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Sacred Men

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ISBN: 9781478090236 9781478005667 9781478006343 9781478005032 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090236 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:03
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Between 1944 and 1949 the United States Navy held a war crimes tribunal that tried Japanese nationals and members of Guam's indigenous Chamorro population who had worked for Japan's military government. In Sacred Men Keith L. Camacho traces the tribunal's legacy and its role in shaping contemporary domestic and international laws regarding combatants, jurisdiction, and property. Drawing on Giorgio Agamben's notions of bare life and Chamorro concepts of retribution, Camacho demonstrates how the U.S. tribunal used and justified the imprisonment, torture, murder, and exiling of accused Japanese and Chamorro war criminals in order to institute a new American political order. This U.S. disciplinary logic in Guam, Camacho argues, continues to directly inform the ideology used to justify the Guantánamo Bay detention center, the torture and enhanced interrogation of enemy combatants, and the American carceral state.

What Is Philosophy?

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ISBN: 9780615685137 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0011.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:46
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“Every written work,” Giorgio Agamben opens the preface to Infancy and History, “can be regarded as the prologue (or rather, the broken cast) of a work never penned, and destined to remain so.” Although that observation applies to any work of writing, the exemplary case is that of a work of philosophy. While every written work is put to work in its nonexistent successor, a work of philosophy is bereft of even that recourse: philosophy is written in the breakdown of destiny, so that every work of philosophy must first and foremost confront the absolute abandonment of its writing. At work in each and every work of philosophy is the question, “What is a work of philosophy?” More concretely, although well-formed and rigorously structured, What is Philosophy? abstains from work. On even a quick reading that fact must be palpable. A seminar paper? An article, or book chapter? Not in the least. Nor, essentially, may the individual pieces that compose it be so developed. Fragments unrecognizable as at one time a cast, inconceivable at a future time as anything else, the position of each piece with respect to the others thwarts development in order to preserve, in its place, the tension of its absence. As such, the articulations internal to each of the three divisions, and between them, are essential. The first division — What is Philosophy? — takes seriously Deleuze and Guattari’s contention in their book of the same title that “The nonphilosophical is perhaps closer to the heart of philosophy than philosophy itself, and this means that philosophy cannot be content to be understood only philosophically or conceptually, but is essentially addressed to nonphilosophers as well” — including the nonphilosopher in every philosopher. The second division — On Argument — interrogates the status and value of evidence, and self-evidence. The third division — On Not Knowing — generalizes a parenthetical observation of Agamben’s on Heidegger, “If we may attempt to identify something like the characteristic Stimmung of every thinker, perhaps it is precisely this being delivered over to something that refuses itself that defines the specific emotional tonality of Heidegger’s thought”: Might not philosophy be defined, the phil of sophia, precisely, as what it is to be delivered over to something that refuses itself?

Menschenwürde als heilige Ordnung

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Book Series: Kulturen der Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783837639414 9783839439418 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839439418 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103356
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Die Würde des Menschen ist unantastbar - dieses unbedingte Recht ist völker-, europa- und verfassungsrechtlich verbürgt. Dass die Würde des Menschen jedoch auch im säkularisierten sozialen Rechtsstaat letztendlich eine heilige Ordnung ist, kollektiv religiös geglaubt werden muss und sich nicht in einem rationalen Diskurs hinreichend wahrheitsfähig erweist, zeigt Frank Schulz-Nieswandt im Rekurs auf Böckenförde, Habermas, Joas und Agamben. Im Anschluss daran entfaltet er die Idee einer gottlosen Ontotheologie eines existenzialen personalistischen Humanismus, den er mit Verweis auf Paul Tillich und Romano Guardini zugleich gegen jeden Übergriff einer autoritären Theo-Dogmatik supranaturalistischer Art verteidigt.

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