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Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response and Transcriptional Reprogramming

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194360 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-436-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Genetics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Abstract

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an intracellular organelle responsible for protein folding and assembly, lipid and sterol biosynthesis, and calcium storage. A number of biochemical, physiological, or pathological stimuli can interrupt protein folding process, causing accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the ER lumen, a condition called “ER stress”. To cope with accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins, the ER has evolved a group of signaling pathways termed “Unfolded Protein Response (UPR)” or “ER stress response” to align cellular physiology. To maintain ER homeostasis, transcriptional regulation mediated through multiple UPR branches is orchestrated to increase ER folding capacity, reduce ER workload, and promote degradation of misfolded proteins. In recent years, accumulating evidence suggests that ER stress-triggered transcriptional reprogramming exists in many pathophysiological processes and plays fundamental roles in the initiation and progression of a variety of diseases, such as metabolic disease, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disease, and cancer. Understanding effects and mechanisms of ER stressassociated transcriptional reprogramming has high impact on many areas of molecular genetics and will be particularly informative to the development of pharmacologic avenues towards the prevention and treatment of modern common human diseases by targeting the UPR signaling. For these reasons, ER stress response and transcriptional reprogramming are a timely and necessary topic of discussion for Frontiers in Genetics.The important topics in this area include but not limited to:(1) ER-resident transcription factors and their involvements in ER stress response and cell physiology; (2) Physiologic roles and molecular mechanisms of ER stress-associated transcriptional regulation in lipid and glucose metabolism; (3) In vitro and in vivo models for ER stress-associated transcriptional reprogramming; (4) ER stress-associated transcriptional regulation in human disease; (5) Therapeutic potentials by targeting ER stress response pathways.

Pleiotropic Action of Selenium in the Prevention and Treatment of Cancer, and Related Diseases

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ISBN: 9783038976929 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-693-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:07:22
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This book will cover topics related to the preparation and use of heterogeneous catalytic systems for the transformation of renewable sources, as well as of materials deriving from agro-industrial wastes and by-products. At the same time, the ever-increasing importance of bioproducts, due to the acceptance and request of consumers, makes the upgrade of biomass into chemicals and materials not only an environmental issue, but also an economical advantage.

Protective and Detrimental Role of Heme Oxygenase-1

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ISBN: 9783039218066 9783039218073 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-807-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The book “Protective and Detrimental Role of Heme Oxygenase-1”, includes a selection of original research papers and reviews aimed at understanding the dual role (protective and detrimental) of HO-1 and the involved signaling pathways. Original research papers and reviews aimed at the identification of natural molecules or new synthetic compounds able to modulate HO-1 activity/expression help make HO-1 a potential therapeutic target for the amelioration of various diseases.

Keywords

ferroptosis --- heme oxygenase-1 --- iron --- reactive oxygen species --- glutathione --- chemotherapy --- paracetamol --- Myristica fragrans kernels --- heme oxygenase 1 --- liver --- glucocorticoid receptor --- GR --- heme oxygenase 1 --- HO-1 --- prostate cancer --- ANTIGEN presenting cell --- tolerance --- Tet-ON system --- antigen presentation --- analgesia --- carbon monoxide --- heme oxygenase 1 --- inflammatory pain --- locus coeruleus --- nitric oxide --- bilirubin --- Gunn rats --- hyperbilirubinemia --- inflammation --- LPS --- NF-?B --- caloric restriction --- Sirtuin 1 --- Heme Oxygenase-1 --- PGC-1? --- cardiomyopathy --- diabetes mellitus --- Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) --- Pancreatic oxidative damage --- Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inducers --- Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) --- Reactive oxygen species (ROS) --- Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 (DDAH-1) --- Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) --- Gamma-Glutamyl-Cysteine Ligase (GGCL) --- prostate cancer --- heme oxygenase --- metformin --- apoptosis --- ER stress --- HO-1 activity inhibitor --- carbon monoxide --- lung preservation --- ischemia–reperfusion injury --- high-pressure gas --- Colon cancer --- Betula etnensis Raf. --- oxidative stress --- heme oxigenase-1 --- ferroptosis --- thiol groups --- angiotensin II --- mineralocorticoid receptor --- heme oxygenase 1 --- sirtuin 1 --- adipocytes --- oxidative stress --- heme oxygenase-1 --- atherosclerosis --- coronary artery disease --- peripheral artery disease --- carotid plaque --- heme oxygenase --- endoplasmic reticulum stress --- hemoglobin --- heme --- n/a

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