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The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States as a Constitutional Court

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ISBN: 9783748901808 Year: Pages: 357 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748901808
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-18 10:44:48
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Eine der wichtigsten Innovationen der Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft Westafrikanischer Staaten (ECOWAS) ist die eindeutige Gewährung einer supranationalen Rolle an den Gerichtshof der Organisation. Sein Menschenrechtsmandat hat jedoch zu realen und potenziellen Spannungen innerhalb der ECOWAS-Rechtsordnung geführt.Die Spannungen ergeben sich aus der Rechtskraft von Urteilen von Verfassungsgerichten der Mitgliedstaaten und der Zulässigkeit von Individualbeschwerden vor dem Gerichtshof. Diese Arbeit zeigt einige Mängel in der derzeitigen Regelung des Menschenrechtsmandats des Gerichtshofs auf. Lücken bestehen sowohl auf der Ebene der verfassungsmäßigen Ordnung der Mitgliedstaaten als auch auf der Ebene der Gemeinschaft. Die supranationale Menschenrechtsgerichtsbarkeit muss durch die Möglichkeit umgesetzt werden, konkrete Abhilfemaßnahmen zur Behebung von Menschenrechtsverletzungen an die betroffenen Mitgliedsstaaten anzuordnen. In dieser Arbeit werden innovative Lösungen vorgeschlagen, um prozessuale und substantielle Lücken im etablierten Menschenrechtsschutzsystem in Westafrika zu schließen.

Investor-State Dispute Settlement and National Courts

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Book Series: European Yearbook of International Economic Law; Special Issue ISBN: 9783030441647 Year: Pages: 117 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44164-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:15
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This open access book examines the multiple intersections between national and international courts in the field of investment protection, and suggests possible modes for regulating future jurisdictional interactions between domestic courts and international tribunals. The current system of foreign investment protection consists of more than 3,000 international investment agreements (IIAs), most of which provide for investment arbitration as the forum for the resolution of disputes between foreign investors and host States. However, national courts also have jurisdiction over certain matters involving cross-border investments. International investment tribunals and national courts thus interact in a number of ways, which range from harmonious co-existence to reinforcing complementation, reciprocal supervision and, occasionally, competition and discord. The book maps this complex relationship between dispute settlement bodies in the current investment treaty context and assesses the potential role of domestic courts in future treaty frameworks that could emerge from the States’ current efforts to reform the system. The book concludes that, in certain areas of interaction between domestic courts and international investment tribunals, the “division of labor” between the two bodies is not always optimal, producing inefficiencies that burden the system as a whole. In these areas, there is a need for improvement by introducing a more fruitful allocation of tasks between domestic and international courts and tribunals – whatever form(s) the international mechanism for the settlement of investment disputes may take. Given its scope, the book contributes not only to legal analysis, but also to the policy reflections that are needed for ongoing efforts to reform investor-State dispute settlement.

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