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Häuser machen Schule

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Book Series: Rekonstruktive Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783658266530 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-26653-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Open-Access-Buch werden in einem methodisch unkonventionellen, quasi-archäologischen Vorgehen aus Architekturen von Schulhäusern die in ,Stein gehauenen‘ Sinnstrukturen rekonstruiert. In ihren Raum(an)ordnungen eröffnen Architekturen einen Möglichkeitsraum, dem spezifische pädagogische Ordnungen und Vorstellungen ,guter Schule‘ eingeschrieben sind und der die Praktiken und Beziehungen der Akteure vorstrukturiert. Schulgebäude und architektonische Artefakte fungieren somit als eine latent wirkende Einflussstruktur, die subtil und zugleich dauerhaft die Schule in ihrer ,Schulförmigkeit‘ festschreibt. Schulförmige Artefakte erzeugen eindeutige, monofunktionale Handlungsaufforderungen und unterbinden gleichzeitig Handlungsalternativen.

Diversity and Inclusion in Global Higher Education

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811516283 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-1628-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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This open access book offers pioneering insights and practical methods for promoting diversity and inclusion in higher education classrooms and curricula. It highlights the growing importance of international education programs in Asia and the value of understanding student diversity in a changing, evermore interconnected world. The book explores diversity across physical, psychological and cogitative traits, socio-economic backgrounds, value systems, traditions and emerging identities, as well as diverse expectations around teaching, grading, and assessment. Chapters detail significant trends in active learning pedagogy, writing programs, language acquisition, and implications for teaching in the liberal arts, adult learners, girls and women, and Confucian heritage communities. A quality, relevant, 21st Century education should address multifaceted and intersecting forms of diversity to equip students for deep life-long learning inside and outside the classroom. This timely volume provides a unique toolkit for educators, policy-makers, and professional development experts.

Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030119911 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11991-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book focuses on trends in educational inequality using twenty years of grade 8 student data collected from 13 education systems by the IEA’s Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) between 1995 and 2015. While the overall positive association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and student achievement is well documented in the literature, the magnitude of this relationship is contingent on social contexts and is expected to vary by education system. Research on how such associations differ across societies and how the strength of these relationships has changed over time is limited. This study, therefore, addresses an important research and policy question by examining changes in the inequality of educational outcomes due to SES over this 20-year period, and also examines the extent to which the performance of students from disadvantaged backgrounds has improved over time in each education system. Education systems generally aim to narrow the achievement gap between low- and high-SES students and to improve the performance of disadvantaged students. However, the lack of quantifiable and comprehensible measures makes it difficult to assess and monitor the effect of such efforts. In this study, a novel measure of SES that is consistent across all TIMSS cycles allows students to be categorized into different socioeconomic groups. This measure of SES may also contribute to future research using TIMSS trend data. Readers will gain new insight into how educational inequality has changed in the education systems studied and how such change may relate to the more complex picture of macroeconomic changes in those societies.

Youth Transitions among Descendants of Turkish Immigrants in Amsterdam and Strasbourg:

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030117900 Year: Pages: 147 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11790-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book maps the youth transitions of descendants of migrants from Turkey living in Amsterdam and Strasbourg, through a comparative mixed-methods research design. As such, it is of interest to discussions in youth sociology, social mobility and second-generation research. The book follows transition trajectories of the second-generation, from school to activity or inactivity in the labour market, to marriage or further study and, deepens our understanding of transitions by unravelling the macro and micro mechanisms behind individual pathways. On the one hand, the author reveals the ongoing significance of distinct macro institutional settings as well as social structures such as social class, ethnicity and gender in shaping the youth transition experience. On the other, she shows that youth transitions are not predestined to social reproduction when institutional and social structures create conditions for the development of resources necessary for social mobility. Therefore, through an examination of how immigrants’ descendants develop forms of capital in their social trajectories, in relation to institutional and social structures, the book advances the theoretical discussion on Bourdieu’s capital theory. Moreover, in times when native-born descendants of immigrants are at the forefront of public debate being subjected to normative integration demands, the book significantly shifts the lens and draws our attention to the daily challenges and realities faced by ethnic minority youth.

Teaching for Excellence and Equity

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Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030161514 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16151-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book examines the interrelationship of national policy, teacher effectiveness, and student outcomes with a specific emphasis on educational equity. Using data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) conducted between 1995 and 2015, it investigates grade four and grade eight data to assess trends in key teacher characteristics (experience, education, preparedness, and professional development) and teacher behaviors (instructional time and instructional content), and how these relate to student outcomes. Taking advantage of national curriculum data collected by TIMSS to assess changes in curricular strategy across countries and how these may be related to changes in teacher and student factors, the study focuses on the distributional impact of curriculum and instruction on students, paying particular attention to overall inequalities and variations in socioeconomic status at the student and country level, and how such factors have altered over time. Multiple methods, including regression and fixed effects analyses, and structural equation modelling, establish the evolution of these associations over time.

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