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Fascism, Liberalism and Europeanism in the Political Thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce

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ISBN: 9789462983335 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462983335 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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Despite the recent rise in studies that approach fascism as a transnational phenomenon, the links between fascism and internationalist intellectual currents have only received scant attention. This book explores the political thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce, two French intellectuals, journalists and political writers who, from 1930 to the mid-1950s, moved between liberalism, fascism and Europeanism. Daniel Knegt argues that their longing for a united Europe was the driving force behind this ideological transformation-and that we can see in their thought the earliest stages of what would become neoliberalism.

Non-Conceptual Negativity: Damaged Reflections on Turkey

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781950192038 9781950192045 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0247.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-12 11:21:02
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Non-Conceptual Negativity: Damaged Reflections on Turkey critiques those who have accused Deleuze of an unbounded affirmation which, according to them, has played directly into the hands of capitalist modes of production. Yet no one has acknowledged that under the aegis of nano-fascism, late capitalism has grown into Neanderthal capitalism, invented and developed in laboratory countries like Turkey with the aid of an international Neanderthal league. Layer upon layer, Aracagök explains in fragmentary fashion that it is not only a matter of how Turkey has grown into a prime laboratory of nano-fascism with the aid of the US and the European Union, but also how the results obtained from this laboratory are put into practice in different countries under Neanderthal capitalism, enslaving each and every one of us into accepting even the position of suicide bomber. As none of us is exempted from nano-fascism today, perhaps it is timely to reconsider the ways in which Deleuzian thought is appropriated in the form of an unquestioned affirmation of everything and how its critique has ended up in an old-fashioned formulation of the in-dividual according to a party program. If this all goes to show that we are face to face with a route different from the accepted forms of affirmation — that is, if we are all affirmed and seem to be happily affirming life as it is as a result of the Neanderthal manipulation of the negative — then isn’t it timely to rethink the Deleuzian affirmation in its non-originary origin with regard to Adorno’s resistance against affirmation? That is, the double negation never ends up in affirmation, and if it does so, it might mean your negation is not strong enough.

The Pathologisation of Homosexuality in Fascist Italy

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ISBN: 9783030009939 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00994-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Psychology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates the pathologisation of homosexuality during the fascist regime in Italy through an analysis of the case of G., a man with "homosexual tendencies" interned in the Collegno mental health hospital in 1928. No systematic study exists on the possibility that Fascism used internment in an asylum as a tool of repression for LGBT people, as an alternative to confinement on an island, prison or home arrests. This research offers evidence that in some cases it did. The book highlights how the dictatorship operated in a low-key, shadowy and undetectable manner, bending pre-existing legislation. Its brutality was - and still is - difficult to prove. It also emphasises the ways in which existing stereotypes on homosexuality were reinforced by the regime propaganda in support of its so-called moralising campaign and how families, the police and the medical professionals joined forces in implementing this form of repression.

Deutsche und italienische Besatzung im Unabhängigen Staat Kroatien

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ISBN: 9783110623833 9783110620368 9783110620313 Year: Pages: 437 DOI: 10.1515/9783110623833 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:05
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The “Independent State of Croatia,” occupied by Germany and Italy, is a laboratory for investigating Nazi and Fascist notions of empire, occupation, and the enforcement of power. For the first time, Sanela Schmid draws on a broad set of sources from German, Italian, and post-Yugoslav archives to examine the two occupation regions that divided Croatia until the Italian capitulation.

Chapter 2. Revolutionary Brothers (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 37-52 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-003 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-31 11:01:46
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re complex as two parallel nationalist movements – one seeking higher Yugoslav unity, the other arguing for the separate political autonomy of ethnic groups – often complemented one another, but at other times were in open conflict. Moreover, the political and territorial ambitions entailed by the various ethnic nationalisms often collided with each other. Eventually, as elsewhere, a marriage of necessity brought the two together. Yugoslav communists had to acknowledge that nationalism was a potent political force. They thus continued searching for a political project that could successfully combine both social and national emancipation in the context of developed and often mutually exclusive national projects of neighbouring groups. In this chapter, I show how the Yugoslav communists ‘discovered’ the successful federalist formula for the socialist re unification of Yugoslavia after the Second World War as well as how, as with any ‘successful’ formula, its discovery was preceded by numerous fruitless experiments.

The Divo and the Duce

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ISBN: 9780520972179 9780520301368 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.62 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Media and communication --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:03
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In the climate of isolationism, nativism, democratic expansion of civic rights, and consumerism that America experienced after the First World War, Italian-born movie star Rudolph Valentino and Italy’s dictator, Benito Mussolini, became surprisingly appealing emblems of authoritarian male power. Drawing on extensive research in the United States and Italy, Bertellini’s work shows how the political and erotic popularity of Valentino, the Divo, and Mussolini, the Duce, was not just the result of spontaneous popular enthusiasm. Instead, Bertellini argues, it also depended on the efforts of public opinion managers, including publicists, journalists, and even ambassadors. As such, the fame of the Divo and the Duce reveals both the converging publicity work undertaken in Hollywood and Washington since the Great War and the extent to which their foreignness was put to work in managing postwar anxieties about democratic governance. Beyond the democratic celebrations of the Jazz Age, this promotion of charismatic masculinity, while short-lived, inaugurated the now-familiar convergence of popular celebrity and political authority.

Der Opfermythos bei Elfriede Jelinek

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ISBN: 9783205203254 Year: Pages: 326 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_622219 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 391
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-14 11:01:21
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This paper presents a new, interdisciplinary method to adequately interpret Elfriede Jelinek’s texts, integrating contemporary historical theories of fascism, national-socialism and the Austrian victim myth into the exemplary literary analysis.

A People's History of the Second World War

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ISBN: 9780745328034 9781849647199 9781849647205 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100869
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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A People's History of the Second World War unearths the fascinating history of the war as fought 'from below'. Until now, the vast majority of historical accounts have focussed on the conflict between the Allied and Axis powers for imperialist mastery. Donny Gluckstein shows that in fact between 1939 and 1945 two distinct wars were fought – one ‘from above’ and one ‘from below’. Using examples from countries under the Nazi heel, in the colonies and within the Axis and Allied camps, Gluckstein brings to life the very different struggle of the people's and resistance movements which proliferated during the war. He shows how they fought not just fascism, but colonialism and empire, and were betrayed by the Allies at the war’s end. This book will fundamentally challenge our understanding of the Second World War – both about the people who fought it and the reasons for which it was fought.

Hope Lies in the Proles

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ISBN: 9780745399294 9781786801890 9781786802194 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100940
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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George Orwell was one of the most significant literary figures on the left in the twentieth century. While titles such as 1984, Animal Farm and Homage to Catalonia are still rightly regarded as modern classics, his own politics are less well understood.Hope Lies in the Proles offers a sympathetic yet critical account of Orwell's political thinking and its continued significance today. John Newsinger explores various aspects of Orwell's politics, detailing Orwell's attempts to change working-class consciousness, considering whether his attitude towards the working class was romantic, realistic or patronising - or all three at different times. He also asks whether Orwell's anti-fascism was eclipsed by his criticism of the Soviet Union, and explores his ambivalent relationship with the Labour Party. Newsinger also breaks important new ground regarding Orwell's shifting views on the USA, and his relationship with the progressive Left and feminism.

Otto Bauer (1881-1938)

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Book Series: Historical Materialism Book Series ISBN: 9789004325838 Year: Volume: 121 Pages: 443 Seiten DOI: 10.1163/9789004325838 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 37
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:29
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This work depicts Otto Bauer as the main politician of the SDAP and attempts a critical-analytical interpretation of his socio-political theories, which are shown against the background of the debates within the First and Second Internationals, political events within the SDAP, the international workers' movement, and the socio-historical processes in Austria and Europe at the time.

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