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The Long-Term Perspective of Human Impact on Landscape for Environmental Change and Sustainability

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ISBN: 9783039217960 9783039217977 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-797-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The research studies included in this Special Issue highlight the fundamental contribution of the knowledge of environmental history to conscious and efficient environment conservation and management. The long-term perspective of the dynamics that govern the human–climate ecosystem is becoming one of the main focuses of interest in biological and earth system sciences. Multidisciplinary bio-geo-archaeo investigations into the underlying processes of human impact on the landscape are crucial to envisage possible future scenarios of biosphere responses to global warming and biodiversity losses. This Special Issue seeks to engage an interdisciplinary dialog on the dynamic interactions between nature and society, focusing on long-term environmental data as an essential tool for better-informed landscape management decisions to achieve an equilibrium between conservation and sustainable resource exploitation.

Special External Effects on Fluvial System Evolution

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ISBN: 9783039215447 9783039215454 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-545-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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Rivers are an excellent witness of the dynamics affecting Earth’s surface due to their sedimentary products and morphological expression, which may be considered as fluvial archives. Until now, the focus has been on evaluating the general impact of individual external factors. However, the importance of the specific environmental characteristics of these factors has become increasingly recognized, as highlighted in recent case studies. For example, the effects of regional climate, differentiated topography and vegetation, and frozen ground appear to play an essential role in the evolution of the fluvial system. Integration of such environmental conditions in the processes that were active within the complex fluvial system will open new perspectives in our progressive understanding of the evolution of landscape form, ecology, sediment fluxes, and hydrology of the system within the framework of the external drivers such as tectonics, general climate, and human activity. This is an appealing challenge that we wish to address in the present Special Issue under the aegis of the Fluvial Archives Group (FLAG).

Alpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment

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ISBN: 9783039286300 / 9783039286317 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-631-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Concerns have been raised with respect to the state of high-altitude and high-latitude treelines, as they are anticipated to undergo considerable modifications due to global changes, and especially due to climate warming. As high-elevation treelines are temperature-limited vegetation boundaries, they are considered to be sensitive to climate warming. As a consequence, in this future, warmer environment, an upward migration of treelines is expected because low air and root-zone temperatures constrain their regeneration and growth. Despite the ubiquity of climate warming, treeline advancement is not a worldwide phenomenon: some treelines have been advancing rapidly, others have responded sluggishly or have remained stable. This variation in responses is attributed to the potential interaction of a continuum of site-related factors that may lead to the occurrence of locally conditioned temperature patterns. Competition amongst species and below-ground resources have been suggested as additional factors explaining the variability in the movement of treelines. This Special Issue (book) is dedicated to the discussion of treeline responses to changing environmental conditions in different areas around the globe.

Keywords

Changbai Mountain --- Erman’s birch --- microsite --- alpine treeline --- non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs) --- treeline --- climate change --- ecosystem manipulation --- space-for-time substitution --- long-term trends --- Central Austrian Alps --- 15N natural abundance --- nitrogen cycling --- treeline --- shrubline --- altitude --- light quantity --- light quality --- spectrometer --- shoot elongation --- tree seedlings --- forest climatology --- Switzerland --- temperature --- relative air humidity --- thermal continentality --- foehn winds --- expert elicitation --- knowledge engineering --- apical control --- multi-stemmed growth form --- Pinus cembra --- treeline --- climate change --- experimental rain exclusion --- plant water availability --- soil drought --- treeline --- sap flow --- Picea abies --- Larix decidua --- drought --- Mediterranean climate --- photoinhibition --- photosynthetic pigments --- tocopherol --- climate change --- climate zone --- environmental stress --- forest edge --- precipitation --- tree regeneration --- tree seedling recruitment --- upward advance --- alpine timberline --- conifer shrub --- pit aspiration --- refilling --- winter stress --- xylem embolism --- tree line --- sub-Antarctic --- westerly winds --- postglacial --- Holocene --- Southern Ocean --- climate change --- palynology --- cloud --- peat --- dendroclimatology --- elevational gradients --- drought --- western Montana --- Rocky Mountains --- treeline --- climate change --- fungal ecology --- diversity --- monitoring --- NDVI --- permafrost --- remote sensing data --- history of treeline research --- elevational treeline --- polar treeline --- treeline dynamics --- timberline --- higher altitude --- chlorophyll --- carotenoids --- climate change --- Pinus sibirica --- Abies sibirica --- elevational transect --- basal area increment --- climate warming --- conifers --- European Alps --- growth trend --- n/a

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