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Esercito, istituzioni, territorio. Alloggiamenti militari e «case herme» nello Stato di Milano (secoli XVI e XVII)

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Book Series: Premio Tesi di Dottorato ISBN: 9788884539472 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_343708 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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What was the impact of the armies of the King of Spain on one of the territories of its composite monarchy during the centuries of the early modern age? What changes took place in the relations of power between the local institutions and the Madrid headquarters, between the Lombard corps and the city of Milan, between the representatives of the territorial corps and the power élites, as a consequence of the grievous burden represented by the military costs necessary for running the war? These are some of the questions that the author attempts to answer through study of the phenomenon of the military garrisons, an exceptional vantage point for observing the fine line that, in the ancient regime, divided the "military" and "civilian" worlds, which were not yet separated by the high walls and barbed wire of modern barracks.

Keywords

history --- storia --- army --- esercito

The Victorian soldier in Africa

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ISBN: 9780719061219 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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'The Victorian soldier in Africa' re-examines the campaign experience of British soldiers in Africa during the period, 1874-1902 - the zenith of the Victorian imperial expansion - and does so from the perspective of the regimental soldier. Focusing on eight different encounters, the book utilises an unprecedented number of letters and diaries, written by regimental officers and other ranks, to allow soldiers to speak for themselves about their experience of colonial campaigning of the late nineteenth century. The sources demonstrate the adaptability of the British army in fighting in different climates, over demanding terrain and against a diverse array of enemies, including the Asante, Xhosa, Zulus, Egyptians, Mahdists and Boers. They also reveal soldiers' responses to army reforms of the era and the effectiveness of shifts from long-service to short-service terms of enlistment, the abolition of purchase and flogging as well as monitoring responses to the introduction of new technologies of warfare in the form of the machine gun, the smokeless rifle and the dum dum bullet. The book provides commentary on soldiers' views of commanding officers and politicians alongside assessment of war correspondents, colonial auxiliaries and African natives in their roles as bearers, allies and enemies. Overall, the book examines the relationship between how soldiers thought about and recorded their own private experiences of warfare and how this was conveyed to the wider world - to friends and family at home and to the wider newspaper-reading public. Essential reading for specialists in military history and British colonialism this book reveals new insights on imperial and racial attitudes within the army, on relations between soldiers and the media and on the production of information and knowledge and its transmission from frontline to homefront.

Keywords

boer --- africa --- colonialism --- zulu --- army

Back to Old Habits : Isolationism or the Self-Preservation of Burma’s Military Regime

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782956447061 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.498 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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This book argues that the Burmese military regime has always favoured an isolationist-type policy that finds its grassroots in Ne Win’s autarchic and xenophobic era as well as in Burma’s royal traditions, but without being completely cut off from the outside world. This policy approach is well suited to the Burmese authoritarian state which boasts an important strategic position in the region. In the past decade, the politics of “isolationism without isolation” has been skilfully developed by Burma’s military elite in order to preserve itself from both internal and external threats. Since the Depayin crackdown in May 2003, every step the Burmese junta has taken indicates that it has been consciously defining both its foreign policy and its internal political agenda according to these isolationist tendencies, as the recent fallbacks that followed the “Saffron Revolution” (September 2007) and the Cyclone Nargis (May 2008) illustrate. Not only does the military regime tend to strategically withdraw itself from the regional scene, by choosing only a few but crucial diplomatic and commercial partners like China, India, Singapore, Russia or Thailand, but it also gradually isolates itself from the rest of the Burmese society, by opting for a strategic and nationalist entrenchment which was perfectly highlighted by the purge of the pragmatic Military Intelligence Services (2004), the transfer of the capital to Naypyidaw (2005) and the strict control over the transitional process initiated by its own “Road Map towards a disciplined democracy” and undisrupted by the recent crises.

Keywords

democracy --- freedom --- Civil Society --- army --- junta --- autarchy

The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918-19: Prelude to the Holocaust

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ISBN: 9781783747443 9781783747467 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0176 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-25 18:13:45
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"Between 1918 and 1921 an estimated 100,000 Jewish people were killed, maimed or tortured in pogroms in Ukraine. Hundreds of Jewish communities were burned to the ground and hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless and destitute, including orphaned children. A number of groups were responsible for these brutal attacks, including the Volunteer Army, a faction of the Russian White Army.The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918-19: Prelude to the Holocaust is a vivid and horrifying account of the atrocities committed by the Volunteer Army, written by Nokhem Schtif, an eminent Yiddish linguist and social activist who joined the relief efforts on behalf of the pogrom survivors in Kiev. Schtif’s testimony, published in 1923, was born from his encounters there and from the weighty archive of documentation amassed by the relief workers. This was one of the earliest efforts to systematically record human rights atrocities on a mass scale.Originally written in Yiddish and here skillfully translated and introduced by Maurice Wolfthal, The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918-19 brings to light a terrible and historically neglected series of persecutions that foreshadowed the Holocaust by twenty years. It is essential reading for academics and students in the fields of human rights, Jewish studies, Russian and Soviet studies, and Ukraine studies."

The Ottoman Administration of Iraq, 1890-1908

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Book Series: SOAS/Routledge Studies on the Middle East ISBN: 9780203332467 9780415341585 9780415665810 9781134294954 9781134294947 9781134294909 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203332467 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:07
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This is a study of the nature of Ottoman administration under Sultan Abdulhamid and the effects of this on the three provinces that were to form the modern state of Iraq. The author provides a general commentary on the late Ottoman provincial administration and a comprehensive picture of the nature of its interaction with provincial society. In drawing on sources of the Ottoman archives, bringing together and analyzing an abundance of complex documents, this book is a fascinating contribution to the field of Middle Eastern studies.

Keywords

6th --- army --- government --- grand --- vizier --- baghdad --- vilayet --- ibn --- saud --- railway

Les Désorientés : Expériences des soldats français aux Dardanelles et en Macédoine, 1915-1918

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ISBN: 9782858312993 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesinalco.20209 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Plus de 80 000 soldats français ont été envoyés aux Dardanelles en 1915 par un gouvernement réticent, dans une expédition improvisée et organisée à la hâte. Quand l'échec devint évident, les survivants ont été convoyés vers Salonique pour une autre expédition encore plus importante en Macédoine, au total près de 400 000 soldats français sont passés par cette armée d’Orient. Les soldats partaient avec appréhension vers l’inconnu, mais les mots de Constantinople, Orient et Grèce, leur rappelaient des visions littéraires agréables, à eux comme à leur famille qui ignoraient tout du pays. Leurs mémoires montrent que les réalités furent tout sauf agréables : conditions naturelles, climat, approvisionnement, équipement, munitions, maladies ; mais leur correspondance, censurée et autocensurée, ne dit rien de cela en France et la presse se tait. Tout au contraire, elle répand l’image des plaisirs de Salonique que peuvent connaître les officiers et les correspondants de presse, image qui restera après la guerre et fait que leur contribution à la victoire des alliés sera sous‑estimée. Leurs souffrances et leurs sacrifices sont ignorés, on les croit « planqués » au soleil. Chez eux, l’amertume est grande : ils comprennent que gagner Constantinople est impossible, ils constatent que la Macédoine ne ressemble pas à la Grèce de leurs rêves, que toutes les populations ne sont pas grecques et que, même les Grecs, ne sont pas toujours heureux de les voir. Alors pourquoi aller mourir loin de chez soi quand votre propre gouvernement vous abandonne, en quoi cela contribue‑t‑il à défendre la France ? Ce livre, nourri des mémoires et souvenirs émouvants des soldats, témoigne à la fois de leurs conditions de vie et de combat extrêmement difficiles, de la crise morale qu’ils ont vécue en Macédoine telle qu’ils l’ont découverte avec sa toute sa diversité.

Child Soldiers in Context

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783863954550 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2020-1325 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-27 23:58:09
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Long before “IS” and “Boko Haram”, the messianic “Lord’s Resistance Army” (LRA) in Uganda was considered as one of the most brutal rebel groups in Africa, or in the world, and as one which clearly specialized in the abduction, “recruitment” and deployment of children and adolescents as ombatants. This book presents the results of a research project on former child soldiers and rebels in northern Uganda and their “reintegration” into society after their return to civilian life. The authors investigate their biographies and the social figurations or relationships between them and members of the civilian population that emerged following their return, not least in their families of origin, and show which conditions facilitate or hinder their “(re)integration” into civilian life. The discussion also shows what distinguishes them from former members of rebel groups in the neighboring region of West Nile, in respect of their history and how they were recruited, as well as in their present situation and social position.

Heroes and Villains

Author:
ISBN: 9789637326981 9786155211355 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Certain to engender debate in the media, especially in Ukraine itself, as well as the academic community. Using a wide selection of newspapers, journals, monographs, and school textbooks from different regions of the country, the book examines the sensitive issue of the changing perspectives – often shifting 180 degrees – on several events discussed in the new narratives of the Stalin years published in the Ukraine since the late Gorbachev period until 2005. These events were pivotal to Ukrai...

The invasion of the Dutch East Indies

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Book Series: War History Series ISBN: 9789087282370 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_595090 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:38:51
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Between 1966 and 1980, the War History Office of the National Defense College of Japan published the 102-volume Senshi Sōsho (War History Series). These volumes give a detailed account of the operations of the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Second World War. This book, vol. 3 of the series, describes in depth the campaign to gain control over the Indonesian archipelago. (copyright: the Corts Foundation)

Stalins Soldaten in Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205787006 Year: Pages: 874 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_453611 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4264
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:39
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As Soviet troops first set foot on Austrian territory on March 29, 1945 near Klostermarienberg, they found themselves in a hostile, perplexing and largely unknown world. The Austrians by no means greeted their Eastern "liberators from the fascist yoke" with open arms. Given the first encounters with the Austrian population a variety of stereotypes developed, supporting images of the enemy and the other. Soviet propaganda together with the war experiences anchored these ideas deep into the sub-conscious. However, also ideas of the West that had been aroused by film and literature were now confronted with reality. The Red Army's glorious and triumphant end of WWII was followed by their ten-year long occupation of Austria, where hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers and officers, their wives and children and also civil occupational personnel were linked to Austria for many months and sometimes even years. Moscow attempted (often in vain) to train their troops in line with a "higher political oversight," to boost their military discipline and to strengthen their "political and moral status." From the Soviet point of view, direct confrontation with the Austrian population, but also the Western occupying forces rescued them from the danger of being a "hostile takeover." Doubts about the superiority of the Communist system, breaches of regulations as well as offences, which were really "only" a matter of criminal law, were considered politically motivated and served as a sign of the ideological and political fickleness of the concerned party. Reprisals for the afore-mentioned infractions could be severe and sometimes meant the death penalty. The Austrian view of occupation, Austrian everyday life in the Soviet occupation zone or the most important Topoi from the Red Army is well documented and preserved. This research is owed largely to the individual experiences, impressions and responses of the occupying forces themselves. This work is focused on the EXPERIENCE of the soviet "lifeworld" in Austria, which includes among other things the occupation organization, the discipline and prosecution, the daily work, the everyday live in the barracks or the leisure activities; the PERCEPTION mirrored in written and oral testimonies and the institutionalized as well as private MEMORY in the former Soviet Union. The beginning depicts the macro-level structure and functioning of the Soviet occupational apparatus as well as the historical background. This meticulous retracing of history offers new insights into the question of the perception of the other and the development of specific Topoi.

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