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Diversification of Mexican Spanish. A Tridimensional Study in New World Sociolinguistics

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Book Series: Contributions to the Sociology of Language [CSL] ISSN: 1861-0676 ISBN: 9781501504532 Year: Volume: 111 Pages: 423 DOI: 10.1515/9781501504532 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 12:38:13
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This book covers the analysis of Spanish written from the early 16th to the early 19th century, immediately before the Independent period in most Spanish-speaking colonies. It is based on manuscripts such as the Segunda Carta de Relacion (1522) by Hernán Cortès, a rare inquisitorial manuscript known as El Abecedario, old printed books, and published collections of linguistic documents.

La création dans l’industrie du jeu vidéo

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ISBN: 9782111398887 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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La filière du jeu vidéo a atteint une maturité dont témoignent une troisième génération de créateurs et l’apparition de nombreux studios de développement. La création joue un rôle essentiel dans cette filière pour permettre un renouvellement de la production de jeux qui tire parti de potentialités techniques en constant développement et de formes renouvelées de jouabilité. Or la création, par ses formes collectives d’organisation au sein des studios et du fait de ses coûts et de ses risques, peine à être reconnue au sein d’une industrie mondialisée où le poids des consoliers et des éditeurs est particulièrement important. Ce sont donc les formes de reconnaissance de cette création (statut, rémunération, organisation sociale, etc.) qui sont explorées dans la perspective de rendre pérenne sa vitalité et, partant, celle du secteur vidéo-ludique en France.

Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses: Adaptation and Evolution

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453481 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-348-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Viruses are widely present in nature, and numerous viral species with a variety of unique characteristics have been identified so far. Even now, new emerging or re-emerging viruses are being found or re-found as novel viral classes or as quasi-species. Indeed, viruses are everywhere. Of note, viruses are pivotal as targets and tools of basic and applied sciences. On one hand, portions of the viruses are infectious for animals including humans, and cause various diseases in infected hosts by distinct mechanisms and at a different level of severity. While many of viruses are known to co-exist quietly with their hosts, pathogenic viruses certainly affect and threaten our society as well as individuals to provoke serious medical or economic attention. We should act against certain dreadful and highly infectious viruses as a global problem. Animal RNA viruses can readily mutate to adapt themselves in their hostile environments for their survival. Resultant viruses may sometimes show essentially altered phenotypes from the original parental strains. This fundamental and general property of animal RNA viruses represents major extensive issues of scientific, medical, and/or economic importance. In this Research Topic, we have focused on the high mutability of animal RNA viruses, and selected relevant articles on animal viruses of broad-ranges such as primate lentiviruses, influenza viruses, paramyxoviruses, flaviviruses, rabies virus, norovirus, picornaviruses, and picobirnavirus. Each article has taken up intriguing aspects of the subject viruses. We are sure that readers acquire important information on virus mutation, adaptation, diversification, and evolution, and hope that researchers in the field related to virology gain some solid hints from the reported articles for further virological and /or medical studies. Finally, we thank all the contributing researchers in this Research Topic, entitled “Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses: Adaptation and Evolution”, for their elegant and interesting works.

Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198799283 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799283.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Economics --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:50
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This book contributes to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa through addressing the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture, in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men. It uses a longitudinal cross-country comparative approach, relying on the Afrint dataset—unique household-level longitudinal data for six African countries collected over the period 2002–2013/15. The book first descriptively summarizes findings from the third wave of the dataset. The book nuances the current dominance of structural transformation narratives of agricultural change by adding insights from gender and village-level studies of agrarian change. It argues that placing agrarian change within broader livelihood dynamics outside agriculture, highlighting country- and region-specific contexts is an important analytical adaptation to the empirical realities of rural Africa. From the policy perspective, this book provides suggestions for more inclusive rural development policies, outlining the weaknesses of present policies illustrated by the currently gendered inequalities in access to agrarian resources. The book also provides country-specific insights from Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia.

Linkages in South African Economic Development

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631587010 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3726/b13904 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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How can South Africa diversify its industrial sector so that it is less dependent on mineral exports, increases labour absorption and reduces unemployment? This book sheds more light on the structure of South Africa’s economy, its industrial sector and inter-sectoral linkages by simulating an economic geography model of the vertical linkages type, by testing linkage strength econometrically and by analysing industrial policy’s role in shaping its development path. It finds that linkages did play an important role in industrial development in South Africa, yet they have often been reinforced by policy interventions. Industrial policy is still geared to benefit the sectors close to the country’s mineral endowment, and thus contributes to South Africa‘s lopsided industrial development.

Mining for Change

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ISBN: 9780198851172 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198851172.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-25 23:58:38
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For a growing number of countries in Africa the discovery and exploitation of natural resources is a great opportunity, but one accompanied by considerable risks. In Africa, countries dependent on oil, gas, and mining have tended to have weaker long-run growth, higher rates of poverty, and greater income inequality than less resource-abundant economies. In resource-producing economies, relative prices make it more difficult to diversify into activities outside of the resource sector, limiting structural change. Economic structure matters for at least two reasons. First, countries whose exports are highly concentrated are vulnerable to declining prices and volatility. Second, economic diversification matters for long-term growth. This book presents research undertaken to understand how better management of the revenues and opportunities associated with natural resources can accelerate diversification and structural change in Africa. It begins with chapters on managing the boom, the construction sector, and linking industry to the resource—three major issues that frame the question of how to use natural resources for structural change. It then reports the main research results for five countries—Ghana, Mozambique, Uganda, Tanzania, and Zambia. Each country study covers the same three themes—managing the boom, the construction sector, and linking industry to the resource. One message that clearly emerges is that good policy can make a difference. A concluding chapter sets out some ideas for policy change in each of the areas that guided the research, and then goes on to propose some ideas for widening the options for structural change.

Changing Land Use, Changing Livelihoods: Smallholders Today

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ISBN: 9783038423430 9783038423423 Year: Pages: VIII, 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-343-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 08:15:15
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This book brings together eleven works by scholars within and beyond geography, to argue the case for a continued engagement with smallholder agricultural studies. The research detailed is largely empirical and draws on a wide spectrum of mixed qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The case studies cover a range of geographic locations, including Brazil, Burkina Faso, South Africa, Botswana, Malawi, Madagascar, Vietnam, and the USA, with greatest emphasis in sub-Saharan Africa. Key themes that emerge include the structural and relative nature of "smallholder" as a category, the dynamic reality of smallholder livelihoods, the importance of smallholder farming and land-use practices to questions of environmental sustainability, and the challenges of vulnerability and adaptation in contemporary human–environment systems. Overall these studies show that smallholder studies are more pertinent than ever, especially in the face of finite resources and global environmental change.

Risk, Ruin and Survival: Decision Making in Insurance and Finance

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ISBN: 9783039285167 / 9783039285174 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-517-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:56
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Developing techniques for assessing various risks and calculating probabilities of ruin and survival are exciting topics for mathematically-inclined academics. For practicing actuaries and financial engineers, the resulting insights have provided enormous opportunities but also created serious challenges to overcome, thus facilitating closer cooperation between industries and academic institutions. In this book, several renown researchers with extensive interdisciplinary research experiences share their thoughts that, in one way or another, contribute to the betterment of practice and theory of decision making under uncertainty. Behavioral, cultural, mathematical, and statistical aspects of risk assessment and modelling have been explored, and have been often illustrated using real and simulated data. Topics range from financial and insurance risks to security-type risks, from one-dimensional to multi- and even infinite-dimensional risks.

Intelligent Optimization Modelling in Energy Forecasting

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ISBN: 9783039283644 9783039283651 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-365-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Accurate energy forecasting is important to facilitate the decision-making process in order to achieve higher efficiency and reliability in power system operation and security, economic energy use, contingency scheduling, the planning and maintenance of energy supply systems, and so on. In recent decades, many energy forecasting models have been continuously proposed to improve forecasting accuracy, including traditional statistical models (e.g., ARIMA, SARIMA, ARMAX, multi-variate regression, exponential smoothing models, Kalman filtering, Bayesian estimation models, etc.) and artificial intelligence models (e.g., artificial neural networks (ANNs), knowledge-based expert systems, evolutionary computation models, support vector regression, etc.). Recently, due to the great development of optimization modeling methods (e.g., quadratic programming method, differential empirical mode method, evolutionary algorithms, meta-heuristic algorithms, etc.) and intelligent computing mechanisms (e.g., quantum computing, chaotic mapping, cloud mapping, seasonal mechanism, etc.), many novel hybrid models or models combined with the above-mentioned intelligent-optimization-based models have also been proposed to achieve satisfactory forecasting accuracy levels. It is important to explore the tendency and development of intelligent-optimization-based modeling methodologies and to enrich their practical performances, particularly for marine renewable energy forecasting.

Keywords

short-term load forecasting --- weighted k-nearest neighbor (W-K-NN) algorithm --- comparative analysis --- empirical mode decomposition (EMD) --- particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm --- intrinsic mode function (IMF) --- support vector regression (SVR) --- short term load forecasting --- crude oil price forecasting --- time series forecasting --- hybrid model --- complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition (CEEMD) --- sparse Bayesian learning (SBL) --- multi-step wind speed prediction --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Long Short Term Memory --- General Regression Neural Network --- Brain Storm Optimization --- substation project cost forecasting model --- feature selection --- data inconsistency rate --- modified fruit fly optimization algorithm --- deep convolutional neural network --- multi-objective grey wolf optimizer --- long short-term memory --- fuzzy time series --- LEM2 --- combination forecasting --- wind speed --- electrical power load --- crude oil prices --- time series forecasting --- improved complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (ICEEMDAN) --- kernel learning --- kernel ridge regression --- differential evolution (DE) --- artificial intelligence techniques --- energy forecasting --- condition-based maintenance --- asset management --- renewable energy consumption --- Gaussian processes regression --- state transition algorithm --- five-year project --- forecasting --- Markov-switching --- Markov-switching GARCH --- energy futures --- commodities --- portfolio management --- active investment --- diversification --- institutional investors --- energy price hedging --- metamodel --- ensemble --- individual --- regression --- interpolation

Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038974437 9783038974444 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-444-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Risk measures play a vital role in many subfields of economics and finance. It has been proposed that risk measures could be analysed in relation to the performance of variables extracted from empirical real-world data. For example, risk measures may help inform effective monetary and fiscal policies and, therefore, the further development of pricing models for financial assets such as equities, bonds, currencies, and derivative securities.A Special Issue of “Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics” will be devoted to advancements in the mathematical and statistical development of risk measures with applications in finance and economics. This Special Issue will bring together the theory, practice and real-world applications of risk measures. This book is a collection of papers published in the Special Issue of “Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics” for Sustainability in 2018.

Keywords

falsified products --- medication --- health risk --- low-income country --- regular vine copulas --- tree structures --- co-dependence modelling --- European stock markets --- carbon emissions --- fossil fuels --- crude oil --- coal --- low carbon targets --- green energy --- spot and futures prices --- Granger causality --- volatility spillovers --- quasi likelihood ratio (QLR) test --- diagonal BEKK --- full BEKK --- dynamic hedging --- socially responsible investment --- multivariate regime-switching --- time-varying correlations --- volatility transmission --- conscientiousness --- openness to experience --- perceived ease of use --- perceived usefulness --- online purchase intention --- dynamic conditional correlation --- generalized autoregressive score functions --- time-varying copula function --- CoVaR --- utility --- credit derivatives --- stochastic volatility --- asymptotic approximation --- risk aversion --- portfolio selection --- need hierarchy theory --- two-level optimization --- variance --- coherent risk measures --- probability of default --- bank risk --- banking regulation --- SYMBOL --- financial stability --- China’s food policy --- sustainable food security system --- japonica rice production --- two-level CES function --- technological progress --- Project Financing --- Mezzanine Financing --- option value --- Monte Carlo Simulations --- probabilistic cash flow --- optimizing financial model --- risks mitigation --- investment profitability --- financial hazard map --- random forests --- early warning system --- bank failure --- B-splines --- inflation forecast --- monthly CPI data --- out-of-sample forecast --- the sudden stop of capital inflow --- financial security --- the optimal scale of foreign exchange reserve --- utility maximization --- finance risk --- liquidity premium --- uncertainty termination --- investment horizon --- Amihud’s illiquidity ratio --- factor models --- diversification --- bank profitability --- bank risk --- dynamic panel --- European banking system --- sustainability of economic recovery --- Bayesian approach --- conjugate prior --- cartel --- leniency program --- policy simulation --- S&P 500 index options --- gain-loss ratio --- risk-neutral distribution --- binomial tree --- risk management --- market timing --- moving averages --- risk-free rate --- returns and volatility --- financial risk --- bankruptcy --- regression model --- sustainable development --- Slovak enterprises --- sentiment analysis --- polarity --- scientific verification --- emotion --- joy --- sadness --- climate change --- GMC --- VIX --- RV5MIN --- causal path --- ANN --- sovereign credit default swap (SCDS) --- emerging market --- markov regime switching --- credit risk --- risk assessment --- risk measures --- IPO underpricing --- financial crisis --- information asymmetry --- financial risks --- business groups --- financial performance --- group-affiliated --- institutional voids --- production frontier function --- stochastic frontier model --- specification testing --- wild bootstrap --- smoothing process --- empirical process --- simulations --- stakeholder theory --- sustainability --- risk --- social efficiency --- banking --- cooperative banks --- Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) --- corporate sustainability --- news release --- stakeholder theory --- stock return volatility --- EGARCH-m --- life insurance --- term life insurance --- whole life insurance --- self-perceived health --- objective health status --- future health risk --- SHARE --- national health system

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