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Repealing the 8th

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ISBN: 9781447347545 Year: Pages: 152 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-17 11:01:54
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"Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence.Irish law currently permits abortion only where the life of the pregnant woman is at risk. Since 1983, the 8th Amendment to the Constitution has recognised the “unborn” as having a right to life equal to that of the “mother”. Consequently, most people in Ireland who wish to bring their pregnancies to an end either import the abortion pill illegally, travel abroad to access abortion, or continue with the pregnancy against their will.Now, however, there are signs of change. A constitutional referendum will be held in 2018, after which it will be possible to reimagine, redesign, and reform the law on abortion. Written by experts in the field, this book draws on experience from other countries, as well as experiences of maternal medical care in Ireland, to call for a feminist, woman-centered, and rights-based radical new approach to abortion law in Ireland.Directly challenging grounds-based abortion law, this accessible guide brings together feminist analysis, comparative research, human rights law, and political awareness to propose a new constitutional and legislative settlement on reproductive autonomy in Ireland. It offers practical proposals for policymakers and advocates, including model legislation, making it an essential campaigning tool leading up to the referendum."Irish law currently permits abortion only where the life of the pregnant woman is at risk. Since 1983, the 8th Amendment to the Constitution has recognised the “unborn” as having a right to life equal to that of the “mother”. Consequently, most people in Ireland who wish to bring their pregnancies to an end either import the abortion pill illegally, travel abroad to access abortion, or continue with the pregnancy against their will.Now, however, there are signs of change. A constitutional referendum will be held in 2018, after which it will be possible to reimagine, redesign, and reform the law on abortion. Written by experts in the field, this book draws on experience from other countries, as well as experiences of maternal medical care in Ireland, to call for a feminist, woman-centered, and rights-based radical new approach to abortion law in Ireland.Directly challenging grounds-based abortion law, this accessible guide brings together feminist analysis, comparative research, human rights law, and political awareness to propose a new constitutional and legislative settlement on reproductive autonomy in Ireland. It offers practical proposals for policymakers and advocates, including model legislation, making it an essential campaigning tool leading up to the referendum."

Manipulating practices : A critical physiotherapy reader

ISBN: 9788202550011 Year: Pages: 385 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-29 13:32:42
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"Manipulating practices is the first ever collection of critical physiotherapy studies and comes at a time of unprecedented change in the profession. Written as a collaboration between 20 authors, many members of the Critical Physiotherapy Network (CPN), the book uncovers the growing body of critical thinking now emerging in physiotherapy. From topics as diverse as 21st century education, ethics, evidence-based practice, touch, and equine therapy; and approaches as varied as disability and performance studies, feminism, logic, narrative theory, new materialism, and phenomenology, the book explores ways of thinking ‘otherwise’ about physiotherapy.Over 16 chapters written by authors from six different countries, Manipulating practices offers insights from some of physiotherapy’s most radical thinkers. The book is also an innovative venture into open source publishing, making it entirely free to download and read. In keeping with the objectives of the CPN, the chapters expose a range of concepts, ideas and practices to critical scrutiny, and reflect the profession’s growing interest in critiquing taken-for-granted ways of practicing and thinking.Manipulating practices will be of interest to clinicians, lecturers, policy-makers, researchers and students, and will provide new impetus to help physiotherapists imagine how the profession might grow and develop into the future."

"«Manipulating practices» er den første vitenskapelige antologien som samler kritiske studier innen fysioterapi, og lanseres i en tid der profesjonen er preget av store forandringer. Antologien representerer et samarbeidsprosjekt mellom 20 forskere, hvor majoriteten er medlemmer av Critical Physiotherapy Network (CNP) – et internasjonalt nettverk av forskere og klinikere fra hele verden. Antologien synliggjør den økende tendensen til kritisk tenkning som er i ferd med å vokse frem innenfor fysioterapi. Gjennom å fokusere på varierte tema som utdanning, etikk, evidensbasert praksis, berøring og terapiridning, samt en bred tilnærming som inkluderer funksjonshemming, performance-studier, feminisme, logikk, narrativ teori, ny materialisme og fenomenologi, utforsker antologien nye og annerledes tanker om fysioterapi som fag og profesjon. Antologiens 16 kapitler er skrevet av forskere fra seks ulike land og gir innsikt i forskningen til noen av de mest radikale forskerne i det internasjonale fysioterapimiljøet. Boken er også innovativ gjennom at den publiseres som open access, hvilket betyr at den kan lastes ned og leses gratis og dermed gjøres allment tilgjengelig. I tråd med ambisjonen for CPN, utforskes en rekke ulike begreper, ideer og praktiske tilnærminger relatert til kritisk tenkning innenfor fysioterapi. Slik gjenspeiles også profesjonens økende interesse for å kritisere etablerte måter å praktisere og tenke på, som tidligere har vært tatt for gitt.«Manipulating practices» vil være av interesse for forskere, klinikere, forelesere, politikere og studenter. Antologien vil forhåpentligvis bidra med nye impulser med henblikk på hvordan fysioterapiprofesjonen vil vokse og utvikle seg fremover."

Prison, Architecture and Humans

ISBN: 9788202529673 Year: Pages: 385 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-29 13:32:42
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"What is prison architecture and how can it be studied? How are concepts such as humanism, dignity and solidarity translated into prison architecture? What kind of ideologies and ideas are expressed in various prison buildings from different eras and locations? What is the outside and the inside of a prison, and what is the significance of movement within the prison space? What does a lunch table have to do with prison architecture? How do prisoners experience materiality in serving a prison sentence? These questions are central to the texts presented in this anthology.Prison, Architecture and Humans is the result of a collaboration between researchers and architects from Italy, Norway and Sweden. It presents new approaches to prison architecture and penological research by focusing on prison design, prison artefacts, everyday prison life and imprisoned bodies. The book will be of interest to students, researchers, architects and politicians."

Hva er fengselsarkitektur og hvordan kan den studeres? Hvordan blir begreper som humanisme, verdighet og solidaritet oversatt til fengselsarkitektur? Hvilke ideologier og ideer kommer til uttrykk i fengsler til ulike tider og på ulike steder? Hva betyr bevegelser i fengselslandskap? Hva er utside og innside av et fengsel? Hva har et lunsjbord å gjøre med fengselsarkitektur? Hvordan erfarer innsatte fengselsmaterialitet? Dette er sentrale spørsmål i de tekstene som presenteres i denne antologien. Boken er et resultat av samarbeid mellom arkitekter og forskere i Italia, Norge og Sverige. Den tilbyr nye tilnærminger til studier av fengselsarkitektur og pønologisk forskning gjennom sitt fokus på fengselsdesign, fengselsartefakter, fengselshverdagsliv og innesperrede kropper. Boken vil være nyttig for studenter, forskere, arkitekter og politikere.

The triple bind of single-parent families

ISBN: 9781447333654 Year: Pages: 504 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-09 11:01:46
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Epdf available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Single parents face a triple bind of inadequate resources, employment, and policies, which in combination further complicate their lives. This book - multi-disciplinary and comparative in design - shows evidence from over 40 countries, along with detailed case studies of Sweden, Iceland, Scotland, and the UK. It covers aspects of well-being that include poverty, good quality jobs, the middle class, wealth, health, children’s development and performance in school, and reflects on social justice. Leading international scholars challenge our current understanding of what works and draw policy lessons on how to improve the well-being of single parents and their children.

Pioneering ethics in a longitudinal study

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ISBN: 9781447340423 Year: Pages: 136 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 11:01:43
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"Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licenceThe Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), also known as Children of the 90s, is a world-leading birth cohort study that uniquely enrolled participants in utero and obtained genetic material from a geographic population. It instigated the innovative but controversial ALSPAC Ethics and Law Committee.This book describes in detail the early work of this Committee, from establishing the core ethical principles necessary to protect participants, to the evolution of policies concerning confidentiality and anonymity, consent, non-intervention and disclosure of individual results, data access and security. Quotes from interviews with early members of the Committee reflect not only on its pioneering work but also on the unusual style and inspirational leadership of the first Chair, Professor Michael Furmston.This will be of interest to those involved in other cohort studies in understanding the evolution of ethical policies as ALSPAC developed."The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), also known as Children of the 90s, is a world-leading birth cohort study that uniquely enrolled participants in utero and obtained genetic material from a geographic population. It instigated the innovative but controversial ALSPAC Ethics and Law Committee.This book describes in detail the early work of this Committee, from establishing the core ethical principles necessary to protect participants, to the evolution of policies concerning confidentiality and anonymity, consent, non-intervention and disclosure of individual results, data access and security. Quotes from interviews with early members of the Committee reflect not only on its pioneering work but also on the unusual style and inspirational leadership of the first Chair, Professor Michael Furmston.This will be of interest to those involved in other cohort studies in understanding the evolution of ethical policies as ALSPAC developed."

Advanced Energy Storage Technologies and Their Applications (AESA)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038425441/9783038425458 Year: Pages: 430 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-26 15:40:34
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The depletion of fossil fuels, the increase of energy demands, and the concerns over climate change are the major driving forces for the development of renewable energy, such as solar energy and wind power. However, the intermittency of renewable energy has hindered the deployment of large-scale intermittent renewable energy, which, therefore, has necessitated the development of advanced large-scale energy storage technologies. The use of large-scale energy storage can effectively improve the efficiency of energy resource utilization, and increase the use of variable renewable resources, the energy access, and the end-use sector electrification (e.g., electrification of transport sector).This Special Issue will provide a platform for presenting the latest research results on the technology development of large-scale energy storage. We welcome research papers about theoretical, methodological and empirical studies, as well as review papers, that provide critical overview on the state of the art of technologies. This special issue is open to all types of energy, such as thermal energy, mechanical energy, electrical energy and chemical energy, using different types of systems, such as phase change materials, batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, compressed air, etc., which are applicable to various types of applications, such as heat and power generation, electrical/hybrid transportation, etc.

Hvorfor vokser steder?

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ISBN: 9788202549893 Year: Pages: 217 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: History --- Migration --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:57
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"Why do some places grow while others are shrinking? What are the most important driving forces behind increases in the number of inhabitants and jobs? How can places affect their own growth? This book is written for those who want to understand how structural forces affect the development of their locale and how one can create growth through increased attractiveness.Most Norwegian municipalities, cities, regions and counties try to stimulate growth and development in their localities. They want growth in the population and more jobs. This book describes the main features of regional development in Norway since 2000. Telemark Research Institute has proposed a new model, the attractiveness model, to explain the growth and development of places. This book explains how this model works, how it is constructed and how it can be used to understand the forces behind regional development."

"Hvorfor vokser noen steder, mens andre krymper? Hva er de viktigste drivkreftene bak steders utvikling? Og hvordan kan steder påvirke sin egen vekst? Denne boka er skrevet for de som ønsker å forstå hvordan de strukturelle kreftene påvirker utviklingen på sitt sted og hvordan en kan skape vekst gjennom økt attraktivitet.De fleste norske kommuner, byer, regioner og fylker forsøker å stimulere vekst og utvikling på sitt sted. De ønsker vekst i folketallet og flere arbeidsplasser. I denne boka beskrives hovedtrekkene i den regionale utviklingen i Norge siden 2000. Gjennom mange års arbeid har Telemarksforsking utviklet en ny modell, attraktivitetsmodellen, for å forklare steders vekst og utvikling.Attraktivitetsmodellen avdekker de viktigste strukturelle drivkreftene for vekst i befolkning og arbeidsplasser, og åpner samtidig for at steder kan påvirke sin egen utvikling gjennom å bli attraktive for bosetting, bedrifter og besøk. Attraktive steder vokser mer enn forventet ut fra de strukturelle kreftene som påvirker stedet utenfra. De innsikter som attraktivitetsmodellen gir om hvordan ulike strukturelle krefter og steders attraktivitet påvirker utviklingen kan også brukes til å lage scenarioer over fremtidig utvikling. Hvor mye kan et sted påvirke sin vekst hvis det er attraktivt? Hva som gjør et sted attraktivt varierer fra sted til sted, mellom ulike tidsepoker og er alltid avhengig av hva andre steder gjør samtidig. Det finnes derfor ingen enkel og konkret oppskrift for hvordan et sted kan bli attraktivt. Det finnes imidlertid noen steder som har oppnådd høy attraktivitet. Slike eksempler kan vi lære av, selv om oppskriften ikke kan kopieres direkte."

Prioritering, styring og likebehandling. Utfordringer i norsk helsetjeneste

ISBN: 9788202569358 Year: Pages: 293 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-28 11:02:27
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"Prioritization is a necessity in healthcare, in the allocation of limited resources. Which criteria and considerations prove decisive, however, when it comes to prioritization in practice?The dominant political objective of the Norwegian public healthcare system is to provide services of high quality, fairly distributed among Norway’s citizens. Regulatory and economic policies, professional values, administrative organization and distribution of resources are among the factors that influence everyday decision-making and the realization of healthcare objectives. How do healthcare providers experience these factors? Which hidden prioritization mechanisms are at play? How are equal treatment and fair distribution of services understood in practice? These are among the questions discussed in the various chapters of the book, written by scholars in social science, law, philosophy and medicine.While researchers, academics, students and healthcare providers are the targeted readers, this book will be of interest to everyone engaged in today´s challenges related to healthcare prioritization, including decision-makers at various political and administrative levels.This anthology is the result of the research project Prioritizing Health Care - Tensions and Interplay between Legal, Political, Economic and Professional Perspectives, funded by the Norwegian Research Council."

"Det må prioriteres i helsetjenesten. Ressursene strekker ikke til alt man ønsker, og alt kan ikke gjøres samtidig. Men hva er avgjørende for hva som faktisk prioriteres?De overordnete politiske målsetningene om gode og likeverdige tjenester skal realiseres i et system som påvirkes av en rekke faktorer og mekanismer. Rettslig regulering, økonomisk styring, profesjonelle verdier, organisering og funksjonsdeling – alt dette påvirker de faktiske beslutningene i helsetjenestens hverdag. Hvordan opplever helsepersonell at de styres av slike forhold? Hvilke skjulte prioriteringsmekanismer spiller inn? Er det åpenbart hva likebehandling og rettferdig fordeling betyr? Dette er eksempler på spørsmål som diskuteres i bokens 10 kapitler, skrevet at fagfolk fra samfunnsvitenskapene, jus, filosofi og medisin. Målgruppen for boken er forskere, universitets- og høyskoleansatte, studenter og helsepersonell, men den kan også være av interesse for alle som er opptatt av utfordringene knyttet til prioriteringer i helsevesenet, som beslutningstakere på ulike nivå i det politisk-administrative styringssystemet.Antologien er et resultat av forskningsprosjektet Prioritizing Health Care - Tensions and Interplay between Legal, Political, Economic and Professional Perspectives, finansiert av Norges Forskningsråd.De fleste norske kommuner, byer, regioner og fylker forsøker å stimulere vekst og utvikling på sitt sted. De ønsker vekst i folketallet og flere arbeidsplasser. I denne boka beskrives hovedtrekkene i den regionale utviklingen i Norge siden 2000. Gjennom mange års arbeid har Telemarksforsking utviklet en ny modell, attraktivitetsmodellen, for å forklare steders vekst og utvikling.Attraktivitetsmodellen avdekker de viktigste strukturelle drivkreftene for vekst i befolkning og arbeidsplasser, og åpner samtidig for at steder kan påvirke sin egen utvikling gjennom å bli attraktive for bosetting, bedrifter og besøk. Attraktive steder vokser mer enn forventet ut fra de strukturelle kreftene som påvirker stedet utenfra. De innsikter som attraktivitetsmodellen gir om hvordan ulike strukturelle krefter og steders attraktivitet påvirker utviklingen kan også brukes til å lage scenarioer over fremtidig utvikling. Hvor mye kan et sted påvirke sin vekst hvis det er attraktivt? Hva som gjør et sted attraktivt varierer fra sted til sted, mellom ulike tidsepoker og er alltid avhengig av hva andre steder gjør samtidig. Det finnes derfor ingen enkel og konkret oppskrift for hvordan et sted kan bli attraktivt. Det finnes imidlertid noen steder som har oppnådd høy attraktivitet. Slike eksempler kan vi lære av, selv om oppskriften ikke kan kopieres direkte."

A Demographic Perspective on Gender, Family and Health in Europe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319723556 / 9783319723563 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 10:50:58
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This open access book examines the triangle between family, gender, and health in Europe from a demographic perspective. It helps to understand patterns and trends in each of the three components separately, as well as their interdependencies. It overcomes the widely observable specialization in demographic research, which usually involves researchers studying either family or fertility processes or focusing on health and mortality.

Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling: With Applications for the Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9783319724065 / 9783319724089 Year: Pages: 235 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 12:55:59
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This open access book examines the methodological complications of using complexity science concepts within the social science domain. The opening chapters take the reader on a tour through the development of simulation methodologies in the fields of artificial life and population biology, then demonstrates the growing popularity and relevance of these methods in the social sciences. Following an in-depth analysis of the potential impact of these methods on social science and social theory, the text provides substantive examples of the application of agent-based models in the field of demography. This work offers a unique combination of applied simulation work and substantive, in-depth philosophical analysis, and as such has potential appeal for specialist social scientists, complex systems scientists, and philosophers of science interested in the methodology of simulation and the practice of interdisciplinary computing research.​

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