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Greek Medicine from Hippocrates to Galen

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Book Series: Studies in Ancient Medicine ISBN: 9789004208599 9789004232549 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100628
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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This volume makes available in English translation a selection of Jacques Jouanna's papers on Greek and Roman medicine, ranging from the early beginnings of Greek medicine to late antiquity.

Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History ISBN: 9783319643366 9783319643373 Year: Pages: 290 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This book breaks new ground by situating animals and their diseases at the very heart of modern medicine. In demonstrating their historical significance as subjects and shapers of medicine, it offers important insights into past animal lives, and reveals that what we think of as ‘human’ medicine was in fact deeply zoological. Each chapter analyses an important episode in which animals changed and were changed by medicine. Ranging across the animal inhabitants of Britain’s zoos, sick sheep on Scottish farms, unproductive livestock in developing countries, and the tapeworms of California and Beirut, they illuminate the multi-species dimensions of modern medicine and its rich historical connections with biology, zoology, agriculture and veterinary medicine. The modern movement for One Health – whose history is also analyzed – is therefore revealed as just the latest attempt to improve health by working across species and disciplines. This book will appeal to historians of animals, science and medicine, to those involved in the promotion and practice of One Health today.&#xD;&#xD;

Keywords

Animals --- diseases --- medicine --- history

Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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Medicine; Japan

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medicine --- japan

Communicating Medicine

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Book Series: Di/Segni ISBN: 9788867056057 Year: Pages: 165 Language: English
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-29 15:20:01
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This study investigates eighteenth-century medical writing, particularly concerning the elaboration and the communication of medicine in such reference works as universal dictionaries of arts and sciences, medical dictionaries, and handbooks. Most of the vernacular texts under scrutiny here were issued in the second half of the century, a period in which the advancements in medical research, medical education and medical practice favoured the circulation of an expanding medical vocabulary and stimulated medical writing as a whole. A vast amount of reference works was produced for experts and non-experts alike: medical topics were common in social settings, in personal and communal letters, in specialised journals, in pamphlets and in magazines. All this unprecedented activity certainly contributed to the vernacularisation, and the dissemination of medicine in different kinds of works and different text types. The texts examined in the study are representative of their authors’ effort to expand medical knowledge and to define medicine as an independent science based on strict observation, as well as to establish intelligibility within and outside the disciplinary discourse community.

Personalized Medicine and Neurosurgery

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453368 Year: Pages: 133 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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The Precision Medicine Initiative, which was instituted by President Barack Obama on January 20, 2015, highlighted the importance that advances in genomics and related “-omic” approaches have made to science and medicine, and it set the stage for their federally funded and mandated integration into the delivery of health care. Whether these advances comprise large-scale approaches, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas, which provides a modern classification of cancers based on molecular profiles, or genealogy initiatives, which seek to trace the movement of our early ancestors out of Africa, genomic technology has taken us closer to developing targeted therapies and a refined understanding of our evolutionary journey. It is against this backdrop that we summarized some of the recent advances in the field of precision medicine, or personalized medicine, as they pertain to neurosurgery. In this e-Book collection provided by Frontiers in Surgery: Neurosurgery, we present a collection of articles by leaders in the field of neurosurgery that highlight domains using a personalized approach for the treatment of patients or avenues when personalization is possible and when it will likely alter the care of patients with neurological diseases.

Medicine – Religion – Spirituality

Authors: ---
Book Series: Religionswissenschaft ISBN: 9783839445822 9783837645828 Year: Pages: 274 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
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In modern societies the functional differentiation of medicine and religion is the predominant paradigm. Contemporary therapeutic practices and concepts in healing systems, such as Transpersonal Psychology, Ayurveda, as well as Buddhist and Anthroposophic medicine, however, are shaped by medical as well as religious or spiritual elements. This book investigates configurations of the entanglement between medicine, religion, and spirituality in Europe, Asia, North America, and Africa. How do political and legal conditions affect these healing systems? How do they relate to religious and scientific discourses? How do therapeutic practitioners position themselves between medicine and religion, and what is their appeal for patients?&#xD;

Chapter 4 Promoting medical change in Restoration Ireland (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526145147 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097782/Z/11/Z
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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This chapter seeks to situate James Butler, duke of Ormond, at the centre of an important patronage network for medicine in Restoration Britain and Ireland. It explores the Irish dimension of the emergence of the Society of Chemical Physicians and situates it against the background provided by the momentous Cromwellian period in Ireland. Particular attention is paid to Pierre Belon, a Huguenot physician patronised by Ormond who was involved in efforts to promote a spa at Chapelizod near Dublin. &#xD;

Nano/Micro-Assisted Regenerative Medicine

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ISBN: 9783038972662 9783038972679 Year: Pages: 222 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-17 09:47:51
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Regenerative medicine is an emerging multidisciplinary field that aims to repair and restore the normal functions of tissues and organs damaged by aging, disease, injury, or congenital disorders. The basic concept of "Nano/Micro-Assisted Regenerative Medicine" is to use advanced nano/micro-technologies, either alone or in combination with specific cells, such as stem cells, to replace, enhance, or regenerate damaged or diseased human tissues or organs. This book introduces promising applications of nano/micro-technologies, such as iron oxide nanoparticles, simvastatin-loaded porous microspheres, graphene-RGD nanoisland composites, bioreducible poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(amino ketal) micelles, reduced graphene oxide-coated biphasic calcium phosphate bone graft material, amorphous nano/micro polyphosphate, cilostazol ophthalmic nanodispersions, carbonic anhydrase-IX anchored albumin-paclitaxel nanoparticles, peptide liposome incorporated citron extracts, turmeric extract-loaded nanoemulsions, and inkjet-printed nanofibrous membrane, in different tissue engineering or cancer treatment applications. In addition, it provides strategies for the further development of this field.

Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9784431556503 9784431556510 Year: Pages: 339 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-30 12:46:49
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This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of “proof of concept”. There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Perspectives on Nuclear Medicine for Molecular Diagnosis and Integrated Therapy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9784431558927 9784431558941 Year: Pages: 326 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:37:22
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​This work is devoted to understanding the recent advances in nuclear medicine and molecular imaging technologies along with their application to integrated medical therapy and future drug development. This anthology is based on the international symposium in 2015 entitled “Perspective on Nuclear Medicine for Molecular Diagnosis and Integrated Therapy. “The symposium provided an opportunity to exchange ideas on how to promote nuclear medicine technology and how to extend the technology to medical therapy and drug development, and was also a good opportunity to discuss the future perspective of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging by worldwide leaders in the field. Molecular imaging technologies have been rapidly developed worldwide in recent years. Among those developments, nuclear medicine has come to play an important role in quantitative analysis of biological process in vivo as well as in wide clinical use. With the current progress of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, this modality has been applied for treatment monitoring and predicting its outcome with the use of optimal imaging biomarkers and suitable quantitative analysis. Truly, a new era has arrived with clinical use of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging for personalized medicine.This volume will benefit a wide variety of researchers in life science including those working in drug development, molecular imaging, and medical therapy as well as physicians who utilize diagnostic imaging.

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