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AI Art

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ISBN: 9781785420856 Year: Pages: 181 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-22 23:58:09
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Can computers be creative? Is algorithmic art just a form of Candy Crush? Cutting through the smoke and mirrors surrounding computation, robotics and artificial intelligence, Joanna Zylinska argues that, to understand the promise of AI for the creative fields, we must not confine ourselves solely to the realm of aesthetics. Instead, we need to address the role and position of the human in the current technical setup – including the associated issues of labour, robotisation and, last but not least, extinction. Offering a critique of the socio-political underpinnings of AI, AI Art: Machine Visions and Warped Dreams raises poignant questions about the conditions of art making and creativity today. The book critically examines artworks that use AI, be it in the form of visual style transfer, algorithmic experiment or critical commentary. It also engages with their predecessors, including robotic art and net art. AI Art includes a project from Zylinska’s own art practice titled ‘View from the Window’, which explores human and nonhuman forms of intelligence, perception and action. The book closes with speculation on future art – and on art’s future.

Keywords

computers --- algorithmic art --- AI

Software Architectures for Humanoid Robotics

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455904 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-590-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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In the past few years humanoid robots have evolved at a rapid pace. Research has made impressive advancements on both mechatronics and cognitive capabilities, including learning, perception and control. At the same time the explosion of the market of mobile devices has led to a remarkable increase in the computational capabilities of embedded CPUs and has made available higher resolution sensors and inertial units. Research on humanoid robotics is attacking problems such as human-robot interaction, whole body control, object manipulation and tool use. These research efforts must be supported by an adequate software infrastructure which allows experimenting with new hardware and algorithms while at the same time reducing debugging time and maximizing code-reuse. The complexity of humanoid robots and their peculiar application domain require that further software engineering efforts are devoted to support the proper integration of diverse capabilities. While research in mechatronics, motor control, learning and perception receive wide visibility in in international conference and journals, software tools and software engineering know-how are rarely shared among groups working on different platforms. This Research Topic invites submissions describing efforts in software engineering in the broad field of humanoid robotics.

Artificial Superintelligence: Coordination & Strategy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039218554 / 9783039218547 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-759-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Attention in the AI safety community has increasingly started to include strategic considerations of coordination between relevant actors in the field of AI and AI safety, in addition to the steadily growing work on the technical considerations of building safe AI systems. This shift has several reasons: Multiplier effects, pragmatism, and urgency. Given the benefits of coordination between those working towards safe superintelligence, this book surveys promising research in this emerging field regarding AI safety. On a meta-level, the hope is that this book can serve as a map to inform those working in the field of AI coordination about other promising efforts. While this book focuses on AI safety coordination, coordination is important to most other known existential risks (e.g., biotechnology risks), and future, human-made existential risks. Thus, while most coordination strategies in this book are specific to superintelligence, we hope that some insights yield “collateral benefits” for the reduction of other existential risks, by creating an overall civilizational framework that increases robustness, resiliency, and antifragility.

Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

Authors: ---
Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534839 9781911534822 9781911534839 9781911534846 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.16997/book25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Through algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), objects and digital services now demonstrate new skills they did not have before, right up to replacing human activity through pre-programming or by making their own decisions. As part of the internet of things, AI applications are already widely used today, for example in language processing, image recognition and the tracking and processing of data. This policy brief illustrates the potential negative and positive impacts of AI and reviews related policy strategies adopted by the UK, US, EU, as well as Canada and China. Based on an ethical approach that considers the role of AI from a democratic perspective and considering the public interest, the authors make policy recommendations that help to strengthen the positive impact of AI and to mitigate its negative consequences."

Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling: With Applications for the Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9783319724065 9783319724089 Year: Pages: 235 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72408-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 12:55:59
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This open access book examines the methodological complications of using complexity science concepts within the social science domain. The opening chapters take the reader on a tour through the development of simulation methodologies in the fields of artificial life and population biology, then demonstrates the growing popularity and relevance of these methods in the social sciences. Following an in-depth analysis of the potential impact of these methods on social science and social theory, the text provides substantive examples of the application of agent-based models in the field of demography. This work offers a unique combination of applied simulation work and substantive, in-depth philosophical analysis, and as such has potential appeal for specialist social scientists, complex systems scientists, and philosophers of science interested in the methodology of simulation and the practice of interdisciplinary computing research.​

China Dreams

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781760463731 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.22459/CSY.2020 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:44:06
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"The year 2019 marked a number of significant anniversaries for the People’s Republic of China (PRC), each representing different ‘Chinese dreams’. There was the centennial of the May Fourth Movement — a dream of patriotism and cultural renewal. The PRC celebrated its seventieth anniversary — a dream of revolution and national strength. It was also thirty years since the student-led Protest Movement of 1989 — dreams of democracy and free expression crushed by government dreams of unity and stability. Many of these ‘dreams’ recurred in new guises in 2019. President Xi Jinping tightened his grip on power at home while calling for all citizens to ‘defend China’s honour abroad’. Escalating violence in Hong Kong, the ongoing suppression of Uyghurs in Xinjiang, and deteriorating Sino-US relations dominated the headlines. Alongside stories about China’s advances in artificial intelligence and geneticially modified babies and its ambitions in the Antarctic and outer space, these issues fuelled discussion about what Xi’s own ‘China Dream’ of national rejuvenation means for Chinese citizens and the rest of the world. The China Story Yearbook: China Dreams reflects on these issues and more. It surveys the dreams, illusions, aspirations, and nightmares that coexisted (and clashed) in 2019 in China and beyond. As ever, we take a cross-disciplinary perspective that recognises the inextricable links between economy, politics, culture, history, language, and society. The Yearbook, with its accessible analysis of the main events and trends of the year, is an essential tool for understanding China’s growing power and influence around the world."

Human Computer Interaction and Emerging Technologies

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781911653097 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.18573/book3 Language: English
Publisher: Cardiff University Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-18 23:58:59
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The INTERACT Conferences are an important platform for researchers and practitioners in the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) to showcase their work. They are organised biennially by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) Technical Committee on Human–Computer Interaction (IFIP TC13), an international committee of 30 member national societies and nine Working Groups. INTERACT is truly international in its spirit and has attracted researchers from several countries and cultures. With an emphasis on inclusiveness, it works to lower the barriers that prevent people in developing countries from participating in conferences. As a multidisciplinary field, HCI requires interaction and discussion among diverse people with different interests and backgrounds. The 17th IFIP TC13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2019) took place during 2-6 September 2019 in Paphos, Cyprus. The conference was held at the Coral Beach Hotel Resort, and was co-sponsored by the Cyprus University of Technology and Tallinn University, in cooperation with ACM and ACM SIGCHI. This volume contains the Adjunct Proceedings to the 17th INTERACT Conference, comprising a series of selected papers from workshops, the Student Design Consortium and the Doctoral Consortium. The volume follows the INTERACT conference tradition of submitting adjunct papers after the main publication deadline, to be published by a University Press with a connection to the conference itself. In this case, both the Adjunct Proceedings Chair of the conference, Dr Usashi Chatterjee, and the lead Editor of this volume, Dr Fernando Loizides, work at Cardiff University which is the home of Cardiff University Press.

An Introduction to Ethics in Robotics and AI

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Ethics ISBN: 9783030511104 Year: Pages: 117 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51110-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Computer Science --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:21
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This open access book introduces the reader to the foundations of AI and ethics. It discusses issues of trust, responsibility, liability, privacy and risk. It focuses on the interaction between people and the AI systems and Robotics they use. Designed to be accessible for a broad audience, reading this book does not require prerequisite technical, legal or philosophical expertise. Throughout, the authors use examples to illustrate the issues at hand and conclude the book with a discussion on the application areas of AI and Robotics, in particular autonomous vehicles, automatic weapon systems and biased algorithms. A list of questions and further readings is also included for students willing to explore the topic further.

On the path to AI

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030435820 Year: Pages: 147 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43582-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Geography --- Law --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:13
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This open access book explores machine learning and its impact on how we make sense of the world. It does so by bringing together two ‘revolutions’ in a surprising analogy: the revolution of machine learning, which has placed computing on the path to artificial intelligence, and the revolution in thinking about the law that was spurred by Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr in the last two decades of the 19th century. Holmes reconceived law as prophecy based on experience, prefiguring the buzzwords of the machine learning age—prediction based on datasets. On the path to AI introduces readers to the key concepts of machine learning, discusses the potential applications and limitations of predictions generated by machines using data, and informs current debates amongst scholars, lawyers and policy makers on how it should be used and regulated wisely. Technologists will also find useful lessons learned from the last 120 years of legal grappling with accountability, explainability, and biased data.

Chapter 7 The Hell That Black People Live: Trump’s Reports to Journalists on Urban Conditions (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138307384 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315142326 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:05:40
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This book examines the disruptive nature of Trump news – both the news his administration makes and the coverage of it – related to dominant paradigms and ideologies of U.S. journalism. By relying on conceptualizations of media memory and "othering" through news coverage that enhances socio-conservative positions on issues such as immigration, the book positions this moment in a time of contestation. Contributors ranging from scholars, professionals, and media critics operate in unison to analyze today’s interconnected challenges to traditional practices within media spheres posed by Trump news. The outcomes should resonate with citizens who rely on journalism for civic engagement and who are active in social change

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