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Using Fine Grain Approaches for highly reliable Design of FPGA-based Systems in Space

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Book Series: Steinbuch Series on Advances in Information Technology / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Technik der Informationsverarbeitung ISSN: 21914737 ISBN: 9783731500384 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: IX, 146 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035134 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Nowadays using SRAM based FPGAs in space missions is increasingly considered due to their flexibility and reprogrammability. A challenge is the devices sensitivity to radiation effects that increased with modern architectures due to smaller CMOS structures. This work proposes fault tolerance methodologies, that are based on a fine grain view to modern reconfigurable architectures. The focus is on SEU mitigation challenges in SRAM based FPGAs which can result in crucial situations.

Transformation von Multiphysics-Modellen in einen FPGA-Entwurf für den echtzeitfähigen HiL-Test eingebetteter Systeme

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ISBN: 9783731501206 Year: Pages: XI, 244 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036853 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This work establishes an integrated tool chain from modeling physical simulations to design automation for FPGA-based real-time simulations. Modelica was chosen as a versatile, intuitive and object-oriented modeling language. The implemented tool chain incorporates high-level synthesis methods to generate a VHDL design. Both floating-point and fixed-point arithmetic are supported.

Image Processing Using FPGAs

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ISBN: 9783038979180 9783038979197 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-919-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book presents a selection of papers representing current research on using field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for realising image processing algorithms. These papers are reprints of papers selected for a Special Issue of the Journal of Imaging on image processing using FPGAs. A diverse range of topics is covered, including parallel soft processors, memory management, image filters, segmentation, clustering, image analysis, and image compression. Applications include traffic sign recognition for autonomous driving, cell detection for histopathology, and video compression. Collectively, they represent the current state-of-the-art on image processing using FPGAs.

Real-time Digital Signal Processing for Software-defined Optical Transmitters and Receivers

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series in Photonics and Communications / Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Photonics and Quantum Electronics (IPQ) ISSN: 18651100 ISBN: 9783731502579 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: X, 219 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000042847 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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A software-defined optical Tx is designed and demonstrated generating signals with various formats and pulse-shapes in real-time. Special pulse-shapes such as OFDM or Nyquist signaling were utilized resulting in a highly efficient usage of the available fiber channel bandwidth. This was achieved by parallel data processing with high-end FPGAs. Furthermore, highly efficient Rx algorithms for carrier and timing recovery as well as for polarization demultiplexing were developed and investigated.

Data Parallel C++

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781484255742 Year: Pages: 548 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-5574-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:18:20
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Learn how to accelerate C++ programs using data parallelism. This open access book enables C++ programmers to be at the forefront of this exciting and important new development that is helping to push computing to new levels. It is full of practical advice, detailed explanations, and code examples to illustrate key topics. Data parallelism in C++ enables access to parallel resources in a modern heterogeneous system, freeing you from being locked into any particular computing device. Now a single C++ application can use any combination of devices—including GPUs, CPUs, FPGAs and AI ASICs—that are suitable to the problems at hand. This book begins by introducing data parallelism and foundational topics for effective use of the SYCL standard from the Khronos Group and Data Parallel C++ (DPC++), the open source compiler used in this book. Later chapters cover advanced topics including error handling, hardware-specific programming, communication and synchronization, and memory model considerations. Data Parallel C++ provides you with everything needed to use SYCL for programming heterogeneous systems. What You'll Learn Accelerate C++ programs using data-parallel programming Target multiple device types (e.g. CPU, GPU, FPGA) Use SYCL and SYCL compilers Connect with computing’s heterogeneous future via Intel’s oneAPI initiative Who This Book Is For Those new data-parallel programming and computer programmers interested in data-parallel programming using C++.

Radiation Tolerant Electronics

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ISBN: 9783039212798 9783039212804 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-280-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Research on radiation-tolerant electronics has increased rapidly over the past few years, resulting in many interesting approaches to modeling radiation effects and designing radiation-hardened integrated circuits and embedded systems. This research is strongly driven by the growing need for radiation-hardened electronics for space applications, high-energy physics experiments such as those on the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, and many terrestrial nuclear applications including nuclear energy and nuclear safety. With the progressive scaling of integrated circuit technologies and the growing complexity of electronic systems, their susceptibility to ionizing radiation has raised many exciting challenges, which are expected to drive research in the coming decade. In this book we highlight recent breakthroughs in the study of radiation effects in advanced semiconductor devices, as well as in high-performance analog, mixed signal, RF, and digital integrated circuits. We also focus on advances in embedded radiation hardening in both FPGA and microcontroller systems and apply radiation-hardened embedded systems for cryptography and image processing, targeting space applications.

Keywords

physical unclonable function --- FPGA --- total ionizing dose --- Co-60 gamma radiation --- ring-oscillator --- Image processing --- line buffer --- SRAM-based FPGA --- single event upset (SEU) --- configuration memory --- soft error --- radiation-hardened --- instrumentation amplifier --- sensor readout IC --- total ionizing dose --- nuclear fusion --- radiation hardening --- hardening by design --- TMR --- selective hardening --- VHDL --- FPGA --- radiation hardening --- single event upsets --- heavy ions --- error rates --- single-event upsets (SEUs) --- digital integrated circuits --- triple modular redundancy (TMR) --- radiation hardening by design --- TMR --- FMR --- 4MR --- triplex–duplex --- FPGA-based digital controller --- radiation tolerant --- single event effects --- proton irradiation --- RFIC --- SEE testing --- space application --- CMOS --- TDC --- radiation effects --- total ionizing dose (TID) --- single-shot --- PLL --- ring oscillator --- analog single-event transient (ASET) --- bandgap voltage reference (BGR) --- CMOS analog integrated circuits --- gamma-rays --- heavy-ions --- ionization --- protons --- radiation hardening by design (RHBD) --- reference circuits --- single-event effects (SEE) --- space electronics --- total ionization dose (TID) --- voltage reference --- X-rays --- radiation-hardened --- single event gate rupture (SEGR) --- SEB --- power MOSFETs --- Single-Event Upsets (SEUs) --- radiation effects --- Ring Oscillators --- Impulse Sensitive Function --- Radiation Hardening by Design --- fault tolerance --- single event upset --- proton irradiation effects --- neutron irradiation effects --- soft errors --- saturation effect --- gain degradation --- total ionizing dose --- gamma ray --- bipolar transistor --- single event transient (SET) --- single event opset (SEU) --- radiation-hardening-by-design (RHBD) --- frequency synthesizers --- voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) --- frequency divider by two --- CMOS --- n/a

Open-Source Electronics Platforms

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ISBN: 9783038979722 9783038979739 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-973-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Open-source electronics are becoming very popular, and are integrated with our daily educational and developmental activities. At present, the use open-source electronics for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become a global trend. Off-the-shelf embedded electronics such as Arduino- and Raspberry-compatible modules have been widely used for various applications, from do-it-yourself (DIY) to industrial projects. In addition to the growth of open-source software platforms, open-source electronics play an important role in narrowing the gap between prototyping and product development. Indeed, the technological and social impacts of open-source electronics in teaching, research, and innovation have been widely recognized.

Keywords

human-computer interface (HCI) --- electrooculogram (EOG) --- electromyogram (EMG) --- modified sliding window algorithm --- piecewise linear approximation (PLA) --- support vector regression --- eye tracking --- blockchain --- ontology --- context --- cyber-physical systems --- robotics --- interaction --- coalition --- individual management of livestock --- momentum data sensing --- remote sensing platform --- sensor networks --- technology convergence --- industry 4.0 --- distributed measurement systems --- automation networks --- node-RED --- cloud computing --- OPC UA --- hardware trojan taxonomy --- thermal imaging --- side channel analysis --- infrared --- FPGA --- Internet of Things --- wireless sensor networks --- Cloud of Things --- virtual sensor --- sensor detection --- smart cities --- Internet of Things --- Raspberry Pi --- BeagleBoard --- Arduino --- Internet of Things --- open hardware --- smart farming --- teaching robotics --- science teaching --- STEM --- robotic tool --- Python --- Raspberry Pi --- PiCamera --- vision system --- service learning --- robotics --- open platform --- automated vehicle --- EPICS --- open-source platform --- visual algorithms --- digital signal controllers --- embedded systems education --- dsPIC --- Java --- smart converter --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- photovoltaic (PV) system --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Digital Signal Processor (DSP) --- interleaved --- DC/DC converter --- distributed energy resource --- n/a

Side Channel Attacks

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ISBN: 9783039210008 9783039210015 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-001-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This Special Issue provides an opportunity for researchers in the area of side-channel attacks (SCAs) to highlight the most recent exciting technologies. The research papers published in this Special Issue represent recent progress in the field, including research on power analysis attacks, cache-based timing attacks, system-level countermeasures, and so on.

Keywords

cache attack --- cache side-channel attack --- constant-time cryptographic algorithm --- rsa cryptosystem --- scatter-gather implementation --- modular exponentiation --- post-quantum cryptography --- lattice-based cryptography --- Gaussian sampling --- CDT sampling --- side-channel attack --- single trace analysis --- mobile ads --- software development kit (SDK), android package (APK), ad lib --- ad libraries --- ad networks --- graph --- graph similarity --- side-channel authentication --- leakage model --- AES --- FPGA --- unified point addition --- binary Huff curve --- recovery of secret exponent by triangular trace analysis --- horizontal collision correlation analysis --- side channel analysis --- single trace analysis --- post quantum cryptography --- NTRU --- side-channel analysis --- elliptic curve cryptography --- single-trace attack --- key bit-dependent attack --- countermeasure --- side channel analysis --- financial IC card --- first-order analysis --- second-order analysis --- data outsourcing --- integrity --- online authentication --- Merkle (hash) tree --- data loss --- information leakage --- reliability --- side-channel analysis --- power-analysis attack --- embedded system security --- machine-learning classification --- side-channel cache attacks --- cache misses --- AES --- cloud computing --- physically unclonable function --- chaos theory --- chaotic circuit --- FPGA --- CPLD --- challenge-response authentication --- hardware security --- side-channel attacks --- cryptographic keys --- side channel attack --- re-keying --- tweakable block cipher --- provable security --- n/a

Selected Papers from the 9th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282487 9783039282494 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-249-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Industrial process tomography (IPT) is becoming an important tool for Industry 4.0. It consists of multidimensional sensor technologies and methods that aim to provide unparalleled internal information on industrial processes used in many sectors. This book showcases a selection of papers at the forefront of the latest developments in such technologies.

Keywords

wire-mesh --- flow distribution --- subsea gas–liquid separation --- two-phase flow --- cyclonic chamber --- machine learning --- inverse problem --- electrical impedance tomography --- image reconstruction --- industrial tomography --- electrical impedance tomography --- ultrasound tomography --- dual-modality imaging --- lagrange-newton method --- electrical capacitance tomography --- industrial process tomography --- direct image reconstruction --- Calderon’s method --- truncation radius --- open electrical impedance tomography --- sensor design --- conformal transformation --- focusing sensor --- open domain imaging --- simulated inductor technique --- process tomography --- contactless electrical tomography --- grouting duct --- capacitive sensor --- cross section distribution detecting --- measurement --- drying process --- Electrical Impedance Tomography --- impedance spectroscopy --- chokeberry --- EIDORS --- Magnetic Induction Tomography --- imaging defects --- imaging deformations --- total variation algorithms --- threshold-differencing algorithms --- continuous casting --- imaging techniques --- multiphase flow --- nanoparticles --- enhanced oil recovery --- tomography --- sand-pack flooding --- electrical resistance tomography --- smart water meter --- wastewater management --- measurement data analysis --- targeted crowdsourcing --- flow investigation tool --- X-ray process tomography --- radiography imaging --- 3D --- ECT --- 3D-printing --- sensors --- modeling --- FPGA --- high-speed EIT --- frequency division multiplexing --- ONE-SHOT --- EIDORS --- n/a

Millimeter-Wave (mmWave) Communications

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ISBN: 9783039284306 9783039284313 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-431-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The millimeter-wave frequency band (30–300 GHz) is considered a potential candidate to host very high data rate communications. First used for high capacity radio links and then for broadband indoor wireless networks, the interest in this frequency band has increased as it is proposed to accommodate future 5G mobile communication systems. The large bandwidth available will enable a number of new uses for 5G. In addition, due to the large propagation attenuation, this frequency band may provide some additional advantages regarding frequency reuse and communication security. However, a number of issues have to be addressed to make mm-wave communications viable. This book collects a number of contributions that present solutions to these challenges.

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