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The Origin and the Evolution of Firms

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ISBN: 9781607509561 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_413210 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Biology --- Heat --- Astronomy (General) --- Science (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-21 00:00:00
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The firms and markets of today's complex socio-economic system developed in a spontaneous process termed evolution, in just the same way as the universe, the solar system, the Earth and all that lives upon it. Darwin's theory of evolution clearly demonstrated that evolution involved increasing organization. As we began to explore the molecular basis of life and its evolution, it became equally clear that it depended on the processing and communication of information. This book develops a consistent theory of evolution in its wider sense, examining the information based laws and forces that drive it. Exploring subjects as diverse as economics and the theories of thermodynamics, the author revisits the paradox of the apparent conflict between the laws of thermodynamics and evolution to arrive at a systems theory, tracing a continuous line of evolving information sets that connect the Big-Bang to the firms and markets of our current socio-economic system.

Exploring the Visual Landscape - Advances in Physiognomic Landscape Research in the Netherlands

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Book Series: Research in Urbanism Series ISSN: 18750192 18798217 ISBN: 9781607508328 9781607508335 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 464 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-833-5-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-23 16:28:12
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Exploring the Visual Landscape is about the combination of landscape research and planning, visual perception and Geographic Information Science. It showcases possible ways of getting a grip on themes like: landscape openness, cluttering of the rural landscape, high-rise buildings in relation to cityscape, historic landscapes and motorway panoramas. It offers clues for visual landscape assessment of spaces in cities, parks and rural areas. In that respect, it extends the long tradition in the Netherlands on physiognomic landscape research and shows the state of the art at this moment. Exploring the Visual Landscape offers important clues for theory, methodology and application in research and development of landscapes all over the world, from a specifically Dutch academic context. It provides a wide range of insights into the psychological background of landscape perception, the technical considerations of geomatics and methodology in landscape architecture, urban planning and design. Furthermore, there are some experiences worthwhile considering, which demonstrate how this research can be applied in the practice of landscape policy making.

Welcome to the Green Village

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ISBN: 9781614992837 9781614992844 Year: Pages: 60 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-284-4-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 12:49:49
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A sustainable world can only be achieved by an open collaboration between science, business and the public. That is why we create the Green Village: an innovative, lively, interactive & challenging environment where entrepreneurs, innovators, companies, artists, teachers and visitors can meet, work and play to develop, apply and experience innovative sustainable products and solutions. In the Green Village you will find Future Labs for paradigm-shifting system research, resulting in icon projects such as the Car Park Power Plant, the Harp and the Energy Wall. The Green Village will be sustainably powered by the Engines, with ‘heart’, ‘veins’ and ‘lungs’ that supply energy and water, treat waste water and solid waste into useful new products and provide energy and transport fuels like electricity and hydrogen. It will also house the Greentech Store, an innovative co-making shop for 3D printing, apps, crowd funding & more. And it will be the stage for many sustainability Events: exhibitions, shows, contests, workshops, games, challenges, conferences, etcetera.The Green Village is located at Delft Campus, enabled by Delft University of Technology and empowered by a lively online community of scientists, entrepreneurs and you! Its vision: “Creating a sustainable, lively and entrepreneurial environment where we discover, learn and show how to solve society’s urgent challenges”.

Quality in Design and Execution of Engineering Practice

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Book Series: Research in Design Series ISSN: 15697258 18798233 ISBN: 9781614992516 9781614992523 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-252-3 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 13:10:48
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Quality in Design and Execution of Engineering Practice is about quality management focused at fitness for purpose, rather than compliance with specifications, rules and regulations. The focus on getting execution in line with fitness for purpose is supported by a classification of seven different categories of quality, defined by their relevance for purpose, compliance with specifications, and actual execution. This classification facilitates decision making on desirable exemptions from specifications in the interest of both buyer and supplier. The author offers guidelines for quality management in different types of business units: License Giver, License Taker, Jobber and Consultant. Real life examples illustrate the author’s approach, which concerns a mindset rather than a recipe for effective quality management. The book is of interest to any manager who is striving for superior quality of products and services for his customers.

Our Car as Power Plant

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ISBN: 9781614993766 9781614993773 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-377-3-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 11:31:01
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Fuel cell cars can provide more efficient and cleaner transportation. However, we use our cars for transportation only 5% of the time. When parked, the fuel cell in the car can produce electricity from hydrogen, which is cleaner and more efficient than the current electricity system, generating useful ‘waste’ products in the form of heat and fresh water. The produced electricity, heat and fresh water can be fed into the respective grids or be used directly in our house, office or the school of our kids. The required hydrogen can be produced from gas (natural gas, biogas) or electricity (hydro, wind, solar, etc.). In the end, these fuel cell cars can replace all power plants worldwide. As a result, the ‘car as power plant’ can create an integrated, efficient, reliable, flexible, clean, smart and personalized transport, energy and water system: a real paradigm shift.The ‘Car as Power Plant’ is developed at Delft Technical University, in The Green Village: a sustainable, lively and entrepreneurial environment where we discover, learn and show how to solve society’s urgent challenges. The Green Village unifies clever, imaginative strengths of scientists and entrepreneurs and turns ideas and visions into experiences and commercially viable products and services. Innovative power that sets horizons for a new, sustainable, green and circular economy.

The Delft Sand, Clay and Rock Cutting Model

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ISBN: 9781614994534 9781614994541 Year: Pages: 572 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-454-1-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-21 14:14:51
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Sand, clay and rock have to be excavated for a variety of purposes, such as dredging, trenching, mining (including deep sea mining), drilling, tunnel boring and many other applications. Many excavations take place on dry land, but they are also frequently required in completely saturated conditions, and the methods necessary to accomplish them consequently vary widely.This book provides an overview of cutting theories. It begins with a generic model, valid for all types of soil (sand, clay and rock), and continues with the specifics of dry sand, water-saturated sand, clay, atmospheric rock and hyperbaric rock. Small blade angles and large blade angles are discussed for each soil type, and for each case considered the equations/model for cutting forces, power and specific energy are given.With models verified by laboratory research, principally from the Delft University of Technology, and data from other recognized sources, this book will prove an invaluable reference for anybody whose work involves major excavations of any kind.

Keywords

sand --- clay --- rock --- excavations

De keten uitgedaagd - Besturen en verantwoorden in een wereld vol ICT

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789051995343 9789051995350 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.3233/978-90-5199-535-0-i Language: Dutch
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-21 14:38:28
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Verantwoording is een maatschappelijk vraagstuk van de eerste orde, maar ook een bron van groeiende zorg en irritatie voor veel organisaties. In 2004 startten het ministerie van Financiën en het ministerie van Justitie een onderzoek naar de mogelijke toepassing van eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) als uniforme gegevensstandaard voor verantwoording. In 2006 lag er een architectuur voor Standard Business Reporting. In 2007 werden de eerste berichten in XBRL via een generieke voorziening succesvol bij de Belastingdienst en de Kamer van Koophandel afgeleverd. Eind 2009 werd er serieus ingezet op de grootschalige transitie van informatieketens. Sinds 2013 biedt Logius met Standard Business Reporting een werkende en efficiënte standaardoplossing voor massale verantwoording.De keten uitgedaagd - Besturen en verantwoorden in een wereld vol ICT beschrijft de weg die Standard Business Reporting heeft afgelegd van opgave tot oplossing. Specialisten uit de praktijk én wetenschappers geven een gefundeerd en gedetailleerd inzicht in de uitdagingen die komen kijken bij de transitie van informatieketens. In haar veelzijdigheid is het boek exemplarisch voor de benodigde paradigmaverschuivingen binnen het veranderdomein. Het boek biedt bovendien alle praktische informatie die partijen nodig hebben om de SBR-oplossingen toe te passen in het eigen domein.Het is inmiddels algemeen bekend dat het bij grootschalige ICT-programma’s om veel meer draait dan techniek alleen. Met Standard Business Reporting als toonbeeld van een domein waarin informatieketens grondig werden aangepakt, is De keten uitgedaagd een niet te missen handboek voor bestuurders en programmamanagers die willen besturen en verantwoorden in een wereld vol ICT.

Challenging the Chain - Governing the Automated Exchange and Processing of Business Information

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ISBN: 9781614994961 9781614994978 Year: Pages: 444 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-497-8-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-03 12:14:49
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What is digital business reporting? Why do we need it? And how can we improve it? This book aims to address these questions by illustrating the rise of system-to-system information exchange and the opportunities for improving transparency and accountability. Governments around the world are looking for ways to strengthen transparency and accountability without introducing more red tape, which is a source of growing frustration and costs for businesses. In 2004, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Justice in the Netherlands started to investigate the potential of XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) as a uniform data standard for business-to-government information exchange. In 2006, there was a comprehensive architecture for Standard Business Reporting (SBR), including the requirements for the information infrastructure. One year later the first reports in XBRL were successfully delivered to the Tax and Customs Administration and the Chamber of Commerce via a secure infrastructure. Today, millions of business reports are being exchanged using SBR. As a solution, SBR empowers organisations to present a cohesive explanation of their business operations and helps them engage with internal and external stakeholders, including regulators, shareholders and creditors.Challenging the chain describes the journey of SBR from challenge to solution. Specialists in the field – flanked by academics – provide detailed insights on the challenges actors faced and the solutions they achieved. In its versatility, this book exemplifies the necessary paradigm shifts when it comes to such large-scale public-private transformations. Policy makers, managers, IT specialists and architects looking to engage in such transformations will find guidance in this book.

Lord of the Wings - The Making of Free Form Architecture

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Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995494 9781614995500 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-550-0-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:14:29
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Buildings are neither conceived nor realized by architects in a vacuum; the architect forms part of a larger team of builders, craftsmen, engineers and other experts who join forces to bring together their diverse fields of knowledge.This book describes the design and development of the building process for the wings at the Yitzhak Rabin Centre in Tel Aviv, and demonstrates how collaborative building, technical design and development can lead in an integrated and innovative, but risky process to an extreme innovation, an Octatube ‘Moonshot’. The challenge posed by the Rabin Centre wings was to develop an entirely novel technology for constructing free form shells. It is necessary for many disciplines to collaborate in such a process, and these must be coordinated throughout the entire process, including all of its unforeseen and experimental stages. The results of the process then have to be integrated into one technical artifact that satisfies all requirements and delivers effective answers or compromises in all of its life phases, be that conceptual design, material design, detail design, engineering, production, assembly, installation, loading behavior, functional use as a building, meaning of the building as an artifact (even as architecture) and, in both its local and global context, in its meaning as an integral part of the building.

The House as a Product

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Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995470 9781614995487 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-548-7-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 15:28:37
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Industrialized housing has been a common phenomenon in the building industry since the industrial revolution; the casting of iron components enabled Victorian iron casters to prefabricate entire buildings and to export them to all British colonies. It got a second boost from Modernist architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann; and a third boost in the US when the soldiers came back from the Second World War in 1945 and wanted to buy a ready-made house. In the later decades of the 20th century composite prototypes were built. Timber frame houses are extremely popular in low density areas worldwide. For densely populated areas housing is now firmly attached to reinforced concrete. The contracting industries have developed efficient building methods for the concrete structures on which separate systems of claddings are fixed to form a house.However, in the coming decades, designers, builders and scientists also have to keep the environment in mind, working with a minimal amount of materials, and for minimizing embodied energy and energy use. In the coming age minimal embodied energy and low ecological footprints are renewed values that will be added to energy-positive housing and that will have an influence on the building technology of the future. This will lead to a reformation of the building vocabulary. Other materials will have to be chosen and developed to function in building elements and components.

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