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Poder sobre as periferias : A Casa de Bragança e o Governo das terras no Alentejo (1640-1668)

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ISBN: 9791036513992 DOI: 10.4000/books.cidehus.4193 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Publicações do Cidehus
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Este estudo debruça-se sobre as relações políticas entre a Casa de Bragança e os poderes locais nos concelhos de Vila Viçosa, Arraiolos e Monsaraz, entre 1640 e 1668, a partir da prerrogativa jurisdicional de controlar as eleições e as nomeações dos oficiais camarários. A reconstituição dos actos eleitorais permitiu comparar o procedimento eleitoral que era seguido nas terras desta casa senhorial com o que era seguido na maioria dos concelhos do reino e avaliar comparativamente o peso da autoridade da casa de Bragança, do rei e de outros donatários (portugueses e espanhóis) sobre as suas terras. A identificação dos diversos intervenientes no processo eleitoral permitiu ainda caracterizar socialmente as elites locais e avaliar os níveis de coincidência das escolhas para os senados camarários entre as comunidades (periferias) e a Junta da Casa de Bragança/ Duque (centro). Conclui-se que esta casa senhorial da família real, com administração autónoma, detinha privilégios que lhe reforçavam significativamente a capacidade de dominação sobre as suas áreas júrisdicionais.

Des palais en Espagne : L'École des hautes études hispaniques et la Casa de Velázquez au cœur des relations franco-espagnoles du xxe siècle (1898-1979)

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ISBN: 9788490960998 Language: French
Publisher: Casa de Velázquez
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:28
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La Casa de Velázquez de Madrid, à la fois Académie de France et École française de recherche en terre ibérique, était orpheline de son passé. Cet ouvrage tente de lui restituer une mémoire, à travers archives et témoignages. L'histoire d'une institution culturelle en terre étrangère est au carrefour de trois réalités profondes. Elle relève pleinement des relations internationales, bilatérales et multilatérales. Elle dépend également de l'évolution des sciences et des conditions politiques du pays fondateur. Enfin, elle apparaît toujours comme le résultat tangible de l'énergie et de l'imagination de certains hommes, au gré des conjonctures et des carrières. Enfantée en 1909, à travers l'Institut français de Madrid, La Casa, inaugurée en 1928, détruite en 1936 et réinstallée en 1959, est la benjamine d'un réseau international qui, d'Athènes à Rome, de l'Égypte à l'Extrême-Orient, entraîne les jeunes artistes et savants vers les sources des autres civilisations et de leurs peuples.

Soulèvements, révoltes, révolutions : Dans l’empire des Habsbourg d’Espagne, xvie-xviie siècle

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ISBN: 9788490961865 Language: French
Publisher: Casa de Velázquez
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce volume porte sur les productions culturelles liées aux révoltes et révolutions survenues dans les possessions des Habsbourg d’Espagne aux xvie et xviie siècle, tant dans la péninsule Ibérique qu’en Italie, dans les Flandres ou dans le Nouveau monde. Il s’agit d’étudier différentes formes d’expression (écrites, iconographiques, architecturales, cérémonielles) employées par les révoltés ou par les autorités afin de légitimer ou de diffuser leur action.

Afforestation and Reforestation: Drivers, Dynamics, and Impacts

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ISBN: 9783039214471 9783039214488 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-448-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Afforestation/reforestation (or forestation) has been implemented worldwide as an effective measure towards sustainable ecosystem services and addresses global environmental problems such as climate change. The conversion of grasslands, croplands, shrublands, or bare lands to forests can dramatically alter forest water, energy, and carbon cycles and, thus, ecosystem services (e.g., carbon sequestration, soil erosion control, and water quality improvement). Large-scale afforestation/reforestation is typically driven by policies and, in turn, can also have substantial socioeconomic impacts. To enable success, forestation endeavors require novel approaches that involve a series of complex processes and interdisciplinary sciences. For example, exotic or fast-growing tree species are often used to improve soil conditions of degraded lands or maximize productivity, and it often takes a long time to understand and quantify the consequences of such practices at watershed or regional scales. Maintaining the sustainability of man-made forests is becoming increasingly challenging under a changing environment and disturbance regime changes such as wildland fires, urbanization, drought, air pollution, climate change, and socioeconomic change. Therefore, this Special Issue focuses on case studies of the drivers, dynamics, and impacts of afforestation/reforestation at regional, national, or global scales. These new studies provide an update on the scientific advances related to forestation. This information is urgently needed by land managers and policy makers to better manage forest resources in today’s rapidly changing environments.

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