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Human Rights and Democracy - The Precarious Triumph of Ideals

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ISBN: 9781849663458 9781849663465 9781849663472 9781849664868 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:54
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Combines an overview of the key theoretical models of democracy and human rights with a state-of-the-art survey which reports on trade-offs between achievements, set-backs and challenges in some of the world's 'hotspots'. The 20th century has been described as the bloodiest in human history, but it was also the century in which people around the world embraced ideas of democracy and human rights as never before, constructing social, political and legal institutions seeking to contain human behaviour. Todd Landman offers an optimistic, yet cautionary tale of these developments, drawing on the literature, from politics, international relations and international law. He celebrates the global turn from tyranny and violence towards democracy and rights but also warns of the precariousness of these achievements in the face of democratic setbacks and the undermining of rights commitments by many countries during the so-called ‘War on Terror'. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- human rights

Die Schweiz im KSZE-Prozeß 1972-1983. Einfluß durch Neutralität

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486767315 Year: Volume: 99 Pages: 353 DOI: 10.1524/9783486767315 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Switzerland was not content to stay on the sidelines of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) negotiations. Particularly in the area of human rights policies and by applying its talent for successful mediation between East and West, Switzerland achieved great recognition, as Philip Rosin`s thoroughly researched and methodologically persuasive study clearly reveals.

Keywords

Switzerland --- CSCE --- human rights

Österreich im KSZE-Prozess 1969-1983. Neutraler Vermittler in humanitärer Mission

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486719307 Year: Volume: 98 Pages: 476 DOI: 10.1524/9783486719307 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Austria was active in the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) negotiations, primarily in the contentious areas of humanitarian issues and human rights. Despite consistent claims of neutrality, Vienna supported the Western position on all important questions. Benjamin Gilde's broadly researched study offers major insight into the history of the humanitarian aspect of the CSCE.

Keywords

CSCE --- Austria --- human rights

Dog Days

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760462925 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.22459/MIC.04.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:02
License: ANU Press

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According to the Chinese zodiac, 2018 was the year of the ‘earthly dog’. In the middle of the long, hot, and feverish dog days of the summer of 2018, some workers at Shenzhen Jasic Technology took their chances and attempted to form an independent union. While this action was met by the harshest repression, it also led to extraordinary demonstrations of solidarity from small groups of radical students from all over the country, which in turn were immediately and severely suppressed. China’s year of the dog was also imbued with the spirit of another canine, Cerberus—the three-headed hound of Hades—with the ravenous advance of the surveillance state and the increasing securitisation of Chinese society, starting from the northwestern region of Xinjiang. This Yearbook traces these latest developments in Chinese society through a collection of 50 original essays on labour, civil society, and human rights in China and beyond, penned by leading scholars and practitioners from around the world.&#xD;

Keywords

Demonstration --- China --- Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the 21st Century : A Living Document in a Changing World

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ISBN: 9782821881679 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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The Global Citizenship Commission was convened, under the leadership of former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and the auspices of NYU’s Global Institute for Advanced Study, to re-examine the spirit and stirring words of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The result – this volume – offers a 21st-century commentary on the original document, furthering the work of human rights and illuminati ng the ideal of global citizenship. What does it mean for each of us to be members of a global community? Since 1948, the Declaration has stood as a beacon and a standard for a better world. Yet the work of making its ideals real is far from over. Hideous and systemic human rights abuses continue to be perpetrated at an alarming rate around the world. Too many people, particularly those in power, are hostile to human rights or indifferent to their claims. Meanwhile, our global interdependence deepens. Bringing together world leaders and thinkers in the fields of philosophy, law, ethics, politics, and philanthropy, the Commission set out to develop a common understanding of the meaning of global citizenship – one that arises from basic human rights and empowers every individual in the world. This landmark report affirms the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and seeks to renew the 1948 enterprise, and the very ideal of the human family, for our day and generation.

Keywords

Human Rights --- declaration --- law

The Erosion of the Rule of Law in Eritrea: Silencing Freedom of ExpressionPromoting Citizenship and Preventing Statelessness in South Africa: A Practitioner's Guide

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ISBN: 9781920538378 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:17:14
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About the publicationThis report contains an in depth analysis of the muted right to freedom of expression in Eritrea. The number and forms of human rights violations related to the curtailing of free speech have been and continue to be well documented across the globe. This discourse identifies the right to free reception of information and expression as the bedrock to realising and maintaining the rule of law. Investigated herein is the historical background to the political evolution of the small African state and the social impact of the prevailing human rights violations.This report contains a compilation of human rights violations as determined by international treaty bodies, interviews with Eritrean witnesses and diaspora in exile and civil society reports on the human rights situation. It is argued in the report that the absence of the rule of law in Eritrea is directly attributed to the collapse of free expression as political forces see this right as a threat to their power base – a form of suppression that has nullified all human rights and freedoms and might well damage its people beyond repair.Table of ContentsPrefaceList of abbreviationsList of Eritrean print and electronic mediaAcknowledgmentsExecutive summary EnglishExecutive summary FrenchExecutive summary TigrinyaExecutive summary ArabicIntroductionContextualising the rule of law in EritreaEritrea’s human rights obligations and rule of lawNon-Implementation of the Eritrean ConstitutionSuppression of free expression as an attack on the rule of law in EritreaPrelude to dictatorship: Human rights before September 2001The Crackdown of September 2001Free expression in Eritrea today: Effects of widespread reprisalsClosure of non-state media housesCollapse of the journalistic profession in EritreaInternet censorshipFrom arbitrary arrests to subtle control of the messagePervasive editorial spinThe ‘03’ rumour systemSuppression of foreign and diaspora mediaReporting the work of the courtsEritrea’s international relationsAwareness of the dangers of refugee flightRebirth of independent journalismRecommendationsAnnex I: Compilation of recorded human rights violations related to free speechArbitrary arrest and detentionTorture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishmentDeath in custodyAnnex II: Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: EritreaI. Recommendations acceptedII. Recommendations that do not enjoy the support of Eritrea

Recht und Religion in Europa - zeitgenössische Konflikte und historische Perspektiven

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783940344625 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-177 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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What correlations exist between law and religion? To trace this relationship in selected periods and regions (the old East / Ancient, modern Europe, Islamic world) is the goal of this volume. As a specific thematic reference point, the editors have selected those tense relationship that exists between the law as a divine constitution and the law as a human right. The current occasion to address this matter was the perception of a resurgence of traditional religion, especially Islam.

Keywords

religion --- theology --- law --- human rights

Gender Violence & Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460709 Year: DOI: 10.22459/GVHR.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:34
License: ANU Press

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The postcolonial states of Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu operate today in a global arena in which human rights are widely accepted. As ratifiers of UN treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, these Pacific Island countries have committed to promoting women’s and girls’ rights, including the right to a life free of violence. Yet local, national and regional gender values are not always consistent with the principles of gender equality and women’s rights that undergird these globalising conventions. This volume critically interrogates the relation between gender violence and human rights as these three countries and their communities and citizens engage with, appropriate, modify and at times resist human rights principles and their implications for gender violence. Grounded in extensive anthropological, historical and legal research, the volume should prove a crucial resource for the many scholars, policymakers and activists who are concerned about the urgent and ubiquitous problem of gender violence in the western Pacific.

Human Rights in Business

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138284180 9781315269467 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: European Commission
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:22
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The capacity to abuse, or in general affect the enjoyment of human, labour and environmental rights has risen with the increased social and economic power&#xD;that multinational companies wield in the global economy. At the same time,&#xD;it appears that it is difficult to regulate the activities of multinational companies&#xD;in such a way that they conform to international human, labour and environmental&#xD;rights standards. This has partially to do with the organization of companies&#xD;into groups of separate legal persons, incorporated in different states, as&#xD;well as with the complexity of the corporate supply chain. Absent a business&#xD;and human rights treaty, a more coherent legal and policy approach is required.&#xD;Faced with the challenge of how to effectively access the right to remedy in&#xD;the European Union for human rights abuses committed by EU companies in&#xD;non-EU states, a diverse research consortium of academic and legal institutions&#xD;was formed. The consortium, coordinated by the Globernance Institute for&#xD;Democratic Governance, became the recipient of a 2013 Civil Justice Action&#xD;Grant from the European Commission Directorate General for Justice. A mandate&#xD;was thus issued for research, training and dissemination so as to bring&#xD;visibility to the challenge posed and moreover, to provide some solutions for&#xD;the removal of barriers to judicial and non-judicial remedy for victims of business related&#xD;human rights abuses in non-EU states. The project commenced in&#xD;September 2014 and over the course of two years the consortium conducted&#xD;research along four specific lines in parallel with various training sessions across&#xD;EU Member States.&#xD;The research conducted focused primarily on judicial remedies, both jurisdictional&#xD;barriers and applicable law barriers; non-judicial remedies, both to company based grievance. The results of this research endeavour make up the content of&#xD;this report whose aim is to provide a scholarly foundation for policy proposals&#xD;by identifying specific challenges relevant to access to justice in the European&#xD;Union and to provide recommendations on how to remove legal and practical&#xD;barriers so as to provide access to remedy for victims of business-related human&#xD;rights abuses in non-EU states.

Ending violence and other human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity: A joint dialogue of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and United Nations

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ISBN: 9781920538446 Year: Pages: 85 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:05:46
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About the publicationOver the years, the African, Inter-American and United Nations human rights systems have forged important partnerships on a wide-range of human rights issues and approaches. Grounded in the universality of human rights, the three systems have collaborated through actions ranging from joint statements to joint meetings and country visits, the exchange of information on country situations, individual cases and thematic issues, as well as relying on each other’s case law, decisions and procedural developments.This collaboration has been anchored in frameworks such as the 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, the regular dialogue between global and regional human rights mechanisms mandated by the Human Rights Council, the 2009 Memorandum of Understanding between the Organisation of American States and the African Union, the 2012 Addis Ababa Roadmap between the special procedures of the UN Human Rights Council and those of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the 2010 and 2014 Memorandums of Understanding between the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the African Union Commission and Inter- American Commission on Human Rights, respectively.The joint dialogue held on 3 November 2015 in Banjul was firmly located within these frameworks. This timely dialogue enabled each institution to exchange information and experiences, to review approaches, challenges and good practices within each system, and to reaffirm our common resolve to address the serious human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity that take place in all regions.This report and the accompanying background papers capture the content and outcomes of the joint dialogue. We hope that it can provide a basis for further collaboration in future and that States and other stakeholders will find it useful to inform their efforts to combat violence, discrimination and other human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity.Editor: Centre for Human RightsTable of ContentsKey conceptsList of acronymsMessage of supportForewordFinal report: Joint thematic dialogue on sexual orientation and gender identityAnnex 1: List of participantsAnnex 2: Agenda of joint dialogueAnnex 3: Resolution 275Annex 4: Norms, case law and practices of sexual orientation and gender identity in the African human rights systemAnnex 5: Norms, cases and practices relevant to sexual orientation and gender identity in the Inter-American human rights systemAnnex 6: Norms, case law and practices on sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status in the United Nations systemAnnex 7: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

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