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Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology

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ISBN: 9789400770607 9789400770614 Year: Pages: 389 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7061-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:17
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This book takes a new approach on understanding causes of extreme poverty and promising actions to address it. Its focus is on marginality being a root cause of poverty and deprivation. “Marginality” is the position of people on the edge, preventing their access to resources, freedom of choices, and the development of capabilities. The book is research based with original empirical analyses at local, national, and local scales; book contributors are leaders in their fields and have backgrounds in different disciplines. An important message of the book is that economic and ecological approaches and institutional innovations need to be integrated to overcome marginality. The book will be a valuable source for development scholars and students, actors that design public policies, and for social innovators in the private sector and non-governmental organizations.​

Long-Term Ecosystem Changes in Riparian Forests

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Book Series: Ecological Research Monographs ISBN: 9789811530098 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3009-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Ecology --- Forestry --- Botany --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:18
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This open access book presents and analyzes the results of more than 30 years of long-term ecological research in riparian forest ecosystems with the aim of casting light on changes in the dynamics of riparian forests over time. The research, focusing on the Ooyamazawa riparian forest, one of the remaining old-growth forests in Japan, has yielded a number of interesting outcomes. First, it shows that large-scale disturbances afford various trees opportunities for regeneration and are thus the driving force for the coexistence of canopy trees in riparian forests. Second, it identifies changes in reproductive patterns, highlighting that seed production has in fact quantitatively increased over the past two decades. Third, it describes the decline in forest floor vegetation caused by deer grazing and reveals how this decline has affected bird and insect populations. The book illustrates the interconnectedness of phenomena within an ecosystem and the resultant potential for cascade effects and also stresses the need for long-term ecological studies of climate change impacts on forests. It will be of interest to both professionals and academics in the field of forest science.

Towards Interoperable Research Infrastructures for Environmental and Earth Sciences

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISBN: 9783030528294 Year: Pages: 373 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52829-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:31
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This open access book summarises the latest developments on data management in the EU H2020 ENVRIplus project, which brought together more than 20 environmental and Earth science research infrastructures into a single community. It provides readers with a systematic overview of the common challenges faced by research infrastructures and how a ‘reference model guided’ engineering approach can be used to achieve greater interoperability among such infrastructures in the environmental and earth sciences. The 20 contributions in this book are structured in 5 parts on the design, development, deployment, operation and use of research infrastructures. Part one provides an overview of the state of the art of research infrastructure and relevant e-Infrastructure technologies, part two discusses the reference model guided engineering approach, the third part presents the software and tools developed for common data management challenges, the fourth part demonstrates the software via several use cases, and the last part discusses the sustainability and future directions.

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