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Vers un ailleurs prometteur…

ISBN: 9782130457039 9782940549801 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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Les migrations sont-elles une réponse universelle à une situation de crise ? Poser cette question ouvre sans doute le plus vaste débat sur l’histoire du mouvement des hommes. Cet ouvrage illustre bien la diversité et la multiplicité de cette incroyable richesse qu'est le mouvement des hommes et des peuples sur notre planète. Tout changement est un déséquilibre et, réciproquement, ce sont les déséquilibres qui permettent le changement. Est-il possible d’anticiper, dès lors, sur le futur ? Peu...

Ethnische Säuberungen in der Moderne. Globale Wechselwirkungen nationalistischer und rassistischer Gewaltpolitik im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486721423 Year: Volume: 95 Pages: 697 DOI: 10.1524/9783486721423 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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Ethnic "cleansing" is the dark side of modern democratization and the formation of nation states. Beginning in the 19th century, the Balkans and colonies outside Europe became the laboratories for this form of national problem solving. After 1914 these instruments of violence struck back on the European continent. Michael Schwartz describes the global context of ethnic "cleansing".

Zwischen Sandkasten und Abschiebung

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ISBN: 9783847412502 9783847422228 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: 10.3224/84742222 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-19 11:21:04
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Basierend auf einer mehrmonatigen Feldforschung beschreiben die AutorInnen das Leben junger Kinder in Unterkünften für geflüchtete Menschen. Insbesondere die räumlich-materielle Ausstattung der Unterkünfte wird in ihrer sozialen und emotionalen Bedeutung für die Kinder und ihre Eltern präsentiert und vor dem Hintergrund universeller Kinderrechte diskutiert. Die AutorInnen kommen zu einer kritischen Einschätzung der Lage und richten Empfehlungen an Politik, Praxis und Wissenschaft.

Exils

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ISBN: 9782354122768 DOI: 10.4000/books.pupvd.3043 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Perpignan
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’exil est le lot de nombreux peuples ou êtres isolés, tout au long de l’Histoire. L’époque contemporaine n’échappe pas à ce mal, qui a parfois été considéré comme une punition pire que la mort. « Vrais » êtres humains « éloignés » pour des raisons politiques ou économiques, par contrainte ou parfois par choix, les figures des exilés sont multiples. Des chercheurs venus d’horizons aussi divers que la Littérature, l’Histoire de l’Art, la Sociologie, traitent la question de l’exil à travers des exemples de personnages de romans ou des sujets de peintures, mais aussi d’écrivains africains contraints de quitter leur continent, un équipage de navire japonais perdu en Russie ou encore des britanniques ayant choisi de venir vivre en France ou en Espagne et qui, désappointés, ne peuvent plus revenir chez eux pour des raisons économiques… Pourquoi part-on en exil ? En quoi l’exil transforme-t-il radicalement les êtres et leur rapport au monde ? C’est à ces questions que tentent de répondre les contributions de cet ouvrage.

Keywords

exil --- voyage --- immigration --- émigration

Internal Diversity

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Book Series: Global Diversities ISBN: 9783030277901 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27790-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Ethnology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18
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This book explores the interrelation between diversity in migrants’ internal relations and their experience of inequality in local and global contexts. Taking the case of Hamburg-based Iranians, it traces evaluation processes in ties between professionals – artists and entrepreneurs – since the 1930s, examining migrants’ potential to act upon hierarchical structures. Building on long-term ethnographic fieldwork and archival work, the book centers on differentiation, combining a diversity study with a focus on locality, with a transnational migration study, analysing strategies of capital creation and anthropological value theory. The analysis of migrants’ agency tackles questions of independence and cooperation in kinship, associations, transnational entrepreneurship and cultural events within the context of the position of Germany and Iran in the global politico-economic landscape. This material will be of interest to scholars and students of anthropology, sociology, migration, urbanism and Iranian studies, as well as Iranian-Germans and those interested in the entanglement of global and local power relations.

Zwischen Authentizität und Fiktion

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ISBN: 9783412208875 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437198 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4304
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:34
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The main focus of this study is a methodological analysis of private letters written by Spanish emigrants from the Americas to their relatives and friends back in Europe, with an intensive discussion about the interaction and blurring between the public and the private spheres in private correspondences, kept and preserved in a public space (the archive). Questions of source criticism and a detailed assessment of the scientific production on the topics of letter writing and private correspondences in general, and emigrant-letters, specially, constitute the first part of the study. Emigrant letters from the colonial period can be found in a wide array of archival sources. Private archives of noble families, merchant houses and merchant institutions often hold large vaults of correspondence of some prominent member, but also public archives in Spain provides several types of documents containing private letters: notarial records and files from court cases do contain a good number of letters. A very important source for Spanish emigrant letters, because they were written by the greatest number of different letter writers, stem from solicitations for emigration licences, which were required by Spanish subjects in order to legally cross the Atlantic Ocean. Depending on the varying contexts of their archiving, the analysis of the letters' contents requires different methods and peculiar precautions and aspects have to be reflected to reach an acceptable degree of hermeneutical understanding of each single text. The private and intimate, innate to the form of private or familiar letters as a genre, stand in a fascinating contrast to the manifold public contexts present from the production of the letter itself, to the transport, reshipment, lecture, all the way to its archiving (and lecture by the modern scholar). The central corpus of analysis are the mentioned letters from emigration solicitudes, commonly called cartas de llamada or recruitment letters. With their help, hopeful solicitors tried to prove that their husbands wanted them in order to reunite in their new home, or that a relative (quite often an uncle or cousin) wanted them to come and had work to offer. Letters of this type were also the basis of the most important existing edition of emigrant letters by Enrique Otte from 1988, a work which is generally considered the spark that triggered interest in such letters as historical sources within the historiography of Spanish America. His work, which was limited to the years 1540-1614, was followed by several other editions of emigrant letters, some of them also using cartas de llamada. However, none of these editions offered a systematical comparison of the existing editions or tried to exhaustively identify the archival series containing such letters. Most editions also made very limited use of the documents surrounding the letters in the solicitudes. Last - but not least - one has to state a complete chaos concerning the practice and standards for the edition of the original documents, which differ considerably - methodologically and qualitatively. This study, thus, also makes an effort to develop a solid basis for possible future editions. Searching in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, 1213 hitherto unknown and unpublished letters could be added to the 1017 cartas de llamada already published in other editions. This study analysis this closed corpus quantitatively in demographic and temporal-spatial aspects and qualitatively tries to answer question about the use of the letters in the keeping-up of familiar ties and organization of chain-emigration. Special attention is also given to the communicative behaviour of the emigrants, which is studied both qualitatively - by taking a look at the strategies employed to secure the transoceanic contact despite the many obstacles like wars, shipwrecking, and lack of infrastructure - and quantitatively - by comparing the time needed for full circuits of correspondence, freq

Zum Gedenken an Emil Artin (1898-1962)

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783937816234 Year: Pages: 58 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.9.57 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:20

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Emil Artin (1898-1962): his scientific results in mathematics attracted general attention and had far-reaching consequences for research. The brilliant style of his lectures made him a virtuoso thinker and a sought-after teacher. Artin was full professor at the Mathematical Seminar at the University of Hamburg. When the Nazis retired him in 1937 due to the "Nuremberg laws", he emigrated to the USA. It was not until 1958 that he returned to the University of Hamburg.

Le Voyage et la mémoire : Colporteurs de l'Oisans au xixe siècle

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ISBN: 9782729709952 DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.14687 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Chaque automne il part, laissant sa terre et sa famille. Il est fleuriste et parcourt le monde, du Costa-Rica aux confins de la Russie, offrant aux Grands des fleurs et du rêve. Il est mercier et chaque hiver retrouve les mêmes chemins, les mêmes clients. Il est marchand de simples ou quincailler, et fait le médecin, le vétérinaire, le mendiant souvent, le vagabond toujours. Les lettres échangées avec le pays, les livres de comptes tenus en tournée, le registre du banquier qui avance les fonds nous racontent les pratiques quotidiennes, les espérances et les risques du métier, les inquiétudes et la tristesse d'être séparé des siens. Et l'on saisit alors une activité dont la mémoire des montagnes a voulu se souvenir comme l'âge d'or de la liberté perdue.

Keywords

colporteur --- métier --- récit --- émigration --- voyage --- témoignage --- itinérant

Mobilities of the Highly Skilled towards Switzerland

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030211226 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21122-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This open access book analyses the strategies of migration intermediaries from the public and private sectors in Switzerland to select, attract, and retain highly skilled migrants who represent value to them. It reveals how state and economic actors define “wanted immigrants” and provide them with privileged access to the Swiss territory and labour market. The analysis draws on an ethnographic study conducted in the French-speaking Lake Geneva area and the German-speaking northwestern region of Switzerland between 2014 and 2018. It shows how institutional actors influence which resources are available to different groups of newcomers by defining and dividing migrants according to constructed social categories that correlate with specific status and privileges. This research thus shifts the focus from an approach that takes the category of highly skilled migrant for granted to one that regards context as crucial for structuring migrants’ characteristics, trajectories, and experiences. Beyond consideration of professional qualifications, the ways decision-makers perceive candidates and shape their resource environments are crucial for constructing them as skilled or unskilled, wanted or unwanted, welcome or unwelcome.

Migrants and Expats: The Swiss Migration and Mobility Nexus

Authors: ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030056711 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05671-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book provides insight on current patterns of migration in Switzerland, which fall along a continuum from long-term and permanent to more temporary and fluid. These patterns are shaped by the interplay of legal norms, economic drivers and societal factors. The various dimensions of this Migration-Mobility Nexus are investigated by means of newly collected survey data: the Migration-Mobility Survey. The book covers different aspects of life in the host country, including the family dimension, the labour market and political participation as well as social integration. The book also takes into account the chronological dimension of migration by considering the migrants’ arrival, their stay, and their expectations regarding return. Through applying conclusions drawn from the Swiss context to the migration literature on other European and high-income countries, this book contributes to new knowledge on current migration processes in high-income countries. As such it will be a valuable reference work to scholars and students in migration, social scientists and policy makers.

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