Search results: Found 7

Listing 1 - 7 of 7
Sort by
Disruption in the Arts. Textual, Visual, and Performative Strategies for Analyzing Societal Self-Descriptions

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Culture & Conflict ISSN: 21947104 ISBN: 9783110580082 Year: Volume: 11 Pages: 396 DOI: 10.1515/9783110580082 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The volume examines aesthetic disruptions within the various arts in contemporary culture. It assumes that the political potential of art is not solely derived from presenting its audiences with openly political content. Rather, it creates a space of perception and interaction using formal means, thus problematizing the self-evidence of hegemonic structures of communication.

Die Digitale Transformation im Gesundheitswesen

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783954663262 9783954663576 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103092
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-11 11:01:51
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Der digitale Wandel macht vor keiner Branche halt: Die Digitalisierung wird auch die Gesundheitswirtschaft in den nächsten Jahren deutlich verändern. Dies betrifft Kostenträger und Leistungserbringer, aber vor allem die Versicherten und Patienten, die durch digitale Lösungen eine aktive Rolle als souveräne Kunden einnehmen werden. Online-Apotheken greifen die stationären Apotheken an, das Krankenhaus 4.0 setzt auf digitale Patientenakten, Start-ups und Entrepreneure bauen an Apps und Lösungen für ein innovatives Gesundheitssystem. Das Buch beleuchtet aus verschiedenen Perspektiven praxisnah und fundiert die Digitalisierung im Gesundheitswesen. Akteure aus Politik, Krankenversicherung, Gesundheitseinrichtungen, Selbstverwaltung und Wirtschaft verorten ihre Institutionen in der digitalen Transformation. Experten, junge Entscheider und Start-ups zeigen Chancen, Herausforderungen und Grenzen auf und gehen der Frage nach, wie die Digitalisierung die Gesundheitsversorgung verändern wird.

Therapeutic Implications of Circadian Rhythms

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196654 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-665-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Circadian rhythms are biological processes displaying endogenous and entrainable oscillations of about 24 hours. They are driven by a group of genes called clock genes that have been widely observed in plants, animals and even in bacteria. In mammals, the core clock genes are rhythmically expressed in both the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master clock residing in the hypothalamus, and almost all peripheral tissues where they control numerous target genes in a circadian manner, and thus affect many physiological and biochemical processes. Evidence suggests that disruption of the circadian rhythms (or desynchronization) is a significant risk factor for the development of metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and sleep disorders. Evidence also suggests that the disruption suppresses immune function and increases vulnerability to infectious diseases. Restoring or strengthening the circadian rhythm may be therapeutic for these conditions. This becomes exceptionally important in modern societies because many people are suffering from frequent desynchronization due to shift working, exposure to artificial light, travel by transmeridian air flight, and involvement in social activities. Besides, the temporal variations in the incidence and severity of many diseases, such as the onset of cardiovascular events, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), inflammatory diseases and mental disorders have also drawn increasing attention to the circadian clock. The circadian rhythms affect not only the health status, but also the drug efficiency. The effects (and side effects) of many drugs vary with biological timing. The tolerance of many medications displays circadian variation as well. The timing of medical treatment in coordination with the body clock may significantly increase the desired effects of drugs, and lower the dose and toxicity. In addition, circadian rhythms can also be modulated by some therapeutic drugs, for example, melatonin and modafinil, which are used to treat circadian rhythm sleep disorders. In this Research Topic, we assemble a series of critical review and research articles that focus on the therapeutic implications of circadian rhythms. Topics include, but are not limited to: • Circadian disruption caused diseases or disorders and related intervention • Temporal manifestation of diseases or disorders and therapeutic implications • The effects of circadian rhythms on drugs • The effects of drugs on circadian rhythms

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038977902 9783038977919 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-791-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Through reading this book, you will obtain information on: (1) the main problems in air separation and natural gas treatment by membrane separation and how to solve them; (2) processes involving membranes and new membrane materials for the more economical utilization of bio-resources; (3) energy selection and membrane development for more expedient and stable harnessing of the natural osmosis phenomenon; (4) many excellent contributions about catalytic membrane bioreactors; (5) how to fine-tune the arrangement of aquaporins (i.e., proteins identified in biological cells) to achieve superior water treatment efficiency.

Hydrothermal Technology in Biomass Utilization & Conversion

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039286768 / 9783039286775 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-677-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book addresses a key innovative technology for decarbonization of the energy system: hydrothermal processing. It basically consists of treating biomass and wastes in a wet form, under pressure and temperature condition. This approach is becoming more and more attractive, as new feedstock and applications are appearing on the scene of bioeconomy and bioenergy. The hydrothermal processing of various type of biomass, waste, and residues, thus, raised the interest of many researchers and companies around the world, together with downstream upgrading processes and technologies: solid products as biochar, for instance, or liquid ones as crude bioliquids, are finding new market opportunities in circular economy schemes. The Special Issue collects recent innovative research works in the field, from basic to applied research, as well as pilot industrial applications/demo. It is a valuable set of references for those investing time and effort in research in the field.

Protection Strategy against Spruce Budworm

Author:
ISBN: 9783039280964 9783039280971 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-097-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Forestry --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) outbreaks are a dominant natural disturbance in the forests of Canada and northeastern USA. Widespread, severe defoliation by this native insect results in large-scale mortality and growth reductions of spruce (Picea sp.) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) forests, and largely determines future age–class structure and productivity. The last major spruce budworm outbreak defoliated over 58 million hectares in the 1970s–1980s, and caused 32–43 million m3/year of timber volume losses from 1978 to 1987, in Canada. Management to deal with spruce budworm outbreaks has emphasized forest protection, spraying registered insecticides to prevent defoliation and keep trees alive. Other tactics can include salvage harvesting, altering harvest schedules to remove the most susceptible stands, or reducing future susceptibility by planting or thinning. Chemical insecticides are no longer used, and protection strategies use biological insecticides Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.) or tebufenozide, a specific insect growth regulator. Over the last five years, a $30 million research project has tested another possible management tactic, termed an ‘early intervention strategy’, aimed at area-wide management of spruce budworm populations. This includes intensive monitoring to detect ‘hot spots’ of rising budworm populations before defoliation occurs, targeted insecticide treatment to prevent spread, and detailed research into target and non-target insect effects. The objective of this Special Issue is to compile the most recent research on protection strategies against spruce budworm. A series of papers will describe results and prospects for the use of an early intervention strategy in spruce budworm and other insect management.

Keywords

forest pests --- defoliation --- spruce budworm --- multi-spectral remote sensing --- Acadian region --- Maine --- Quebec --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- Abies balsamea --- hardwood content --- defoliation prediction --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- annual defoliation --- spatial autocorrelation --- spatial-temporal patterns --- mixed effect models --- intertree variance --- insect population management --- spruce budworm --- early intervention --- defoliation --- economic losses --- decision support system --- optimized treatment design --- insect population management --- spruce budworm --- early intervention --- defoliation --- economic losses --- decision support system --- computable general equilibrium model --- Pinaceae --- endophytic fungi --- plant tolerance --- Phialocephala scopiformis --- Picea glauca --- spruce budworm --- phenology --- insect susceptibility --- spruce budworm --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- egg recruitment --- apparent fecundity --- growth rate --- spruce budworm --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- survival --- apparent fecundity --- immigration --- growth rate --- treatment threshold --- insecticides --- spruce budworm --- moth --- tortricidae --- Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- pheromone mating disruption --- migration --- dispersal --- spruce budworm --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- moth --- Lepidoptera --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- migration --- simulation --- aerobiology --- moths --- migration --- forest protection --- spruce budworm --- Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) --- early intervention strategy --- modelling --- circadian rhythm --- foliage protection --- population control --- monitoring --- area-wide management --- science communication --- economic and ecological cost: benefit analyses --- early intervention strategy --- foliage protection --- defoliation --- monitoring --- insecticide application

Application of Optimization in Production, Logistics, Inventory, Supply Chain Management and Block Chain

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039285228 / 9783039285235 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-523-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The evolution of industrial development since the 18th century is now experiencing the fourth industrial revolution. The effect of the development has propagated into almost every sector of the industry. From inventory to the circular economy, the effectiveness of technology has been fruitful for industry. The recent trends in research, with new ideas and methodologies, are included in this book. Several new ideas and business strategies are developed in the area of the supply chain management, logistics, optimization, and forecasting for the improvement of the economy of the society and the environment. The proposed technologies and ideas are either novel or help modify several other new ideas. Different real life problems with different dimensions are discussed in the book so that readers may connect with the recent issues in society and industry. The collection of the articles provides a glimpse into the new research trends in technology, business, and the environment.

Keywords

inventory --- defectives --- inspection errors --- full trade credit --- partial trade credit --- supplier selection process --- multicriteria decision making (MCDM) --- edible oil --- fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) --- green data envelopment analysis (GDEA) --- optimization --- integer linear programming --- sustainable --- supplier selection --- order allocation --- supply chain management --- e-commerce --- O2O channel --- customer acquisition cost --- transshipments --- electric power distribution --- Lean manufacturing --- multi-stage production system --- fuzzy demand --- imperfect products --- reworking --- lean manufacturing --- sustainability --- process imperfection --- uncertain information --- decomposition principle --- triangular fuzzy number --- human-based production system --- offline inspection --- optimization --- inspection cost --- outgoing quality --- learning behavior --- transport infrastructure --- develop strategies --- optimal algorithms --- business performance --- resilient supply chain --- supplier selection --- fuzzy optimization --- disruption risks --- preservation technology investment --- refrigerated trucks --- waste reduction --- controllable probabilistic deterioration rate --- supply chain management --- supply chain inventory --- imperfect quality --- inspection --- carbon emission --- deteriorating items --- industry 4.0 --- dynamic job-shop scheduling --- simulation --- decision support systems --- internet of things --- four-dimensional transportation problem --- fixed charge --- space constraint --- budget constraint --- substitute and complimentary items --- rough interval --- lead-time reduction --- production modelling --- optimization --- inventory control --- backorder --- imperfect manufacturing system --- backordering --- defective products --- rework --- inspection --- inventory --- smart production --- variable demand --- advertisement --- energy --- rework --- system reliability --- airborne particulate matter --- Bayesian approach --- change point detection --- likelihood ratio test --- time series analysis --- air quality --- supply chain management --- inventory control --- distribution-free approach --- revenue sharing --- radio frequency identification --- information asymmetry --- CLSC management --- O2O channel --- random defective rate --- hybrid manufacturing- remanufacturing strategy --- stochastic-petri net modeling --- sustainable healthcare system --- staff absenteeism --- patient’s queue --- mixed integer nonlinear programming --- data envelopment analysis --- benchmarking --- petrochemical industries --- technical and super-efficiencies --- multidimensional scaling --- efficiency and scatter plots --- price discounts --- stochastic-price dependent demand --- newsvendor --- pricing policy --- scheduling --- evolutionary algorithm --- robustness --- multi-objective --- machine breakdown --- inventory --- pricing --- complementary products --- substitutable products --- deterioration --- inventory modelling and optimization --- Trade-credit financing --- Cash discounts --- permissible delays in payments --- Supply chain management --- economic order quantity (EOQ) --- mathematical solution procedure --- deteriorating items --- mathematical analytic tools and techniques --- managerial considerations and managerial decisions --- production --- imperfect production --- defective rate --- workplace stress --- workers’ efficiency --- quality control --- targeting model --- process mean --- strict quasi-concavity --- recurrent states --- optimized limits --- preventive maintenance --- imperfect repair --- optimization --- reliability threshold --- repairable system --- distributed development --- agile development --- application program interfaces in agile distributed projects --- framework for agile distributed development

Listing 1 - 7 of 7
Sort by