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Witness to Marvels

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ISBN: 9780520973688 9780520306332 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.76 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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Abstract

Witness to Marvels traces the development of a unique genre of Sufi-inspired Bengali romances called pir kathas, whose protagonists and plots are wholly fictive. For five centuries these fabulations have parodied indigenous and Hindu textual traditions. Both mimicking and mocking, these parodies adopted a subjunctive tone, exploring a magical world of ‘what-if’. They created an Islam-inflected space within a traditional Bengali cultural environment without trying to legislate what ideally ‘should be’ according to tropes common to Islamic history, theology, and law. The tales’ discursive arena, the imaginaire, delineated the realm of possibility for how these tales might exercise the imagination to integrate Hindu and Islamic cosmologies. Tales insinuated themselves into locally relevant discourses through elaborate intertextual connections, subtly shifting presuppositions about the way the world works and what counts as religious authority. As Allah looked on from heaven, the tales routinely assigned Sufi saints, both pirs and bibis, to the pivotal role of avatar, the periodic descent of divinity, equating them to the Hindu god Narayan. Adopting a semiotic strategy to interpret these tales yields a bold new perspective on the subtle ways Islam assumed its distinctive form in Bengal and suggests how we need to reimagine conversion in this region.

Keywords

avatar --- Bengali --- conversion --- katha --- Hindu --- Islam --- imaginaire --- imagination --- parody --- pir --- romance --- saint --- semiotics --- subjunctive --- Sufi

Religious Experience in the Hindu Tradition

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ISBN: 9783039210503 9783039210510 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-051-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

This Special Issue of Religions brings together a talented group of international scholars who have studied and written on the Hindu tradition. The topic of religious experience is much debated in the field of Religious Studies, and here, we present studies of the Hindu religious experience explored from a variety of regions and perspectives. Our intention is to show that the religious experience has long been an important part of Hinduism, and should not be dismissed or considered as irrelevant. As a body of scholarship, these articles refine our understanding of the range and variety of religious experience in Hinduism. In addition to their substantive contributions, the authors also show important new directions in the study of the third-largest religion in the world, with over one billion followers.

Keywords

Hinduism --- renunciation --- Nirguna Bhakti --- devotion --- performance --- Sadhus --- India --- Indian Religions --- religious experience --- Ethnography --- tantra --- yantra --- Srividya --- Bengali home --- sacred domesticity --- shankh --- conch --- Lakshmi --- Manasa --- shongshar --- Indian music --- sacred sound --- Hinduism --- K?rtan --- Bhajan --- N?da-Brahman --- Dhrupad --- Khayal --- Bhakti --- Rasa --- Sang?ta --- R?ga --- T?la --- religious experience --- Erfahrung --- Erlebnis --- seeing --- being seen --- I --- not I --- S??khya --- Yoga --- puru?a --- prak?ti --- puru??rtha --- religious experience --- bhakti --- Tukaram --- Mahipati --- Mariyamman --- ammai --- poxes --- affliction --- Tamil --- religious experience --- Hinduism --- rain --- agricultural field --- goddess --- Hinduism --- religious experience --- Ramakrishna --- Vedanta --- pluralism --- Santmat --- Sants --- religious experience --- divine light and sound --- medieval Sant tradition --- moral conduct --- modern gurus --- ??nti --- dhy?n --- guru --- William James --- Yoga --- G?yatr? mantra --- Bhagavad G?t? --- Patañjali --- S??khya philosophy --- Gandhi --- Bhakti --- Ved?nta --- Yoga S?tra --- religious experience --- creativity --- modern Hinduism --- ??kta tantra --- tantric s?dhan? --- yoga --- ku??alin? --- ?akti --- arts & religions --- Tantric Studies --- ?r? Vidy? --- India --- Hinduism --- yoga --- tantra --- devotion --- meditation --- prayer --- saints --- brahman --- bh?va --- mah?bh?va --- bhakti --- trance --- sam?dhi --- mok?a --- dar?an --- bhakti --- anta?kara?a --- Yogas?tras --- sa?yama --- possession --- Balaji --- Ganges --- pilgrimage

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