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Literatur - Universalie und Kulturenspezifikum - Beiträge der Sektion "Literatur und Kultur" der Internationalen Deutschlehrertagung Weimar-Jena 2009

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Book Series: Materialien Deutsch als Fremdsprache ISBN: 9783941875470 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-320 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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The debate on universals has been stimulated by advances in cultural studies and the humanities in general. Considering literature as a universal feature that can be found in any culture, the question is: a) what are the characteristics of literature as an anthropological constant? b) which specific occurrences of literature can be found in different times, cultures and languages – and how is it possible to compare them? c) How has literature been able to mediate over time between different cultures and their often opposing concepts? The wide field of literature transgressing and bridging borders comes into play here, e.g. translations, multilingual and “intercultural” literatures, travel journals and ethnographic interpretations. The main part of the anthology highlights the interplay of cultural impregnation and a universal motivation to express oneself by means of literature – by theoretical approaches as well as by studies with a view on German literature from the outside and/or a focus on the representation of the world in German literary texts. The closing chapter, “intercultural text workshop” enables the reader to gain insight into an ever more important feature of present-day literature: texts from authors who deliberately opted for German as their literary language - Marica Bodrožić, Tzveta Sofronieva, Yoko Tawada, José F.A. Oliver and Ilija Trojanow

Kaleidoskop der jungen DaF-/DaZ-Forschung - Dokumentation zur zweiten Nachwuchstagung des Fachverbandes Deutsch als Fremdsprache

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Book Series: Materialien Deutsch als Fremdsprache ISBN: 9783940344762 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.17875/gup2009-314 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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The articles in this anthology display the diversity of innovative approaches chosen in ongoing or concluded PhD and professorial dissertations in the field of German as a Foreign or Second language. They include studies in text comprehension research, critical needs analysis, discourse analysis, empirical didactics and analyses of the learning process in its cultural context. In line with the characteristics of the kaleidoscope, the editors do without any systematic classification of the contributions and do not claim to establish some kind of carthography of the current state of young GFL/GSL reaearch. They would rather invite the reader to look optimistically on the development of young GFL/GSL research and reflect upon the structure and the instruments of support to young GFL/GSL researchers.

Entwicklungstendenzen germanistischer Studiengänge im Ausland - Sprache, Philologie, Berufsbezug

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Book Series: Materialien Deutsch als Fremdsprache ISBN: 9783941875791 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-323 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Science (General) --- Linguistics --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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21 articles give insights into German Studies outside the German-speaking countries. The contributions cover as wide a range as reports country by country, descriptions of individual profiles and local study plans, conceptual cross-country approaches and analyses of specific aspects of general relevance. In all their diversity, the articles demonstrate, besides the basic consensus that German and Germany are to be taught as manifestations of another culture, further similarities: Almost without exception German studies have entered a transitional phase that is not only characterized by curriculum reforms but also by discussions about the identity of German studies themselves. Here, the practical orientation seems to be a central point since, more and more, German Studies are seen as a professional education, too.

Kompetenzen in DaF/DaZ

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Book Series: DaF/DaZ in Forschung und Lehre ISBN: 9783732906161 9783732993789 9783732993796 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1005797 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Education --- Linguistics --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-05 11:21:15
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Competence orientation opens up always new perspectives for teaching German as an Foreign and as a second language (DaF/DaZ) . The current tendencies of competence orientation presented here are include: - Specialist language skills in the fields of theology and medicine, - the expertise of teachers in relation to learning styles, Grammar and Intercultural Competence as well as - two contrasting analyses of the speech act of the written complaint and oral criticism. Without exception, the authors are enthusiastic and inspiring Teachers who are at the same time committed and open to new challenges, going the extra mile in research. The result of this close interaction of theory and practice are research results with direct application orientation. This is the claim of the series "DaF/DaZ in research and teaching". Christina Maria Ersch has studied German and Scandinavian Studies in Göttingen and German as a foreign language in Mainz, where she works as an academic employee. She has been teaching for several years DaF, is a certified telc examiner and teaches professional training courses on neurodidactics and action-oriented learning. Her research interests include the general didactics with focus on practical competence orientation and the intercultural communication. Die Kompetenzorientierung eröffnet gerade für das Fach Deutsch als Fremd- und Zweitsprache (DaF/DaZ) immer wieder neue Perspektiven für die Lehre. Die hier vorgestellten aktuellen Tendenzen der Kompetenzorientierung umfassen: • fachspezifische Sprachkompetenzen für die Bereiche Theologie und Medizin, • die Fachkompetenzen von Lehrkräften in Bezug auf Lernstile, Grammatik und Interkulturelle Kompetenz sowie • zwei kontrastive Analysen des Sprechaktes der schriftlichen Beschwerde und der mündlichen Kritikäußerung. Die Autorinnen sind ohne Ausnahme begeisterte und begeisternde Lehrkräfte und Dozentinnen, die gleichzeitig engagiert und offen neue Wege in der Forschung gehen. Das Ergebnis dieser engen Verzahnung von Theorie und Praxis sind Forschungsergebnisse mit direkter Anwendungsorientierung. Das ist der Anspruch der Reihe DaF/DaZ in Forschung und Lehre. Christina Maria Ersch hat Germanistik und Skandinavistik in Göttingen und Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Mainz studiert, wo sie als wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin tätig ist. Sie unterrichtet seit mehreren Jahren DaF, ist zertifizierte telc-Prüferin und leitet Weiterbildungskurse zu Neurodidaktik und Handlungsorientiertem Lernen. Ihre Forschungsinteressen liegen u. a. in der allgemeinen Didaktik mit Fokus auf praktischer Kompetenzorientierung und der interkulturellen Kommunikation.

Individual Variation and the Bilingual Advantage - Factors that Modulate the Effect of Bilingualism on Cognitive Control and Cognitive Reserve

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ISBN: 9783039281046 9783039281053 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-105-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Abstract

The number of bilingual and multilingual speakers around the world is steadily growing, leading to the questions: How do bilinguals manage two or more language systems in their daily interactions, and how does being bilingual/multilingual affect brain functioning and vice versa? Previous research has shown that cognitive control plays a key role in bilingual language management. This hypothesis is further supported by the fact that foreign languages have been found to affect not only the expected linguistic domains, but surprisingly, other non-linguistic domains such as cognitive control, attention, inhibition, and working memory. Somehow, learning languages seems to affect executive/brain functioning. In the literature, this is referred to as the bilingual advantage, meaning that people who learn two or more languages seem to outperform monolinguals in executive functioning skills. In this Special Issue, we first present studies that investigate the bilingual advantage. We also go one step further, by focusing on factors that modulate the effect of bilingualism on cognitive control. In the second, smaller part of our Special Issue, we focus on the cognitive reserve hypothesis with the aim of addressing the following questions: Does the daily use of two or more languages protect the aging individual against cognitive decline? Does lifelong bilingualism protect against brain diseases, such as dementia, later in life?

Keywords

multilingualism --- bilingual advantage --- Stroop task --- cognates --- orthographic neighbors --- cognitive control --- controlled language processing --- German as a foreign language --- bilingual advantage --- bilingualism --- cognitive control --- individual differences --- longitudinal studies --- methodology --- bilingualism --- bilingual experiences --- executive functioning --- language proficiency --- language use --- language switching --- interactional contexts --- domain-specific self-concept --- academic achievement --- metacognition --- executive functions --- multilingual children --- reading comprehension --- reading fluency --- spelling --- bilingual language dominance --- Stimulus-Stimulus inhibition --- Stimulus-Response inhibition --- speed-accuracy trade-off --- attention network --- alerting --- orienting --- executive functioning --- interpreting --- translation --- bilingualism --- inhibition --- bilingualism --- early childhood --- attention --- cognitive flexibility --- aging --- bilingualism --- cognitive decline --- cognitive reserve hypothesis --- dementia --- onset --- bilingual advantage --- executive control --- language switching --- shifting --- inhibition --- self-reports --- bilingualism --- Attentional Control Theory --- executive function --- trait anxiety --- rumination --- inhibitory control --- eye tracking --- multilingualism --- cognitive abilities --- inhibition --- switching --- disengagement of attention --- executive function --- cognitive effects --- bilingual advantage --- modulating factors --- bilingualism --- aging --- third-age language learning

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