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Costa Rica: juicio a la democracia

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ISBN: 9782821846142 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Centro de estudios mexicanos y centroamericanos
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-06 10:10:51
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Análisis de cómo una pequeña democracia puede defenderse ante condiciones adversas y revelar los procedimientos, la fórmula del funcionamiento del sistema político costarricense contemporáneo, en términos de estabilidad, de contingencias económicas, políticas y sociales.

Vierge ou putain ?

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ISBN: 9782753532465 9782753553071 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-23 12:05:09
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage cherche à comprendre les processus de marginalisation à travers l’étude de la prostitution à San José du Costa Rica entre 1870 et 1930. La démarche adoptée est différente des études classiques sur la marginalité puisque l’objectif n’est pas d’étudier un groupe donné, les prostituées, mais de comprendre sa formation et de saisir la signification de la notion de marginalisation, à un moment et dans un espace donnés.

Recherche archéologiques dans la vallée du Tempisque, Guanacaste, Costa Rica

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ISBN: 9782371540927 DOI: 10.4000/books.iheal.4205 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l’IHEAL
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:35
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Puerto Limón (Costa Rica) : Formas y prácticas de auto/representación: Apuestas imaginarias y políticas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782354124151 DOI: 10.4000/books.pupvd.10908 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Perpignan
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:35
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’un des avantages incontestables de cet ouvrage est d’avoir rassemblé des contributions émanant, en majorité, des chercheur-e-s et activistes Afro-descendant-e-s, originaires de Limón. Son objectif principal est de dévoiler la « face cachée » du Costa Rica, celle qu’on ne perçoit généralement pas de l’extérieur, celle qui n’est pas forcément représentée par/dans les récits pédagogiques nationaux de ce pays. Quant elle vient à l’être c’est toujours au prix d’une stéréotypie tenace ou encore cela engendre des discordances, des failles dans la projection du « Soi » national imaginé. De ce point de vue, l’ouvrage fait le point sur certains trajets de représentations imaginaires hégémoniques, tout comme il met l’accent sur les parcours de résistances, d’auto-affirmation et d’auto-représentation des Afro-descendant-e-s de Limón, à travers leurs propres productions à travers leur propre capacité d’agir.

Variance in Approach Toward a ‘Sustainable’ Coffee Industry in Costa Rica

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ISBN: 9781911529774 9781911529767 9781911529781 9781911529798 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.5334/bce Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Social Sciences --- Philosophy --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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"The monograph considers influence over time of Fairtrade and Rainforest Alliance in 10 Costa Rican coffee farming communities. In-country perspectives and relevant historic and contemporary literature inform findings. Misaligned intentions to outcomes; different sustainability approaches; and variable influence is observed. There is opportunity to: consider when certifications are most useful; develop locally relevant standards; vertically integrate sourcing chains; consider how complementary mechanisms can be used alongside, or to improve certification approach. Sustainability of coffee as a cash crop, considering influence on biodiversity, and the possible implication of reduced coffee crop density for consumers, the market and farming landscapes, is considered. "

Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783038978329 9783038978336 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-833-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) and other private governance instruments (e.g., Fair Trade, Forest Stewardship Council, Fair Wear Foundation, GLOBALGAP) are increasingly regulating global production processes and economic activities. VSS verify the compliance of products or production processes with sustainability standards. The importance of voluntary sustainability standards is now widely recognized. After being operational for more than two decades, they have established themselves as private governance instruments. This recognition is also exemplified by their integration in public regulatory approaches. Governments and international organizations are partnering with voluntary sustainability standards to pursue sustainable development policies. We witness the integration of VSS in the regulatory approaches of local and national governments in countries around the world, the integration of VSS in trade policies, the emergence of public–private initiatives to govern global supply chains, and the inclusion of private initiatives in experimentalist governance regimes. This Special Issue seeks to bring together research on the interface between private and public governance. We welcome contributions which analyze specific case studies on the emergence and development of these private–public interactions, the design of public–private governance, the effectiveness of these governance arrangements, and critical perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of such public–private forms of governance. We welcome multi-disciplinary perspectives including contributions from economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, and anthropology. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

The Long-Term Perspective of Human Impact on Landscape for Environmental Change and Sustainability

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039217960 9783039217977 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-797-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The research studies included in this Special Issue highlight the fundamental contribution of the knowledge of environmental history to conscious and efficient environment conservation and management. The long-term perspective of the dynamics that govern the human–climate ecosystem is becoming one of the main focuses of interest in biological and earth system sciences. Multidisciplinary bio-geo-archaeo investigations into the underlying processes of human impact on the landscape are crucial to envisage possible future scenarios of biosphere responses to global warming and biodiversity losses. This Special Issue seeks to engage an interdisciplinary dialog on the dynamic interactions between nature and society, focusing on long-term environmental data as an essential tool for better-informed landscape management decisions to achieve an equilibrium between conservation and sustainable resource exploitation.

Assessment and Governance of Sustainable Soil Management

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214792 9783039214808 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-480-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The role of soils for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals is multifarious. Soils are the essential basis for food and biomass provision in support of food security (SDG 2) and energy security (SDG 7). Soil carbon sequestration is paramount for climate action (SDG 13). Soil-mediated water purification and retention, nutrient and matter cycling, and soils habitat functions are essential for maintaining ecosystem services and biodiversity (SDG 15). Healthy soils perform well in all these functions simultaneously. However, the globally increasing demand for food, fiber, and bio-based products poses massive challenges to soil health. Minimizing trade-offs between biomass production and soil health requires systemic approaches to assessment and governance of sustainable soil management in agriculture and food systems. It provides interdisciplinary insights into key questions: What are the impacts of agricultural management practices on sustainability targets in specific geophysical and socio-economic contexts? What are the opportunities and risks of future trends such as climate change, digitalization, and emerging technologies for soil management and soil health? How can institutions and governance instruments be improved to enable decision makers to take action on sustainable soil management? The book was initiated in the frame of the National German research program ‘BonaRes—Soil as a sustainable resource for the bioeconomy’, and it is meant to trigger interdisciplinary thinking.

Keywords

conservation agriculture --- crop–livestock interactions --- Syria --- soil health --- agricultural innovation --- arid oasis --- combination of modern and indigenous knowledge --- Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response sustainability framework --- bayesian network --- soil functions --- conservation agriculture --- conventional farming --- zero tillage --- environmental zones --- phosphorus --- legal comparison --- governance --- sustainable agriculture --- fertilization --- soil protection --- Germany --- Costa Rica --- Nicaragua --- crop rotation modelling --- spatially explicit --- dynamic programming --- gross income --- carob --- yield --- soils --- desertification --- coffee by-products --- nutrient composition --- N leaching --- production --- so-called organic fertilizer --- ecosystem services --- governance --- institutions --- land --- property rights --- soils --- sustainability --- landowner --- tenant --- rent price --- rent proportion --- yield potential --- sustainable soil management --- soil degradation --- soil functions --- soil framework directive --- soil policy --- soil threats --- contamination --- sealing --- soil compaction --- risk assessment --- soil functions --- soil management --- subsoil --- compaction --- agricultural yields --- soil functions --- societal acceptance --- farmer motivations --- subsoil loosening --- alfalfa --- sustainable soil management --- resource scarcity --- Germany --- ecosystem services --- soil food web --- earthworms --- monitoring --- water infiltration --- agricultural policy --- behavioural studies --- literature review --- soil functions --- soil pressures --- justifying soil protection --- sustainable soil management --- creation ethics --- Laudato si’ --- property rights --- German Constitutional Law --- soil --- ecosystem services --- land management --- soil remediation --- Europe --- soil functions --- agricultural practices --- sustainability assessment --- ecosystem services --- resource use efficiency --- soil policy --- soil governance

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