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Laser Plasma Accelerators: Towards High Quality Electron Beam (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9789533074054 Year: DOI: 10.5772/13105 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 226424
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:47:58
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In 1979 Tajima and Dawson, Tajima & Dawson (1979), on the basis of theoretical work and simulations, have shown that relativistic plasma waves are suitable for the development of compact accelerators. In the proposed schemes, electrons were injected externally and were accelerated through the very high electric field (GV/m) sustained by relativistic plasma waves driven by lasers, in the laser beatwave regime or in the laser wakefield regime. Several experiments have been performed following their idea and injected electrons at the few MeV level have indeed been accelerated by electric fields in the GV/m range in a plasma medium using the beat wave and laser wakefield schemes. With the development of more powerful lasers, much higher electric fields were achieved, from few GV/m to more than 1 TV/m, Malka et al. (2002).

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J‑PARC)

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ISBN: 9783038974833 9783038974840 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-484-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 09:44:25
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The Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is a landmark large user-facility producing neutron and muon beams. Those beams feed over 20 beamlines hosting world-class instruments for the investigation of matter across the disciplines of materials science, solid state physics and chemistry, biological and life sciences, geology, engineering, and their wider applications. Neutron and muons can probe matter in very peculiar ways. They are sensitive to magnetism and hydrogen atoms, can penetrate materials deeply or probe surfaces, and allow one to investigate the fundamental dynamics of the materials. In the past three to four decades, neutron scattering has largely contributed to the development of modern technology, such as computers, mobile phone technology, electo-chemistry, the transportation industry, and the pharmaceutic industry. MLF is a world leader in such characterization technology and serves yearly to about 700 research experiments conducted from users of 34 countries around the world. The present book describes technical details of the proton accelerator, the neutron spallation source, the muon facility, and all the beamlines with engineering realization, specifications, and relevant examples.

Technology Meets Research:60 Years of CERN Technology: Selected Highlights

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Book Series: Advanced Series on Directions in High Energy Physics ISBN: 9789814749145 Year: Pages: 484 DOI: 10.1142/9921 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 05:19:09
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"Big" science and advanced technology are known to cross-fertilize. This book emphasizes the interplay between particle physics and technology at CERN that has led to breakthroughs in both research and technology over the laboratory's first 60 years. The innovations, often the work of individuals or by small teams, are illustrated with highlights describing selected technologies from the domains of accelerators and detectors. The book also presents the framework and conditions prevailing at CERN that enabled spectacular advances in technology and contributed to propel the European organization into the league of leading research laboratories in the world.While the book is specifically aimed at providing information for the technically interested general public, more expert readers may also appreciate the broad variety of subjects presented. Ample references are given for those who wish to further explore a given topic.

Particle Accelerator Physics

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ISBN: 9783319183169 9783319183176 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-18317-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104936
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:03
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This book by Helmut Wiedemann is a well-established, classic text, providing an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics.The present 4th edition has been significantly revised, updated and expanded. The newly conceived Part I is an elementary introduction to the subject matter for undergraduate students. Part II gathers the basic tools in preparation of a more advanced treatment, summarizing the essentials of electrostatics and electrodynamics as well as of particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. Part III is an extensive primer in beam dynamics, followed, in Part IV, by an introduction and description of the main beam parameters and including a new chapter on beam emittance and lattice design. Part V is devoted to the treatment of perturbations in beam dynamics. Part VI then discusses the details of charged particle acceleration.

The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider:The New Machine for Illuminating the Mysteries of Universe

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Book Series: Advanced Series on Directions in High Energy Physics ISSN: 17931339 ISBN: 9789814675475 Year: Volume: 24 Pages: 408 DOI: 10.1142/9581 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-30 02:05:43
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This book provides a broad introduction to the physics and technology of the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC). This new configuration of the LHC is one of the major accelerator projects for the next 20 years and will give new life to the LHC after its first 15-year operation. Not only will it allow more precise measurements of the Higgs boson and of any new particles that might be discovered in the next LHC run, but also extend the mass limit reach for detecting new particles. The HL-LHC is based on the innovative accelerator magnet technologies capable of generating 11–13 Tesla fields, with effectiveness enhanced by use of the new Achromatic Telescopic Squeezing scheme, and other state-of-the-art accelerator technologies, such as superconducting compact RF crab cavities, advanced collimation concepts, and novel power technology based on high temperature superconducting links.The book consists of a series of chapters touching on all issues of technology and design, and each chapter can be read independently. The first few chapters give a summary of the whole project, of the physics motivation and of the accelerator challenges. The subsequent chapters cover the novel technologies, the new configurations of LHC and of its injectors as well as the expected operational implications. Altogether, the book brings the reader to the heart of technologies for the leading edge accelerator and gives insights into next generation hadron colliders.Contents:Foreword (S Myers)Preface (O Brüning and L Rossi)Introduction to the HL-LHC Project (L Rossi and O Brüning)The Physics Landscape of the High Luminosity LHC (M Mangano)The HL-LHC Machine (I Bejar, O Brüning, P Fessia, L Rossi, R Tomas and M Zerlauth)The HL-LHC Accelerator Physics Challenges (S Fartoukh and F Zimmermann)Interface with Experimental Detector in the High Luminosity Run (H Burkhardt)Superconducting Magnet Technology for the Upgrade (E Todesco, G Ambrosio, P Ferracin, J M Rifflet, G L Sabbi, M Segreti, T Nakamoto, R van Weelderen and Q Xu)Crab Cavity Development (R Calaga, E Jensen, G Burt and A Ratti)Powering the Hi-Luminosity Triplets (A Ballarino and J P Burnet)Cryogenics for HL-LHC (L Tavian, K Brodzinski, S Claudet, G Ferlin, U Wagner and R van Weelderen)The "Environmental" Challenges: Impact of Radiation on Machine Components (M Brugger, F Cerutti and L S Esposito)Radiation Protection Considerations (C Adorisio, S Roesler, C Urscheler and H Vincke)Machine Protection with a 700 MJ Beam (T Baer, R Schmidt, J Wenninger, D Wollmann and M Zerlauth)Cleaning Insertions and Collimation Challenges (S Redaelli, R B Appleby, A Bertarelli, R Bruce, J M Jowett, A Lechner and R Losito)Long-Range Beam–Beam Compensation Using Wires (F Zimmermann and H Schmickler)Impedance and Component Heating (E Métral, F Caspers, N Mounet, T Pieloni and B Salvant)Challenges and Plans for the Proton Injectors (R Garoby)New Injectors: The Linac4 Project and the New H– Source (J Lettry and M Vretenar)Challenges and Plans for the Ion Injectors (D Manglunki)Challenges and Plans for Injection and Beam Dump (M Barnes, B Goddard, V Mertens and J Uythoven)Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics for the LHC Upgrade (E Bravin, B Dehning, R Jones and T Lefevre)Heavy-Ion Operation of HL-LHC (J M Jowett, M Schaumann and R Versteegen)Implications for Operations (G Arduini, M Lamont, T Pieloni and G Rumolo)Readership: Researchers and graduates in accelerator physics and engineering.

Particle Physics Reference Library

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ISBN: 9783030342456 Year: Pages: 863 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34245-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:41
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This third open access volume of the handbook series deals with accelerator physics, design, technology and operations, as well as with beam optics, dynamics and diagnostics. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access

Particle Physics Reference Library

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ISBN: 9783030353186 Year: Pages: 1078 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-35318-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General) --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:04:44
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This second open access volume of the handbook series deals with detectors, large experimental facilities and data handling, both for accelerator and non-accelerator based experiments. It also covers applications in medicine and life sciences. A joint CERN-Springer initiative, the “Particle Physics Reference Library” provides revised and updated contributions based on previously published material in the well-known Landolt-Boernstein series on particle physics, accelerators and detectors (volumes 21A,B1,B2,C), which took stock of the field approximately one decade ago. Central to this new initiative is publication under full open access.

Image Processing Using FPGAs

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ISBN: 9783038979180 9783038979197 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-919-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book presents a selection of papers representing current research on using field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for realising image processing algorithms. These papers are reprints of papers selected for a Special Issue of the Journal of Imaging on image processing using FPGAs. A diverse range of topics is covered, including parallel soft processors, memory management, image filters, segmentation, clustering, image analysis, and image compression. Applications include traffic sign recognition for autonomous driving, cell detection for histopathology, and video compression. Collectively, they represent the current state-of-the-art on image processing using FPGAs.

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