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Information Systems Foundations: Theory Building in Information Systems

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ISBN: 9781921862939 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459876 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:47
License: ANU Press

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This volume presents the papers from the fifth biennial Information Systems Foundations Workshop, held at The Australian National University in Canberra from 30 September to 1 October 2010. The focus of the workshop was, as for the others in the series, the foundations of information systems as an academic discipline. The emphasis in the 2010 workshop was on theory building in information systems, which is a non-trivial and difficult issue because the field deals with such a wide range of phenomena, from the highly technological in nature to the distinctly human and organisational in focus. The theory building problem stems from the fact that the sciences that underlie and deal with technologically-oriented fields generally result in theories that fit within the ‘covering law’ model—that is, are assumed and believed to have universal applicability and explanatory and predictive power—whereas, by contrast, theories in the human sciences are generally much more conditional, contextual, tentative and open to exceptions. Successfully marrying the two is, not surprisingly, a challenge that the chapters in this volume explore.

Information Systems Foundations

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ISBN: 9781920942205 Year: Pages: 115 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459289 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:26:27
License: ANU Press

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Information systems

Self-Publishing and Collection Development

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Book Series: Charleston Insights in Library, Archival, and Information Sciences ISBN: 9781557537218 9781557539687 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626378 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100681
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:12
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The current publishing environment has experienced a drastic change in the way content is created, delivered, and acquired, particularly for libraries. With the increasing importance of digital publishing, more than half the titles published in the United States are self-published. With this growth in self-published materials, librarians, publishers, and vendors have been forced to rethink channels of production, distribution, and access as it applies to the new content. Self-Publishing and Collection Development: Opportunities and Challenges for Libraries will address multiple aspects of how public and academic libraries can deal with the increase in self-published titles.

Advances in Research Using the C-SPAN Archives

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Book Series: The C-SPAN Archives ISBN: 9781557537621 9781557537874 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626385 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100677
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:26
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This book is a guide to the latest research using the C-SPAN Archives. In this book, nine authors present original work using the video archives to study presidential debates, public opinion and Congress, analysis of the Violence Against Women Act and the Great Lakes freshwater legislation, as well as President Clinton’s grand jury testimony. The C-SPAN Archives contain over 220,000 hours of first run digital video of the nation’s public affairs record. These and other essays serve as guides for scholars who want to explore the research potential of this robust public policy and communications resource.

Academic E-Books

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Book Series: Charleston Insights in Library, Archival, and Information Sciences ISBN: 9781557537270 9781557538949 9781612494296 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626970 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100680
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:12
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Academic E-Books: Publishers, Librarians, and Users provides readers with a view of the changing and emerging roles of electronic books in higher education. The three main sections contain contributions by experts in the publisher/vendor arena, as well as by librarians who report on both the challenges of offering and managing e-books and on the issues surrounding patron use of e-books. The case study section offers perspectives from seven different sizes and types of libraries whose librarians describe innovative and thought-provoking projects involving e-books.

Making Institutional Repositories Work

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Book Series: Charleston Insights in Library, Archival, and Information Sciences ISBN: 9781557537263 9781612494227 9781612494234 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626981 Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100679
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:32
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Quickly following what many expected to be a wholesale revolution in library practices, institutional repositories encountered unforeseen problems and a surprising lack of impact. Clunky or cumbersome interfaces, lack of perceived value and use by scholars, fear of copyright infringement, and the like tended to dampen excitement and adoption.This collection of essays, arranged in five thematic sections, is intended to take the pulse of institutional repositories—to see how they have matured and what can be expected from them, as well as introduce what may be the future role of the institutional repository.

Transforming Acquisitions and Collection Services

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Book Series: Charleston Insights in Library, Archival, and Information Sciences ISBN: 9781557538451 9781557538475 9781612495798 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102995
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-29 11:21:13
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This book explores ways in which libraries can reach new levels of service, quality, and efficiency while minimizing cost by collaborating in acquisitions. In consortial acquisitions, a number of libraries work together, usually in an existing library consortia, to leverage size to support acquisitions in each individual library. In cross-functional acquisitions, acquisitions collaborates to support other library functions. For the library acquisitions or technical services manager, or the library director, awareness of different options for effective consortial and cross-functional acquisitions allows for the optimization of staff and resources to reach goals. This work presents those options in the form of case studies, as well as useful analysis of the benefits and challenges of each.&#xD;&#xD;By supporting each other’s acquisitions services in a consortium, libraries leverage size to get better prices, and share systems and expertise to maximize resources while minimizing costs. Within libraries, the library acquisitions function can be combined with other library functions in a unit with more than one purpose, or acquisitions can develop a close working relationship with another unit to support their work. This book surveys practice at different libraries, and at different library consortia, and presents a detailed description and analysis of a variety of practices for how acquisitions units support each other within a consortium, and how they work with other library units, specifically collection management, cataloging, interlibrary loan, and the digital repository, in the form of case studies. A final sections of the book covers fundamentals of collaboration.&#xD;

Information Decomposition of Target Effects from Multi-Source Interactions

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ISBN: 9783038970156 9783038970163 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-016-3 Language: englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mathematics --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-04 13:22:10
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Using Shannon information theory to analyse the contributions from two source variables to a target, for example, we can measure the information held by one source about the target, the information held by the other source about the target, and the information held by those sources together about the target. Intuitively, however, there is strong desire to measure further notions of how this directed information interaction may be decomposed, e.g., how much information the two source variables hold redundantly about the target, how much each source variable holds uniquely, and how much information can only be discerned by synergistically examining the two sources together.The absence of measures for such decompositions into redundant, unique and synergistic information is arguably the most fundamental missing piece in classical information theory. Triggered by the formulation of the Partial Information Decomposition framework by Williams and Beer in 2010, the past few years have witnessed a concentration of work by the community in proposing, contrasting, and investigating new measures to capture these notions of information decomposition.This Special Issue seeks to bring together these efforts, to capture a snapshot of the current research, as well as to provide impetus for and focused scrutiny on newer work, present progress to the wider community and attract further research. Our contributions present: several new approaches for measures of such decompotions; commentary on properties, interpretations and limitations of such approaches; and applications to empirical data (in particular to neural data).

Library and Information Sciences: Trends and Research

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ISBN: 9783642548116 9783642548123 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54812-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-12 12:00:22
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This book explores the development, trends and research of library and information sciences (LIS) in the digital age. Inside, readers will find research and case studies written by LIS experts, educators and theorists, most of whom have visited China, delivered presentations there and drafted their articles based on feedback they received. As a result, readers will discover the LIS issues and concerns that China and the international community have in common.The book first introduces the opportunities and challenges faced by the library and information literacy profession and discusses the key role of librarians in the future of information literacy education. Next, it covers trends in LIS education by examining the vision of the iSchool movement and detailing its practice in Syracuse University.The book then covers issues in information seeking and retrieval by showing how visual data mining technology can be used to detect the relationship and pattern between terms on the Q&A of a social media site. It also includes a case study regarding tracing information seeking behavior and usage on a multimedia website.Next, the book stresses the importance of building an academic accreditation framework for scientific datasets, explores the relationship between bibliometrics and university rankings, and details the birth and development of East Asian Libraries in North America.Overall, the book offers readers insight into the changing nature of LIS, including the electronic dissemination of information, the impact of the Internet on libraries, the changing responsibilities of library professionals, the new paradigm for evaluating information, and characteristics and functions of today's library personnel.

Information Systems II: theory, representation and reality

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ISBN: 9781921313141 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459291 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This volume contains the papers presented at the third biennial Information Systems Foundations (‘Theory, Representation and Reality’) Workshop, held at The Australian National University in Canberra from 27-28 September 2006. The focus of the workshop was, as for the others in the series, the foundations of Information Systems as an academic discipline. The particular emphasis was, as in past workshops, the adequacy and completeness of theoretical underpinnings and the research methods employed. At the same time the practical nature of the applications and phenomena with which the discipline deals were kept firmly in view. Accordingly, the papers in this volume range from the unashamedly theoretical n their focus (Designing for Mutability in Information Systems Artifacts; Towards a Unified Theory of Fit: Task, Technology and Individual) to the much more practically oriented (An Action-Centred Approach to Conceptualising Information Support for Routine Work). The contents of this volume will be of interest and relevance to academics and advanced students as well as thoughtful and reflective practitioners in the Information Systems field.

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