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3D Remote Sensing Applications in Forest Ecology: Composition, Structure and Function

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ISBN: 9783039217823 / 9783039217830 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-783-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Dear Colleagues, The composition, structure and function of forest ecosystems are the key features characterizing their ecological properties, and can thus be crucially shaped and changed by various biotic and abiotic factors on multiple spatial scales. The magnitude and extent of these changes in recent decades calls for enhanced mitigation and adaption measures. Remote sensing data and methods are the main complementary sources of up-to-date synoptic and objective information of forest ecology. Due to the inherent 3D nature of forest ecosystems, the analysis of 3D sources of remote sensing data is considered to be most appropriate for recreating the forest’s compositional, structural and functional dynamics. In this Special Issue of Forests, we published a set of state-of-the-art scientific works including experimental studies, methodological developments and model validations, all dealing with the general topic of 3D remote sensing-assisted applications in forest ecology. We showed applications in forest ecology from a broad collection of method and sensor combinations, including fusion schemes. All in all, the studies and their focuses are as broad as a forest’s ecology or the field of remote sensing and, thus, reflect the very diverse usages and directions toward which future research and practice will be directed.

Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018

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ISBN: 9783039281701 / 9783039281718 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-171-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management 2018 includes 13 papers, and is a continuation of the Special Issue Distributed Energy Resources Management. The success of the previous edition shows the unquestionable relevance of distributed energy resources in the operation of power and energy systems at both the distribution level and at the wider power system level. Improving the management of distributed energy resources makes it possible to accommodate the higher penetration of intermittent distributed generation and electric vehicle charging. Demand response programs, namely the ones with a distributed nature, allow the consumers to contribute to the increased system efficiency while receiving benefits. This book addresses the management of distributed energy resources, with a focus on methods and techniques to achieve an optimized operation, in order to aggregate the resources namely in the scope of virtual power players and other types of aggregators, and to remunerate them. The integration of distributed resources in electricity markets is also addressed as an enabler for their increased and efficient use.

Keywords

clustering --- demand Response --- distributed generation --- smart grids --- demand-side management --- multi-agent system --- distributed coordination --- distributed energy resources --- swarm intelligence --- virtual power plant --- distributed energy resources --- multi-agent technology --- bidding strategy --- stackelberg dynamic game --- aggregator --- distribution system operator --- distributed energy resources --- local flexibility market --- flexibility service --- distributed energy --- comprehensive benefits --- multi-agent synergetic estimation --- synergistic optimization strategy --- control system --- fault-tolerant control --- algorithm design and analysis --- IoT (Internet of Things) --- nonlinear control --- optimization --- DSM --- microgrid --- solar --- wind --- teaching-learning --- microgrid --- energy storage system --- distributed generator --- frequency control --- active power control --- autonomous control --- droop control --- frequency bus-signaling --- batteries --- energy storage --- microgrids --- optimal scheduling --- particle swarm optimization --- power system management --- smart grid --- supply and demand --- trade agreements --- low voltage networks --- multi-period optimal power flow --- multi-temporal optimal power flow --- active distribution networks --- unbalanced networks --- indoor environment quality --- occupant comfort --- building climate control --- healthy building --- energy efficiency --- adaptability --- decentralized energy management system --- local energy trading --- multi-agent system --- optimization --- smart grid --- demand response --- distributed generation --- particle swarm optimization --- prosumer --- n/a

Internet and Mobile Phone Addiction. Health and Educational Effects

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ISBN: 9783038976042 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-605-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Internet use-related addiction problems (e.g., Internet addiction, problem mobile phone use, problem gaming, and social networking) have been defined according to the same core element: the addictive symptomatology presented by individuals who excessively and problematically behave using the technology. Online activity is the most important factor in their lives, causing them the loss of control by stress and difficulties in managing at least one aspect of their daily life, affecting users’ wellbeing and health. In 2018, Gaming Disorder was included as a mental disease in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases by the World Health Organization. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association requested additional research on Internet Gaming Disorder. The papers contained in this e-Book provide unique and original perspectives on the concept, development, and early detection of the prevention of these health problems. They are diverse in the nature of the problems they deal with, methodologies, populations, cultures, and contain insights and a clear indication of the impact of individual, social, and environmental factors on Internet use-related addiction problems. The e-Book illustrates recent progress in the evolution of research, with great emphasis on gaming and smartphone problems, signaling areas in which research would be useful, even cross-culturally.

Keywords

commuting --- well-being --- personality --- gender --- stress --- Internet addiction --- Internet gaming disorder --- game device usage pattern --- smartphone --- comorbidity --- Internet gaming disorder --- IGD --- emotional regulation --- cognitive reappraisal --- suppression --- depression --- hostility --- internet gaming disorder --- Dickman Impulsivity Inventory-Short Version (DII) --- Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) --- Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) --- Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) --- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) --- gambling --- video-game addiction --- screen addiction --- immersion --- problematic Internet use --- comorbidity --- cognitive distortion --- problematic smartphone use --- smartphone addiction --- social media --- approaches to learning --- deep approach to learning --- surface approach to learning --- smartphone --- problematic mobile phone use --- convergent design --- focus group --- survey --- internet gaming disorder --- impulsivity --- depression --- interpersonal relationships --- serial mediation --- Internet addiction --- mobile phone addiction --- online social network --- university students --- technological addictions --- behavioral addictions --- CERI --- CERM --- mobile phone dependence --- mobile phone use --- impulsivity --- China --- Internet addiction --- Internet-use disorder --- Internet literacy --- expectancies --- personality --- cultural differences --- pathological video-game use --- Internet Gaming Disorder --- comorbid psychopathology --- review --- Internet Use Disorder --- prevalence --- epidemiology --- adolescence --- latent profile analysis --- anxiety --- depression --- Internet addiction --- smartphone addiction --- propensity score --- Internet addiction --- coping strategies --- personality traits --- young people --- mobile phone use --- smartphone use --- Problematic Mobile Phone Use --- Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire --- psychometric testing --- measurement invariance --- time --- gaming disorder --- interpersonal relations --- self-efficacy --- self-control --- expectations --- fear of missing out (FOMO) --- social media --- problematic social media use (PSMU) --- phubbing --- teenagers --- adolescents --- addiction --- internet addiction --- mobile phone (or smartphone) use --- young children --- early childhood education --- parenting --- emergent bilinguals --- intergenerational language transmission --- behavioural addictions --- generalised versus specific problem Internet uses --- Internet addiction --- gaming disorder --- social networking --- mixed methods research

Ten Years of TerraSAR-X—Scientific Results

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038977247 9783038977254 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-725-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue is a collection of papers addressing the scientific use of data acquired in the course of the TerraSAR-X mission 10 years after launch. The articles deal with the mission itself, the accuracy of the products, with differential interferometry, and with applications in the domains cryosphere, oceans, wetlands, and urban areas.

Keywords

synthetic aperture radar --- TerraSAR-X --- geolocation --- absolute localization accuracy --- stereo sar --- imaging geodesy --- TerraSAR-X --- internal calibration --- geometric and radiometric calibration --- antenna model verification --- antenna pointing determination --- radiometric accuracy --- calibration targets --- long term performance monitoring --- TerraSAR-X --- TanDEM-X --- LEO --- POD --- SLR --- SAR --- Satellite Laser Ranging --- radar ranging --- satellite orbit --- validation --- InSAR coherence --- NDVI --- damage assessment --- density map --- tsunami --- earthquake --- GIS --- TSX Staring spotlight --- high resolution InSAR --- small-scale movements --- atmospheric phase --- layover --- DSM blending --- SAR --- internal waves --- Andaman Sea --- radar --- satellite --- remote sensing --- SAR --- TerraSAR-X --- operations --- ground segment --- orbit --- mission --- global --- urban footprint --- processing --- validation --- community survey --- sustainability --- synthetic aperture radar --- X-band --- marine --- estuarine --- lacustrine --- riverine --- palustrine --- time-series --- SAR applications --- vegetation --- remote sensing data --- DInSAR --- landslide monitoring --- PSI --- super high-spatial resolution TerraSAR-X images --- pixel selection --- measurement pixels’ density --- synthetic aperture radar --- PolSAR --- TerraSAR-X --- surface water monitoring --- flooded vegetation --- classification --- segmentation --- InSAR --- landslide --- phase unwrapping --- phase demodulation --- TerraSAR-X --- RADARSAT-2 --- ALOS-1 --- ERS --- synthetic aperture radar --- TerraSAR-X --- habitat mapping --- monitoring --- remote sensing --- Wadden Sea --- mussel beds --- intertidal bedforms --- tidal gullies --- remote sensing --- film slicks on the sea surface --- dual co-polarized microwave radar --- surface wind waves --- wave breaking --- Snow Cover Extent (SCE) --- TerraSAR-X --- Landsat --- wet snow --- small Arctic catchments --- satellite time series --- TerraSAR-X --- synthetic aperture radar (SAR), radar mission --- remote sensing --- land subsidence --- TerraSAR-X --- SAR interferometry --- coastal environments --- Venice lagoon --- multi-baseline --- multi-pass --- PS --- DS --- geodetic --- TomoSAR --- D-TomoSAR --- PSI --- robust estimation --- covariance matrix --- InSAR --- SAR --- review --- SAR --- SAR interferometry --- atmospheric propagation delay --- persistent scatterer interferometry --- numerical weather prediction --- stratified atmospheric delay --- zenith path delay --- slant path delay --- interferometry --- surface movement monitoring --- ground control points --- radargrammetry --- automated target recognition --- convolutional neural networks (CNN), deep CNN --- support vector machine --- SVM --- synthetic aperture radar --- TerraSAR-X --- SAR interferometry --- land subsidence --- precise orbit determination --- geometric and radiometric calibration --- PSI

Microgrids

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ISBN: 9783039218684 / 9783039218691 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-869-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Electrical power systems are evolving at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. At distribution level, small generating and storage units—the so-called distributed energy sources (DERs)—are being installed close to consumption sites. The expansion of DERs is empowering renewable energy source integration and, as a consequence, new actors are appearing in electrical systems. Among them, the prosumer is a game-changer; the fruit of the behavior transformation of the consumer who has not only the ability to consume power but also to produce it. Microgrids can be understood as DER installations that have the capability of both grid-connected and grid-isolated operation. During the last decades, there has been a significant deployment of microgrids (e.g., in countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Denmark) and a consequent increase in renewable energy generation. This is contributing to the decarbonization of electrical power systems. However, the variability and intermittency of renewable sources introduce uncertainty, which implies a more complex operation and control. Taking into account that existing and future planned microgrids are being/going to be interconnected to the current electrical network, challenges in terms of design, operation, and control at power system level need to be addressed, considering existing regulations.

Keywords

demand-side management --- optimization --- deterministic optimization --- stochastic optimization --- residential users --- devices scheduling --- renewable sources --- storage systems --- electric energy market --- power quality --- chaos synchronization detection --- extension theory --- direct search method (DSM) --- microgrid (MG) --- distributed energy resources (DERs) --- distributed generation (DG) --- optimal dispatch --- microgrids --- multi-agent --- coordinated control --- IEC 61850 Standard --- generic object oriented substation event (GOOSE) communication --- power quality disturbances --- S-transform --- multiresolution --- particle swarm optimization --- decision tree --- reliability evaluation --- microgrid --- distributed generation --- battery storage --- vehicle-to-grid --- ruleless EV --- regular EV --- combined power generation system --- microgrid --- coordinative optimization of energy --- predictive control --- genetic algorithm --- distributed generation (DG) --- microgrid --- microgrid stability controller (MSC) --- total sliding-mode control --- hierarchical control scheme --- maximum electrical efficiency --- nonlinear programming --- solid oxide fuel cell --- electric vehicle (EV) --- vehicle-to-grid (V2G) --- isolated grid --- load frequency control (LFC) --- multivariable generalized predictive control (MGPC) --- current harmonic reduction --- active filter --- power quality --- buck-boost converter --- renewable energy source --- optimal capacity --- reliability --- renewable --- energy storage --- genetic algorithm --- DC microgrid --- communication delay --- droop control --- load power sharing --- mesh configuration --- radial configuration --- electric vehicle --- energy management system --- peak-shift --- peak-cut --- vehicle information system --- photovoltaic feasibility --- flexible generation --- distributed energy resources --- power quality --- DC distribution --- DC microgrid --- inrush current --- grounding --- DC architectures --- datacenter --- residential power systems --- telecommunication power management --- smart grids --- microgrid --- network planning --- power distribution --- grid independence --- distributed energy resources --- micro-grid --- IEC 61850 --- plug and play --- operation --- small-scale standalone microgrid --- HESS --- ESS effective rate --- coordinated control strategy --- cost and life --- technical and economic optimization --- microgrid --- flywheel energy storage (FES) --- doubly fed induction machine --- frequency control --- smoothing wind power --- distributed generation --- congestion problems --- medium-voltage networks --- curtailment --- flexibility --- microgrid test facility --- distributed generation --- integrated electrical and thermal grids --- flexible and configurable architecture --- energy efficiency --- distributed optimization --- optimal power flow --- microgrids --- embedded system --- smart grid --- smart inverter --- distributed energy resource --- power quality

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