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Power and Prosecution - Challenges and opportunities for international criminal justice in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Criminal Law and Justice ISBN: 9783863950781 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-147 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-23 14:00:42
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This book contains some of the papers that were presented at the first meeting of the newly formed African Expert Study Group on International Criminal Law / Groupe des Experts Africaines en Droit Pénal International held in September 2011 in Brussels, Belgium. The group was established under the auspices of the Multinational Development Policy Dialogue (hereinafter ‘MDPD’) and the Rule of Law programme of the German Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (‘KAS’) in 2010 modeled on the successful sister group in Latin America. This latter group was originally founded as an expert group to monitor the implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (‘ICC’) in Latin America within the framework of cooperation between KAS’ regional Rule of Law Programme and the Department for Foreign and International Law of the Institute for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen in 2002. The newly formed African group consists of judicial experts with both academic and practical background from various parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. The importance of such a group for the African continent cannot be overestimated. Africa plays a vital role in international criminal law and justice, both as an active player at the ICC and at the regional and national level. As for the group’s composition and outreach, the aim is to broaden regional representation and further consolidate membership. In 2012, the group will meet in Nairobi, Kenya to deal with topics surrounding the ‘Potential for the domestic prosecution of international crimes in Africa.’ Topics for future meetings abound given the multi-faceted African legal and political practice regarding international criminal justice in general and the ICC in particular. The group should in particular monitor the recent international or transnational criminal justice developments at the regional African level as well as relevant national developments. (Excerpt from the introduction by Kai Ambos)

The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial and its Policy Consequences Today

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ISBN: 9783845280400 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845280400 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-27 06:58:40

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Justice Robert H. Jackson, plenipotentiary for planning the Allies trial at the International Military Tribunal, called the trial “one of the most significant tributes ever paid by power to reason.” In Justice Jackson’s opening statement he made it clear that the trial at Nuremberg was to mark a new beginning in human history; that Nuremberg would serve to establish principles that could serve as benchmarks for all human behavior. This revised and extended Edition seeks to address both the short-term effects of the International Military Tribunal and the current impact that the trials have had on international law.The first section of the book contains essays which are written by leading scholars such as Christoph J.M. Safferling, looking at German participation in the Nuremberg Trials, to Winifried R. Garscha’s examination of Austrian War Crimes Trials and the concept of “Violation of Human Dignity.” This section will also include an examination of the influence of Nuremberg on the Tokyo War Crimes Trial.The second section of the book addresses the present-day impact of Nuremberg on international law. This section contains essays on selective justice, human rights litigation, the creation of hybrid tribunals, with new essays addressing sexual and gender-based violence in conflict zones, as well as new work on the Nuremberg Project, located at Harvard University.The hope for this volume is that the spirit of Nuremberg will be revived. In the words of Henry T. King, Jr., who was a young lawyer serving at the IMT, stated in the preface, “A better and more peaceful world based on justice is within our grasp,(…), we have a golden opportunity to build a more secure future for generations to come.”Richter Robert H. Jackson, Bevollmächtigter für die Planung des Prozesses der Alliierten vor dem Internationalen Militärtribunal, nannte den Prozess „one of the most significant tributes ever paid by power to reason“. In seiner Eröffnungsrede machte Jackson deutlich, dass der Nürnberger Prozess einen Neuanfang in der Menschheitsgeschichte markieren sollte; dass Nürnberg dazu dienen würde, Prinzipien zu etablieren, die als Maßstab für alles menschliche Verhalten dienen könnten. Diese überarbeitete Neuauflage befasst sich sowohl mit den kurzfristigen Auswirkungen des Internationalen Militärgerichtshofs als auch mit den aktuellen Auswirkungen der Prozesse auf das Völkerrecht.Der erste Teil des Buches enthält Aufsätze von führenden Wissenschaftlern wie Christoph J.M. Safferling über die deutsche Beteiligung an den Nürnberger Prozessen, zu Winifried R. Garschas Untersuchung der österreichischen Kriegsverbrecherprozesse und das Konzept der „Verletzung der Menschenwürde“. Außerdem wird der Einfluss Nürnbergs auf den Kriegsverbrecherprozess in Tokio untersucht.Der zweite Teil des Buches befasst sich mit den heutigen Auswirkungen Nürnbergs auf das Völkerrecht, mit Beiträgen über selektive Gerechtigkeit, Menschenrechtsstreitigkeiten, die Schaffung hybrider Tribunale. Neue Aufsätze beschäftigen sich mit sexueller und geschlechtsspezifischer Gewalt in Konfliktgebieten sowie mit dem Nürnberger Projekt an der Harvard University.Die Hoffnung für diesen Band ist, dass der Geist von Nürnberg wiederbelebt wird. In den Worten von Henry T. King, Jr., der als junger Anwalt am IMT tätig war, heißt es im Vorwort: „A better and more peaceful world based on justice is within our grasp (…), we have a golden opportunity to build a more secure future for generations to come.“

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