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Geister in Kambodscha

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ISBN: 9783863954413 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2020-1249 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-08 23:57:33
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In this dissertation, Paul Christensen examines the significant roles played by spirits in Cambodian society. In particular, he focuses on the handling of the traumatic past, the religious identification of Cambodians, the political empowerment of elites through spiritual legitimation strategies, and the living ritual practice of spirit mediums in Cambodia. Based on 13 months of ethnographic field research and an innovative methodology utilizing actor-network theory, the research provides an emic understanding of these religious phenomena in terms of a ‘(re-)enchanted modernity’ that is manifesting itself across Southeast Asia. The dissertation makes a seminal contribution to the scholarly understanding of spirits. It is compelling not only because of the novel connections provided by its methodology; its ethnographic descriptions of social topics such as power, existence, religion, healing, love or mourning provide new insights into religious life in a rapidly changing country.

Keywords

Cambodia --- spirits --- spirit mediums

Life, Fish and Mangroves : Resource governance in costal Cambodia

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ISBN: 9780776626161 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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In Life, Fish and Mangroves, Melissa Marschke explores the potential of resource governance, offering a case study of resource-dependent village life. Following six households and one village-based institution in coastal Cambodia over a twelve-year period, Marschke reveals the opportunities and constraints facing villagers and illustrates why local resource management practices remain delicate, even with a sustained effort. She highlights how government and business interests in community-based management and resource exploitation combine to produce a complex, highly uncertain dynamic. With this instructive study, she demonstrates that in spite of a significant effort, spanning many years and engaging many players, resource governance remains fragile and coastal livelihoods in Cambodia remain precarious.

World Heritage Angkor and Beyond - Circumstances and Implications of UNESCO Listings in Cambodia

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863950323 Year: Pages: 236 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Angkor, the temple and palace complex of the ancient Khmer capital in Cambodia is one of the world’s most famous monuments. Hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the globe visit Angkor Park, one of the finest UNESCO World Heritage Sites, every year. Since its UNESCO listing in 1992, the Angkor region has experienced an overwhelming mushrooming of hotels and restaurants; the infrastructure has been hardly able to cope with the rapid growth of mass tourism and its needs. This applies to the access and use of monument sites as well. The authors of this book critically describe and analyse the heritage nomination processes in Cambodia, especially in the case of Angkor and the temple of Preah Vihear on the Cambodian/Thai border. They examine the implications the UNESCO listings have had with regard to the management of Angkor Park and its inhabitants on the one hand, and to the Cambodian/Thai relationships on the other. Furthermore, they address issues of development through tourism that UNESCO has recognised as a welcome side-effect of heritage listings. They raise the question whether development through tourism deepens already existing inequalities rather than contributing to the promotion of the poor.

L'Or Blanc : Petits et grands planteurs face au « boom » de l’hévéaculture (Viêt Nam-Cambodge)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782355960123 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.148 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les hauts-plateaux méridionaux du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge connaissent depuis le milieu des années 2000 une forte augmentation des superficies plantées en hévéa. Les booms de l’hévéaculture diffèrent significativement de part et d’autre de la frontière, mais ils sont également étroitement liés dans le contexte d’une intégration régionale des filières et des territoires qui se renforce. Cette transformation est impulsée par le jeu des marchés globalisés et de puissants acteurs étrangers tels que la Chine et la Malaisie, mais les gouvernements nationaux jouent également un rôle important en matière d’accès et d’usage des terres agricoles. L’or blanc et les nouveaux eldorados ne sont pas qu’un enjeu économique ; sont également en jeu les influences et les rapports de force entre les pays de la sous-région du Grand Mékong, à l’image des importantes transactions foncières transnationales. Pour mieux comprendre la transition agraire actuelle impulsée par le boom de l’hévéa, les auteurs de cet ouvrage ont tenu à revenir sur l’histoire, l’époque de la colonisation européenne et les expériences socialistes. L’ouvrage analyse également la capacité des populations locales à résister aux pressions des nouveaux arrivants et la compétition que représentent les plantations d’hévéa de grande taille mécanisées.

Civil Society and Transitional Justice in Asia and the Pacific

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760463281 9781760463298 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.22459/CSTJAP.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"Over the last two decades, civil society has helped catalyse responses to the legacies of violent conflicts and oppressive political regimes in Asia and the Pacific. Civil society has advocated for the establishment of criminal trials and truth commissions, monitored their operations and pushed for take-up of their recommendations. It has also initiated community-based transitional justice responses. Yet, there has been little in-depth examination of the breadth and diversity of these roles. This book addresses this gap by analysing the heterogeneity of civil society transitional justice activity in Asia and the Pacific. Based upon empirically grounded case studies of Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Bougainville, Solomon Islands and Fiji, this book illustrates that civil society actors can have different – and sometimes competing – priorities, resources and approaches to transitional justice. Their work is also underpinned by diverse understandings of ‘justice’. By reflecting on the richness of this activity, this book advances contemporary debates about transitional justice and civil society. It will also be a valuable resource for scholars and practitioners working on Asia and the Pacific."

Les conglomérats agro-industriels sud-est asiatiques : Stratégies et Gouvernance

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ISBN: 9782355960185 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1229 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les échanges de produits alimentaires du XXIe siècle voient poindre l’émergence de nouveaux acteurs de taille globale originaires d’Asie du Sud-Est. Il s’agit de grandes entreprises privées extrêmement diversifiées qui sont apparues dans un système de connivence avec les pouvoirs publics des États issus de la décolonisation. Cette étude vise à dégager quelques similitudes dans la genèse et le développement de cinq de ces grands groupes particulièrement emblématiques, à savoir Charoen Pokphand (CP) pour la Thaïlande, Indofood en Indonésie (Groupe Salim), San Miguel aux Philippines, Sime Darby pour la Malaisie et Wilmar pour Singapour (Groupe Kuok). Ces convergences concernent les stratégies mises en œuvre par ces conglomérats mais aussi quelques aspects de leur mode de gouvernance, qui privilégie l’opportunisme avec une valorisation pragmatique de leurs ressources plutôt qu’une conceptualisation passant par des objectifs qui viseraient à satisfaire une demande particulière. Si l’avenir de ces acteurs est loin d’être limpide, ils sont désormais incontournables dans leurs secteurs d’activité au sein desquels ils figurent parmi les leaders mondiaux. Leur originalité qui se caractérise par une grande flexibilité, une redoutable efficience et une indéniable résilience contribue à relativiser des modèles entrepreneuriaux euro-centrés qui ne feraient que reproduire ceux du XIXe ou XXe siècle.

Des montagnards aux minorités ethniques : Quelle intégration nationale pour les habitants des hautes terres du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782355960338 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1420 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Comment peut-on être vietnamien sans être việt ; être cambodgien sans être khmer ? C'est la question qui se pose aux Jaraï, Brou, Mnong et autres Stieng, populations autochtones des hauts plateaux, à la frontière entre les deux pays. Ces peuples, longtemps indépendants sur les hautes terres de la chaîne Anamitique, doivent aujourd'hui faire face à des mouvements migratoires sans précédent. Les nouveaux venus, colons des plaines, fonctionnaires, forestiers, commerçants, planteurs de café, gagnent peu à peu sur leurs terres, bouleversant fondamentalement leur mode de vie. Contraints à l'intégration, les habitants des hauts plateaux se battent pour éviter une assimilation pure et simple ; pour que leurs cultures ne soient pas sacrifiées sur l'autel du développement national. Ce livre fait émerger les enjeux de leurs revendications et des réponses qui leur sont apportées par les gouvernements du Cambodge et du Viêt Nam.

Evidence Use in Health Policy Making

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319934679 9783319934662 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93467-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:27:13
License: Springer

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This open access book provides a set of conceptual, empirical, and comparative chapters that apply a public policy perspective to investigate the political and institutional factors driving the use of evidence to inform health policy in low, middle, and high income settings. The work presents key findings from the Getting Research Into Policy (GRIP-Health) project: a five year, six country, programme of work supported by the European Research Council. The chapters further our understanding of evidence utilisation in health policymaking through the application of theories and methods from the policy sciences. They present new insights into the roles and importance of factors such as issue contestation, institutional arrangements, logics of appropriateness, and donor influence to explore individual cases and comparative experiences in the use of evidence to inform health policy.

American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia

Authors: ---
Book Series: American Studies ISBN: 9789053564790 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.5117/9789053564790 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The authors of this book challenge the view that was current among many people in the Netherlands during the period 1945-1949 that the American government and its foreign policymakers unequivocally backed the Indonesian Republic's struggle for independence. The same myth of America's political endorsement of Indonesians' quest for independence continues to reverberate in the United States itself. In fact, ex-President Clinton repeated the story as recently as 1995 when he wrote to ex-President Suharto that in the post-World War II era, President Truman and the U.S. Congress had actively supported Indonesia 'as the nation was being born'. On the basis of research in American, Indonesian, Dutch, and Australian diplomatic records and in the archives of the United Nations, Gouda and Brocades Zaalberg describe and analyze American visions of the Dutch East Indies/Indonesia from the 1920s to December 1949, when the Kingdom of the Netherlands relinquished its sovereignty over the archipelago in southeast Asia to the United States fo Indonesia. Their historical analysis suggests that the American diplomatic establishment was not as ignorant of conditions in the Indonesian archipelago as many Dutch people assumed, both before and after World War II. They also chronicle the unfolding of America's steady but tactic backing of its faithful Dutch ally in northern Europe until early 1949, when U.S. assessments of the regions in the world where the Cold War might ignite into a 'Hot War' began to incorporate the anti-colonial, nationalist struggles in Indonesia and Vietnam.

Guide to the Naturalized and Invasive Plants of Southeast Asia

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ISBN: 9781786392107; 9781786394361 Year: Pages: 207 DOI: 10.1079/9781786392107.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 15:29:48
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Despite the significant impacts of alien plant species (IAS), there has not been a concerted effort to tackle the problem across the region. This can mainly be ascribed to a lack of policy, little awareness and limited capacity at a national and regional level. The UN Environment-Global Environment Facility project, 'Removing Barriers to Invasive Species Management in Production and Protection Forests in SE Asia', which was active in Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam, identified these barriers and produced this Guide which will go a long way to creating awareness about invasive plants, their impacts and how best to manage them. This Guide will serve as an invaluable aid in the identification, mapping, monitoring, and management of IAS that are already present in ASEAN member states, or which may become problematic in the future, due to increased trade and travel, economic development and climate change. It is hoped that this Guide would trigger similar efforts in other countries in Southeast Asia as the region moves toward socio-economic integration.

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