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Le poids économique direct de la culture en 2015

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ISBN: 9782111399426 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Arts in general --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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En 2015, le poids économique direct de la culture, c’est-à-dire la valeur ajoutée de l’ensemble des branches culturelles, est de 43 milliards d’euros. La part de la culture dans l’ensemble de l’économie (2,2 %) est en baisse et représente la valeur minimale de ce poids en vingt ans. À titre de comparaison, la branche hébergement et restauration réalise une valeur ajoutée de 55 milliards d’euros en 2015. Par rapport à 2008, la croissance des branches culturelles est nulle, ce qui s’explique par les différentes crises structurelles touchant l’architecture (- 2,3 % par an depuis 2008), la presse et le livre (respectivement - 2,1 % et - 1,7 % par an) ainsi que les agences de publicité (- 1,5 % par an). À l’inverse, certains secteurs sont en pleine croissance, notamment l’audiovisuel (+ 1,7 % par an) et le patrimoine (+ 2,8 % par an). L’audiovisuel et le spectacle vivant restent les deux premières branches culturelles en termes de poids économique et représentent, ensemble, 44 % de la valeur ajoutée des branches culturelles. Conséquence de cette croissance en berne, l’emploi culturel continue de baisser (- 3,6 % par rapport à 2014) et passe sous les 600 000 emplois. Depuis 2011, les branches culturelles ont perdu 80 000 emplois.

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economic impact

The Environmental Impact of Sieben Linden Ecovillage

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780367145644 9780429032349 Year: Pages: 114 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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The present study was born out of an agreement between the Sieben Linden community (Siedlungsgenossenschaft Ökodorf e.G.) and the Politecnico di Torino (DIST), approved on May 9, 2013. The Politecnico team, led by professor Andrea Bocco, intended to perform an overall analysis of the way of living in the ecovillage, including a number of areas among which are agriculture, biodiversity, building, decision-making, diet, economy, energy, land husbandry, etc. The Sieben Linden community, on the other hand, was particularly interested in having a new ecological impact assessment done, a dozen years after that by the University of Kassel (Dangelmeyer et al. 2004).

The Bionarrative: The story of life and hope for the future

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ISBN: 9781760460501 Year: DOI: 10.22459/B.08.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Biology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:05
License: ANU Press

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This book is for the general reader interested in the human place in nature and the future of civilisation. It is based on the biohistorical approach to the study of human situations. This approach recognises human culture as a new and extremely important force in the biosphere. The book discusses the evolution of life and the essential ecological processes on which all life, including human civilisation, depend. It describes the conditions of life and ecology of humans in the four ecological phases in human history, with emphasis on the impacts of human culture on biological systems. It explains how, as cultures evolved, they often came to embrace not only factual information of good practical value, but also assumptions that are sheer nonsense, sometimes leading to activities that caused unnecessary human distress or damage to local ecosystems. These are examples of cultural maladaptation. There have been countless instances of cultural maladaptation in human history. The days of the fourth ecological phase of human history, the Exponential Phase, are numbered. Cultural maladaptations are now on a massive scale, and business as usual will inevitably lead to the ecological collapse of civilisation. The only hope for the survival of civilisation lies in radical changes in the worldviews and priorities of the prevailing cultures of the world, leading to a fifth ecological phase — a phase in which human society is truly sensitive to, in tune with and respectful of the processes of life. This is called a biosensitive society. The book concludes with discussion on the essential characteristics of a biosensitive society and on the means by which the necessary cultural transformation might come about.

Pollution: China Story Yearbook 2015

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ISBN: 9781760460686 Year: DOI: 10.22459/CSY.09.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:38
License: ANU Press

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Environmental pollution poses serious challenges for China, including to its economy as well as public health. The China Story Yearbook 2015: Pollution looks at how China’s Communist Party-state addresses these problems and how Chinese citizens have coped with and expressed their concerns about living with chronic, worsening pollution. This Yearbook also explores the broader ramifications of pollution in the People’s Republic for culture, society law and social activism, as well as the Internet, language, thought, and approaches to history. It looks at how it affects economic and political developments, urban change, and China’s regional and global posture. The Chinese Communist Party, led by ‘Chairman of Everything’ Xi Jinping, meanwhile, has subjected mainland society to increasingly repressive control in its new determination to rid the country of Western ‘spiritual pollutants’ while achieving cultural purification through ‘propaganda and ideological work’. To adulterate, contaminate, spoil or violate—these are among the metaphorical and literal connotations of pollution expressed in this Yearbook via the character ran 染, which forms part of the word for pollution in Chinese, wuran 污染. As the world increasingly relies on economic ties with China, the complexities of China’s one-party system and the Chinese government’s attitudes towards ‘pollution’ are of increasing global significance.

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas: Linkages between Science, Policy and Practice

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Book Series: Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions ISSN: 2199-5508 / 2199-5516 ISBN: 9783319537504 9783319560915 Year: Pages: 342 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56091-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 14:49:04
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This book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society.The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas.

Engaging with Policy, Practice and Publics

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ISBN: 9781447350415 Year: Pages: 186 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:26:45
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Engagement with non-academic groups and actors – such as policy-makers, industry, charities and activist groups, communities, and the public – in the co-production of knowledge and real-world impact is increasingly important in academic research. Drawing on empirical research, interdisciplinary methodologies, and broad international perspectives, this collection offers a critical examination of the liminal space of interactions between policy and research as spaces of difference and engagement, showing them to be far from apolitical.

Theories of Informetrics and Scholarly Communication

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ISBN: 9783110308464 Year: Pages: 426 DOI: 10.1515/9783110308464 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Information theory --- Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 12:37:27
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Scientometrics have become an essential element in the practice and evaluation of science and research, including both the evaluation of individuals and national assessment exercises. Yet, researchers and practitioners in this field have lacked clear theories to guide their work. As early as 1981, then doctoral student Blaise Cronin published The need for a theory of citing —a call to arms for the fledgling scientometric community to produce foundational theories upon which the work of the field could be based. More than three decades later, the time has come to reach out the field again and ask how they have responded to this call. This book compiles the foundational theories that guide informetrics and scholarly communication research. It is a much needed compilation by leading scholars in the field that gathers together the theories that guide our understanding of authorship, citing, and impact.

Social innovation: combining profits and progress (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781788116848 9781788116855 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.4337/9781788116855.00017 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 12:53:45
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A growing number of new and established organizations are addressing social ills through innovative and profitable organization. In that regard, we seek to understand how a deeper understanding of social innovation can be achieved by a more sophisticated discussion of organizational form. In this chapter we ask, ‘Which organizational designs and practices can meet both financial and social objectives?’ and ‘How can organizations use those practices to profitably address social ills such as poverty, social inequity, climate change, and educational failure?’ This chapter draws on novel data, practitioners’ experiences, and dozens of interviews to highlight the organizational design and innovation behavior that further the profitable pursuit of social innovation. We focus on benefit corporations or B-corporations as an organizational design that simultaneously delivers business and social impact. We then identify and analyze behaviors within established companies that support social innovation. B-corporations currently exist in 50 countries. They are certified and have their social and environmental impact formally tracked and publicly reported by B-Lab. B-Lab is a non-profit organization that serves and inspires the global movement of ‘B-corporations’ with the aim of building a global community, promoting mission alignment, and helping social innovators ‘measure what matters in the business’. B-Lab’s main instrument is the B-Lab Impact Assessment, which determines the outcome of B-Lab certification. Legal benefit corporations (currently only in the US) may choose to be certified as ‘B-corporations’ as well, though there is no strict requirement to do so. Here, we report on stylized findings from the data.

Open Data in Developing Economies: Toward Building an Evidence Base on What Works and How

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ISBN: 9781928331599 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1063903 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 09:32:18
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Recent years have witnessed considerable speculation about the potential of open data to bring about wide-scale transformation. The bulk of existing evidence about the impact of open data, however, focuses on high-income countries. Much less is known about open data’s role and value in low- and middle-income countries, and more generally about its possible contributions to economic and social development.Open Data for Developing Economies features in-depth case studies on how open data is having an impact across the developing world-from an agriculture initiative in Colombia to data-driven healthcare projects in Uganda and South Africa to crisis response in Nepal. The analysis built on these case studies aims to create actionable intelligence regarding: (a) the conditions under which open data is most (and least) effective in development, presented in the form of a Periodic Table of Open Data; (b) strategies to maximize the positive contributions of open data to development; and (c) the means for limiting open data’s harms on developing countries.

La gestion de l’érosion des côtes : l’exemple aquitain

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ISBN: 9791030003802 DOI: 10.4000/books.pub.1140 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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70 % des côtes de la planète sont soumises à l'érosion. En France, les mesures récoltées depuis plus de deux siècles montrent que la vitesse du recul est de un à deux mètres par an en moyenne. Tous les spécialistes s'accordent pour dire que ce phénomène n'est pas près de s'inverser : les côtes vont continuer à reculer, c'est maintenant une certitude ; les données les plus récentes soulignent même une accélération de l'érosion. Peut-on réellement résister à un phénomène d'une telle ampleur ? Peut-on, doit-on défendre tel ou tel front de mer menacé ? Si oui, comment le défendre ? Qui financera la protection ? Peut-on, à l'inverse, accepter la disparition d'ici à la fin du siècle, de bandes de terrain de 100 ou 200 mètres de profondeur, avec les bâtiments qu'elles supportent ? C'est à ces questions très concrètes que doivent répondre les responsables publics. À travers l'exemple du littoral dunaire aquitain, espace modelé par l'homme au siècle dernier et perçu aujourd'hui comme l'une des côtes les plus sauvages de l'hexagone, l'auteur montre les pistes qui se dessinent pour gérer le recul inéluctable du rivage.

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