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Unerfüllte Kinderwünsche und Reproduktionsmedizin

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Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847410621 9783847420804 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.3224/84742080 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-13 11:21:03
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Wer sind die Paare, die sich an die Reproduktionsmedizin wenden? Wie ist die Kinderwunschbehandlung in die Lebensverläufe der Paare eingebettet? Wie gestaltet sich der Entscheidungsprozess für die Nutzung der Reproduktionsmedizin auf Paarebene? Diesen Fragen widmet sich die Autorin. Es wird ein theoretisches Erklärungsmodell vorgestellt, anhand dessen sich partnerschaftliches generatives Handeln bei vorliegender Infertilität aus dezidiert sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive analysieren lässt. Dieses bildet die Grundlage für die empirische Untersuchung. Als Basis für die Analysen werden die Daten einer eigens durchgeführten Befragung von Paaren in Kinderwunschbehandlung verwendet.

Advising in austerity: Reflections on challenging times for advice agencies

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ISBN: 9781447334156 Year: Pages: 136 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 284152
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:06
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. In a world dominated by austerity politics and policies, Advising in austerity provides a lively and thought-provoking account of the conditions, consequences and challenges of advice work in the UK, presenting a rare and rich view of the world of advice giving. Based on original research it examines how advisors negotiate the private troubles of those who come to Citizens Advice Bureaux (CAB) and construct ways forward. Exploring how advisors are trained, the strong contributor team reflect on the challenges facing Citizens Advice Bureaux in the future, where austerity will ensure that the need for advice services increase, while funding for such services declines.

Keywords

debt --- law --- citizens --- citizens advice --- austerity

Britishness, belonging and citizenship

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ISBN: 9781447344506 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.1332/9781447344506 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-11 11:01:51
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Long term resident migrants to the UK, who often possess valuable skills for the economy, still face significant barriers to citizenship. In this important book, Dr Prabhat captures the experiences of those who successfully become British citizens through stories of belonging, citizenship and the law; beautifully illustrated by artist Sam Church. Speaking to contemporary times of Brexit, the book exposes the challenges which become insurmountable for many migrants, and illuminates the gap between policy and practice in gaining British citizenship.

Brief Interventions for Risky Drinkers

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198870 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-887-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Alcohol is the sixth leading risk factor for disability and premature death all over the world, and one of the leading causes of premature mortality in western societies; it is a leading risk factor for death in young and middle-age males. Heavy drinking accounts for about two thirds of the burden of disease attributable to alcohol. In the early 1980s, screening and brief interventions (SBI) in primary health care settings were proposed as effective strategies to identify risky drinkers and to help them reduce their drinking. Since then, a growing body of evidence, including several meta-analysis and Cochrane reviews, has shown the efficacy and effectiveness of SBI in primary health settings. However, demonstrating the effectiveness of SBI has not been insufficient to facilitate its general implementation in the routines of primary health care physicians, and in fact the dissemination of SBI has proven to be a difficult business. Qualitative and quantitative research has identified most of the facilitators and barriers for its implementation, and publicly funded research has been earmarked to address the dissemination problems worldwide. Some examples are the World Health Organization Phase III and Phase IV studies on the identification and management of alcohol-related problems in primary care, EU funded projects (PHEPA, AMPHORA, ODHIN, BISTAIRS), the UK SIPS trials and the SBIRT developments sponsored by the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in the USA. The efficacy and effectiveness of SBI in primary health is now well established, but there are still some questions that remain unsolved: which practitioners should deliver them; what length should they be; is there a need for booster sessions; is there added value of a motivational approach? These questions, together with other relevant aspects of SBI, need ongoing research. In recent years, SBIs have been tested in settings other than primary health care, including hospitals, accident and emergency rooms, criminal justice, colleges and universities, social services and pharmacies. In some of those areas, the evidence is scarce (for example, pharmacies) while in others it is very promising (for example, students and hospitals). New technologies have also offered the possibility of online tools, and, in the last few years, different digital-based applications have been tested successfully as new ways to deliver effective SBIs to larger amounts of people. Brief interventions have also spread to drugs other than alcohol. This book aims to be an update of the state-of-the art of brief advice. It is a compilation of articles published by some of the most relevant researchers in the field in Frontiers in Psychiatry between 2014 and 2016.

Indicator-based Sustainability Assessment of the German Energy System and its Transition

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ISBN: 9783731507925 Year: Pages: VII, 157 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000082161 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The energy transition not only has an impact on technical infrastructures but also leads to socio-economic changes. To evaluate the sustainability aspects of the German Energiewende, the authors have developed a monitoring system which includes 45 indicators and their corresponding target values for 2020, 2030, and 2050 as well as a rating system for the year 2020 based on a distance-to-target approach and traffic color lights.

Technology Assessment in Japan and Europe

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ISBN: 9783731504290 Year: Pages: IV, 186 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000048740 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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The goal of technology assessment (TA) is to lend support to society and policy making by promoting understanding of the problems related to the grand sociotechnical challenges of our time, as well as to assess the available options for managing them. Researchers from Japan and Europe reflected together in this book on country-specific developments to identify the conditions that must be present to anchor TA in science, politics, and society. This book helps us to learn about different cultures.

Chapter 4 'She sleeps well and eats an egg’: convalescent care in early modern England (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526113498 Year: Pages: 29 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095760
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-10 11:01:04
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"Very little is known about early modern approaches to convalescence and the author investigates the measures were taken by physicians and laypeople to restore health after illness. Drawing on medical texts, regimens, letters, and diaries, this chapter shows that the treatment of the convalescent differed both from the care of the sick and the healthy. It shows the vital place of the non-naturals in early modern medicine, and the role played by ‘Nature’, understood as the body’s principal agent and governor in physiological processes. The author finds that the 'six non-natural things' were on the one hand used as a way of gauging the extent of recovery, and on the other, were manipulated in a therapeutic role to ensure that both strength and flesh were restored. Thus, any remaining humours which might cause a relapse must be evacuated: good sleep, improved appetite and an ability to exercise were all signs of improvement but each, managed appropriately, also helped to restore strength, whilst negative emotions could endanger recovery and in its place cheerfulness –which was a restorative-must be encouraged."

Chapter 3 ‘Ordering the infant’ (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526113498 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-10 11:02:10
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This chapter focuses on the specific forms of health care given to newborn babies in early modern England, a hitherto almost entirely neglected category in histories of health. Drawing on printed health advice and correspondence the chapter charts the various stages of the care offered to newborns, which was based on very specific management of the six non-naturals appropriate to their uniquely hot, damp constitutions, and fragile, malleable bodies. This care was determined particularly by attentive observation and physical ‘searching’ of the body. It was crucial to ensure first that all forms of ‘excretion’ were possible: whether via the mouth or the anal passage; whether excreting excessive moisture from the throat, stomach and brain through crying or removing excrements from the skin through wiping and bathing. Gentle forms of exercise were necessary and procured through crying, bathing or gentle rubbing of the skin. Excessive crying however endangered its health and carers were given advice on calming and soothing babies whilst sleep was of utmost importance, not only in terms of duration but also the baby’s position whilst sleeping.

Population, providence and empire

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ISBN: 9781526147226 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: University of Manchester
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-18 11:21:04
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The book knits together two of the most significant themes in the social and cultural history of modern Ireland - mass emigration and religious change - and aims to provide fresh insight into both. It addresses the churches&apos; responses to emigration, both in theory and in practice. The book also assesses how emigration impacted on the churches both in relation to their status in Ireland, and in terms of their ability to spread their influence abroad. It first deals with the theoretical positions of the clergy of each denomination in relation to emigration and how they changed over the course of the nineteenth century, as the character of emigration itself altered. It then explores the extent of practical clerical involvement in the temporal aspects of emigration. This includes attempts to prevent or limit it, a variety of facilitation services informally offered by parish clergymen, church-backed moves to safeguard emigrant welfare, clerical advice-giving and clerically planned schemes of migration. Irish monks between the fifth and eighth centuries had spread Christianity all over Europe, and should act as an inspiration to the modern cleric. Tied in with this reading of the past, of course, was a very particular view of the present: the perception that emigration represented the enactment of a providential mission to spread the faith.

Politikberatung fuer Marktwirtschaft in Transformationsstaaten: Grundlagen, Visionen und Anwendungen- Policy Advice on the Social Market Economy for Transformation Economies: Principles, Vision, and Applications

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631604953 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:00
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Dieser Sammelband spannt einen Bogen von den ordnungstheoretischen und sozialphilosophischen Grundlagen wissenschaftlicher Politikberatung bis zur Anwendung ausgewählter Methoden. Die Autoren setzen sich mit unterschiedlichen Theorieangeboten für Politikberatung, Anforderungen an Politikberatung und Formen von Politikberatung auseinander. Thematisch bildet die Leitidee der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft, räumlich deren Nutzung bei der Politikberatung in den Transformationsländern Südosteuropas eine Klammer. Als Beispiele solcher Länder dienen Ungarn – bereits ein EU-Mitglied – und Albanien.
This book runs the gamut of political economy from theoretical and philosophical principles to the application of selected methods in giving policy advice. Its authors compare the offerings of various disciplines, in particular economics and sociology, for policy advice. The demand and supply side of this activity are discussed. The leitmotif for the articles in this book is the Social Market Economy, and a further unifying theme is the application to transformation economies in South East Europe, both within the EU and beyond.

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