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Biosorption

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ISBN: 9781789234725 9781789234732 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68261 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Municipal and industrial wastewaters contain a wide spectrum of pollutants. Their effective removal presents a challenge for water treatment technology. Biosorption of nutrients and pollutants has been used in sewage treatment since the discovery of the activated sludge process. It is a passive uptake process by which pollutants are adsorbed on the surface of cell walls and/or dissolved in structures of microorganism cells that are present in sludge. Sorbed pollutants remain in the sludge and can be potentially released back into the environment depending on their condition and the reversibility of the pollutant-sludge interaction. An overview of typical biosorption applications for the removal of nutrients, organic pollutants, and metals in wastewater treatment is provided in different areas of their use for the protection of aquatic ecosystems and human health. This book will be of interest to operators of wastewater treatment plants and sludge treatment and disposal facilities as well as to researchers and university students in the field of environmental engineering.

Green Nanotechnology - Overview and Further Prospects

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ISBN: 9789535124092 9789535124108 9789535141990 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.5772/61432 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book, Green Nanotechnology - Overview and Further Prospects, is intended to provide an overview and practical examples of the use of nanomaterials in the new scientific challenges of the green nanotechnology world. We aimed to compile information from a diversity of sources into a single volume to give some real examples, extending the concept that green nanotechnology is far from being a scientific conundrum, and instead a real answer to some of the actual problems the whole planet is dealing with.

Green Chemical Processing and Synthesis

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ISBN: 9789535132592 9789535132608 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/65562 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Sustainable development and alternative energy constituted urgent needs in the last decade. Renewable chemicals, energy and bio-resource use became challenging topics in the sustainable, renewable and green sciences. This encourages and turns primordial needs the works in certain fields as developing of new and green catalysts for chemical transformations, in the domains of energy, environmental, pharmaceutical, agro-alimentary and cosmetically applications; evaluation of bio-resources compounds largely available for many applications in energy or as additives to fuels and other applications, reduction and conversion of greenhouse gas as well as developing new synthesis routes by avoiding the use of toxic and environmentally damage materials. In this book, the recent sustainable and green process is presented in three sections: ""Greenhouse Gas Conversion Efficiency in Microwave"", ""Biomass Green Process"" and ""Green Synthesis and Catalysis"".

Desalination

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ISBN: 9789535133636 9789535133643 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.5772/65209 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Increasing population and environmental pollution are the main stress on freshwater sources. On the other hand, freshwater needs of human being increase dramatically every day. From agriculture to industry and from household to recreation, we need freshwater. In the near future, saltwater and brackish water bodies may be the main source of freshwater for our planet. Desalination phenomena are now being implemented with increasing interest. The book on desalination provides a valuable scientific contribution on freshwater production from saltwater sources. In this book, necessary theoretical knowledge and experimental results of different desalination processes are presented.

Lanthanides

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789850093 9781789850109 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.76488 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This edited book Lanthanides is a collection of research chapters, offering an excellent review of recent applications in our lives. It consists of a number of interesting chapters by scientists and researchers from different parts of the world. The book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is a short introduction that explains the nature and purpose of the book and the logic and significance of its contents. In the second chapter, Katarzyna Kiegiel et al. introduce novel apparatus solutions, for example membrane contactors in the extraction stage and different types of matrices (uranium ore, phosphorites, etc.). The third chapter by Dariusz Sala and Bogus?aw Bieda from AGH University of Science and Technology, Management Department, Poland, describes the development of the life cycle inventory to rare earth elements (REEs) based on secondary sources, conducted according to ISO 14040 (2006) guidelines. Chapter 4 concentrates on lanthanide soil chemistry and shows how the soil chemistry of REEs may support soil science investigations. Dmitry V. Ladonin in Chapter 5 studies the content of forms of lanthanides in soddy-calcareous soils at different distances from the Cherepovets steel mill (Vologda region, Russia). The author concludes that the individual properties of lanthanides are clearly manifested in their interaction with soil components. The largest part of the fraction, bound to organic matter, contains medium lanthanides, while the heavy lanthanides are bound to Fe and Mn (hydr)oxides. The last chapter discusses ecological and physiological impacts of lanthanides on algae as primary producers in aquatic environments. This book will definitely encourage readers, researchers, and scientists to look further into the frontier topics of lanthanides and opens new possible research paths for further novel development.

Hydrogenation

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ISBN: 9789535107859 9789535142720 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.5772/3208 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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The domain of catalytic hydrogenation continues to grow fast, reflecting the wide range of chemical applications that can be enhanced by the easy use of molecular hydrogen. The advances in characterization techniques and their application have improved our understanding of the catalytic processes and mechanisms occurring in both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. The aim of this volume, although not exhaustive, is to provide a general overview of new progress of the hydrogenation reactions. This volume comprises a series of various contributions, as reviews or original articles, treating heterogeneously and homogeneously catalyzed hydrogenation reactions. It is composed of three parts: hydrogenation reactions in fine organic chemistry, hydrogenation reactions in environmental chemistry and renewable energy, and special topics in hydrogenation.

Inorganic Constituents in Soil

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811312144 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1214-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book is a must-read for students of and beginners in soil science. In a well-organized and easy-to-follow manner, it provides basic outlines of soil minerals, new methods and recent developments in the field, with a special focus on visual aids. The chapters on primary minerals, secondary minerals, non-crystalline inorganic constituents and inorganic constituents sensitive to varying redox conditions will help readers understand the basic components of soils. Further, readers are introduced to new analytical methods with the aid of microscopy and recent developments in the field. Uniquely, the book features case studies on the identification and isolation methods for vivianite crystals from paddy field soils, as well as a useful procedure for identifying noncrystalline constituents such as volcanic glasses and plant opals, which can also be applied to other soils depending on the local conditions. Given its focus and coverage, the book will be useful to all readers who are interested in agronomy, plant production science, agricultural chemistry and environmental science. In addition, it can help biogeochemists further expand their research work on the rhizosphere of wetland plant roots, iron and phosphate dynamics, etc.

Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles

Authors: ---
Book Series: Springer Earth System Sciences ISSN: 21979596 ISBN: 9783642256424 9783642256431 Year: Pages: 315 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-25643-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 16:18:02
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The oceans and atmosphere interact through various processes, including the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particles. In this book leading international experts come together to provide a state-of-the-art account of these exchanges and their role in the Earth-system, with particular focus on gases and particles. Chapters in the book cover: i) the ocean-atmosphere exchange of short-lived trace gases; ii) mechanisms and models of interfacial exchange (including transfer velocity parameterisations); iii) ocean-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide; iv) ocean atmosphere exchange of particles and v) current and future data collection and synthesis efforts. The scope of the book extends to the biogeochemical responses to emitted / deposited material and interactions and feedbacks in the wider Earth-system context. This work constitutes a highly detailed synthesis and reference; of interest to higher-level university students (Masters, PhD) and researchers in ocean-atmosphere interactions and related fields (Earth-system science, marine / atmospheric biogeochemistry / climate). Production of this book was supported and funded by the EU COST Action 735 and coordinated by the International SOLAS (Surface Ocean- Lower Atmosphere Study) project office.

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