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Pattern Discrimination

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Book Series: In Search of Media ISBN: 9783957961457 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.14619/1457 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 17:02:26
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Algorithmic identity politics reinstate old forms of social segregation—in a digital world, identity politics is pattern discrimination. It is by recognizing patterns in input data that Artificial Intelligence algorithms create bias and practice racial exclusions thereby inscribing power relations into media. How can we filter information out of data without reinserting racist, sexist, and classist beliefs?

Robotics: Hephaestus does it again

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ISBN: 9782722601864 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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It was when I was preparing this lecture that I discovered that roboticists had a god: Hephaestus. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was a talented craftsman. Enamoured with Athena, he attempted to woo her, in vain. The goddess of knowledge withstood the advances of the god of doing. Robotics stems from this tension. Although the myth contradicts a current tendency to confuse science and technology, it nevertheless reflects my experience with innovation. C’est en préparant cette leçon que j’ai ...

Data Sciences: From First-Order Logic to the Web

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ISBN: 9782722601796 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Relational database management systems, using as foundations a formal language, first-order logic, serve as mediators between individuals and machines. With the increase in the volume of data disseminated on the Web, a “collective intelligence” is currently emerging, shaped by large search engines whose monopoly raises ethical and political questions. One of the main challenges for the coming years is the development of technologies that will make it possible to find, evaluate, validate, veri...

Efficient Algorithms for Large-Scale Image Analysis

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe Automatische Sichtprüfung und Bildverarbeitung ISSN: 18665934 ISBN: 9783866447868 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: XVIII, 201 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025309 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This work develops highly efficient algorithms for analyzing large images. Applications include object-based change detection and screening. The algorithms are 10-100 times as fast as existing software, sometimes even outperforming FGPA/GPU hardware, because they are designed to suit the computer architecture. This thesis describes the implementation details and the underlying algorithm engineering methodology, so that both may also be applied to other applications.

Artificial Societies

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ISBN: 9780203993699 9781857283051 9781138963924 9781135367312 9781135367305 9781135367268 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203993699 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:30
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An exploration of the implications of developments in artificial intelligence for social scientific research, which builds on the theoretical and methodological insights provided by "Simulating societies".; This book is intended for worldwide library market for social science subjects such as sociology, political science, geography, archaeology/anthropology, and significant appeal within computer science, particularly artificial intelligence. Also personal reference for researchers.

Water Optics and Water Colour Remote Sensing

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ISBN: 9783038425083 9783038425090 Year: Pages: X, 425 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-27 13:24:09
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Water is irreplaceable natural resources on the planet for people to survival and develop. Declining water quality has become a global issue of significant concern as anthropogenic activities expand and climate change threatens to cause major alterations to the hydrological cycle. Thus, monitoring the physical, chemical, and biological status of rivers, reservoirs, lakes, coastal waters, and oceans is immensely important. Remote sensing has the potential to provide an invaluable complementary source of data at local to global scales. This book—Water Optics and Water Colour Remote Sensing—provides an overview of the current state of the science on water optical properties and water colour remote sensing monitoring. Overall, the book presents a variety of applications at the global scale (with case studies in Europe, Asia, South and North America, and the Antarctic), achieved with different remote sensing instruments, such as hyperspectral field and airborne sensors, ocean colour radiometry, geostationary platforms, and the multispectral Landsat and Sentinel-2 satellites.The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from the graduate students, university teachers and the working scientists to policy makers and managers. Efforts have been made to highlight general principles as well as the site-specific application in the field of water optics and water colour remote sensing.

Evolutionary computation in stochastic environments

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ISBN: 9783866441286 Year: Pages: VII, 128 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000006634 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This book develops efficient methods for the application of Evolutionary Algorithms on stochastic problems. To achieve this, procedures for statistical selection are systematically analyzed with respect to different measures and significantly improved. It is shown how to adapt one of the best procedures for the needs of Evolutionary Algorithms and Evolutionary operators for efficient implementation in stochastic environments are identified.

Evolutionary Algorithms

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ISBN: 9789533071718 Year: Pages: 598 DOI: 10.5772/627 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Evolutionary algorithms are successively applied to wide optimization problems in the engineering, marketing, operations research, and social science, such as include scheduling, genetics, material selection, structural design and so on. Apart from mathematical optimization problems, evolutionary algorithms have also been used as an experimental framework within biological evolution and natural selection in the field of artificial life.

Montecarlo Simulation of Two Component Aerosol Processes

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ISBN: 9789535122623 9789535122630 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/60735 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Nanophase materials are single-phase or multiphase polycrystals, with dimensions of the order of 1-100 nm. As grain size decreases down to the nanometer-size range, nanophase metals generally get stronger and harder, while nanophase ceramics show ductility, even superplasticity, at lower temperatures than conventional brittle ceramics. This book describes a novel method for the production of high purity, unagglomerated nano-particulates of tungsten and tungsten titanium alloys by flame synthesis. W-Ti nano-sized alloys have a combination of high strength (800-1000 MPa), high ductility (10-30%), good e1ectrical and thermal conductivity, corrosion resistance, and excellent machinability. Current applications for W and W-Ti inc1ude radiation shields, lighting components, ignition electrode materials, catalysts in the chemical industry, alloying elements for high speed steels, sputter targets in VLSI chip technology, and sport related parts.

Heuristics and Hyper-Heuristics - Principles and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535133834 9789535133841 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/66267 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In the last few years, the society is witnessing ever-growing levels of complexity in the optimization paradigms lying at the core of different applications and processes. This augmented complexity has motivated the adoption of heuristic methods as a means to balance the Pareto trade-off between computational efficiency and the quality of the produced solutions to the problem at hand. The momentum gained by heuristics in practical applications spans further towards hyper-heuristics, which allow constructing ensembles of simple heuristics to handle efficiently several problems of a single class. In this context, this short book compiles selected applications of heuristics and hyper-heuristics for combinatorial optimization problems, including scheduling and other assorted application scenarios.

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