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Forward and inverse problems of electrocardiography : clinical investigations

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Book Series: Karlsruhe transactions on biomedical engineering / Ed.: Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institute of Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 18645933 ISBN: 9783866442191 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: XVII, 196 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007590 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The non-invasive reconstruction of cardiac activity can significantly improve the quality of cardiac diagnostics. Two major approaches are considered. The model-based method consists in the optimization of an electrophysiological cardiac model until the measured and simulated ECGs are similar. The inverse problem of electrocardiography is solved to compute the cardiac sources distributions from body surface potential maps. The results and their interpretation are shown for several patients.

Automatic ECG analysis using principal component analysis and wavelet transformation

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Book Series: Karlsruhe transactions on biomedical engineering ISSN: 18645933 ISBN: 9783866441323 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000006642 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The main objective of this book is to analyse and detect small changes in ECG waves and complexes that indicate cardiac diseases and disorders. Detecting predisposition to Torsade de Points (TDP) by analysing the beat-to-beat variability in T wave morphology is the main core of this work. The second main topic is detecting small changes in QRS complex and predicting future QRS complexes of patients. Moreover, the last main topic is clustering similar ECG components in different groups.

Recent Advances in Doppler Signal Processing and Modelling Techniques for Fetal Monitoring

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455362 Year: Pages: 99 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-536-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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The guest editors of this eBook have accepted 10 very high-quality submissions for inclusion in a special issue of Frontiers in Physiology. The key difference between this eBook and contemporary fetal physiology related literature is that this Research Topic summarizes additional insights into the physiological link between physiologically understandable mathematical indices of fetal signals and the developing cardiovascular functions in fetal health and compromises. This book should be of considerable help to researchers, professionals in fetal monitoring device industries, academics, and graduate students from a wide range of disciplines. The text provides a comprehensive account of recent research in this emerging field and we anticipate that the concepts presented here will generate further research in this field.

Solving the inverse problem of electrocardiography in a realistic environment

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Book Series: Karlsruhe transactions on biomedical engineering / Ed.: Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institute of Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 18645933 ISBN: 9783866444867 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: X, 116 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000016052 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Heart disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Straightforward information about the cardiac electrophysiology can help to improve the quality of diagnosis of heart diseases. The inverse problem of electrocardiography and the intracardiac catheter measurement are two ways to get access to the electrophysiology in the heart. In this thesis six research topics related to these two techniques are included.

ECG Imaging of Ventricular Activity in Clinical Applications

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Book Series: Karlsruhe transactions on biomedical engineering / Ed.: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology / Institute of Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 18645933 ISBN: 9783731503743 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: VII, 214 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000046918 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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ECG imaging was performed in humans to reconstruct ventricular activation patterns and localize their excitation origins. The precision of the non-invasive reconstructions was evaluated against invasive measurements and found to be in line with the state-of-the-art literature. Statistics were produced for various excitation origins and reveal the beat-to-beat robustness of the imaging method.

Wearable Wireless Devices

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ISBN: 9783039284429 9783039284436 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-443-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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With the growing interest in the use of technology in daily life, the potential for using wearable wireless devices across multiple segments, e.g., healthcare, sports, child monitoring, military, emergency, consumer electronics, etc., is rapidly increasing. Multibillion wearable sensors are predicted to be in use by 2025, with over 30% of them being new types of sensors that are only beginning to emerge. This book will focus on wireless wearable and implantable systems, flexible textile-based electronics, bio-electromagnetics, antennas and propagation, radio frequency (RF) circuits, sensors, security of wearables and implantable systems, nano-bio communication, and electromagnetic sensing

Implantable Microdevices

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ISBN: 9783039216604 9783039216611 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-661-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Implantable microdevices, providing accurate measurement of target analytes in animals and humans, have always been important in biological science, medical diagnostics, clinical therapy, and personal healthcare. Recently, there have been increasing unmet needs for developing high-performance implants that are small, minimally-invasive, biocompatible, long-term stable, and cost-effective. Therefore, the aim of this Special Issue is to bring together state-of-the-art research and development contributions that address key challenges and topics related to implantable microdevices. Applications of primary interest include, but are not limited to, miniaturized optical sensing and imaging tools, implantable sensors for detecting biochemical species and/or metabolites, transducers for measuring biophysical quantities (e.g., pressure and/or strain), and neural prosthetic devices.

Novel Smart Textiles

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ISBN: 9783039285709 / 9783039285716 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-571-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The sensing, adapting, responding, multifunctionality, low energy, small size and weight, ease of forming, and low-cost attributes of smart textiles and their multidisciplinary scope offer numerous end uses in medical, sports and fitness, military, fashion, automotive, aerospace, the built environment, and energy industries. The research and development on these new and high-value materials cross scientific boundaries, redefine material science design and engineering, and enhance quality of life and our environment. “Novel Smart Textiles” is a focused Special Issue that reports the latest research of this field and facilitates dissemination, networking, discussion, and debate.

Keywords

e-textile --- metamaterials --- transmission line --- wearable --- split ring resonator --- dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) --- polyacrylonitrile (PAN) --- nanofiber mat --- electrospinning --- PEDOT:PSS --- dye-sensitized solar cell --- half-textile --- spectral analysis --- parameter identification --- equivalent circuit --- black-box --- grey-box --- power spectral density --- optimization --- analytical model --- electromagnetic shielding effectiveness --- electric properties --- fabric --- woven textiles --- carbon nanomaterials --- smart fabrics --- in-line monitoring --- polymeric composites --- carbon nanotubes --- reduced graphene oxide --- textile electrode --- ECG --- motion sensor --- skin-electrode impedance --- electrically conductive textiles --- polymers --- smart textiles --- surface area evaluation --- microencapsulation --- biofunctional --- drug-delivery --- textile-based stretch sensors --- stitch structure --- wearable stretch sensor --- conductive thread --- conductivity --- metal flake --- coating --- e-textile --- encapsulation --- durability --- stiffness --- textile/polymer composite --- stretchable electronics --- smart textiles --- mechanical and electrical properties --- quasi-static and cyclic mechanical loading --- life-time expectancy --- smart textile --- thermal textile pixel --- thermal communication --- non-auditory and nonvisual communication --- thermal conductivity --- Peltier element --- SMART pattern-changing fabric --- pattern effect --- visual response --- visual brain --- event-related potential (ERP) --- psychotextiles --- art and design --- smart textiles --- textile sensors --- e-textiles --- visual brain --- thermal textile pixels --- stretchable electronics --- conductive textiles --- wearables --- stitch-based sensors --- biofunctional textiles --- ECG --- hybrid electrodes --- motion tracking --- carbon nanotextiles --- composites --- EMS textiles --- electrospun solar cells --- embroidered e-textiles --- targeted delivery --- psychotextiles --- energy harvesting --- multifunctional

Selected Papers from the 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210404 9783039210411 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-041-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This Special Issue contains a series of excellent research works on telecommunications and signal processing, selected from the 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP) which was held on July 4–6, 2018, in Athens, Greece. The conference was organized in cooperation with the IEEE Region 8 (Europe, Middle East, and Africa), IEEE Greece Section, IEEE Czechoslovakia Section, and IEEE Czechoslovakia Section SP/CAS/COM Joint Chapter by seventeen universities from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Turkey, Taiwan, Japan, Slovak Republic, Spain, Bulgaria, France, Slovenia, Croatia, and Poland, for academics, researchers, and developers, and serves as a premier international forum for the annual exchange and promotion of the latest advances in telecommunication technology and signal processing. The aim of the conference is to bring together both novice and experienced scientists, developers, and specialists, to meet new colleagues, collect new ideas, and establish new cooperation between research groups from universities, research centers, and private sectors worldwide. This collection of 10 papers is highly recommended for researchers, and believed to be interesting, inspiring, and motivating for readers in their further research.

Machine Learning and Embedded Computing in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS)

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ISBN: 9783039213757 9783039213764 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-376-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book contains the latest research on machine learning and embedded computing in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). It encompasses research in detection, tracking, LiDAR

Keywords

Vehicle-to-X communications --- Intelligent Transport Systems --- VANET --- DSRC --- Geobroadcast --- multi-sensor --- fusion --- deep learning --- LiDAR --- camera --- ADAS --- object tracking --- kernel based MIL algorithm --- Gaussian kernel --- adaptive classifier updating --- perception in challenging conditions --- obstacle detection and classification --- dynamic path-planning algorithms --- joystick --- two-wheeled --- terrestrial vehicle --- path planning --- infinity norm --- p-norm --- kinematic control --- navigation --- actuation systems --- maneuver algorithm --- automated driving --- cooperative systems --- communications --- interface --- automated-manual transition --- driver monitoring --- visual tracking --- discriminative correlation filter bank --- occlusion --- sub-region --- global region --- autonomous vehicles --- driving decision-making model --- the emergency situations --- red light-running behaviors --- ethical and legal factors --- T-S fuzzy neural network --- road lane detection --- map generation --- driving assistance --- autonomous driving --- real-time object detection --- autonomous driving assistance system --- urban object detector --- convolutional neural networks --- machine vision --- biological vision --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- Gabor convolution kernel --- recurrent neural network --- enhanced learning --- autonomous vehicle --- crash injury severity prediction --- support vector machine model --- emergency decisions --- relative speed --- total vehicle mass of the front vehicle --- perception in challenging conditions --- obstacle detection and classification --- dynamic path-planning algorithms --- drowsiness detection --- smart band --- electrocardiogram (ECG) --- photoplethysmogram (PPG) --- recurrence plot (RP) --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- squeeze-and-excitation --- residual learning --- depthwise separable convolution --- blind spot detection --- machine learning --- neural networks --- predictive --- vehicle dynamics --- electric vehicles --- FPGA --- GPU --- parallel architectures --- optimization --- panoramic image dataset --- road scene --- object detection --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- driverless --- autopilot --- deep leaning --- object detection --- generative adversarial nets --- image inpainting --- n/a

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