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Nutrition in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

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ISBN: 9783039214396 9783039214402 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-440-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

The purpose of this Special Issue “Nutrition in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)” is to increase knowledge regarding the role of dietary composition and effects in IBD, describing the prevalence of malnutrition in IBD and the effect on clinical outcomes, discussing methods of nutrition risk screening and assessment in IBD, and reviewing mechanisms through which diet and dietary components may affect disease severity. The articles focus on the following areas: Dietary Composition/Therapy Interventions in Ulcerative Colitis and effects on outcomes; Dietary Composition/Therapy Interventions in Crohn’s Disease and effects on outcomes; Nutrition Risk Screening and Assessment in IBD; Mechanisms of Diet in the pathogenesis of IBD.

Keywords

body composition --- obesity --- visceral adipose tissue --- fat --- osteoporosis --- osteopenia --- sarcopenia --- inflammatory bowel disease --- Crohn’s disease --- dietary intake --- malnutrition --- Mediterranean diet --- exclusive enteral nutrition --- children --- IBD --- remission --- mucosal cytokines --- dietary protein level --- colitis --- epithelial repair --- mucosa-adherent microbiota --- intestinal inflammation --- inflammatory bowel disease --- epithelial adherens junctions --- bioactive peptides --- synbiotic --- prebiotic --- probiotic --- IBD --- Bacillus spores --- dietary fibre --- sugar cane fibre --- ulcerative colitis --- colon --- high-sulfur foods --- inflammation --- metagenomics --- microbiota --- sulfur reducing --- inflammatory bowel disease --- Crohn --- ulcerative colitis --- diet --- nutrition --- exclusive enteral nutrition --- intestinal epithelial cells --- inflammation --- probiotics --- Lactobacillus acidophilus --- Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis --- vitamin D --- IBD --- Crohn’s disease --- ulcerative colitis --- supplementation --- deficiency --- Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) --- Mediterranean Diet --- Western-style Diet (WSD) --- Nutritional Approach --- vitamin D --- Crohn’s disease --- ulcerative colitis --- faecal calprotectin --- C-reactive protein --- diet --- inflammatory bowel disease --- microbiota --- intestinal barrier --- nutrients --- immunity --- colitis --- food additive --- diet --- emulsifiers --- high salt diet --- inflammatory bowel diseases --- inflammatory bowel disease --- dietary modification --- exclusive enteral nutrition --- lifestyle modification --- Mediterranean diet --- colorectal cancer --- inflammatory bowel disease --- colorectal cancer --- dysplasia --- berries --- chemoprevention --- Inflammatory Bowel Disease --- micronutrients --- vitamin --- mineral --- deficiency --- inflammatory bowel disease --- dietary habits --- food components --- gut microbiota --- immune homeostasis --- epigenetic changes --- inflammatory bowel disease --- malnutrition --- Mediterranean diet --- older age --- diet --- inflammatory bowel disease --- ulcerative colitis --- inflammatory bowel disease --- Westernisation --- genotypes --- nutrient deficiency --- food intolerance --- FODMAPs --- gluten --- fructose --- lactose --- brassica --- mushrooms --- n/a

Novel Aspects of Lipoprotein Metabolism with Focus on Systemic Inflammation

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ISBN: 9783039282142 9783039282159 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-215-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

With cardiometabolic diseases still topping the list of mortality causes and in facing the obesity and diabetes epidemic, there remains a great need to better understand the pathophysiological derangements underlying these conditions. During the past years, it has become increasingly appreciated that low grade systemic inflammation is a common hallmark of cardiometabolic disorders—not only concerning diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease but also involving non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Recently developed high-throughput laboratory techniques for lipidomics and metabolomics have enabled researchers to discern novel crosstalk pathways between lipid phenotypes and enhanced chronic inflammation. With this Special Issue of the Journal of Clinical Medicine, entitled “Novel Aspects of Lipoprotein Metabolism with a Focus on Systemic Inflammation”, researchers were invited to submit original papers and reviews on various topics, in particular, at the interface of lipid metabolism and inflammation.

Keywords

carbamoylation --- chronic kidney disease --- lipoproteins --- infrared spectroscopy --- Breast cancer --- cholesterol --- 27-hydroxycholesterol --- HDL --- LDL --- cholesterol-lowering therapies --- biomarker --- anti-apolipoprotein A-1 antibodies --- renal transplant recipient --- HDL function --- prognosis --- cholesterol --- acute coronary syndrome --- biomarkers --- anti-apolipoprotein A-I autoantibodies --- GRACE score --- C-statistics --- adipose tissue --- ANGPTL3 --- ANGPTL4 --- ANGPTL8 --- lipid metabolism --- cholesterol efflux capacity --- coronary artery calcium score --- obesity --- anti-apoA-1 IgG --- autoantibodies --- cardiovascular disease --- C-reactive protein --- HDL --- paraoxonase-1 --- cardiovascular disease --- myocardial infarction --- diabetic cardiomyopathy --- cytokines --- interleukin 1? --- inflammation --- CANTOS --- canakinumab --- retinol binding protein 4 --- retinol --- lipoprotein subfractions --- large VLDL --- small LDL --- Type 2 diabetes mellitus --- metabolic syndrome --- nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy --- betaine --- trimethylamine N-oxide related metabolites --- nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy --- type 2 diabetes mellitus --- anti-apolipoprotein A-1 IgG --- familial hypercholesterolemia --- cholesterol homeostasis --- foam cells --- miR-33a --- TLR2/4 --- passive diffusion --- microvesicles --- inflammation --- lipoproteins --- LDL cholesterol --- microparticles --- cardiovascular disease --- platelets --- endothelial cells --- leukocytes --- atherothrombosis --- HDL --- lipids --- inflammation --- atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) --- cardiovascular events --- GlycA --- non-alcoholic fatty liver --- sodium intake --- insulin resistance --- fatty liver index --- hepatic steatosis index --- HOMA-IR --- gut microbiota --- lipoprotein metabolism --- metabolic disorder --- adiponectin --- free thiols --- nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy --- phospholipid transfer protein activity --- triglycerides --- type 2 diabetes mellitus --- large very low density lipoproteins --- ANGPTL8 --- visceral adipose tissue (VAT) --- obesity --- endothelial cells

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282166 9783039282173 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-217-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

The scientific advances in life sciences and engineering are constantly challenging, expanding, and redefining concepts related to the biocompatibility and safety of medical devices. New biomaterials, new products, and new testing regimes are being introduced to

Keywords

carbonate apatite --- hydroxyapatite --- ?-tricalcium phosphate --- artificial bone substitute --- crystallite size --- dissolution rate --- hybrid dog --- bone levels --- dental implants --- neck design --- soft tissue dimensions --- peri-implantitis --- biofilm --- dental implants --- in vitro model --- MSN --- biopolymer --- drug delivery system --- in vitro kinetic studies --- articular cartilage defect --- bioplolymers --- C-reactive protein --- haptoglobin --- in vivo testing --- serum amyloid A --- serum protein fractions --- sheep --- contact lens --- materials --- biomedical implant --- smart dentin grinder --- autogenous particulate dentin graft --- tooth graft --- ground teeth --- human teeth --- bone grafts --- autologous graft --- dolomitic marble --- seashell --- CaCO3 derived-calcium phosphates --- modulated synthesis set-up --- SEM --- image analysis --- pre-osteoblasts --- titanium implants --- dental implants --- antibacterial coating --- gentamicin --- silver --- zinc --- cytotoxicity --- MC3T3-E1 --- Staphylococcus aureus --- plasma chemical oxidation --- bone infection --- local drug delivery --- bone graft --- demineralized bone matrix --- gentamicin --- regeneration --- colon cancer cells --- copper ions --- hydrogel sphere --- sodium alginate --- polyethyleneimine --- surface modification --- biocompatible metals --- coating techniques --- hydroxyapatite --- real-time live-cell imaging technology --- in vitro study --- biocompatibility --- 3D printing --- flow cytometry --- adipogenic mesenchymal stem cells --- porous SHS TiNi --- biocompatibility --- rheological similarity --- corrosion resistance --- bone substitution --- superparamagnetic scaffold --- composite --- laser direct writing --- static magnetic field --- extracellular matrix mineralization --- bone tissue engineering --- three-dimensional co-culture --- osteoblast --- endothelial cell --- microfiber scaffold --- osteogenesis --- angiogenesis --- tissue engineering --- diamond nanoparticles --- fish gelatin --- adipose-derived stem cells --- biocompatibility --- spaced TiO2 nanotubes --- osteoblast --- cell adhesion and morphology --- cell proliferation --- osteogenic differentiation --- protein–polymer matrices --- nanowelding --- single-walled carbon nanotubes --- point defects --- absorption --- laser radiation --- cell membrane --- mesenchymal stem cells --- osteogenic differentiation --- lactoferrin --- polymer composite --- bioceramics --- in vitro testing --- hydroxyapatite --- angiogenesis --- osteogenesis --- signaling pathways --- microRNA --- bioceramics --- bioactive glass --- hydroxyapatite --- root canal sealer --- bioactive glass --- mechanism --- caries --- review

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (3)


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english (3)


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2020 (2)

2019 (1)