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Socio-Cognitive and Affective Computing

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ISBN: 9783038971986 9783038971993 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-199-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 10:52:57
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Social cognition focuses on how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. It focuses on the role that cognitive processes play in social interactions. On the other hand, the term cognitive computing is generally used to refer to new hardware and/or software that mimics the functioning of the human brain and helps to improve human decision-making. In this sense, it is a type of computing with the goal of discovering more accurate models of how the human brain/mind senses, reasons, and responds to stimuli.Socio-Cognitive Computing should be understood as a set of theoretical interdisciplinary frameworks, methodologies, methods and hardware/software tools to model how the human brain mediates social interactions. In addition, Affective Computing is the study and development of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, process, and simulate human affects, a fundamental aspect of socio-cognitive neuroscience. It is an interdisciplinary field spanning computer science, electrical engineering, psychology, and cognitive science.Physiological Computing is a category of technology in which electrophysiological data recorded directly from human activity are used to interface with a computing device. This technology becomes even more relevant when computing can be integrated pervasively in everyday life environments. Thus, Socio-Cognitive and Affective Computing systems should be able to adapt their behavior according to the Physiological Computing paradigm.This book integrates proposals from researchers who use signals from the brain and/or body to infer people's intentions and psychological state in smart computing systems. The design of this kind of systems combines knowledge and methods of ubiquitous and pervasive computing, as well as physiological data measurement and processing, with those of socio-cognitive and affective computing.

Virtual environments for grid computing

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Informatik - Automatisierungstechnik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) ISSN: 16145267 ISBN: 9783866443105 Year: Volume: 25 Pages: VII, 161 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000009892 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This book therefore proposes a new philosophy of Grid usage: provide virtual computing environments for Grid users. The new methodology could solve the problems currently encountered by Grid computing. It supports desired computing environments for users, which provide customized hardware/software configuration, QoS assurance and manageable functionality. This philosophy also liberates resource providers from the various onerous tasks of resource management.

Sound and Music Computing

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038429074 9783038429081 Year: Pages: VIII, 610 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Acoustics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 17:03:11
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Sound and music computing is a young and highly multidisciplinary research field. It combines scientific, technological, and artistic methods to produce, model, and understand audio and sonic arts with the help of computers. Sound and music computing borrows methods from computer science, electrical engineering, mathematics, musicology, and psychology.

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sound --- audio --- music --- computing

Informatics in the Future: Proceedings of the 11th European Computer Science Summit (ECSS 2015), Vienna, October 2015

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ISBN: 9783319557359 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55735-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 16:43:15
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This volume discusses the prospects and evolution of informatics (or computer science), which has become the operating system of our world, and is today seen as the science of the information society. Its artifacts change the world and its methods have an impact on how we think about and perceive the world. Classical computer science is built on the notion of an “abstract” machine, which can be instantiated by software to any concrete problem-solving machine, changing its behavior in response to external and internal states, allowing for self-reflective and “intelligent” behavior. However, current phenomena such as the Web, cyber physical systems or the Internet of Things show us that we might already have gone beyond this idea, exemplifying a metamorphosis from a stand-alone calculator to the global operating system of our society.

Cloud Standby - Eine Methode zur Vorhaltung eines Notfallsystems in der Cloud

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ISBN: 9783731505570 Year: Pages: IV, 289 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000057616 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Small and Medium size Companies (SME) are facing threats on a daily basis. Even if 94% of German SMEs are regularly backing up their data, only 50% use a different datacenter provider for protecting critical business processes with a disaster recovery system. The goal of this thesis is it to describe a new method for providing a disaster recovery system within the Cloud.

Media, Knowledge And Education: Cultures and Ethics of Sharing

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ISBN: 9783902811745 9783903122338 Year: Language: English
Publisher: innsbruck university press
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-12 10:31:25
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Dass das Teilen in der Gesellschaft der Gegenwart einmal eine so große Rolle spielen würde, hätte bis vor kurzem wohl kaum jemand vorausgesagt. Eine globale Protestbewegung brachte ein tiefes Bedürfnis zum Ausdruck, alternative Wege einzuschlagen, die auf anderen Werten beruhten als jene, die allem Anschein nach zur Finanzkrise geführt hatten. Gleichzeitig sind hoch entwickelte Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien, die das Teilen erleichtern, nicht nur beinahe überall verfügbar; sie s...

The Digital Humanist: A Critical Inquiry

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780692580448 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0120.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:37
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This book offers a critical introduction to the core technologies underlying the Internet from a humanistic perspective. It provides a cultural critique of computing technologies, by exploring the history of computing and examining issues related to writing, representing, archiving and searching. The book raises awareness of, and calls for, the digital humanities to address the challenges posed by the linguistic and cultural divides in computing, the clash between communication and control, and the biases inherent in networked technologies. A common problem with publications in the Digital Humanities is the dominance of the Anglo-American perspective. While seeking to take a broader view, the book attempts to show how cultural bias can become an obstacle to innovation both in the methodology and practice of the Digital Humanities. Its central point is that no technological instrument is culturally unbiased, and that all too often the geography that underlies technology coincides with the social and economic interests of its producers. The alternative proposed in the book is one of a world in which variation, contamination and decentralization are essential instruments for the production and transmission of digital knowledge. It is thus necessary not only to have spaces where DH scholars can interact (such as international conferences, THATCamps, forums and mailing lists), but also a genuine sharing of technological know-how and experience.

Risiken informations- und kommunikationstechnischer (IKT-) Implantate im Hinblick auf Datenschutz und Datensicherheit

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Book Series: Schriften des Zentrums für Angewandte Rechtswissenschaft / ZAR, Zentrum für Angewandte Rechtswissenschaft, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) ISSN: 18608744 ISBN: 9783866443433 Year: Volume: 11 Pages: XIV, 530 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000010307 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Nach Darstellung von IKT-Implantaten und Technologien wie RFID, LBS u. Data Mining werden deren Risiken (Gefährdungen der informationellen Selbstbestimmung, Vertraulichkeit u. Integrität informationstechnischer Systeme) dargestellt. Es werden für Juristen u. Technikgestalter die Datenschutzgesetze erläutert u. Schwächen aufgezeigt, welche diese leer laufen lassen. Schließlich folgen Vorschläge, um den Schutz der Betroffenen u.a. durch Prozessmanagement, PET u. Privacy-DRM wieder herzustellen.

Random Differential Equations in Scientific Computing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788376560267 Year: Pages: 650 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560267 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:15:31
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This book is a holistic and self-contained treatment of the analysis and numerics of random differential equations from a problem-centred point of view. An interdisciplinary approach is applied by considering state-of-the-art concepts of both dynamical systems and scientific computing. The red line pervading this book is the two-fold reduction of a random partial differential equation disturbed by some external force as present in many important applications in science and engineering. First, the random partial differential equation is reduced to a set of random ordinary differential equations in the spirit of the method of lines. These are then further reduced to a family of (deterministic) ordinary differential equations. The monograph will be of benefit, not only to mathematicians, but can also be used for interdisciplinary courses in informatics and engineering.

Enabling Technologies for Very Large-Scale Synaptic Electronics

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455089 Year: Pages: 105 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-508-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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An important part of the colossal effort associated with the understanding of the brain involves using electronics hardware technology in order to reproduce biological behavior in ‘silico’. The idea revolves around leveraging decades of experience in the electronics industry as well as new biological findings that are employed towards reproducing key behaviors of fundamental elements of the brain (notably neurons and synapses) at far greater speed-scale products than any software-only implementation can achieve for the given level of modelling detail. So far, the field of neuromorphic engineering has proven itself as a major source of innovation towards the ‘silicon brain’ goal, with the methods employed by its community largely focused on circuit design (analogue, digital and mixed signal) and standard, commercial, Complementary Metal-Oxide Silicon (CMOS) technology as the preferred `tools of choice’ when trying to simulate or emulate biological behavior. However, alongside the circuit-oriented sector of the community there exists another community developing new electronic technologies with the express aim of creating advanced devices, beyond the capabilities of CMOS, that can intrinsically simulate neuron- or synapse-like behavior. A notable example concerns nanoelectronic devices responding to well-defined input signals by suitably changing their internal state (‘weight’), thereby exhibiting `synapse-like’ plasticity. This is in stark contrast to circuit-oriented approaches where the `synaptic weight’ variable has to be first stored, typically as charge on a capacitor or digitally, and then appropriately changed via complicated circuitry. The shift of very much complexity from circuitry to devices could potentially be a major enabling factor for very-large scale `synaptic electronics’, particularly if the new devices can be operated at much lower power budgets than their corresponding 'traditional' circuit replacements. To bring this promise to fruition, synergy between the well-established practices of the circuit-oriented approach and the vastness of possibilities opened by the advent of novel nanoelectronic devices with rich internal dynamics is absolutely essential and will create the opportunity for radical innovation in both fields. The result of such synergy can be of potentially staggering impact to the progress of our efforts to both simulate the brain and ultimately understand it. In this Research Topic, we wish to provide an overview of what constitutes state-of-the-art in terms of enabling technologies for very large scale synaptic electronics, with particular stress on innovative nanoelectronic devices and circuit/system design techniques that can facilitate the development of very large scale brain-inspired electronic systems

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