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Sepsis

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ISBN: 9789535133957 9789535133964 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/65611 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The book entitled Sepsis will provide a great and up-to-date information in this field to students and researchers involved in sepsis research with its chapters targeting host-pathogen interaction at a metabolic level during sepsis pathogenesis, how age affects sepsis pathogenesis and its outcome in old-age population as compared to young population, sepsis-associated acute organ injury mainly targeting acute kidney injury in sepsis, and kallistatin as host-derived immunomodulatory mechanism during sepsis, along with developments in techniques required for early diagnosis of sepsis and sepsis-associated encephalitis, a devastating medical condition observed during severe sepsis. The book is written by experts in their fields associated with sepsis, a critical condition needing great medical attention.

Resuscitation Aspects

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ISBN: 9789535136637 9789535136644 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.5772/66212 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In an era of transition from &ldquo;classic&rdquo; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to assisted device-CPR or hemodynamic driven CPR, this book, published by InTechOpen, highlights some interesting aspects of resuscitation. Divided in three sections, the research presented emphasizes the details of resuscitation in special circumstances to possible future applications in the field. The authors offer us not only a &ldquo;vigorous&rdquo; review of the current literature but also a research road map for further advancement.

Emergency Medicine and Trauma

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789850932 9781789850949 9781839622311 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77738 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:17

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From prehospital evaluation to management in the emergency department,""Emergency Medicine and Trauma"" provides easily accessible information on the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of trauma care. Recognition of the multidisciplinary nature and complexity of trauma care, especially the philosophy of a teamwork approach, must be an integral part of trauma management. To help make logical diagnoses and treatment plans , you will learn: The use of a structured and prioritized approach to critically ill and injured patients according to the clinical need and assessment of acuity level; How to establish resuscitation (management) priorities in a multiply injured patient; How to demonstrate the ability to adopt a holistic (multidisciplinary, biopsychosocial) approach to trauma patients. The role of the emergency department and its staff in major incidents, to understand planning and be prepared for major incidents. This book is designed not only for emergency medical providers but also for medical students.

Hot Topics in Burn Injuries

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ISBN: 9781789231304 9781789231311 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69253 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of burn injuries, which may affect people from birth to death and can lead to high morbidity and mortality. The book consists of four sections and seven chapters. The first section consists of the introductory review chapter, which overviews the burn injuries. The second section includes chapter ""Burn Etiology and Pathogenesis,"" which focuses on burn injuries and clinical findings. The third section consists of chapter ""Controlling Inflammation in Burn Injury"" and is devoted to the role of inflammatory response, which is fundamental to the healing process, while a prolonged inflammation may lead to scarring and fibrosis. The fourth section consists of four chapters as follows: ""Therapeutic Effects of Conservative Treatments on Burn Scars,"" ""Herbal Therapy for Burns and Burn Scars,"" ""Platelet-Rich Plasma in Burn Treatment,"" and ""Surgical Treatment of Burn Scars."" The book is easy to read and includes hot topics on burn injury to enhance the reader's understanding and knowledge.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment in Research and Clinical Practice - Mechanisms of Action in Focus

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ISBN: 9781789235982 9781789235999 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70322 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) is a widely accepted adjuvant therapy in various health conditions that exhibit impaired tissue blood flow. At high pressures, the delivery of the dissolved oxygen in plasma is enhanced, which contributes to better tissue oxygenation, cellular metabolism and ultimately, healing. However, this is not the only beneficial outcome of HBO2 treatment since oxygen is a highly reactive molecule and can induce upregulation of many enzymatic systems in the cell at the cellular, genetic and molecular level. Particularly, vascular/endothelial function is affected by the HBO2. Our understanding of these mechanisms is still emerging. There have been many controversies related to the HBO2 protocols and indications. As well as exhibiting beneficiary effects on the tissue perfusion, it is known that HBO2 demonstrates high toxicity at higher pressures, due to increased oxidative stress and barotrauma. On the other hand, there is a lack of translation of the knowledge on the mechanisms of action of HBO2 obtained from the experimental research to the clinical practice. Thus, this book presents the reader with an overview of the current knowledge on the mechanisms of HBO2 effects in various experimental models and clinical treatment protocols, in an attempt to provide a better understanding of how and when HBO2 should be used as an effective therapy without unwanted side effects.

Special Topics in Resuscitation

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ISBN: 9781789842517 9781789842524 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74766 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book, published by ""IntechOpen,"" highlights some interesting topics of resuscitation. Divided into two sections, the book emphasizes details about the role of the Emergency Medical Services Physician in prehospital resuscitation as well as special circumstances, such as resuscitation in the delivery room and possible future applications in the field, like the use of transthoracic impedance signal. The authors offer the reader not only a ""vigorous"" review of the current literature but also a research path for further advancement.

Essentials of Accident and Emergency Medicine

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ISBN: 9781789848328 9781789848335 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71634 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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As physicians, we have a constant passion for improving and maintaining patient's care and safety. The book is divided into three parts focusing on the essentials of general concepts, diagnosis, and management of accident and emergency medicine, as well as an academic approach to teaching in the emergency setting. The chapters selected for this book are written by an excellent group of recognized emergency surgeons and physicians from different countries and cultures facilitating a comprehensive and interesting approach to the problems of emergency treatment. We hope this book will be helpful and used worldwide by medical students, clinicians, and researchers enhancing their knowledge and advancing their objectives by a book that intends to become a reference text for research and practice within accident and emergency medicine.

Noninvasive Ventilation in Medicine - Recent Updates

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ISBN: 9781789852899 9781789852905 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68299 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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A vast amount has been written about NIV, including books and guidelines hence we thought to produce a book called ""Noninvasive Ventilation in Medicine - Recent Updates"" to cover the untouched components of such this machine. In this book, we tried to include advances in the NIV and the how NIV could be used in synchrony with the mechanical ventilator including a weaning stage. The clinical scope of NIV is changing day-to-day and its rapidly emerging and constantly changing field includes many more indications of utilization of NIV. The current book contains a rich extract from the masters in the NIV field who have vast experience of NIV in areas other than conventional indications and would like to share their experience with all of the readers. Various challenges in NIV patient care include noncompliance, confused, hypercapnic patient or small children coping with a mask, avoiding interface leaks, and balancing ventilatory needs with patient tolerance.

Poisoning - From Specific Toxic Agents to Novel Rapid and Simplified Techniques for Analysis

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ISBN: 9789535136811 9789535136828 9789535139881 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.5772/65817 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book, which is the result of contributions from a team of international authors, presents a collection of materials that can be categorized into two groups. The first group of papers deals with clinical toxicology topics including poisoning by anticoagulant rodenticides, food toxins, carbon monoxide, the toxicity of beta-lactam antibiotics, acute neonicotinoid poisoning, occupational risk factors for acute pesticide poisoning, activating carbon fibers, and date pits for use in liver toxin adsorption. The second group of papers deals with forensic or analytical toxicology topics such as simplified methods for the analysis of gaseous toxic agents, rapid methods for the analysis and monitoring of pathogens in drinking water and water-based solutions, as well as the linkages between clinical and forensic toxicology. Each chapter presents new information on the topic discussed based on authors' experience while summarizing existing knowledge. As such, this book will be a good teaching aid and can be a prescribed or recommended reading for postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of public health, medicine, pharmacy, nursing, biology, toxicology, and forensic sciences.

Oncology Critical Care

Author:
ISBN: 9789535127819 9789535127826 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.5772/61590 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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According to the American Cancer Society, more than 1.6 million people will be diagnosed with cancer during this year. Outcomes have steadily risen over the last several decades with the advent of newer therapies. As outcomes have improved, more and more cancer patients are developing critical illness. In the not-too-distant past, patients with active malignancy were thought not appropriate for critical care services as decreased longevity related to the cancer suggested poor prognosis for intensive care utilization. More recently, evidence supports rapid activation of critical care services leading to improved outcomes in cancer patients. Moreover, just as sub-subspecialty critical care experience in trauma and neurosciences has proved beneficial, the emerging field of oncology critical care warrants specific attention.

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