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Satellite Altimetry for Earth Sciences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976806 9783038976813 Year: Pages: 484 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-681-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

Satellite altimetry is a radar technique for measuring the topography of the Earth’s surface. It was initially designed for measuring the ocean’s topography, with reference to an ellipsoid, and for the determination of the marine geoid. Satellite altimetry has provided extremely valuable information on ocean science (e.g., circulation surface geostrophic currents, eddy structures, wave heights, and the propagation of oceanic Kelvin and Rossby waves). With more than 25 years of observations, it is also becoming vital to climate research, providing accurate measurements of sea level variations from regional to global scales. Altimetry has also demonstrated a strong potential for geophysical, cryospheric, and hydrological research and is now commonly used for the monitoring of Arctic and Antarctic ice sheet topography and of terrestrial surface water levels. This book aims to present reviews and recent advances of general interest in the use of radar altimetry in Earth sciences. Manuscripts are related to any aspect of radar altimetry technique or geophysical applications. We also encourage manuscripts resulting from the application of new altimetric technology (SAR, SARin, and Ka band) and improvements expected from missions to be launched in the near future (i.e., SWOT).

Keywords

satellite altimetry --- Envisat --- SARAL --- unsupervised classification --- K-medoids --- Greenland Sea --- Fram Strait --- upper layer thickness --- satellite altimeter --- two-layer ocean model --- South China Sea --- coastal altimetry --- sea surface height --- Jason-2 --- waveform retracking --- satellite altimetry --- inland water --- CryosSat-2 SAR --- Mekong Basin --- water level time series --- classification --- stack data --- altimetry --- Ka-band --- data processing --- calibration --- validation --- altimetry --- SAR --- calibration --- validation --- sea surface height --- coastal altimetry --- validation --- tide gauge --- altimetry --- Ka-band --- oceanography --- hydrology --- ice --- geodesy --- Jason-2 --- Hong Kong coast --- retracking --- X-TRACK --- ALES --- PISTACH --- radar altimetry --- coastal altimetry --- sea surface height --- topography of the intertidal zone --- ERS-2 --- ENVISAT --- SARAL --- CryoSat-2 --- altimetry --- water level --- discharge --- Sentinel-3 --- satellite altimetry --- microwave radiometer --- wet tropospheric correction --- wet path delay --- sensor calibration --- HY-2A --- waveform retracking --- range precision --- marine gravity --- radar altimetry --- waveform --- dielectric permittivity --- soil moisture --- satellite altimetry --- SWOT --- western Mediterranean Sea --- fine scale --- SWOT simulator --- ROMS model --- filtering --- storm surge --- satellite altimetry --- calibration --- numerical modelling --- FVCOM --- ocean tides --- coastal altimetry --- ALES retracker --- ocean geostrophy --- water volume transport --- satellite geodesy --- space gravity --- altimetry --- Argo --- Southern Ocean --- ACC --- lake level --- lake volume --- evaporation --- streamflow --- Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) --- altimetry --- Landsat --- Aral Sea --- altimetry --- water levels --- validation --- Inner Niger Delta --- altimetry --- orbit decay --- drifting orbit --- geodetic orbit --- leads --- satellite altimetry --- CryoSat-2 --- classification --- peakiness --- polar ocean

Sea Surface Salinity Remote Sensing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210763 9783039210770 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-077-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This Special Issue gathers papers reporting research on various aspects of remote sensing of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and the use of satellite SSS in oceanography. It includes contributions presenting improvements in empirical or theoretical radiative transfer models; mitigation techniques of external interference such as RFI and land contamination; comparisons and validation of remote sensing products with in situ observations; retrieval techniques for improved coastal SSS monitoring, high latitude SSS and the assessment of ocean interactions with the cryosphere; and data fusion techniques combining SSS with sea surface temperature (SST). New instrument technology for the future of SSS remote sensing is also presented.

Keywords

sea surface salinity --- remote sensing --- mediterranean sea --- smos --- alboran sea --- data processing --- quality assessment --- MICAP --- forward model --- combined active/passive SSS retrieval algorithm --- different instrument configurations --- retrieval errors --- SMAP --- sea surface salinity --- Arctic Ocean --- sea ice --- river discharge --- Arctic Gateways --- sea surface salinity --- remote sensing --- aquarius --- SMAP --- retrieval algorithm --- calibration --- validation --- satellite salinity --- Gulf of Maine --- bias characteristics --- Scotian Shelf --- Aquarius satellite --- sea surface salinity --- Aquarius Validation Data System (AVDS) --- ocean salinity --- microwave remote sensing --- remote sensing --- sea surface salinity --- SMAP --- SMOS --- Gulf of Mexico --- validation --- coastal --- salinity --- upwelling --- sea surface salinity --- remote sensing --- Arctic ocean --- SMOS --- Arctic rivers --- data processing --- quality assessment --- Aquarius --- Argo --- Sea Surface Salinity --- Water Cycle Observation Mission (WCOM) --- interferometric microwave imager (IMI) --- one-dimensional (1D) aperture synthesis radiometer --- sea surface salinity (SSS) --- brightness temperature (TB) --- sea surface salinity --- microwave radiometry --- remote sensing --- calibration --- retrieval algorithm --- validation --- Aquarius --- SMOS --- SMAP --- sea surface temperature --- sea surface salinity --- SMOS --- retroflections --- surface velocity --- water transport --- salt transport --- n/a --- sea surface salinity --- ocean surface roughness --- microwave radiometry --- remote sensing --- forward model --- retrieval algorithm

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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english (2)


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2019 (2)