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Comprendre et maîtriser la littérature scientifique

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ISBN: 9782870161371 Year: Pages: 150 Language: French
Publisher: Presses agronomiques de Gembloux (Liege University)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-28 18:40:20
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Il est essentiel pour l'étudiant universitaire ou d'école supérieure d'être capable de repérer rapidement, de manière autonome et critique, des informations valides et de qualité.Basé sur plus de vingt ans d'expérience, ce manuel remplace le manuel "Lire et écrire la littérature scientifique" (Pochet, 2012) qui avait lui-même été construit par la fusion et la mise à jour des livres "Méthodologie documentaire. Rechercher, consulter, rédiger à l'heure d'Internet ?" (Pochet, 2005) et "La rédaction d'un article scientifique. Petit guide pratique adapté aux sciences appliquées et sciences de la vie à l'heure du libre accès" (Pochet, 2009).Les précédents manuels mettaient l'accent sur l'article scientifique, sur le double rôle, de lecteur et d'auteur, des utilisateurs de la littérature scientifique ainsi que sur la nécessité d'une recherche d'information méthodique.Ce manuel ajoute une dimension supplémentaire. Il se focalise sur une bonne compréhension des différents processus en jeux dans la diffusion de l'information scientifique.Les objectifs de cet ouvrage sont d'amener le lecteur, d'une part, à bien comprendre le fonctionnement de la littérature scientifique et ses processus et, d'autre part, maîtriser les méthodes de recherche d'information, de veille informationnelle, de tri, de sélection et d'organisation de l'information ainsi que les méthodes de production d'information scientifique, de citations et de rédaction.

Ranking for Web Data Search Using On-The-Fly Data Integration

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ISBN: 9783731501367 Year: Pages: VII, 202 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000037230 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Ranking - the algorithmic decision on how relevant an information artifact is for a given information need and the sorting of artifacts by their concluded relevancy - is an integral part of every search engine. In this book we investigate how structured Web data can be leveraged for ranking with the goal to improve the effectiveness of search. We propose new solutions for ranking using on-the-fly data integration and experimentally analyze and evaluate them against the latest baselines.

Library and Information Sciences: Trends and Research

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ISBN: 9783642548116 9783642548123 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54812-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-12 12:00:22
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This book explores the development, trends and research of library and information sciences (LIS) in the digital age. Inside, readers will find research and case studies written by LIS experts, educators and theorists, most of whom have visited China, delivered presentations there and drafted their articles based on feedback they received. As a result, readers will discover the LIS issues and concerns that China and the international community have in common.The book first introduces the opportunities and challenges faced by the library and information literacy profession and discusses the key role of librarians in the future of information literacy education. Next, it covers trends in LIS education by examining the vision of the iSchool movement and detailing its practice in Syracuse University.The book then covers issues in information seeking and retrieval by showing how visual data mining technology can be used to detect the relationship and pattern between terms on the Q&A of a social media site. It also includes a case study regarding tracing information seeking behavior and usage on a multimedia website.Next, the book stresses the importance of building an academic accreditation framework for scientific datasets, explores the relationship between bibliometrics and university rankings, and details the birth and development of East Asian Libraries in North America.Overall, the book offers readers insight into the changing nature of LIS, including the electronic dissemination of information, the impact of the Internet on libraries, the changing responsibilities of library professionals, the new paradigm for evaluating information, and characteristics and functions of today's library personnel.

Activity Tree Harvesting - Entdeckung, Analyse und Verwertung der Nutzungskontexte SCORM-konformer Lernobjekte

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ISBN: 9783866445123 Year: Pages: XXIV, 271 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000017793 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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Der Erstellungsaufwand multimedialer Lernangebote kann durch die Wiederverwendung bestehender Materialien deutlich reduziert werden. Wie aber kann das Auffinden solcher wiederverwendbaren Lernressourcen unterstützt werden? Der Autor stellt ein Retrieval-Verfahren vor, das SCORM-basierte Informationen zu Lernobjekten und Kursstrukturen entdeckt, analysiert und verwertet. Auf Grundlage dieser Daten werden für Lehrende als auch Lernende hilfreiche Such- und Empfehlungsdienste angeboten.

Possibly imperfect ontologies for effective information retrieval

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ISBN: 9783866441903 Year: Pages: XIV, 272 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007206 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Ontologies and semantic metadata can theoretically solve all problems of traditional full-text search engines. In practice, however, they are always imperfect. This work analyzed whether the negative effect of ontology imperfection is higher than the positive effect of exploiting the ontology features for IR. To answer this question, a complete ontology-based information retrieval system was implemented and thoroughly evaluated.

Evaluating Information Retrieval and Access Tasks

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: The Information Retrieval Series ISBN: 9789811555541 Year: Pages: 219 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5554-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:05:23
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This open access book summarizes the first two decades of the NII Testbeds and Community for Information access Research (NTCIR). NTCIR is a series of evaluation forums run by a global team of researchers and hosted by the National Institute of Informatics (NII), Japan. The book is unique in that it discusses not just what was done at NTCIR, but also how it was done and the impact it has achieved. For example, in some chapters the reader sees the early seeds of what eventually grew to be the search engines that provide access to content on the World Wide Web, today’s smartphones that can tailor what they show to the needs of their owners, and the smart speakers that enrich our lives at home and on the move. We also get glimpses into how new search engines can be built for mathematical formulae, or for the digital record of a lived human life. Key to the success of the NTCIR endeavor was early recognition that information access research is an empirical discipline and that evaluation therefore lay at the core of the enterprise. Evaluation is thus at the heart of each chapter in this book. They show, for example, how the recognition that some documents are more important than others has shaped thinking about evaluation design. The thirty-three contributors to this volume speak for the many hundreds of researchers from dozens of countries around the world who together shaped NTCIR as organizers and participants. This book is suitable for researchers, practitioners, and students—anyone who wants to learn about past and present evaluation efforts in information retrieval, information access, and natural language processing, as well as those who want to participate in an evaluation task or even to design and organize one.

Audio Signal Processing

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ISBN: 9783038423515 9783038423508 Year: Pages: X, 436 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-351-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Acoustics --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-20 09:56:24
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Audio signal processing is a highly active research field where digital signal processing theory meets human sound perception and real-time programming requirements. It has a wide range of applications in computers, gaming, and music technology, to name a few of the largest areas. Successful applications include, for example, perceptual audio coding, digital music synthesizers, and music recognition software. The fact that music is now often listened to using headphones from a mobile device leads to new problems related to background noise control and signal enhancement. Developments in processor technology, such as parallel computing, are changing the way signal-processing algorithms are designed for audio.Topics covered, but were not limited to, the following areas:- Audio signal analysis- Music information retrieval- Enhancement and restoration of audio- Audio equalization and filtering- Audio effects processing- Sound synthesis and modeling- Audio coding- Sound capture and noise control- Sound source separation- Room acoustics and spatial audio- Signal processing for headphones and loudspeakers- High-performance computing in audio

Contextual Process Digitalization

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030383008 Year: Pages: 275 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38300-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Business and Management --- Sociology --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:27:53
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This open access book presents an overview and step-by-step explanation of process management. It starts with the individual participants’ perspectives on their work in a process and its structuring and harmonization, and then moves on to its specification in a model and how it is embedded in the organizational and IT environment of the company. Lastly, the book examines the joint processing of instances in the resulting socio-technical systems. A corresponding illustration, which expands with the overview, enables readers to gain a comprehensive understanding of business process management. The book presents various facets of business process management from the perspective of the participants, and introduces a selection of models that have proved useful in practice. The design of such models supports the transition from a more-or-less unstructured or unsatisfactory way of working to a structured process that corresponds to the ideas of the company and its customers. The book is intended for professionals in industry as well as students in the field of business information systems who are looking for guidelines on how to discover, create and implement real-world processes.

Technology, Design and the Arts - Opportunities and Challenges

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Book Series: Springer Series on Cultural Computing ISBN: 9783030420970 Year: Pages: 387 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42097-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:48
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This open access book details the relationship between the artist and their created works, using tools such as information technology, computer environments, and interactive devices, for a range of information sources and application domains. This has produced new kinds of created works which can be viewed, explored, and interacted with, either as an installation or via a virtual environment such as the Internet. These processes generate new dimensions of understanding and experience for both the artist and the public’s relationships with the works that are produced. This has raised a variety of interdisciplinary opportunities and issues, and these are examined. The symbiotic relationship between artistic works and the cultural context in which they are produced is reviewed. Technology can provide continuity by making traditional methods and techniques more efficient and effective. It can also provide discontinuity by opening up new perspectives and paradigms. This can generate new ideas, and produce a greater understanding of artistic processes and how they are implemented in practice. Tools have been used from the earliest times to create and modify artistic works. For example, naturally occurring pigments have been used for cave paintings. What has been created provides insight into the cultural context and social environment at the time of creation. There is an interplay between the goal of the creator, the selection and use of appropriate tools, and the materials and representations chosen. Technology, Design and the Arts - Opportunities and Challenges is relevant for artists and technologists and those engaged in interdisciplinary research and development at the boundaries between these disciplines.

Knowledge Graphs and Big Data Processing

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISBN: 9783030531997 Year: Pages: 209 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-53199-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Political Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:02:02
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This open access book is part of the LAMBDA Project (Learning, Applying, Multiplying Big Data Analytics), funded by the European Union, GA No. 809965. Data Analytics involves applying algorithmic processes to derive insights. Nowadays it is used in many industries to allow organizations and companies to make better decisions as well as to verify or disprove existing theories or models. The term data analytics is often used interchangeably with intelligence, statistics, reasoning, data mining, knowledge discovery, and others. The goal of this book is to introduce some of the definitions, methods, tools, frameworks, and solutions for big data processing, starting from the process of information extraction and knowledge representation, via knowledge processing and analytics to visualization, sense-making, and practical applications. Each chapter in this book addresses some pertinent aspect of the data processing chain, with a specific focus on understanding Enterprise Knowledge Graphs, Semantic Big Data Architectures, and Smart Data Analytics solutions. This book is addressed to graduate students from technical disciplines, to professional audiences following continuous education short courses, and to researchers from diverse areas following self-study courses. Basic skills in computer science, mathematics, and statistics are required.

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