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Die Sprachwissenschaft: Ihre Aufgaben, Methoden und bisherigen Ergebnisse

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Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234340 9783946234357 9783946234364 9783944675640 Year: Pages: 599 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611696 Language: German
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-13 11:01:19
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"""Die Sprachwissenschaft"" is the magnum opus of the German sinologist and linguist Georg von der Gabelentz (1840-1893), a late 19th-century representative of the Humboldtian tradition of linguistic research. The book exists in two versions: a first edition of 1891 and a second posthumous edition of 1901, revised and expanded by Albrecht Graf von der Schulenburg (1865–1902), a nephew and pupil of Gabelentz. This critical edition presents for the first time the text of the two editions in a form that allows them to be easily compared. It represents a valuable resource for historiographical research into linguistics on the eve of the 20th century. "

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critical edition

L'édition indépendante critique : Engagements politiques et intellectuels

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ISBN: 9782375460498 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesenssib.1104 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’enssib
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L'histoire de l'édition depuis les années 1980 ne se réduit pas à l'emprise, si souvent commentée, des grands groupes et des logiques commerciales. La période récente a également vu l'apparition de petites structures éditoriales qui revendiquent une position « critique » et qui, pour certaines, parviennent à s'inscrire dans la durée en dépit des nombreuses difficultés économiques qu'elles rencontrent. Sophie Noël a mené une enquête approfondie sur ces éditeurs « indépendants », dont elle restitue les résultats dans cet ouvrage. Elle a étudié une trentaine de maisons d'édition qui, apparues entre 1985 et 2005, publient principalement dans le domaine de la critique sociale et s'emploient à concilier les exigences de l'excellence intellectuelle et de la radicalité politique. L'analyse s'attache notamment à l'économie, souvent très précaire mais à forte portée symbolique, de ces petites structures. Qui sont ces éditeurs qui incarnent la résistance à une certaine marchandisation de la culture ? Dans quelle mesure leur catalogue se démarque-t-il de ceux des grosses maisons et des grands groupes ? Comment expliquer leur « vocation » et leur dévouement aux valeurs fondatrices de l'édition ? À quelles conditions les plus heureux d'entre eux parviennent-ils à survivre ? Cette analyse, au-delà de sa contribution à la sociologie de l'édition, livre des clés pour comprendre les mutations et les contradictions contemporaines des secteurs culturels et réfléchir aux stratégies de résistances qui peuvent être déployées face à la montée en puissance de la rationalité marchande.

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édition --- maison d'édition --- France

La bataille de l'imprimé : À l'ère du papier électronique

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ISBN: 9791036504204 DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.16765 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il est difficile d'exagérer l'ampleur de la révolution que nous sommes en train de vivre et la tourmente dans laquelle est entraîné inexorablement le livre. Celui-ci n'est déjà plus le vecteur du savoir qu'il a été depuis plus de cinq millénaires. Le bouleversement dont nous sommes témoins sera plus radical que l'invention de l'imprimerie et de plus longue portée que le passage du volumen (ou rouleau de papyrus) au codex (ou cahier cousu et ancêtre de notre livre).

Cavendish: The Experimental Life

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Book Series: Studies 7: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561065 Year: Pages: 596 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 16:09:07
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Two gifted eighteenth-century Londoners, Charles Cavendish and his painfully preeminent son Henry were descendants of paired revolutions, one political and one scientific. Scions of a powerful revolutionary family, they gave an original turn to the duty of public service that attached to their social rank. The English aristocracy knew one of its finest hours when Henry Cavendish gently laid his delicate weights in the scales of the first great precision balance of the century. For this action to happen, it took two generations and two kinds of invention, one in social forms and the other in scientific methods. This joint biography of father and son tells how it came to pass. Henry Cavendish is best known for his researches in chemistry, electricity, and heat, but in truth he worked in every part of physical science, bringing to it his unique combination of experimental precision and mathematical penetration. His accomplishment is likened to the highest example: since the death of Newton, Humphry Davy wrote, England has suffered "no scientific loss so great as that of Cavendish." Through inheritance he became immensely rich. Regarding intellect and fortune, he is called "the wisest of the rich and the richest of the wise." In his exclusive devotion to science, he is compared with "the most austere anchorites," who were "not more faithful to their vows." With reference to his legendary shyness, he is described as a man of "most reserved disposition," of a "degree bordering on disease." He was, to be sure, all of these things: one of the best scientists of his time, one of the richest men in the kingdom, a member of one of the politically most influential aristocratic families, a scientific fanatic, and a person of extraordinary peculiarities. This biography, a major revision of the original published in 1999, offers an enlarged understanding of the eighteenth century world of science and a reevaluation both of the scientific genius and of the remarkable personality of Henry Cavendish. It is a comprehensive study of science, family, and society in the eighteenth century.

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MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Spatial Thinking and External Representation: Towards a Historical Epistemology of Space

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Book Series: Studies 8: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561089 Year: Pages: 219 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 13:00:16
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Spatial knowledge takes different forms in different societies and at different times in history depending on the spatial experiences accounted for and the available means for the external representation of knowledge. The volume presents and analyses manifestations of spatial thinking in the language and practices of recent non-literate societies, in the administrative institutions of early civilizations, in discursive contexts of ancient Greece and China, in early modern natural philosophy and metaphysics, and in twentieth-century physics, and discusses their historical and structural relations.

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MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Le savoir des livres

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ISBN: 9782760619807 9782821850804 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-05 16:18:47
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Nous sommes entourés de livres savants. Les encyclopédies, les dictionnaires, les manuels sont en effet partout, des librairies aux bibliothèques, chez soi comme au travail. Internet aurait même accru leur nombre, s’il faut en croire les apôtres du tout-numérique. Les livres spécialisés ne seraient donc plus réservés aux seuls spécialistes. Mais qu’est-ce qu’un livre savant ? Diderot et D’Alembert, avec leur Encyclopédie, avaient-ils conçu le livre savant par excellence ? En quoi se distingua...

Algebra in Cuneiform: Introduction to an Old Babylonian Geometrical Technique

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Book Series: Textbooks 2: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561157 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-21 11:59:57
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This textbook analyzes a number of texts in “conformal translation,” that is, a translation in which the same Babylonian term is always translated in the same way and, more importantly, in which different terms are always translated differently. Appendixes are provided for readers who are familiar with basic Assyriology but otherwise philological details are avoided. All of these texts are from the second half of the Old Babylonian period, that is, 1800–1600 BCE. It is indeed during this period that the “algebraic” discipline, and Babylonian mathematics in general, culminates. Even though a few texts from the late period show some similarities with what comes from the Old Babylonian period, they are but remnants. Beyond analyzing texts, the book gives a general characterization of the kind of mathematics involved, and locates it within the context of the Old Babylonian scribe school and its particular culture. Finally, it describes the origin of the discipline and its impact in later mathematics, not least Euclid’s geometry and genuine algebra as created in medieval Islam and taken over in European medieval and Renaissance mathematics.

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MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Numériser et mettre en ligne

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ISBN: 9782375460320 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesenssib.414 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’enssib
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Rendre les collections accessibles en ligne est devenu pour les institutions culturelles, d'enseignement et de recherche, un des défis majeurs du début du xxe siècle. Les projets sont dès à présent nombreux, et concernent tous les types d'établissements et tous les supports. Mener à bien une opération de numérisation et de mise en ligne requiert un ensemble de repères et de connaissances pour l'organisation et la mise en œuvre d'un projet de numérisation durable. Donner les clés du domaine en se fondant sur des savoirs pratiques et concrets est l'ambition de cet ouvrage, qui fournit un mode opératoire précis pour chacune des grandes étapes à prendre en compte – de la capture à la conservation numérique, en passant par l'interopérabilité, le référencement, et en intégrant l'environnement juridique et réglementaire. Coordonné par Thierry Claerr et Isabelle Westeel, spécialistes du sujet et responsables de formations sur la numérisation et la création de bibliothèques numériques, ce guide des bonnes pratiques accompagnera les porteurs de projets dans le contexte et les missions de leur institution, mais aussi au cœur des évolutions de l'Internet, pour répondre aux attentes des internautes.

Drucke in der «Neuen Rundschau»

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Book Series: Robert Walser - Kritische Ausgabe sämtlicher Drucke und Manuskripte ISBN: 9783796537479 Year: Pages: 245 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3747-9 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-17 11:21:03
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In this volume, Robert Walser’s contributions printed in the journal “Neue Rundschau” are edited. Each of Walser’s texts is accompanied by a context documentation, which gives an insight into the contents of the whole journal issue. In the editors’ afterword, Walser’s relations with the journal and with the publisher S. Fischer are described. A documentary appendix with letters and further material illustrates the relations between Walser and the editors.

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Robert Walser --- Essays --- Edition

The History of Science in a World of Readers

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studies 11: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561423 Year: Pages: 189 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-14 11:47:01
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What role should historians of science, technology, and medicine have in communicating their own body of literature - its methods and concerns - across linguistic boundaries? This anthology is a proactive response to this question. As the West and the East become ever more closely related through travel, trade, and - not least - the globalization of knowledge, the seven essays in this volume should stimulate new engagements between English and Chinese readers on the centrality of science, technology, and medicine for our histories and our future. A wider selection of such influential literature, published in English since 1990, has been translated into Chinese and published in China in a companion volume. The series Studies of the Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge is dedicated to key subjects in the history and development of knowledge, bringing together perspectives from different fields and combining source-based empirical research with theoretically guided approaches. Studies typically present working group volumes with integrative approaches. The volumes are available both as print-on-demand books and as open-access publications on the Internet. The material is freely accessible online at www.edition-open-access.de.

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MPRL --- Edition Open Access

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