment, practice, or procedure being proper medical treatment, and considers the range of diverse factors which might influence the acceptance of a particular procedure as appropriate in the medical context. Contributors address such issues as clinical judgement and professional autonomy, the role of public interest, and the influence of resource allocation in decision-making. In doing so, the book explores how the law, the medical profession, and the public interact in determining whether a new or ethically contentious procedure should be regarded as legitimate.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest and use to researchers and students of bioethics, medical law, criminal law, and the sociology of medicine.

The ethical and legal regulation of human tissue and biobank research in Europe - Proceedings of the Tiss.EU Project

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783863950316 Year: Pages: 183 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-386 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Human tissue and biobank research is of increasing importance for understanding the causes of widespread diseases and developing effective therapies. However, while the success of biobank research depends on the availability of a large number of samples and the consolidation of collections across country borders is very desirable from the perspective of researchers, the legal and ethical requirements for the procurement, storage and use of human tissue samples are rather heterogeneous across different countries. Moreover, the lack of comprehensive supranational regulation on human tissue and biobanking can be seen as posing a serious threat to transnational biomedical research. Against this background, it was one of the aims of the EU-funded Tiss.EU project (“Evaluation of Legislation and Related Guidelines on the Procurement, Storage and Transfer of Human Tissues and Cells in the European Union – an Evidence-Based Impact Analysis”) to analyse the ethical and legal regulation of human tissue and biobank research across the 27 European Member States plus Switzerland. The results of nine international workshops and three conferences are gathered in this volume. While the country reports evaluate the implementation of ethical and legal guidelines at a national level, point out their strengths and deficits, and, where required, create an evidence base for the revision of said legislation, the conference reports address more general ethical and legal issues in this field. The volume is completed by a final presentation of project’s results.

Tissue Engineering - Rechtliche Grenzen und Voraussetzungen

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863950354 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-25 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Tissue engineering, the creation of human tissue in the laboratory by the use and propagation of human cells to develop commercial products, faces many problems concerning its legal regulation. There have been numerous alterations to the laws governing biotechnology –derived medicinal products. However, difficulties remain regarding their legal classification. This work shall give a legal survey of the whole procedure of tissue engineering concerning German and European law.

Preserving and Exhibiting Media Art

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Framing Film ISBN: 9789048513833 9789089642912 Year: Pages: 448 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:12
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This vibrantly illustrated introduction to the emerging field of the preservation and presentation of media art brings together the contributions of authors from all over Europe and the United States. This volume can serve as a textbook for students in advanced degree programs in media art and museum studies, as well as an invaluable introduction for general readers. A potent combination of incisive scholarly articles and focused case studies, Preserving and Exhibiting Media Art offers a comprehensive overview of the history, theory, and practical skills of preserving media art.

Beiträge zum Göttinger Umwelthistorischen Kolloquium 2010 - 2011

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ISBN: 9783863950163 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-475 Language: English|German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This annual yearbook presents essays in environmental history based on lectures given at the Göttingen study group “Environmental History” by external authors. As previous yearbooks it is dedicated to the plurality of approaches in environmental history and serves as a valuable source for information about current research in that realm.

Physical Safety

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Book Series: WRR Publications ISBN: 9789089645135 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_439095 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-02-16 13:37:07
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Physical safety is a core task of government. It is neither surprising nor unreasonable for government to be held accountable for hazardous substances, for food safety, for flood protection, for the spread of infectious diseases, or for the risks involved in new technologies. In 2011 the Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations asked the Scientific Council for Government Policy (wrr) to investigate the scope for the development of a generic risk policy in relation to physical safety. Do citizens and businesses take sufficient responsibility for physical safety? Could the government assume a smaller role, and what part could the business community play in this? In this report the WRR argues that in order to answer these questions a distinction needs to be made between incidents, damage, risk and uncertainty. In addition, the wrr recommends that the thinking about responsibility for safety should not be placed in the perspective of a failing government, but that the central focus should be on the ambition of good governance. Finally, the wrr suggests that thinking about safety from the perspective of damage offers a useful framework for thinking through and reassessing the distribution of responsibilities. Responsibility for preventing, limiting and dealing with damage can only be assigned in advance, not retrospectively.

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