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Gallucci's Commentary on Dürer’s 'Four Books on Human Proportion': Renaissance Proportion Theory

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ISBN: 9781783748877 9781783748891 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0198 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-30 16:27:33
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In 1591, Giovanni Paolo Gallucci published his Della simmetria dei corpi humani, an Italian translation of Albrecht Dürer’s Four Books on Human Proportion. While Dürer’s treatise had been translated earlier in the sixteenth-century into French and Latin, it was Gallucci’s Italian translation that endured in popularity as the most cited version of the text in later Baroque treatises, covering topics that were seen as central to arts education, connoisseurship, patronage, and the wider appreciation of the studia humanitatis in general.The text centres on the relationships between beauty and proportion, macrocosm and microcosm: relationships that were not only essential to the visual arts in the early modern era, but that cut across a range of disciplines – music, physiognomics and humoral readings, astronomy, astrology and cosmology, theology and philosophy, even mnemonics and poetry. In his version of the text, Gallucci expanded the educational potential of the treatise by adding a Preface, a Life of Dürer, and a Fifth Book providing a philosophical framework within which to interpret Dürer’s previous sections.This translation is the first to make these original contributions by Gallucci accessible to an English-speaking audience. Gallucci’s contributions illuminate the significance of symmetry and proportion in the contemporary education of the early modern era, informing our understanding of the intellectual history of this period, and the development of art theory and criticism. This is a valuable resource to early modern scholars and students alike, especially those specialising in history of art, philosophy, history of science, and poetry.

Schönheit ― Der Körper als Kunstprodukt

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ISBN: 9783496015932 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11588/arthistoricum.425 Language: German
Publisher: Reimer Verlag
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 10:01:31
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[English version below]
Seit der Antike wurden immer neue Kunstgriffe ersonnen, um den menschlichen Körper an sich und in seiner künstlerischen Darstellung zu perfektionieren. Der Band versammelt Texte, die dieses Streben nach Schönheit bezeugen, von dessen Anfängen bis zum Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts. Spätestens seit der antiken Erzählung von der schönen Helena gilt körperliche Schönheit als ein Kunstprodukt: Für sein Bildnis der Helena soll der griechische Maler Zeuxis die fünf hervorragendsten Jungfrauen ausgewählt und von jedem Modell den jeweils schönsten Körperteil gemalt haben. Nach dieser Vorstellung ist vollkommene Schönheit erst durch einen künstlichen Eingriff zu erzielen. Kunst und Körperpflege stehen damit in einem spannungsvollen Wechselverhältnis. Denn die Grundlagen und Mittel zur Erzeugung und Steigerung von körperlicher Schönheit, die in beiden Bereichen zur Verfügung stehen, überschneiden, ergänzen und beeinflussen sich. Das Buch beleuchtet dieses Wechselverhältnis anhand ausgewählter Grundlagentexte, allesamt in deutscher Übersetzung, ergänzt um fundierte Kommentare zum historischen Kontext.

For many centuries, new tricks have been devised to perfect the human body itself and in its artistic representation. The volume brings together texts that testify to this striving for beauty, from its beginnings to the end of the 18th century.
For his portrait of Helena, believed to be the most beautiful woman in the Ancient world, the Greek painter Zeuxis is said to have selected the five most outstanding virgins and to have painted the most beautiful body part of each model. According to this idea, transmitted by Ovid, perfect beauty can only be achieved through an artificial intervention. Art and personal hygiene are thus in an exciting interrelation. Because the basics and means of creating and enhancing physical beauty, which are available in both areas, overlap, complement and influence each other. The book illuminates this interrelation using selected basic texts, all in German translation, supplemented by well-founded comments on the historical context.

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